Fast food is a type of mass-produced food designed for commercial resale and with a strong priority placed on "speed of service" versus other relevant factors involved in culinary science. Fast food was created as a commercial strategy to accommodate the larger numbers of busy commuters and wage workers who did not have the time to sit down at a public house or diner and wait for their meal. By making speed of service the priority, this ensured that customers with limited time were not inconvenienced by waiting for their food to be cooked on-the-spot. For those with no time to spare, fast food became a multibillion-dollar industry; the fastest form of "fast food" consists of pre-cooked meals kept in readiness for a customer's arrival, with waiting time reduced to mere seconds. Other fast food outlets the hamburger outlets use mass-produced pre-prepared ingredients but take great pains to point out to the customer that the "meat and potatoes" are always cooked fresh and assembled "to order".
Although a vast variety of food can be "cooked fast", "fast food" is a commercial term limited to food sold in a restaurant or store with frozen, preheated or precooked ingredients, served to the customer in a packaged form for take-out/take-away. Fast food restaurants are traditionally distinguished by their ability to serve food via a drive-through. Outlets may be kiosks, which may provide no shelter or seating, or fast food restaurants. Franchise operations that are part of restaurant chains have standardized foodstuffs shipped to each restaurant from central locations. Fast food began with chip shops in Britain in the 1860s. Drive-through restaurants were first popularized in the 1950s in the United States; the term "fast food" was recognized in a dictionary by Merriam–Webster in 1951. Eating fast food has been linked to, among other things, colorectal cancer, high cholesterol, depression. Many fast foods tend to be high in saturated fat, sugar and calories; the traditional family dinner is being replaced by the consumption of takeaway fast food.
As a result, the time invested on food preparation is getting lower, with an average couple in the United States spending 47 minutes and 19 seconds per day on food preparation in 2013. The concept of ready-cooked food for sale is connected with urban developments. Homes in emerging cities lacked adequate space or proper food preparation accouterments. Additionally, procuring cooking fuel could cost as much as purchased produce. Frying foods in vats of searing oil proved as dangerous as it was expensive, homeowners feared that a rogue cooking fire "might conflagrate an entire neighborhood". Thus, urbanites were encouraged to purchase pre-prepared meats or starches, such as bread or noodles, whenever possible. In Ancient Rome, cities had street stands – a large counter with a receptacle in the middle from which food or drink would have been served, it was during post-WWII American economic boom that Americans began to spend more and buy more as the economy boomed and a culture of consumerism bloomed.
As a result of this new desire to have it all, coupled with the strides made by women while the men were away, both members of the household began to work outside the home. Eating out, considered a luxury, became a common occurrence, a necessity. Workers, working families, needed quick service and inexpensive food for both lunch and dinner; this need is what drove the phenomenal success of the early fast food giants, which catered to the family on the go. Fast food became an easy option for a busy family today. In the cities of Roman antiquity, much of the urban population living in insulae, multi-story apartment blocks, depended on food vendors for much of their meal. In the mornings, bread soaked in wine was eaten as a quick snack and cooked vegetables and stews in popina, a simple type of eating establishment. In Asia, 12th century Chinese scarfed down fried dough and stuffed buns, all of which still exist as contemporary snack food, their Baghdadi contemporaries supplemented home-cooked meals with processed legumes, purchased starches, ready-to-eat meats.
During the Middle Ages, large towns and major urban areas such as London and Paris supported numerous vendors that sold dishes such as pies, flans, wafers and cooked meats. As in Roman cities during antiquity, many of these establishments catered to those who did not have means to cook their own food single households. Unlike richer town dwellers, many could not afford housing with kitchen facilities and thus relied on fast food. Travelers such as pilgrims en route to a holy site, were among the customers. In areas with access to coastal or tidal waters,'fast food' included local shellfish or seafood, such as oysters or, as in London, eels; this seafood was cooked directly on the quay or close by. The development of trawler fishing in the mid-nineteenth century led to the development of a British favourite and chips, the first shop in 1860. A blue plaque at Oldham's Tommyfield Market marks the origin of the
Mesquite is a suburban city located east of the city of Dallas. Most of the city is located in Dallas County; as of 2017 census estimates the population was 143,949, making it twenty-first most populous city in the U. S. state of Texas. Mesquite is positioned in the crossroads of four major highways, making locations such as downtown Dallas, Lake Ray Hubbard, Dallas Love Field, DFW International Airport, accessible. According to legislative action, the city is the "Rodeo Capital of Texas". In 2016, Mesquite received a Playful City USA designation, for the fourth year in a row; the city has been named a Tree City USA for over 25 years. The city of Mesquite holds the 10th longest reign in all of Texas. Unique to suburbs of Dallas and Fort Worth, the city of Mesquite is served by its own local airport, Mesquite Metro Airport. Companies and institutions with a major presence in the city are the United Parcel Service, Sears, AT&T, Eastfield College, the Texas A&M University–Commerce Mesquite Metroplex Center, Ashley Furniture, FedEx.
Centuries before American settlers moved into the area, Mesquite was an open prairie land and a key trading ground for indigenous peoples. The Ionies were the western tribe located close to present day Fort Worth; the Tawakonies were in present-day Dallas. The Caddo were the native farmers of the Mesquite land. From 1680 to 1790, after harvest was over, these three tribes held an annual tournament and trading fair; the city of Mesquite was founded on March 14, 1878, on land along the Texas & Pacific Railway, which ran from Dallas to Shreveport, Louisiana. The locals named the town after Mesquite Creek; the city was incorporated on December 3, 1887, after electing Mayor J. E. Russell. In the city's earliest years it was known for many outlaws residing in the area. A prominent outlaw was Sam Bass known for his train robberies in Texas. In 1878 he robbed a train in downtown Mesquite, escaping with $30,000; the Mesquiter, established in 1882 by R. S. Kimbrough, was Dallas County's longest running newspaper.
Mesquite prospered through the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a farming community growing cotton, hay and sugar and using the railroad to ship raw goods. The town remained predominantly agrarian until after World War II when the suburban boom took root in Mesquite. In 1946, the Mesquite Rodeo was founded by Charlie Columbus McNally, was one of the only rodeos that had a permanent location. By the mid 1980s, the events were being broadcast by ESPN. In 1959, Big Town Mall opened as the first air conditioned shopping mall in the United States; the mall was demolished in the summer of 2006 and FedEx opened a logistics center on the property in 2017. By 1970, LBJ Freeway was constructed, connecting Mesquite to its neighbors, Garland to the north and Balch Springs to the south. In 1971, Town East Mall was constructed; the mall was used by director Ron Howard to film portions of the movie Cotton Candy in 1978. The mall's associated traffic and shops would continue to grow the town. In 1986, the Mesquite Arena opened its doors as the new home for the Mesquite ProRodeo.
By 1998, the facility was expanded to include a Convention Center, Exhibition Hall and a Hampton Inn & Suites. By the 1990 census, the city had grown to from 1,696 residents in 1950 to 101,484 people, nearly twice the population twenty years earlier. 2011 saw Mesquite pass a law that allows wine sales in the city. The measure had been considered several times for many years, but was always blocked by strong protest against the proposed sales, it was one of the few cities without beer and wine sales in eastern Dallas County before the law came into effect. In June 2015, the Mesquite Arts Center added on a Freedom Park exhibit, in memorial of September 11; the park displays a 15-foot beam, recovered from the remains of Ground Zero. Mesquite Fire Department received the beam in 2011. Mesquite is located at 32°46′58″N 96°36′36″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 46.2 square miles, of which 46.0 square miles is land and 0.52 square kilometres, or 0.33%, is water.
Mesquite is a principal city of the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metroplex, in which one quarter of all Texans live. Like most cities in the DFW area, Mesquite has a humid subtropical climate characteristic of the Southern Plains of the United States, it is continental, characterized by a wide annual temperature range. Located at the lower end of Tornado Alley and the rest of Dallas-Fort Worth are prone to extreme weather. On average, the warmest month is July; the highest recorded temperature in Mesquite was 112 °F in 1980. The average coolest month is January; the lowest recorded temperature was 1 °F in 1989. May is the average wettest month; as of the 2010 United States Census, Mesquite had a population of 139,824. In July 2017, the population was estimated at an increase of 4,125 people. Per the American Community Survey in 2017, the median age was 32.8. According to the 2010 census, 64.9% of Mesquite was White, 25.0% was Black or African American, 0.6% American Indian or Alaska Native, 2.8% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 38.9% of Hispanic or Latino origin, 3.2% from two or more races.
At the American Community Survey estimates of 2017, 0.1% of the American Indian population was Cherokee. 1.1% of the city's Asian community was Indian, 0.1% Chinese, 0.6% Filipino, 0.0% Japanese, 0.0% Korean, 0.6% Vietnamese, 0.3% of other Asian origin. 56 residents were estimated to be Chamorro. The m
Haltom City, Texas
Haltom City is a city, part of the Dallas-Fort Worth region and inside Tarrant County, United States. The population was 42,409 at the 2010 census. Haltom City is a inner suburb of a principal city of the DFW Metroplex; the city is 6 miles from Downtown Fort Worth, 30 miles from the American Airlines Center in Dallas, 20 miles from the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport in Irving. Haltom City is surrounded entirely by Fort Worth, North Richland Hills and Richland Hills; the education system for Haltom City is served by the Birdville Independent School District, which serves neighboring cities including Fort Worth, North Richland Hills, as far as Hurst. It is served in the north by Keller ISD, with High school students feeding into Fossil Ridge High School in Fort Worth; the city is home to 10 parks, a state-of-the-art public library and recreation center, the Tarrant County College branch Haltom City Northeast Center is a community division of the TCC Northeast Campus in Hurst. It was created in collaboration with the leadership of Haltom City to give greater opportunities to higher education.
Medical facilities inside Haltom City is the T&R Clinic in the south-side. Haltom City is surrounded by major highways including, Highway 26, Highway 377, SH 121, SH 183 and Interstate 820. Haltom City constructed a Veterans Memorial at Haltom Road Park; the Memorial had its grand opening in November 2017. Nearby shopping malls include the Northeast Mall located in Hurst, The Parks at Arlington in Arlington, Hulen Mall in Fort Worth. Haltom City is located at 32°48′58″N 97°16′18″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.4 square miles, of which 12.4 square miles is land and 0.04 square mile is water. Haltom city is one of the largest suburbs of Fort Worth. Here is the list of cities surrounding Haltom City which are located in Tarrant County, they can be seen from here also; as of the census of 2010, there were 16,626 households in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 69.8% White, 4.1% Black or African-American, 0.8% Native American, 8.4% Asian, 0.2% Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander.
Hispanic or Latino of any race was 32.5%. In the city, the population was spread out with 9.2% under the age of 5, 75.4% 18 years of age or over, 10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.7 years. Males made up 52.3% of the population, Females made up 47.7%. The median income for a household in the city was $41,183, the median income for a family was $48,307; the per capita income for the city was $19,367. About 13.8% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over. Government and infrastructure The City of Haltom City, Texas Home Rule Charter was adopted October 10, 1955; the City operates under a Council-Manager form of government and provides a full range of services that include public safety, municipal court, parks, public works and general administrative services. The city owns and operates a water distribution system, a wastewater collection system and a drainage utility system.
According to the city’s 2013-2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $59.0 million in revenues, $47.9 million in expenditures, $174.8 million in total assets, $75.3 million in total liabilities, $34.4 million in cash and investments. The structure of the management and coordination of city services is: According to Haltom City’s 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Most of Haltom City is served by the Birdville Independent School District, but some portions are served by the Fort Worth Independent School District and Keller Independent School District. Alumni of Haltom City schools include Halapoulivaati Vaitai, Lance Dunbar, Kelvin Garmon, Cody Jinks. Haltom City Public Library is the regional library of the city and is a well-known partner of the Fort Worth Public Library. In 2011 an extension of Tarrant County College Northeast Campus, the Northeast Training/Learning Center, opened in the 17,000-square-foot former civic center of Haltom City.
The extension, less than 8 miles from the main TCC Northeast Campus, includes classroom and training areas. Haltom City had approached TCC, asking how to add community college services for working-class families who may have limited transportation options. KLIF-FM serving the Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex is a Top 40 Mainstream radio station that has Haltom City's license and is owned by Cumulus Media, the station is rivaling its competitors KHKS and KDMX which are stations that have city licenses in Dallas County and are under the ownership of the largest radio station owner Clear Channel Communications. Haltom City official website Haltom City Public Library Birdville Independent School District Birdville Historical Society
A Valentine Diner was a prefabricated mail order small diner produced in Wichita, Kansas after the Great Depression. The concept was created by Arthur Valentine in the 1930s; the diners were manufactured by the Ablah Hotel Supply Company. In 1947, manufacturing was taken over by the Valentine Manufacturing Company. After World War II and the implementation of the Interstate Highway System in the U. S. in the late 1950s, prefabricated diners saw a boom in business as motorists took to the roads in greater numbers for longer journeys and would stop for a meal. Valentine Diners were produced until the 1970s, several survive as operating business around the United States today. A few such as have become historical roadside attractions, such as along historic Route 66. At least twelve different Valentine Diners styles were produced. Diners can be identified by either their wall safe, which will have a Valentine logo, or the Valentine diner steel serial number plate, which has the word “Valentine” written on it
Dallas the City of Dallas, is a city in the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U. S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U. S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.3 million people as of 2017. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U. S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton and oil in North and East Texas.
The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub, with four major interstate highways converging in the city and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas developed as a strong industrial and financial center and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. A "beta" global city, the economy of Dallas has been considered diverse with dominant sectors including defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications, transportation. Dallas is home to 9 Fortune 500 companies within the city limits; the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts additional Fortune 500 companies, including American Airlines, ExxonMobil and J. C. Penney. Over 41 colleges and universities are in its metropolitan area, the most of any metropolitan area in Texas; the city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and the sixth-largest LGBT population in the United States as of 2016.
WalletHub named Dallas the fifth most-diverse city in the U. S. in 2018. Preceded by thousands of years of varying cultures, the Caddo people inhabited the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. France claimed the area but never established much settlement. In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory; the area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas. Three years after Texas achieved independence, John Neely Bryan surveyed the area around present-day Dallas, he established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841.
The origin of the name is uncertain. The official historical marker states it was named after Vice President George M. Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, this is disputed. Other potential theories for the origin include his brother, Commodore Alexander James Dallas, as well as brothers Walter R. Dallas or James R. Dallas. A further theory gives the origin as the village of Dallas, Scotland, similar to the way Houston, Texas was named after Sam Houston whose ancestors came from the Scottish village of Houston, Renfrewshire; the Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year. Dallas was formally incorporated as a city on February 2, 1856. With the construction of railroads, Dallas became a business and trading center and was booming by the end of the 19th century, it became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, the Midwest. The Praetorian Building in Dallas of 15 stories, built in 1909, was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi and the tallest building in Texas for some time.
It marked the prominence of Dallas as a city. A racetrack for thoroughbreds was built and their owners established the Dallas Jockey Club. Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth; the rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing. In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited Downtown Dallas's Mexican Park in Little Mexico; the small neighborhood of Little Mexico was home to a Latin American population, drawn to Dallas by factors including the American Dream, better living conditions, the Mexican Revolution. On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Downtown Dallas; the upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in Downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states.
The gunman identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at 8:58 p.m. killing five officers and injuring nine. Two bystanders were injured; this marked the deadliest day for U. S. law enforcement since the September 11 attacks. Johnson told police during a standoff that he
Cinnabon is an American chain of baked goods stores and kiosks found in areas with high pedestrian traffic such as malls and rest stops. The company's signature item is a cinnamon roll; as of December 2017, over 1,200 Cinnabon bakeries were operating in 48 countries. Its headquarters are in Sandy Springs, United States; the company is co-owned — with Schlotzsky's, Moe's Southwest Grill, McAlister's Deli, Auntie Anne's brands — by Focus Brands, an affiliate of private equity firm Roark Capital Group, based in Sandy Springs, operating over 5,000 stores. The first Cinnabon opened on December 4, 1985, Federal Way, Washington at SeaTac Mall, now called The Commons at Federal Way. Cinnabon was an offshoot of the Seattle Based Restaurants Unlimited restaurant chain majority owned by Rich Komen with minority partner and CEO Ray Lindstrom at the helm. Komen and Lindstrom wanted to create the perfect cinnamon roll hiring Jerilyn Brusseau to finalize the recipe since Brusseau was famous for her baking in the Seattle area.
The first bakery began by serving only its cinnamon rolls with a sign touting "World Famous Cinnamon Rolls". Cinnabon's first franchise-operated store opened in August 1986 just outside of Seattle. In 1991, the first Cinnabon store in SeaTac mall was opened. Cinnabon stores today can be found in gas stations, rapid transit stations and amusement parks. Cinnabon was bought by Inc. in 1998 for $65 million. In 2004, AFC Enterprises, Inc. sold Cinnabon for $30.3 million to FOCUS Brands, Inc., owned by the Atlanta-based private equity firm Roark Capital Group. The headquarters moved to Greater Atlanta in 1999. Cinnabon has franchise operations in 48 countries which include: In the AMC television series Better Call Saul, the main character, Saul Goodman, is shown working at a Cinnabon store in Nebraska as he is a fugitive from justice and living under an assumed name. Comedian Louis C. K. has mentioned his consumption of Cinnabon while showing disgust toward himself and his decision to consume Cinnabon products.
List of bakery cafés Official website Scents from a Mall: The Sticky, Untold Story of Cinnabon from Seattle Met
Bossier City, Louisiana
Bossier City is a city in Bossier Parish, located on the northwestern border of Louisiana in the United States. It is the second most populous city in the Shreveport-Bossier City metropolitan area, with a 2017 census estimate of 68,554. Bossier City is located on the eastern bank of the Red River and is tied economically and to its larger sister city Shreveport on the opposite bank; the Shreveport–Bossier City area is the center of the region known as the Ark-La-Tex. Bossier City is the largest city in Louisiana, not the parish seat; the City of Bossier City is stimulated by Barksdale Air Force Base and Bossier Parish Community College. In the 1830s, the area of Bossier City was the plantation Elysian Grove, purchased by James Cane and his second wife Mary D. C. Cane. James had come to the area with his first wife Rebecca Bennett, her brother, William Bennett, his wife Mary Doal Bennett, they ran a trading post across the river on what was Caddo Indian Land, a portion called "Bennett's Bluff". The trading post partners and William's father Samuel Bennett became a 1/7 partner in the new Shreve Town, which developed as Shreveport.
Elysian Grove plantation was located along the Red River for access to transportation, where the Texas Trail crossed the Red River. The trading post on the west side operated a ferry between what would become Shreveport and Bossier City; the plantation loading and unloading dock was recorded as Cane's Landing in the old ferry log books. For a short time, Cane's Landing was known as Cane City; the Canes and Bennetts were among the earliest settlers in the area. Mary D. C. Bennett gave birth to the first white baby of the area, William Smith Bennett Jr. who died at an early age. In 1843, a section of land east of the Red River was divided from the Great Natchitoches District and Claiborne Parish areas and was called Bossier Parish, it was named in honor of Pierre Evariste John Baptiste Bossier, a former Creole general, who became a cotton planter in Bossier Parish. He was one of the first European settlers in the area. In the 1840s, the Great Western Migration of Americans and immigrants began, the parish grew in population.
Many early settlers passed through the region on their way to the West. By 1850, more than 200 wagons a week passed through many intending to settle in Texas; some of these settlers stayed in Louisiana, attracted by the fertile river valley. In 1850, the census listed the population at around 6,962. During the Civil War, companies of Confederate soldiers shipped out of Cane's Landing aboard steamboats for distant battlefields. Mrs. Cane hosted hundreds of Confederate troops who were heading off to war. Mrs. Cane's plantation was fortified to protect Shreveport by three batteries, with Fort Kirby Smith in the center; the others were Batteries Price, Walker & Ewell. Fort Smith protected the area from an eastern invasion; the Civil War reached Bossier Parish in 1861, ended in Shreveport four years when the Trans-Mississippi Department surrendered. In the 20th century, Bossier High School was constructed near the former site of the fort. Shed Road, the first all-weather turnpike in the American South, was constructed in the 1870s and operated from 1874 to 1886.
It extended for 9 miles from Red Chute to the Red River. There was a plantation at the end of the elevated and covered roadway, accessible by a ferry boat; the covered road made the transportation of goods easier before the arrival of the railroads. Anna B. granddaughter of James and Mary Cane, felt the area would prosper and began promoting the idea of a riverfront city. Anna B. and J. J. Stockwell sold lots in 1883; the area grew as did transportation through it. Cane City was said as being incorporated by former Governor Newton C. Blanchard and renamed as the village of Bossier City. Blanchard named Ewald Max Hoyer, as the first Bossier City mayor. Hoyer continued to reside in what is known as the Bliss-Hoyer House in Shreveport's Highland neighborhood. Bossier City has grown from an area of one square mile to a city containing more than 40 square miles. Continued growth led to Bossier City's classification being changed from village to town by Governor John M. Parker. Governor Earl Kemp Long issued a proclamation classifying Bossier City a city.
The "golden spike" commemorated the completion of the east-west Vicksburg and Pacific Railroad. It was driven at Bossier City on July 1884, by Julia "Pansy" Rule, it was the first such spike to be driven by a woman. The north-south Shreveport and Arkansas Railroad was completed on April 6, 1888; the Louisiana-Arkansas Railroad was completed on November 2, 1909. The Dixie Overland Highway from the East to the West Coast was built in 1918; these railroads and highways combined to make Bossier City a hub for future activity. The discovery of crude oil, in 1908, thrust Bossier City into the nationwide oil boom. Bossier's central location to the rural oil fields made it a major player in the oil patch. Several international oil companies are located here; the advantages brought by black gold fueled many civic and economic improvements. A fire on June 23, 1925, consumed one-half of downtown Bossier City. Local citizens were unable to battle the blaze; the loss spurred civic improvements including a modern water system capable of fighting such fires, a new City Hall, a modern fire alarm system, modern sidewalks and the first city park.
In the 1930s, construction began on Barksdale Airfield. The land on which the base is built was unincorporated property south of Bossier City in 1929; this land was annexed by the city of Shreveport and donated to the federal govern