National Register of Historic Places listings in Arizona
This is a directory of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Arizona. There are about fourteen hundred listed sites in the state, each of its fifteen counties has at least ten listings on the National Register. Forty-five of the state's sites are further designated as National Historic Landmarks; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. The following are approximate tallies of current listings in Arizona on the National Register of Historic Places; these counts are based on entries in the National Register Information Database as of April 24, 2008 and new weekly listings posted since on the National Register of Historic Places web site. There are frequent additions to the listings and occasional delistings, the counts here are not official; the counts in this table exclude boundary increase and decrease listings which modify the area covered by an existing property or district and which carry a separate National Register reference number.
List of National Historic Landmarks in Arizona List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Arizona
Kansas City, Kansas
Kansas City is the third-largest city in the State of Kansas, the county seat of Wyandotte County, the third-largest city of the Kansas City metropolitan area. Kansas City, Kansas is abbreviated as "KCK" to differentiate it from Kansas City, after which it is named, it is part of a consolidated city-county government known as the "Unified Government". Wyandotte County includes the independent cities of Bonner Springs and Edwardsville; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 145,786 residents. It is situated at Kaw Point, the junction of the Missouri and Kansas rivers. In October 1872, "old" Kansas City, was incorporated; the first city election was held on October 22 of that year, by order of Judge Hiram Stevens of the Tenth Judicial District, resulted in the election of Mayor James Boyle. The mayors of the city after its organization were James Boyle, C. A. Eidemiller, A. S. Orbison, Eli Teed and Samuel McConnell. In June 1880, the Governor of Kansas proclaimed the city of Kansas City a city of the second class with Mayor McConnell present.
In March 1886, "new" Kansas City, was formed through the consolidation of five municipalities: "old" Kansas City, Armourdale, Wyandotte. The oldest city of the group was Wyandotte, formed in 1857 by Wyandot Native Americans and Methodist missionaries. In the 1890s, the city saw an explosive growth in population as a streetcar suburb of Kansas City, Missouri; this growth continued until the 1930s. It was one of the nation's 100 largest cities for many U. S. Census counts, from 1890 to 1960, including 1920, when it had a population of over 100,000 residents for the first time; as with adjacent Kansas City, the percentage of the city's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic whites, has declined from 76.3% in 1970 to 40.2% in 2010. In 1997, voters approved a proposition to unify the city and county governments creating the Unified Government of Wyandotte County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 128.38 square miles, of which, 124.81 square miles is land and 3.57 square miles is water.
Neighborhoods of Kansas City, include the following: Downtown Argentine − former home to the silver smelter for which it was named. Armourdale − a city, it was consolidated with the city of Kansas City in 1886. Armstrong − a town absorbed by Wyandotte. Bethel − a neighborhood located along Leavenworth Rd. between 72nd and 77th Streets. It was never incorporated as a municipality. Fairfax District − an industrial area along the Missouri River. Muncie Maywood − until the late 1990s, Maywood was a quiet, isolated residential area. Nearman Piper Polish Hill Pomeroy − a late-19th—early-20th-century Train Depot, Trading Post, Saw Mill, river landing for barges to load and unload. Riverview Rosedale − merged with Kansas City in 1922. Stony Point Strawberry Hill Turner − community around the Wyandotte-Johnson County border to the Kansas River north-south, from I-635 to I-435 east-west. Vinewood Wolcott Welborn City Park Wyandotte County Lake Park Kansas City lies in the Midwestern United States, as well as near the geographic center of the country, at the confluence of the longest river in the country, the Missouri River, the Kansas River.
The city lies in the Humid continental climate zone, with four distinct seasons, moderate precipitation, is part of USDA plant hardiness zones 5b and 6a Being located in the center of North America, far removed from a significant body of water, there is significant potential for extremes of hot and cold swings in temperature throughout the year. Unless otherwise stated, normal figures below are based on data from 1981 to 2010 at Downtown Airport; the warmest month of the year is July, with a 24-hour average temperature of 81.0 °F. The summer months are hot, but can get hot and moderately humid, with moist air riding up from the Gulf of Mexico. High temperatures surpass 100 °F on 5.6 days of the year, 90 °F on 47 days. The coldest month of the year is January, with an average temperature of 31.0 °F. Winters are cold, with 22 days where the high is at or below the freezing mark and 2.5 nights with a low at or below 0 °F. The official record maximum temperature is 113 °F, set on August 14, 1936, at Downtown Airport, while the official record minimum temperature is −23 °F, set on December 22 and 23, 1989.
Normal seasonal snowfall is 13.4 inches at Downtown Airport and 18.8 in at Kansas City International Airport. The average window for freezing temperatures is October 31 to April 4, while for measurable snowfall, it is November 27 to March 16 as measured at Kansas City International Airport. Precipitation, both in frequency and total accumulation, shows a marked uptick in late spring and summer. Kansas City is situated on the edge of the "Tornado Alley", a broad region where cold air from the Rocky Mountains in Canada collides with warm air from the Gulf of Mexico, leading to the formation of powerful storms during the spring. A few areas of the Kansas City Metropolitan Area have had some severe outbreaks of tornadoes at different points in the past, including the Ruskin Heights tornado in 1957, the May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence; the region can fall victim to the sporadic ice storm during the winter months, such as the 2002 ice
National Register of Historic Places listings in Kentucky
This is a list of properties and historic districts in Kentucky that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. There are listings in all of Kentucky's 120 counties; the locations of National Register properties and districts, may be seen in an online map by clicking on "Map of all coordinates". This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019; the following are approximate tallies of current listings by county. These counts are based on entries in the National Register Information Database as of April 24, 2008 and new weekly listings posted since on the National Register of Historic Places web site. There are frequent additions to the listings and occasional delistings and the counts here are approximate and not official. New entries are added to the official Register on a weekly basis; the counts in this table exclude boundary increase and decrease listings which only modify the area covered by an existing property or district, although carrying a separate National Register reference number.
List of National Historic Landmarks in Kentucky List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Kentucky
National Register of Historic Places listings in Massachusetts
This is a list of properties and districts in Massachusetts listed on the National Register of Historic Places. There are over 4,200 listings in the state, representing about 5% of all NRHP listings nationwide and the second-most of any U. S. state, behind only New York. Listings appear in all 14 Massachusetts counties; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Massachusetts List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts Massachusetts Cultural Resources Information System, the state's database of cultural inventory, including NRHP and state historic sites
National Register of Historic Places listings in Louisiana
This is a list of properties and districts in Louisiana that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. There are listings in each of Louisiana's 64 parishes; the locations of National Register properties and districts, may be seen in a map by clicking on "Map of all coordinates". The following are approximate tallies of current listings by parish; these counts are based on entries in the National Register Information Database as of April 24, 2008 and new weekly listings posted since on the National Register of Historic Places web site. There are frequent additions to the listings and occasional delistings and the counts here are approximate and not official. New entries are added to the official Register on a weekly basis; the counts in this table exclude boundary increase and decrease listings which only modify the area covered by an existing property or district, although carrying a separate National Register reference number. This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019.
List of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Louisiana
American Fur Company
The American Fur Company was founded in 1808, by John Jacob Astor, a German immigrant to the United States. During the 18th century, furs had become a major commodity in Europe, North America became a major supplier. Several British companies, most notably the North West Company and the Hudson's Bay Company, were eventual competitors against Astor and capitalized on the lucrative trade in furs. Astor capitalized on anti-British sentiments and his commercial strategies to become one of the first trusts in American business and a major competitor to the British commercial dominance in North American fur trade. Expanding into many former British fur-trapping regions and trade routes, the company grew to monopolize the fur trade in the United States by 1830, became one of the largest and wealthiest businesses in the country. Astor planned for several companies to function across the Great Lakes, the Great Plains and the Oregon Country to gain control of the North American fur trade. Comparatively inexpensive manufactured goods were to be shipped to commercial stations for trade with various Indigenous nations for fur pelts.
The sizable number of furs collected were be brought to the port of Guangzhou, as pelts were in high demand in the Qing Empire. Chinese products were in turn be purchased for resale throughout the United States. A beneficial agreement with the Russian-American Company was planned through the regular supply of provisions for posts in Russian America; this was planned in part to prevent the rival Montreal based North West Company to gain a presence along the Pacific Coast, a prospect neither Russian colonial authorities or Astor favored. Demand for furs in Europe began to decline during the early 19th century, leading to the stagnation of the fur trade by the mid-19th century. Astor left his company in 1830, the company declared bankruptcy in 1842, the American Fur Company ceased trading in 1847. Prior to John Jacob Astor creating his enterprise in the Oregon Country, European descendants throughout previous decades had suggested creating trade stations along the Pacific Coast. Peter Pond, an active American fur trader, offered maps of his explorations in modern Alberta and the Northwest Territories to both the United States Congress and to Henry Hamilton, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec in 1785.
While it has been conjectured that Pond wanted funding from the Americans to explore the Pacific Coast for the Northwest Passage, there is no documentation of this and it is more that he had sent a copy of the map to Congress due to personal pride. Pond became a founding member of the North West Company and continued to trade in modern Alberta. In time Pond had an influence upon Alexander Mackenzie, who crossed the North American continent. In 1802, Mackenzie promoted a plan form the "Fishery and Fur Company" to the British Government. In it he called for "a supreme Civil & Military Establishment" on Nootka Island, with two additional posts located on the Columbia River and another in the Alexander Archipelago. Additionally this plan was formed to bypass the three major British monopolies at the time, the Hudson's Bay Company, the South Sea Company and the East India Company for access the Chinese markets; however the British Government ignored the plan. Another influence upon Astor was a longtime friend, Alexander Henry.
At times Henry mused at the potential of the western coast. Forming establishments on the Pacific shoreline to harness the economic potential would be "my favorite plan" as Henry described in a letter to a New York merchant, it is that these considerations were discussed with Astor during his visits to Montreal and the Beaver Club. Despite not originating the idea to create a venture on the Pacific coast, Astor's "ability to combine and use the ideas of other men" allowed him to pursue the idea. Astor joined in on two NWC voyages charted to sail to the Qing Dynasty during the 1790s; these were done with American vessels to bypass British commercial law, which at the time prohibited any company besides the British East India Company from commerce with China. These were financially profitable ventures, enough so that Astor offered to become the NWC agent for all shipments of furs destined for Guangzhou; however Alexander Mackenzie denied his offer, making Astor consider financing voyages to China without the Canadian traders.
Now a independent international merchant, Astor began to fund trading voyages to China along with several partners. Cargoes amounted to $150,000 in such as otter and beaver pelts, in addition to needed specie. Astor ordered the construction of the Beaver in 1803 to expand his trade fleet. By 1808, Astor had established "an international empire that mixed furs and silks and penetrated markets on three continents." He began to court diplomatic and government support of a fur trading venture to be established on the Pacific shore in the same year. In correspondence with the Mayor of New York City, DeWitt Clinton, Astor explained that a state charter would offer a particular level of formal sanction needed in the venture, he in turn requested the Federal government grant his operations military support to defend against British citizens and control these new markets. The bold proposals were not given official sanction however, making Astor to continue to promote his ideas among prominent governmental agents.
President Thomas Jefferson was contacted by the ambitious merchant as well. Astor gave a detailed plan of his mercantile considerations, declaring that they were designed to bring about American commercial dominance over "the greater part of the fur-trade of this continent..." This was to be accomplished through a chain of interconnected trading posts that stretching acro
The Kansas River known as the Kaw, is a river in northeastern Kansas in the United States. It is the southwestern-most part of the Missouri River drainage, in turn the northwestern-most portion of the extensive Mississippi River drainage, its two names both come from the Kanza people. The city of Kansas City, was named for the river, as was the state of Kansas; the river valley averages 2.6 miles in width, with the widest points being between Wamego and Rossville, where it is up to 4 miles wide narrowing to 1 mile or less in places below Eudora and De Soto. Much of the river's watershed is dammed for flood control, but the Kansas River is free-flowing and has only minor obstructions, including diversion weirs and one low-impact hydroelectric dam. Beginning at the confluence of the Republican and Smoky Hill rivers, just east of aptly named Junction City, the Kansas River flows some 148 miles eastward to join the Missouri River at Kaw Point in Kansas City. Dropping 322 feet on its journey seaward, the water in the Kansas River falls less than 2 feet per mile.
The Kansas River valley is only 115 miles long. The river's course follows the maximum extent of a Pre-Illinoian glaciation, the river began as a path of glacial meltwater drainage; the Kansas drains 34,423 square miles of land in Kansas, along with 16,916 square miles in Nebraska and 8,775 square miles in Colorado, making a total of just over 60,000 square miles. When including the Republican River and its headwater tributaries, the Kansas River system has a length of 743 miles, making it the 21st longest river system in the United States, its highest headwaters extend nearly to Limon, Colorado. Much of the drainage of the river lies within the Great Plains, but the river itself exists within the Mid Continent Region; the majority of the rest of the state is drained by the Arkansas. A portion of central-eastern Kansas is drained by the Marais des Cygnes River, which flows into Missouri to meet the Missouri River. A small area in the extreme northeast part of the state drains directly into the Missouri.
In the Kansas City metro area, some streams drain east into the Blue River tributary of the Missouri. The Kansas River flows through. Since this region is near the center of the North American Plate, it has not experienced any extensive geologic faulting, folding, or mountain building in recent geologic time; the river flows through limestone and shale strata that, except for diagenesis, remain undisturbed since deposition beneath the Western Interior Seaway. The age of the rock exposed by the river becomes progressively older as the river moves downstream for two main reasons. First, downstream areas experience more erosion from increased flow, second because the slight uplift of the Ozark dome to the southeast caused the strata in Kansas to dip slightly to the west. All of the rocks in the area are sedimentary, ranging from Late Pennsylvanian to recent, with three minor exceptions; the first is sand and gravel brought down from the Rocky Mountains which have settled in the western extents of the Kansas River basin.
Second, the retreat of the Kansan glaciation left behind a combination of ice- and meltwater-deposited sediments known as drifta, a poorly sorted mixture of clay, sand and large boulders that cover parts of the extreme eastern portion of the Kansas River basin. The third is loess, a fine silt that may have been deposited by the melting water of the receding glaciers redeposited by the wind; the thickest loess deposits can be found in the northwest and north-central part of the Kansas River basin from southern Nebraska into northwest Kansas, as well as near the river's mouth. The first map showing the Kansas River is French cartographer Guillaume de L'Isle's "Carte de la Louisiane,", drawn about 1718. On it, the "Grande Riviere des Cansez" flows into the Missouri River at about the 39th parallel; this map, with no changes except for the translation of French into English, was subsequently published by John Senex, a London cartographer and engraver, in 1721. The canoes used by Native Americans, the pirogues used by French fur traders, had a negligible draft and navigated the river at any water level.
From June 26 through 29, 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition camped at Kaw Point at the Kansas River's mouth. They noted the area would be a good location for a fort. In August 1819, Maj. Stephen H. Long steered the first steamer into the Kansas River with his 30-ton boat Western Engineer, he made it scarcely a mile up the river before turning back. The mouth of the Kansas River in the West Bottoms area of Kansas City was the basis for Missouri's western boundary from Iowa to Arkansas when it became a state in 1821 South of the Missouri River, that longitude still remains the boundary between Kansas and Missouri. North of the Missouri River, the state of Missouri extended its boundary further to the west in 1836 with the Platte Purchase; the river has moved s