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Gritstone

Gritstone or grit is a hard, coarse-grained, siliceous sandstone. This term is applied to such sandstones that are quarried for building material. British gritstone was used for millstones to mill flour, to grind wood into pulp for paper and for grindstones to sharpen blades. "Grit" is applied to sandstones composed of angular sand grains. It may contain small pebbles."Millstone Grit" is an informal term for a succession of gritstones which are to be found in the Pennines of northern England. These sediments were laid down in the late Paleozoic era, in the Carboniferous period, in deltaic conditions; the Millstone Grit Group is a formal stratigraphic term for this sequence of rocks. The gritstone edges of the Peak District are an important climbing area and the rock is much relished by English climbers, among whom it has cult status and is referred to as "God's own rock"; the rough surface provides outstanding friction, enabling climbers to stand on or grip the subtlest of features in the rock

Some Cut

"Some Cut" is the 2nd single from Trillville's debut album The King of Crunk & BME Present: Trillville & Lil Scrappy. The song features Cutty, it is their highest charting single. It is their only top 15 single to date, making Trillville and Cutty "one hit wonders"; the song is known for its signature "bed squeaking" portion of the instrumental and has been sampled in such hits as "Or Nah" by Ty Dolla Sign and "Bad" by Wale as well as the chorus of "Some Cut" being interpolated in the Tiara Thomas original solo version of "Bad". The song, Trillville and Cutty's most commercially successful single, was certified Platinum by the RIAA, for selling over 1 million copies in the United States of America on June 14, 2006 The song reached #14 on the Billboard Hot 100, #7 on the R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, #3 on the Rap Songs chart; the song's music video starts with Trillville buying a house from the owners, they throw a house party. Trillville and Lil Jon sell the house a day after the house party. E-40, Lil Jon, Porsha Williams make appearances

Eric Idle Sings Monty Python

Eric Idle Sings Monty Python is a live recording by original Monty Python member Eric Idle performed at the J. Paul Getty Center in Los Angeles in 1999; the concert runs for under an hour and is packed with songs and arcana from the then-thirty years of Monty Python, with amusing Idle banter between songs. Idle is accompanied by some background singers, the audience. Spam Song - 0:48 The Meaning of Life - 3:07 Money Song - 2:01 Every Sperm is Sacred - 5:20 Accountancy Shanty - 1:52 Meaning of Life Poem - 2:07 I Like Chinese - 5:50 The Bruces' Philosophers Song - 2:23 Men, Men - 1:24 Shopping - 1:07 Sit on My Face - 1:19 Penis Song - 0:45 All Things Dull and Ugly - 2:02 Eric the Half-a-Bee - 3:05 One Foot in the Grave - 3:34 I Must Be in Love - 3:12 Rock Notes - 2:24 Galaxy Song - 3:13 Medical Love Song - 3:30 Always Look on the Bright Side of Life - 4:17 Lumberjack Song - 2:37 Liberty Bell - 0:31

Jean-Baptiste de Machault d'Arnouville

Jean-Baptiste de Machault d'Arnouville, comte d'Arnouville, seigneur de Garge et de Gonesse, was born in Paris on 13 December 1701 and died on 12 July 1794 in a French Revolutionary prison. He was son of Louis Charles Machault d'Arnouville, lieutenant of police. In 1721, he was counsel to the Parlement of Paris, in 1728 he was maître des requêtes, ten years was made president of the Great Council. From this position, through the influence at court of his old friend the marquis d'Argenson, he was called to succeed Philibert Orry as controller-general of the finances in December 1745. On taking office, he found that in the four years of the War of the Austrian Succession the economies of Cardinal Fleury had been exhausted, he was forced to develop the system of borrowing, bringing French finances to the verge of bankruptcy. In 1749, he attempted a reform in the levying of direct taxes, which, if carried out, would have done much to prevent the Revolutionary movement, he proposed to abolish the old tax of a tenth or tithe, evaded by the clergy and most of the nobility, substituted a tax of one-twentieth that would have been levied on all.

The inclusion of the church made this bill popular with the larger public, in addition to the philosophes, the Jansenists, the Gallicans. However, there were the devout party at Louis XV's court; the clergy stood by their historical privileges, the outcry of the nobility was virulent, the proposal was rejected. Despite this, Machault managed to retain his office until July 1754, when he exchanged the controllership for the Naval Ministry. Foreseeing the disastrous results of the alliance with Austria, he was drawn to oppose more decidedly the schemes of Madame de Pompadour, whose personal ill-will he had gained. On 1 February 1757 Louis XV acquiesced in her demand for his removal. Machault retired to his estate at Arnouville until the Revolution broke out in 1789, after a period of hiding, he was apprehended in 1794 at Rouen and brought to Paris as a suspect, he was imprisoned in the Prison des Madelonnettes, where he died after a few weeks at the age of ninety-three. His eldest son, Louis Charles de Machault d'Arnouville, was bishop of Amiens from 1774 until the Revolution.

He was one of the most uncompromising conservatives at the Estates-General of 1789, where he voted against every reform. He emigrated in 1791, which provoked the arrest of the members of his family still in France in 1793, when his father and his brothers Charles and Armand were arrested as parents and relatives of an émigré. Upon his return to France in 1802, he resigned his bishopric in order not to be an obstacle to Concordat of 1801, he retired to the ancestral château of Arnouville, where he died in 1820. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Machault d'Arnouville, Jean Baptiste de". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Antoine, Louis XV, Librairie Arthème Fayard, Paris, 1989, ISBN 2-213-02277-1

Isthmus of Perekop

The Isthmus of Perekop is the narrow, 5–7 kilometres wide strip of land that connects the Crimean Peninsula to the mainland of Ukraine. The isthmus projects between the Black Sea to the Sivash to the east; the isthmus takes its name of "Perekop" from the Tatar fortress of Or Qapi. The border between the Crimea republic and Ukraine's Kherson Oblast runs though the northern part of the isthmus; the cities of Perekop, Armyansk and Krasnoperekopsk are situated on the isthmus. The North Crimean Canal ran through the isthmus, supplying Crimea with fresh water from the Dnieper River. Ukraine closed the canal in 2014, the water supply was replaced by other local and Russian sources. South of Perekop lie rich salt ores which remain important commercially for the region; the name Taphros in Greek means a dug-out trench, per a defensive trench dug between the Azov sea and the Black sea. The Crimean Tatar name of Or Qapı adopts the Greek in the Crimean Tatar language meaning Or=trench and Qapı=gate, Perekop in the Slavic languages means a dug-out.

The strategic and commercial value of this area, together with the strategic value of being the gateway to Crimea, has made the isthmus the location of some fierce battles. From antiquity through the Byzantine era the Greeks fortified the area, so subsequently did the Crimean Tatars. In the 15th century the area became a colony of the maritime Republic of Genoa. In 1783 the area became a part of the Russian Empire, which made Perekop a county center of Tavriia gubernia. In 1954, together with Crimea it was transferred to the Ukrainian Soviet Republic. In November 1920, during the Russian Civil War, a battle was fought here between Red Army and the White troops of Pyotr Wrangel, in control of the Crimea; the Red Army turned out victorious. During World War II, the combined forces of German and Romanian troops under the command of Erich von Manstein entered Crimea through the Isthmus of Perekop; the battle of the isthmus lasted five days from September 24, 1941 before the isthmus was secured by the Axis forces.

On October 27 the Axis forces advanced further into Crimea. On 9 May 1944, the Red Army regained control of Crimea. On March 2, 2014, it was reported that Russian troops were digging trenches along the border between Crimea and Ukraine, which runs across the isthmus

Mihály Libercsey

Mihály Libercsey de Kislibercse was a Hungarian soldier and nobleman, who served as vice-ispán of Nógrád County from 1659 to 1666. Mihály Libercsey was born on 25 September 1612 into a Protestant noble family, which originated from Nógrád County, as one of the eleven children of Mihály Libercsey, who served as chief magistrate for a decade in the county, Zsuzsanna Darvas. Mihály II was the eldest son in the family, he started his military career as captain of Divény Castle, subordinated to Count Imre Balassa, who served as Captain-General of Nógrád Castle and was the richest landowner in Nógrád County. In that capacity, Libercsey permanently represented his lord in the county court in cases of border disputes between Balassa and Count Ádám Forgách, the lord of Gács. Count Balassa was plundering attacks against his neighbors. Libercsey left his lord and joined to the court of Forgách in 1656, his younger brother Ferenc remained a partisan of Balassa. From October 1656, Libercsey functioned as captain of Gács Castle until his death.

He was commissioned by Forgách to renovate Somoskő Castle in that year. During the first period of his captaincy, he had several jurisdictional conflicts with steward János Szelcsényi. Libercsey served as vice-ispán of Nógrád County from 1659 to 1666, he held the office alone in 1659 and alongside Péter Pápay from 1660 to 1664, alongside Pál Némethy from 1664 to 1665, alongside János Madách until 1666. Libercsey submitted his resignation citing illness in 1666, but Ádám Forgách, ispán or Lord Lieutenant of Nógrád County, persuaded him to remain in office; however Libercsey did not appear in contemporary records as vice-ispán after that. Forgách's long-time rival Imre Balassa besieged Gács Castle on 21 March 1666, gathering his soldiers, hajdús and forcibly conscripted serfs from the surrounding lands. Libercsey had personal conflict with his former lord, who plundered his estate of Podhradja; as vice-ispán, Libercsey filed the charges against Balassa to the tribunal of Ferenc Wesselényi, Palatine of Hungary in 1665.

Balassa was sentenced for 32 counts of violation of law against his neighbours, was imprisoned in Pressburg Castle. However, by the end of year, he escaped from prison and barricaded himself into his castle in Divény, few kilometers to Gács. Historian Emma Iványi argued Balassa's motivation to the siege was a personal revenge against Libercsey and his son-in-law János Madách, the second vice-ispán during that time. After the siege, the Garamszentbenedek Abbey reconstructed the events through 70 witnesses. According to the reports, the unorganized assault troops broke the gate and entered the exterior castle; the besiegers looted the manors and warehouses. Following that the marauders left Gács and returned to Divény; as representative of Nógrád County, Libercsey sent a letter to Forgách on 22 July 1666, who resided in Vienna, which contained his report and the county's complaint. Libercsey married Zsófia Földváry de Bernáthfalva, a daughter of nobleman György Földváry and Anna Bene de Nándor, their wedding took place in 1638.

The couple had ten children. As he had no legitimate sons at the time of his death, Mihály II became the last male member of the Libercsey family, which origin traced back to the 14th century. After his first wife died on 7 February 1665, Libercsey re-married to Anna Aranyady, the widow of György Zmeskál, in 1667, their marriage remained childless. Libercsey and Zsófia Földváry had the following children, according to the family's preserved birthday diary: Gábor Zsuzsanna, she married György Bezegh on 2 July 1656. They had a daughter Éva Bezegh. Zsuzsanna's husband was tortured and executed by the Executive Court of Eperjes on 14 May 1687. Borbála Anna, she married János Madách, vice-ispán of Nógrád County, on 20 April 1664. After his death, Anna married János Dobay vice-ispán, they had two daughters and a son, László who also became vice-ispán of the county. Anna was the last person. Krisztina Mária Rozina, she married vice-ispán of Pest County. Their son Pál Ráday served as Chancellor in the court of Francis II Rákóczi.

Magdolna. She married István Dacsó de Keszihócz. A son Tamás