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Gronw Pebr

Gronw Pebr "Gronw the Radiant" is a warrior and antagonist in Welsh tradition, appearing in the fourth branch of the Mabinogi as the lord of Penllyn, the lover of Blodeuwedd and the murderer of Lleu Llaw Gyffes. He is mentioned in the Welsh Triads and in the medieval poem Cad Goddeu. Lleu Llaw Gyffes has been placed under a tynged, his uncle, the trickster and magician Gwydion joins forces with the Venedotian king Math fab Mathonwy to create a woman for Lleu, out of the flowers of oak and meadowsweet, naming her Blodeuwedd. One day, while Lleu is away on business, Gronw Pebr, lord of Penllyn, comes across Lleu's stronghold whilst out hunting and falls in love with Blodeuwedd, they conspire to kill Lleu. Lleu can only be killed if certain conditions are met, Blodeuwedd tricks him into revealing what these conditions are, he outdoors, on horseback or on foot. He can only be killed whilst he has one foot on a cauldron and one on a goat and by someone using a spear forged over a year and only when people are attending mass.

Blodeuwedd coaxes the secret from Lleu and a year Gronw ambushes the prince. He flings the spear at Lleu. Gronw and Blodeuwedd now assume power, but on hearing the news of his nephew Gwydion sets out to find and cure him, he restores him to human form. Together they overcome Gronw, make him stand in the same position that Lleu occupied when Gronw flung the spear at him. Gronw is allowed to hold a stone as a shield, but Lleu throws the spear so hard that it penetrates the stone and kills Gronw. Gwydion curses Blodeuwedd. Ifans, Dafydd & Rhiannon, Y Mabinogion ISBN 1-85902-260-X

Grade II* listed buildings in Dartford (borough)

There are over 20,000 Grade II* listed buildings in England. This page is a list of these buildings in the district of Dartford in Kent. Grade I listed buildings in Dartford Grade II* listed buildings in Kent Grade II* listed buildings in Sevenoaks Grade II* listed buildings in Gravesham Grade II* listed buildings in Tonbridge and Malling Grade II* listed buildings in Medway Grade II* listed buildings in Maidstone Grade II* listed buildings in Tunbridge Wells Grade II* listed buildings in Swale Grade II* listed buildings in Ashford Grade II* listed buildings in City of Canterbury Grade II* listed buildings in Shepway Grade II* listed buildings in Thanet Grade II* listed buildings in Dover Media related to Grade II* listed buildings in Kent at Wikimedia Commons

The Winnower

The Winnower is a publishing platform and journal that offers traditional scholarly publishing tools to enable rigorous scholastic discussion of topics across all areas of intellectual inquiry, whether in the sciences, public policy, or otherwise. The Winnower publishes and archives the following: The Winnower was founded by Dr. Joshua Nicholson, it went live on May 27, 2014 with a primary focus of publishing scientific research, but has expanded its scope to include a diverse set of topics spanning the humanities, social sciences, science policy, professional commentaries, to name just a few. As of April 2016 it has over 1,000 publications from 4,500+ authors around the world; the Winnower is a journal. After submission, the paper is made visible online, is open for public, non-anonymous reviews by registered members of The Winnower community. Articles can be revised indefinitely until the author chooses to "freeze" a final version and purchase a digital object identifier. Authorea Scholarly peer review F1000Research Journal club Conference Proceedings

Naga Hills District, British India

The Naga Hills District was a former district of the Assam province of British India. Located in the Naga Hills, it was inhabited by the Naga tribes; the area is now part of the Nagaland state. The Naga Hills district was created in 1866 by the Government of British India, its headquarters were located at Samaguting. In 1875, the Lotha Naga region was annexed to the district. An administrative center was established at Wokha. In 1889, the Ao region was annexed to the Naga Hills District as a subdivision; the boundaries of the District were further extended to include most of the Sema Naga territories and the Konyak Naga region. In 1912, the Naga Hills District was made part of the Assam Province; the Government of India Act 1919 declared the Naga Hills District as a "Backward Tract". The area was to be treated as an entity separate from the British Indian Empire. In the early 1930s, some of the tribals in the region rebelled against the British rule under the leadership of Haipou Jadonang and Rani Gaidinliu.

As per the Government of India Act 1935, the area was made an "Excluded Area", administered by the Governor of Assam. The Deputy Commissioner of the district, CR Pawsney, established the Naga Hills District Tribal Council in 1945, which evolved into the Naga National Council in the 1945. Under the leadership of A. Z. Phizo, the Naga National Council unsuccessfully led a secessionist movement; when the Constitution of India was first released in 1950, the Naga Hills District was placed in "Part A" category of tribal districts as per the Sixth Schedule. The Part A areas were supposed to be governed by the Government of Assam in collaboration with the Autonomous District Councils. However, the Naga leaders refused this scheme. Subsequently, the Naga Hills District, along with the Tuensang Division were made a new administrative unit under the Ministry of External Affairs in 1957. After negotiation with the secessionists, this administrative unit was made a full-fledged state called Nagaland. Gazetteer Of Naga Hills And Manipur edited by Allen, B.



Andermatt is a mountain village and municipality in the canton of Uri in Switzerland. At an altitude of 1437 meters above sea level, Andermatt is located at the center of the Saint-Gotthard Massif and the historical center cross of north-south and east-west traverses of Switzerland, it is some 28 km south of the capital of Uri. Andermatt is in the Urseren valley, on the headwaters of the river Reuss and surrounded by the Adula Alps. To the north of Andermatt, the Reuss flows through the steeply descending Schöllenen Gorge to Göschenen and further down the Reuss Valley to the north, it flows, near Altdorf, into the Urnersee, part of Lake Lucerne. In the other three directions, the valley is linked by three Alpine passes: the Oberalp Pass to the east, the St Gotthard Pass to the south and the Furka Pass to the west. Andermatt has an area, as of 2006, of 62.2 km2. Of this area, 40.8 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 1.7% is settled and the remainder is non-productive. In the 1993/97 land survey, 0.4% of the total land area was forested, while 5.1% is covered in small trees and shrubbery.

Of the agricultural land, 4.3% is used for orchards or vine crops and 36.5% is used for alpine pastures. Of the settled areas, 0.5% is covered with buildings, 1.1% is transportation infrastructure. Of the unproductive areas, 0.5% is unproductive standing water, 1.0% is unproductive flowing water, 30.9% is too rocky for vegetation, 19.7% is other unproductive land. Andermatt serves as a crossroads between southern Switzerland and the north as well as between eastern Switzerland and western Switzerland; the village is connected by three Alpine passes: the Oberalp Pass to the east connecting the Surselva in the canton of Graubünden, the St Gotthard Pass to the south connecting with the Valle Leventina in canton of Ticino, the Furka Pass to the west connecting with the Obergoms in canton of Valais. To the north the steeply descending Schöllenen Gorge links Andermatt with Göschenen and is the location of the famous Devil's Bridge. Since the opening of the Schöllenen route, around 1200, Andermatt has been on the Gotthard route.

The town is served by a Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn operated railway station. The station is connected with Brig and Visp and with the western terminus of the Rhaetian Railway at Disentis/Mustér. There is a short branch line, the Schöllenenbahn, nowadays part of MGB, between Andermatt and Göschenen, at the northern end of the Gotthard Rail Tunnel, connecting with the Gotthard railway line. Archaeological finds dating back to 4000 BC indicate that the Urseren was populated in the Neolithic period. During Roman times this Alpine valley was inhabited by some Helvetic Celtic tribes. However, the origins of Andermatt can only be traced back to Alemannic tribes, the Walsers, who established settlements in the area, where the current town of Andermatt is situated; the parish of Andermatt was not mentioned until 1203. This first mention refers to it as de Prato. In 1290 it was mentioned as A der Matte. In 1649, with the emergence of an independent Swiss Confederation, the ecclesiastical rights of the Disentis monastery were revoked in favour of civil legislation.

In the Flight of the Earls, Irish earls lost a fortune in gold at the Devil's Bridge crossing ravine on St Patrick's Day 1608. It is known as the Lost Treasure of the St Gotthard Pass. Nearby Schöllenen Gorge is the site of a memorial commemorating the 1799 campaign of the Russian general Alexander Suvorov. Between 1818-1831 the nearby St Gotthard Pass was made accessible to stagecoaches; as the last resort before the pass, Andermatt became a popular spa town. The opening, in 1881, of the St Gotthard railway tunnel, reversed its fortunes as the tunnel runs beneath the town, connecting the Central Swiss town Göschenen with Airolo in Ticino; some Andermattians who worked on the tunnel were killed during its construction. A strike by the tunnel workers, was put down by military force, killing a further four workers. Since 1885, Andermatt has been a garrison town of the Swiss Federal Army. Here the infrastructure for the High Command of the Swiss Federal Army in an event of war was built. Today it is location of a Training Centre of the Swiss army.

Plans to build a series of reservoirs in the valley of Andermatt, the Urseren, encountered fierce resistance by the locals in 1946 and were abandoned four years later. A huge reservoir was built instead in the Göschenertal. Several avalanches, in particular in the winter of 1951 and 1975 have caused havoc in some residential areas of Andermatt, killing the inhabitants of the houses affected. By the 1930s the town's income from tourism had declined, many of the Ursental's hotels were abandoned or changed use; the Grand Hotel Bellevue, built by the aristocratic Müller family from neighbouring Hospental was converted in the 1970s into apartments, but by 1990 had been abandoned and was demolished with explosives. By the turn of the 21st century, as an alternative to the expensive skiing resorts in the Grisons at St Moritz and Gstaad, Andermatt's fortun

Wacol railway station

Wacol railway station is located on the Main line in Queensland, Australia. It serves the Brisbane suburb of Wacol, it is the last station on the Ipswich line located within Brisbane. The Wolston railway station was opened on 8 October 1874. However, the name caused confusion with the Wilston railway station, so it was renamed on 8 July 1927 to Wacol railway station. Wacol is a coined word from weigh coal. In 1998, the timber station building was replaced. In 2011, bright murals depicting domestic wildlife and farmlands were painted on the walls of platforms buildings; the animal theme was chosen because the RSPCA Animal Care Campus moved to Wacol in December 2011. Wacol is served by trains operating to and from Rosewood. Most city-bound services run to Caboolture and Nambour, with some morning peak trains terminating at Bowen Hills; some afternoon inbound services on weekdays run to Kippa-Ring. Wacol is 31 minutes on an all-stops train from Central. *Note: One weekday morning service and selected afternoon peak services continue through to Rosewood.

At all other times, a change of train is required at Ipswich. Wacol station TransLink Wacol station Queensland's Railways on the Internet