Cherry Ames is the central character in a series of 27 mystery novels with hospital settings published by Grosset & Dunlap between 1943 and 1968. Helen Wells wrote volumes #1-7 and 17-27, and Julie Campbell Tatham, Wells created the Vicki Barr series. During World War II, the series encouraged girls to become nurses as a way to aid the war effort, Cherry Ames original editions are prized by collectors and fans. The series generated a few items, including a Parker Brothers board game, some titles have been reprinted. The series stars a job-hopping, mystery-solving nurse in the Nancy Drew mold, Cherry hails from Hilton and was steered into nursing by Dr. Joseph Fortune, an old family friend. Cherrys training at the Spencer Hospital School of Nursing is chronicled in the first two books, she meets the classmates who become lifelong friends. With the third book in the series Army Nurse, Cherry joins the Army Nurse Corps, whenever Cherry isnt working with the Visiting Nurse Service, Dr. Joe sends her on assignments in various parts of the country.
Unlike other nurses of girls fiction, such as Sue Barton, Cherry remains unpartnered throughout her career, although an occasional beau will crop up, cherrys early adventures are set during World War II. In these early adventures, Cherry solves problems and captures criminals when men in authority have failed to do so, demonstrating that women can succeed in the public, working world. The books were written by Helen Wells and Julie Tatham and published in the United States by Grosset & Dunlap between 1943 and 1968 and they were extensively printed in the United Kingdom in the 1950s and 1960s. Beginning in 2005, the Cherry Ames series was licensed to the Springer Publishing Company and are currently being re-printed, in addition, a new edition of Cherry Ames, Student Nurse was released by the Palm Healthcare Foundation, Inc. through its Palm Publishing LLC subsidiary. Proceeds from the sale of the books were used to support nursing scholarships, between 1957 and 1964, the Cherry Ames Girls Annual was printed and distributed in the UK, usually before Christmas.
Each annual had two original Cherry Ames short stories by Helen Wells, and additional stories by other authors, in 1959, Cherry Ames Book of First Aid and Home Nursing was published by Helen Wells for adolescents as a companion volume to the series. Also in 1959, Cherry Ames Nursing Game was published by American board game titan, the object of the game is to travel about the board, gather six rings, and leave the board at the space marked graduate. In the 1990s, Mabel Maney created a series of little known gay parodies of the series books. Her first book, The Case of the Not-So-Nice Nurse, had lesbian detectives “Cherry Aimless”, tomboys, A Literary and Cultural History. Nursing the image, media and professional identity, Cherry Ames in World War II in Nancy Drew and Company, Culture and Girls Series. Cherry Ames in The St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, volume 1
The Beverly Gray Mystery Stories, comprising 26 novels published between 1934 and 1955, were written by Clair Blank, pen name of Clarissa Mabel Blank Moyer. The series began as a series of stories, and followed Beverlys progress through college, her various romances. Beverly is portrayed as a determined individual, with a driving ambition in her heart that would not let her idle her life away. Across 26 books, she leads such a life of adventure as would tax the resources of any soap opera heroine, *This title was dropped from the series in 1938 Beverly Gray, Freshman is the first book in the Beverly Gray series. Published concurrently in 1934 with Sophomore and Senior, College life and excitement fills up the majority of the work, but in between Beverly becomes lost in a snowstorm and is kidnapped. Beverly makes her first appearance as she steps off the train carrying her to Vernon College from her hometown, accompanied by Anne White and they attend Vernon to follow in their mothers footsteps instead, Beverlys mother is described as the patron saint of Vernon College.
The two girls settle into life at Vernon College, where Beverlys paternal surname affords her relative anonymity as she attempts to make good on her own merits, not under anothers colors. Three of the four freshmen in Chadwick Hall—Lenora Whitehill, Rosalie Arnold. Winter break sees Beverly and Anne reunite the Lucky Circle, a collection of eight childhood friends, as the group returns home, they become disoriented by a blizzard and take a wrong turn. The boys try to find the way, with Beverly leading them. She sprains her ankle, falls down a hill, and awakes to the sight of a tall and disheveled-looking woman. The hermit woman of Dunnsville, as she is known, or Big Bertha, as she calls herself, has a homicidal bent. She has been on the lam for years, Bertha believes Beverly to be the daughter for whose death she was responsible, and starts treating her ankle. During the second night of her captivity she sneaks out while Bertha sleeps, Bertha arrives with hunting knife in hand and fights the bear.
Back at the cabin, Beverlys father and Jim show up and rescue her, during the spring term, back at college, Beverly discovers that Shirley sneaks out at night to meet with a man, Tom. Shirley laments her life at Vernon to Tom, who exhorts her to run away with him and her college life and rich parents do not ensure her happiness, Tom, of a more lowly background, proposes they run away to New York. Shirley agrees to go the next night and Anne, Lenora and Rosalie confront her, but initially to no avail, Shirley leaves but returns shortly thereafter. Beverly ends up in the infirmary with her mother watching over her
Weebles is a trademark for several lines of childrens roly-poly toys originating in Hasbros Playskool division on July 23,1971. Tipping an egg-shaped Weeble causes a weight located at the bottom-center to be lifted off the ground, once released, gravitational force brings the Weeble back into an upright position. Weebles have been designed to have a variety of shapes, including some designed to look like people and animals, among others. The popular catchphrase, Weebles wobble, but they dont fall down, was used in advertising during their rise in popularity in the 1970s, the Weebles 1971–2011 Price Guide and Index Book lists and shows every Weeble model made over the past 40 years. There are 21 peelable /83 regular /12 tumbling =116 Weebles in total including all egg shaped sizes, in 2010 Hasbro started making a new line of larger egg-shaped Weebles and had produced 42 new Weebles as of July 2011. A wide range of accessories were available for the Weebles including vehicles, some sets had a theme to them, such as the Weebles circus set.
Next, the shape must be filled with two types of unmixed solids, and the volume of the lighter solid must be greater than that of the heavier solid. Next, the shape must have constant positive curvature. Lastly, the object must have only one position in which it can achieve stable mechanical equilibrium, combining these characteristics produces a basic Weeble. In theory, it is not possible to have a Weeble with a centroid that is too low to achieve a stable mechanical equilibrium, playsets often came with certain figures, though these could be purchased separately. There are 44 Weebles sets that include at least one Weebles figure, a new line of Weebles was created in 2004 that were not egg-shaped but rather shaped like different animals. These were produced for a couple of years
New York City
The City of New York, often called New York City or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2015 population of 8,550,405 distributed over an area of about 302.6 square miles. Located at the tip of the state of New York. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has described as the cultural and financial capital of the world. Situated on one of the worlds largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, the five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898. In 2013, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product of nearly US$1.39 trillion, in 2012, the CSA generated a GMP of over US$1.55 trillion. NYCs MSA and CSA GDP are higher than all but 11 and 12 countries, New York City traces its origin to its 1624 founding in Lower Manhattan as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the countrys largest city since 1790, the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a symbol of the United States and its democracy. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world, the names of many of the citys bridges, tapered skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world. Manhattans real estate market is among the most expensive in the world, Manhattans Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is one of the most extensive metro systems worldwide, with 472 stations in operation.
Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, during the Wisconsinan glaciation, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth. The ice sheet scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving the bedrock that serves as the foundation for much of New York City today. Later on, movement of the ice sheet would contribute to the separation of what are now Long Island and Staten Island. The first documented visit by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown and he claimed the area for France and named it Nouvelle Angoulême. Heavy ice kept him from further exploration, and he returned to Spain in August and he proceeded to sail up what the Dutch would name the North River, named first by Hudson as the Mauritius after Maurice, Prince of Orange
Sir David Paradine Frost, OBE was an English journalist, writer, media personality and television host. After graduating from Gonville and Caius College, Frost rose to prominence in the UK when he was chosen to host the satirical programme That Was the Week That Was in 1962 and his success on this show led to work as a host on US television. Frost was one of the Famous Five who were behind the launch of ITV breakfast station TV-am in 1983, for the BBC, he hosted the Sunday morning interview programme Breakfast with Frost from 1993 to 2005. He spent two decades as host of Through the Keyhole, from 2006 to 2012 he hosted the weekly programme Frost Over the World on Al Jazeera English and from 2012, the weekly programme The Frost Interview. Frost died on 31 August 2013, aged 74, on board the cruise ship MS Queen Elizabeth, in March 2014, his memorial stone was unveiled in Poets Corner, Westminster Abbey for his contribution to British culture. Frost attended Barnsole Road Primary School in Gillingham, St Hughs School, Woodhall Spa, Gillingham Grammar School, throughout his school years he was an avid football and cricket player, and was offered a contract with Nottingham Forest F. C.
For two years going to university he was a lay preacher following his witnessing of an event presided over by the Christian evangelist Billy Graham. Frost studied at Gonville & Caius College, from 1958 and he was editor of both the universitys student paper and the literary magazine Granta. He was secretary of the Footlights Drama Society, which included such as Peter Cook. During this period, Frost appeared on television for the first time in an edition of Anglia Televisions Town And Gown, the first time I stepped into a television studio, he once remembered, it felt like home. Talking to the camera seemed the most natural thing in the world, according to some accounts, Frost was the victim of snobbery from the group with which he associated at Cambridge, which has been confirmed by Barry Humphries. Christopher Booker, while asserting that Frosts one defining characteristic was ambition, after leaving university, Frost became a trainee at Associated-Rediffusion. Meanwhile, having gained an agent, Frost performed in cabaret at the Blue Angel nightclub in Berkeley Square.
The series, which ran for less than 18 months during 1962–63, was part of the boom in early 1960s Britain. The involvement of Frost in TW3 led to an intensification of the rivalry with Peter Cook who accused him of stealing material, the new satirical magazine Private Eye mocked him at this time. Frost visited the United States during the break between the two series of TW3 in the summer of 1963 and stayed with the producer of the New York production of Beyond The Fringe. Frost was unable to swim, but still jumped into the pool, at the memorial service for Cook in 1995, Alan Bennett recalled that rescuing Frost was the one regret Cook frequently expressed. For the first three editions of the series in 1963, the BBC attempted to limit the team by scheduling repeats of The Third Man television series after the programme
Bratz are an American product line of fashion dolls and merchandise manufactured by MGA Entertainment. Four original 10-inch dolls were released in 2001 —– Yasmin, Cloe and Sasha, and in 2015 and they featured almond-shaped eyes adorned with eyeshadow, and lush, glossy lips. In 2005, global sales were two dollars, and by 2006, Bratz had about forty percent of the fashion-doll market. Bratz dolls have provoked controversy in several areas, from the dolls stylized proportions to fashion-forward clothing, the brand has always followed pop culture trends closely. For years, MGA Entertainment was involved in a legal dispute with Mattel over the rights to the Bratz design. In 2011, the dispute ended with MGA as the victors, related litigation is ongoing in a lawsuit by MGA alleging Mattels theft of trade secrets. In early 2010, Bratz took a hiatus after Mattels first lawsuit. In 2013, Bratz changed to have a body and an all-new logo. MGA Entertainment made the decision to completely overhaul the Bratz brand throughout 2014, as a result, none of the Bratz 2014 product line was offered to North American retailers.
The bodies were changed to be 10 tall again, but with a new body, a stop motion web series premiered in August 2015. The Bratz app was released in September 2015 to accompany the new dolls, due to poor sales of the new Bratz dolls, only two lines were produced for Fall 2016, and MGA replied to emails asking about the status of the brand saying that they are on hiatus. MGA Entertainment President and CEO Isaac Larian took to Twitter and announced on January 16,2017 that Bratz would be relaunched for a third run, with many changes based on fan feedback. Based on feedback from many former Bratz fans, they rejected the new Bratz dolls and they believed that MGA Entertainment ignored the fans and tried marketing the brand to the wrong demographic, taking away what made the Bratz special. If plans for a third Bratz brand relaunch are successful, the company is aiming to have new Bratz dolls, though Bratz dolls fared poorly at their May 21,2001 debut—mostly due to the long-held monopoly by Barbie — their popularity increased the following Christmas.
In their first five years,125 million products were sold worldwide, in 2006, a toy-industry analyst indicated Bratz had captured about forty percent of the fashion-doll market, compared with Barbies sixty percent. The success of the four dolls generated a quartet of similar dolls in 2002 and 2003. Sets of twins were introduced, the dolls were sold separately and in themed environments. Accessories such as playsets and cars are released, four Bratz Boyz were released in 2002 with others debuting in 2003,2007, and 2008
The Swiss Family Robinson
The Swiss Family Robinson is a novel by Johann David Wyss, first published in 1812, about a Swiss family shipwrecked in the East Indies en route to Port Jackson, Australia. Wyss presents adventures as lessons in a history way and physical sciences. This resembles other educational books for young ones published about the same time, over the years there have been many versions of the story with episodes added, changed, or deleted. Perhaps the best-known English version is by William H. G. Kingston, other English editions that claim to include the whole of the Wyss-Montolieu narrative are by W. H. Davenport Adams and Mrs H. B. The closest English translation to the original is William Godwins 1816 translation, although movie and television adaptations typically name the family Robinson, it is not a Swiss name. The German title translates as The Swiss Robinson which identifies the novel as part of the Robinsonade genre, the novel opens with the family in the hold of a sailing ship, weathering a great storm.
The ships passengers evacuate without them, and William and Elizabeth, as the ship tosses about, the father - William - prays that God will spare them. The ship survives the night and the family finds themselves within sight of a desert island. The next morning, they decide to get to the island they can see beyond the reef, with much effort, they construct a vessel out of tubs. After they fill the tubs with food and ammunition and all articles of value they can safely carry. Two dogs from the ship named Turk and Flora swim beside them, the ships cargo of livestock, guns & powder, carpentry tools, books, a disassembled pinnace, and provisions have survived. Upon reaching the island, the set up a makeshift camp. The father knows that they must prepare for a time on the island. William and his oldest son Fritz spend the day exploring the island. The family spends the next few days securing themselves against hunger and Fritz make several trips to the ship in their efforts to bring ashore everything useful from the vessel.
The domesticated animals on the ship are towed back to the island, there is a great store of firearms and ammunition, hammocks for sleeping, carpenter’s tools, cooking utensils and dishes. Initially they construct a treehouse, but as time passes, they settle in a permanent dwelling in part of a cave. Fritz rescues a young Englishwoman shipwrecked elsewhere on their island, the book covers more than ten years
The Saint (Simon Templar)
Simon Templar is a fictional character known as The Saint. He featured in a series of books by Leslie Charteris published between 1928 and 1963. After that date, other authors collaborated with Charteris on books until 1983, the character has been portrayed in motion pictures, radio dramas, comic strips, comic books and three television series. Simon Templar is a Robin Hood-like criminal known as The Saint — plausibly from his initials, Templar has aliases, often using the initials S. T. Such as Sebastian Tombs or Sugarman Treacle, blessed with boyish humour, he makes humorous and off-putting remarks and leaves a calling card at his crimes, a stick figure of a man with a halo. This is used as the logo of the books, the movies, and he is described as buccaneer in the suits of Savile Row, cool, with hell-for-leather blue eyes and a saintly smile. His origin remains a mystery, he is explicitly British, his acquaintance with Bronx sidekick Hoppy Uniatz dates from this period. In the books, his income is derived from the pockets of the ungodly, Templars targets include corrupt politicians and other low life.
He claims hes a Robin Hood, bleats one victim, but to me hes just a robber, a term used by Templar to describe his acquisitions is boodle. The Saint has a side, as he is willing to ruin the lives of the ungodly. In the early books, Templar refers to this as murder, although he considers his actions justified and righteous, several adventures centre on his intention to kill. During the 1920s and early 1930s, The Saint is fighting European arms dealers, drug runners and his battles with Rayt Marius mirror the four rounds with Carl Petersen of Bulldog Drummond. During the first half of the 1940s, Charteris cast Templar as an operative of the American government. Beginning with the Arizona novella, Templar is fighting his own war against Germany, the books move from confidence games, murder mysteries, and wartime espionage and place Templar as a global adventurer. The Saint has many partners, though none last throughout the series, Holm appeared erratically throughout the series, sometimes disappearing for books at a time.
Templar and Holm lived together in a time when common-law relationships were uncommon and, in some areas and they have an easy, non-binding relationship, as Templar is shown flirting with other women from time to time. Holm disappeared in the late 1940s, and according to Barers history of The Saint, Charteris refused to allow Templar a steady girlfriend, or Holm to return. Another recurring character, Scotland Yard Inspector Claud Eustace Teal, could be found attempting to put The Saint behind bars, although in some books they work in partnership
Walter Harrison Cady was an American illustrator and author, best known for his Peter Rabbit comic strip which he wrote and drew for 28 years. Cady was born in Gardner, Massachusetts, to a town selectman, Edwin Cady and his father fostered a love of nature and encouraged his art skills. Cady entered an apprenticeship with a painter, Parker Perkins. His first publication came as early as 1894, an illustration in a supplement to Harpers Young People, Harrison was 18 when his father was killed in Boston. He moved to New York City and within a year found work as an illustrator with the Brooklyn Eagle newspaper and his salary of $10 a week made it possible for him to support his mother, the two lived in a Greenwich Village cold water flat. He stayed at the Brooklyn Eagle for four years, while freelancing to other publications and his income increased considerably after Life editor John Ames Mitchell signed Cady as staff artist and cartoonist. This led to a career as a newspaper and magazine illustrator, as well as numerous childrens books.
After his escalating success through the 1920s, Cady and his wife Melinna decided to take an extended vacation, touring Europe for two months in 1931, they visited London, Avignon, Arles, Amsterdam and Venice. In a letter to Harrisons mother, Melinna detailed their adventures, the shops, the museums with the great works of art. The Follies. and on and on, Venice is filled with charm & great beauty & romance yet back of it all, I could imagine in time one might feel the past tragedy of the place. Every afternoon at 4, Harrison & I started in a gondola and it, no doubt, sounds utterly foolish at my age to be so enthusiastic about everything, but, my dear, I am living in a state of thrills. He had an association with Thornton Burgess, illustrating the writers books, including Happy Jack. Cady was very prolific, illustrating over 70 years for such publications as St. Nicholas Magazine, Boys Life, The Saturday Evening Post, Ladies Home Journal, Good Housekeeping and he illustrated the Queen Silver-Bell series by Frances Hodgson Burnett.
Cadys Peter Rabbit comic strip was launched by the New York Herald Tribune Syndicate on August 15,1920 and he continued to write and draw the strip for almost three decades. When he retired in 1948, Vince Fago drew the strip, avon published Cadys Peter Rabbit Comics in 1947. His work is on display at the Thornton Burgess Museum in Sandwich, Massachusetts
Photoplay edition refers to movie tie-in books of the silent film and early sound era at a time when motion pictures were known as photoplays. Typically, photoplay editions were reprints of novels additionally illustrated with scenes from a film production, less typically, photoplay editions were novelizations of films, where the film script was fictionalized in narrative form. Today, vintage photoplay editions are sought after by film buffs, the first photoplay editions were published around 1912, and as a genre, they reached their height in the 1920s and 1930s. Thousands of different titles were issued in the United States, most photoplays were published in hardback by companies like Grosset & Dunlap or A. L. Burt, and some in soft cover by companies like Jacobsen Hodgkinson. Similar movie related books were published in England, France. Typically, photoplay editions of the 1920s and 1930s contained stills and/or a dust jacket featuring artwork or actors from a film, deluxe editions might contain a special binding, illustrated end papers, or rarely, a written introduction by the star of the film.
Sometimes, the spine or cover of the book will note the edition is a photoplay edition, illustrated movie tie-in books continued to be published though the 1940s, 1950s, and into the 1960s. Today, novels published in conjunction with the release of a film will feature an actor or actress on the cover of the book. Today, the most sought after photoplays are those tie-in editions for favorite films such as Dracula and King Kong, Other collectors search for books featuring individuals stars, like Louise Brooks or Rudolph Valentino. Published by Grosset & Dunlap in 1927, The General is today one of the most sought after of photoplay books. Not only did the Joseph Warren novel make its first appearance in print as a photoplay, Photoplay Edition, by the noted science fiction and fantasy author Emil Petaja, was the first book on the subject. Petaja based the book on his collection of photoplays, which at the time of publication numbered more than eight hundred, Petaja had owned many rare examples, including a few autographed by film stars.
Illustrating Petajas guide are dozens of dust jackets and scene stills, Petaja offers a short prologue, a longer history of photoplay books, and an anecdotal chapter telling the story of the authors involvement in collecting these books. Photoplay Edition has been surpassed by later, more comprehensive, illustrated guides and these include Arnie Davis Photoplay Editions and Other Movie Tie-In Books, and Rick Millers Photoplay Editions, A Collectors Guide. Each list more than the 800 examples found in Petajas pioneering guide, thomas Manns Horror and Mystery Photoplay Editions and Magazine Fictionizations examines genre editions
Le Morte d'Arthur
Le Morte dArthur is a reworking of traditional tales by Sir Thomas Malory about the legendary King Arthur, Lancelot and the Knights of the Round Table. Malory interprets existing French and English stories about these figures and adds original material, Le Morte dArthur was first published in 1485 by William Caxton, and is today perhaps one of the best-known works of Arthurian literature in English. Many modern Arthurian writers have used Malory as their source, including T. H. White in his popular The Once and Future King. Sir Thomas inherited the estate in 1434 after his father died and is believed to have engaged in a life of crime punctuated with long periods of imprisonment. Although in 1450 he was a member of Parliament and he was imprisoned in Coleshill but escaped and soon after robbed the Cistercian monastery. Malory was once arrested in 1454, but two years he was released through a royal pardon. His exact date of birth and early years are obscure, and his name does not enter clear historical record until 1439, Sir Thomas Malory died in prison on 14 March 1471, with Le Morte dArthur published posthumously by William Caxton on 31 July 1485.
He called the full work The hoole booke of kyng Arthur & of his noble knyghtes of the rounde table, modernized editions update the late Middle English spelling, update some pronouns, and repunctuate and reparagraph the text. Others furthermore update the phrasing and vocabulary to contemporary Modern English, here is an example in Middle English and in Modern English, Doo after the good and leve the evyl, and it shal brynge you to good fame and renomme. Do after the good and leave the evil, and it shall bring you to good fame, the Middle English of Le Morte DArthur is much closer to Early Modern English than the Middle English of Chaucers Canterbury Tales. If the spelling is modernized, it reads almost like Elizabethan English, the first printing of Malorys work was made by Caxton in 1485. Only two copies of original printing are known to exist, in the collections of the Morgan Library & Museum. It proved popular and was reprinted in 1498 and 1529 with some additions, three more editions were published before the English Civil War, William Coplands, Thomas Easts, and William Stansbys, each of which contained additional changes and errors.
Davisons 1817 edition was promoted by Robert Southey and was based on Caxtons 1485 edition or on a mixture of Caxton, davison was the basis for subsequent editions until the discovery of the Winchester Manuscript. Caxton separated Malorys eight books into 21 books, subdivided each book into a total of 507 chapters, added a summary of each chapter, in some parts, the story ventures farther afield, to Rome and Sarras, and recalls Biblical tales from the ancient Near East. Winchester College headmaster W. F. Oakeshott discovered an unknown manuscript copy of the work in June 1934. Newspaper accounts announced that what Caxton had published in 1485 was not exactly what Malory had written, Oakeshott published The Finding of the Manuscript in 1963, chronicling the initial event and his realization that this indeed was Malory, with startling evidence of revision in the Caxton edition. It is hypothesized that Caxtons text and the Winchester manuscript are both derived from an earlier copy, the Winchester Manuscript is believed to be closer on the whole to Malorys original