Berkenthin is a municipality in the district of Lauenburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is situated on approx. 10 km northwest of Ratzeburg, 15 km south of Lübeck. Berkenthin is the seat of the Amt Berkenthin
Lübeck is a city in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, one of the major ports of Germany. On the river Trave, it was the leading city of the Hanseatic League, because of its extensive Brick Gothic architecture, it is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. In 2015, it had a population of 218,523; the old part of Lübeck is on an island enclosed by the Trave. The Elbe–Lübeck Canal connects the Trave with the Elbe River. Another important river near the town centre is the Wakenitz. Autobahn 1 connects Lübeck with Denmark. Travemünde is a sea ferry port on the coast of the Baltic Sea. Lübeck Hauptbahnhof links Lübeck to a number of railway lines, notably the line to Hamburg. Humans settled in the area around what today is Lübeck after the last Ice Age ended about 9700 BCE. Several Neolithic dolmens can be found in the area. Around AD 700, Slavic peoples started moving into the eastern parts of Holstein, an area settled by Germanic inhabitants who had moved on in the Migration Period. Charlemagne, whose efforts to Christianise the area were opposed by the Germanic Saxons, expelled many of the Saxons and brought in Polabian Slavs allies.
Liubice was founded on the banks of the River Trave about four kilometers north of the present-day city-center of Lübeck. In the 10th century it became the most important settlement of the Obotrite confederacy and a castle was built. In 1128 the pagan Rani from Rügen razed Liubice. In 1143 Adolf II, Count of Schauenburg and Holstein, founded the modern town as a German settlement on the river island of Bucu, he built a new castle, first mentioned by the chronicler Helmold as existing in 1147. Adolf had to cede the castle to the Duke of Saxony, Henry the Lion, in 1158. After Henry's fall from power in 1181 the town became an Imperial city for eight years. Emperor Barbarossa ordained. With the council dominated by merchants, pragmatic trade interests shaped Lübeck's politics for centuries; the council survived into the 19th century. The town and castle changed ownership for a period afterwards and formed part of the Duchy of Saxony until 1192, of the County of Holstein until 1217, of the kingdom of Denmark until the Battle of Bornhöved in 1227.
Around 1200 the port became the main point of departure for colonists leaving for the Baltic territories conquered by the Livonian Order and by the Teutonic Order. In 1226 Emperor Frederick II elevated the town to the status of an Imperial Free City, by which it became the Free City of Lübeck. In the 14th century Lübeck became the "Queen of the Hanseatic League", being by far the largest and most powerful member of that medieval trade organization. In 1375 Emperor Charles IV named Lübeck one of the five "Glories of the Empire", a title shared with Venice, Rome and Florence. Several conflicts about trading privileges resulted in fighting between Lübeck and Denmark and Norway – with varying outcome. While Lübeck and the Hanseatic League prevailed in conflicts in 1435 and 1512, Lübeck lost when it became involved in the Count's Feud, a civil war that raged in Denmark from 1534 to 1536. Lübeck joined the pro-Lutheran Schmalkaldic League of the mid-16th century. After its defeat in the Count's Feud, Lübeck's power declined.
The city remained neutral in the Thirty Years' War of 1618–1648, but the combination of the devastation from the decades-long war and the new transatlantic orientation of European trade caused the Hanseatic League – and thus Lübeck with it – to decline in importance. However after the de facto disbanding of the Hanseatic League in 1669, Lübeck still remained an important trading town on the Baltic Sea. Franz Tunder was the organist in the Marienkirche, it was part of the tradition in this Lutheran congregation that the organist would pass on the duty in a dynastic marriage. In 1668, his daughter Anna Margarethe married the great Danish-German composer Dieterich Buxtehude, the organist at the Marienkirche in Lübeck until at least 1703; some of the greatest composers of the day came to the church to hear his renowned playing. In the course of the war of the Fourth Coalition against Napoleon, troops under Bernadotte occupied the neutral Lübeck after a battle against Blücher on 6 November 1806. Under the Continental System, the State bank went into bankruptcy.
In 1811, the French Empire formally annexed Lübeck as part of France. The writer Thomas Mann was a member of the Mann family of Lübeck merchants, his well-known 1901 novel Buddenbrooks made readers in Germany familiar with the manner of life and mores of the 19th Century Lübeck bourgeoisie. In 1937, the Nazis passed the so-called Greater Hamburg Act, which merged the city of Lübeck with Prussia. During World War II, Lübeck became the first German city to suffer substantial Royal Air Force bombing; the attack of 28 March 1942 created a firestorm. This raid destroyed large parts of the built-up area. Germany operated a POW camp for officers, Oflag X-C, near the city from 1940 until April 1945; the British Second Army occupied it without resistance. On 3 May 1945 one of the biggest disasters in naval history occurred in the Bay of Lübeck when RAF bombers sank three ships: the SS Cap Arcona, the SS Deutschland, the SS Thielbek – which, unknown to them, were packed with concentr
Buchholz is a municipality in the district of Lauenburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Geesthacht is the largest city in the District of the Duchy of Lauenburg in Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany, 34 km southeast of Hamburg on the right bank of the river Elbe. Around 800: A church is documented. 1216: First documentary mention of the settlement as Hachede a part of Saxony. A change in the course of the Elbe cuts the settlement into two: Marschacht. 1296: Geesthacht becomes part of the Durchy of Saxe-Lauenburg, partitioned from Saxony 1370: Duke Eric III pawns Geesthacht - as part of the Herrschaft of Bergedorf - to Lübeck 1401: Duke Eric IV retakes the pawned area with force 1420: Geesthacht is ceded as part of a condominium to the Hanseatic cities Hamburg and Lübeck by the Peace of Perleberg. 1811: Geesthacht is annexed to France as part of the Bouches de l'Elbe département 1813: The condominium is restored 1865/66: The Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel establishes a glycerin factory in Geesthacht and invents dynamite. Krümmel becomes the first dynamite factory in the world.
1868: Lübeck sells its share in the condominium to Hamburg, Geesthacht becomes a part Hamburg's state territory 1906: Opening of the Bergedorf-Geesthachter Railway. 1918–1933: Geesthacht is a hotbed of radical leftist parties and acquires the nickname Little Moscow. 1924: Granted town privileges by the Hamburg state order of 2 January. 1928: Destruction of the historical town centre by a fire. 1937: In the context of the territorial reorganization of the State of Hamburg, Geesthacht is transferred to the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein, there becoming part of the district of Duchy of Lauenburg. 1953: Suspension of passenger service on the Bergedorf-Geesthachter Eisenbahn. At present, the city council is composed as follows: Independent Mayor Dr. Volker Manow, who replaced Ingo Fokken after his unexpected death on June 29, 2009, was elected on December 13, 2009. Hoogezand-Sappemeer, since 1966 Chadderton, since 1966 Plaisir, since 1975 Kuldīga, since 1991 Geesthacht is a major energy and scientific research center.
It has the Krümmel Nuclear Power Plant, a boiling water nuclear reactor on the River Elbe, a 120 MW pumped storage hydroelectrical plant situated within a few hundreds metres of the nuclear power plant. It consists of an artificial lake 80m above the river, where the water is pumped up from, 600 MWh storage for use in generating electricity when demand is high. Small wind and solar plants produce electricity or pump water. Freeway 25 from Hamburg Federal road B5 from Hamburg in the west to Lauenburg in the east Disused railway line to Hamburg-Bergedorf River port on the Elbe, Elbe locks The nearest airport is at Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel The nearest sea harbour is the Port of Hamburg Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht - research institute Open-air swimming pool at the Elbe Kleines Theater Schillerstrasse - small art meetings and cinema Krügersches Haus - a permanent exhibition relating the history of the city Joachim Ritter, philosopher Frank Peterson, music producer Rudolf Basedau, member of the Schleswig-Holstein parliament The conservative politician Uwe Barschel, involved in the "Waterkantgate" scandal, took his Abitur at the Otto-Hahn-Gymnasium in Geesthacht and as a student representative invited former Nazi admiral Dönitz to give a presentation on the topic of'The Modernisation of History Classes'.
Following the scandal, his principal committed suicide under the ensuing pressure. Literature Heinz Bohlmann: Fäuste, Führer, Flüchtlingstrecks. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Städte Geesthacht und Lauenburg/Elbe 1930–1950. Schwarzenbeck 1990. ISBN 3-921595-15-0 Bernhard Michael Menapace: "Klein-Moskau" wird braun: Geesthacht in der Endphase der Weimarer Republik. Kiel 1991. ISBN 3-89029-923-7 August Ziehl: Geesthacht - 60 Jahre Arbeiterbewegung 1890–1950. Geesthacht 1958. Official website Geesthacht News Fototour Geesthacht
Aumühle (German: is a municipality in Schleswig-Holstein in northern Germany, about 21 km east of Hamburg. Its Friedrichsruh district is home to the family mausoleum of Otto von Bismarck. Aumühle lies on the river Bille in the largest forest in Schleswig-Holstein. In 1350 Aumühle was first mentioned in writing as Au-Mühle. In 1846, a station on the newly-constructed Hamburg-Berlin railway line was opened at Friedrichsruh. Aumühle station itself was added in 1884. In 1871 Kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany gifted the Sachsenwald forest, adjacent to the Au, to Otto von Bismarck in recognition of his services to the newly unified German nation. Bismarck had a manor house built opting to retain the historic name of Friedrichsruh. Bismarck now lies buried in the Bismarck Mausoleum situated there. Karl Dönitz, the last head of state of Nazi Germany, moved to Aumühle after his release from Spandau Prison in 1956, he resided there until his death in 1980, was buried in its Waldfriedhof cemetery. Aumühle is the eastern terminus of Hamburg S-Bahn line S21.
Aumühle is twinned with: Mortagne-sur-Sèvre France Sleen, today a part of Coevorden, Netherlands Media related to Aumühle at Wikimedia Commons Aumühle official website
Bliestorf is a municipality in the district of Lauenburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. Herrenhaus, built in 1843 by landowner and forester August Luis Detlev von Schrader in the Swiss style
Lower Saxony is a German state situated in northwestern Germany. It is the second-largest state by land area, with 47,624 km2, fourth-largest in population among the 16 Länder federated as the Federal Republic of Germany. In rural areas, Northern Low Saxon and Saterland Frisian are still spoken, but the number of speakers is declining. Lower Saxony borders on the North Sea, the states of Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and North Rhine-Westphalia, the Netherlands. Furthermore, the state of Bremen forms two enclaves within Lower Saxony, one being the city of Bremen, the other, its seaport city of Bremerhaven. In fact, Lower Saxony borders more neighbours than any other single Bundesland; the state's principal cities include the state capital Hanover, Braunschweig, Lüneburg, Osnabrück, Hildesheim, Wolfenbüttel, Göttingen. The northwestern area of Lower Saxony, which lies on the coast of the North Sea, is called East Frisia and the seven East Frisian Islands offshore are popular with tourists.
In the extreme west of Lower Saxony is the Emsland, a traditionally poor and sparsely populated area, once dominated by inaccessible swamps. The northern half of Lower Saxony known as the North German Plains, is invariably flat except for the gentle hills around the Bremen geestland. Towards the south and southwest lie the northern parts of the German Central Uplands: the Weser Uplands and the Harz mountains. Between these two lie the Lower Saxon Hills, a range of low ridges. Thus, Lower Saxony is the only Bundesland that encompasses both mountainous areas. Lower Saxony's major cities and economic centres are situated in its central and southern parts, namely Hanover, Osnabrück, Salzgitter, Göttingen. Oldenburg, near the northwestern coastline, is another economic centre; the region in the northeast is called the Lüneburg Heath, the largest heathland area of Germany and in medieval times wealthy due to salt mining and salt trade, as well as to a lesser degree the exploitation of its peat bogs until about the 1960s.
To the north, the Elbe River separates Lower Saxony from Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg. The banks just south of the Elbe are known as Altes Land. Due to its gentle local climate and fertile soil, it is the state's largest area of fruit farming, its chief produce being apples. Most of the state's territory was part of the historic Kingdom of Hanover, it was created by the merger of the State of Hanover with three smaller states on 1 November 1946. Lower Saxony has a natural boundary in the north in the North Sea and the lower and middle reaches of the River Elbe, although parts of the city of Hamburg lie south of the Elbe; the state and city of Bremen is an enclave surrounded by Lower Saxony. The Bremen/Oldenburg Metropolitan Region is a cooperative body for the enclave area. To the southeast, the state border runs through the Harz, low mountains that are part of the German Central Uplands; the northeast and west of the state, which form three-quarters of its land area, belong to the North German Plain, while the south is in the Lower Saxon Hills, including the Weser Uplands, Leine Uplands, Schaumburg Land, Brunswick Land, Untereichsfeld and Lappwald.
In northeast, Lower Saxony is Lüneburg Heath. The heath is dominated by the poor, sandy soils of the geest, whilst in the central east and southeast in the loess börde zone, productive soils with high natural fertility occur. Under these conditions—with loam and sand-containing soils—the land is well-developed agriculturally. In the west lie the County of Bentheim, Osnabrück Land, Oldenburg Land, Oldenburg Münsterland, on the coast East Frisia; the state is dominated by several large rivers running northwards through the state: the Ems, Weser and Elbe. The highest mountain in Lower Saxony is the Wurmberg in the Harz. For other significant elevations see: List of hills in Lower Saxony. Most of the mountains and hills are found in the southeastern part of the state; the lowest point in the state, at about 2.5 m below sea level, is a depression near Freepsum in East Frisia. The state's economy and infrastructure are centred on the cities and towns of Hanover, Celle, Wolfsburg and Salzgitter. Together with Göttingen in southern Lower Saxony, they form the core of the Hannover–Braunschweig–Göttingen–Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region.
Lower Saxony has clear regional divisions that manifest themselves geographically, as well as and culturally. In the regions that used to be independent the heartlands of the former states of Brunswick, Hanover and Schaumburg-Lippe, a marked local regional awareness exists. By contrast, the areas surrounding the Hanseatic cities of Bremen and Hamburg are much more oriented towards those centres. Sometimes and transition areas happen between the various regions of Lower Saxony. Several of the regions listed here are part of other, larger regions, that are included in the list. Just under 20% of the land area of Lower Saxony is designated as nature parks, i.e.: Dümmer, Elbhöhen-Wendland, Elm-Lappwald, Harz, Lüneburger Heide, Münden, Terra.vita, Solling-Vogler, Lake Steinhude, Südheide, Weser Uplands, Wildeshausen Geest, Bourtanger Moor-Bargerveen. L