Washington is a city in Tazewell County, United States. Washington is on U. S. Route 24 and Illinois Route 8, northeast of East Peoria; the population was 15,134 at the 2010 census, a 39.6 percent increase over 2000. Washington was founded in 1825 by William Holland, Sr. who came from North Carolina and was hired by the U. S. government to provide blacksmith services to the local Native Americans. During his long and eventful life he was married three times, was the father of twenty-one children: fourteen by his first wife and seven by his second wife, he had fifty great grandchildren. He died in Washington on November 1871, at the age of ninety-one; the post office was named Holland's Grove in 1833 before being renamed in honor of the first U. S. president, George Washington, in 1837. In the 1920s, a man named George Heyl put Washington on the map as the home of the famous Heyl Pony Farm; some of the original barns still exist on North Main Street. The Heyl Pony Farm supplied Shetland ponies to buyers around the world.
When Heyl died in 1932, it was recorded as one of the largest funerals held in Washington. Another local site of interest is the "old canning factory", now occupied by American Allied Railway Equipment Company Inc. In 1943, the canning factory had a shortage of workers, the government needed K rations and canned goods to feed the troops. So 50 captured German soldiers from the prisoner of war camp known as Camp Ellis in Fulton County were brought in; the Washington sub-camp was first commanded by Colonel John S. Sullivan, by Captain T. A. Cox; the POWs were brought in on the old rail line. They were trucked from the camp to various local farms to help with the pumpkin harvest; the prisoners were allowed no visitors, nor could residents speak to the prisoners. An exception was made for local ministers, such as Pastor Kammeyer from St. Mark's Lutheran who spoke fluent German and ministered to the POWs spiritual needs. Once a POW jumped from a truck going down South Main Street and was shot before the guard realized he was just trying to retrieve his hat which had blown off.
Years when the Libby plant burned, they found a U. S. Army rifle issued to a soldier, a guard, it was reported missing, suspected hidden by a prisoner. A new community center, named Five Points Washington, opened in October 2007; the facility houses the Washington Public Library, a performing arts center, swimming pools, fitness center, banquet center. A new assisted living center for seniors was opened in early 2008, across the street from the Washington Christian Village. One of the two EF4 tornadoes in the tornado outbreak of November 17, 2013 entered Washington from the southwest in East Peoria. Three people were killed, one during the storm and two others from injuries, including a United States Army veteran; the tornado destroyed the Georgetown Common apartment complex, including ripping second floors off most of the 16 apartment buildings. Hundreds of homes were destroyed as the tornado moved through town before exiting on the north side. Washington is located at 40°42′N 89°25′W. According to the 2010 census, Washington has a total area of 8.182 square miles, of which 8.17 square miles is land and 0.012 square miles is water.
Washington has a humid continental climate, with cold, snowy winters, hot, humid summers. Monthly daily mean temperatures range from 22.5 °F to 75.2 °F. Snowfall is common in the winter, averaging 26.3 inches, but this figure varies for different years. Precipitation, averaging at 36 inches, peaks in the spring and summer, is the least in winter. Extremes have ranged from −27 °F in January 1884 to 113 °F in July 1936. District 308 is Washington Community High School and has 1359 students in attendance as of August 2017. District 308 contains four elementary public school districts: District 50, 51, 52 as well as St. Patrick's Catholic Grade School. U. S. Route 24 runs east-west outside of Washington. Business U. S. 24 runs through the downtown square of Washington. As of the census of 2000, there were 10,841 people, 4,189 households, 3,091 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,450.0 people per square mile. There were 4,403 housing units at an average density of 588.9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 98.36% White, 0.26% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.26% from other races, 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population. There were 4,189 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.02. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median income for a house
Groveland is an unincorporated community in Tazewell County, United States. It has a small library, a school, now a church, gas station, war memorial, country store with restaurant and chapel, Pyramid Printing Inc. and a handful of other small businesses. It has 1400 residents and is located near Pekin and Morton, it lies within ten miles of Peoria, near Springfield Road and Edgewater Drive, Illinois State Route 98. Catherine Amanda Coburn, newspaper editor
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
Allentown is an unincorporated community in Tazewell County, United States. Allentown is 2.5 miles northwest of Mackinaw. A post office was established at Allentown in 1879, remained in operation until the 1950s; the community derives its name from one James Allen. Allentown was a station of the Illinois Terminal Railroad interurban system
Pekin is a city in and the county seat of Tazewell County in the U. S. state of Illinois. Located on the Illinois River, Pekin is the largest city of Tazewell County and the second most populous municipality of the Peoria metropolitan area, after Peoria itself; as of the 2010 census, its population is 34,094. A small portion of the city limits extend into Peoria County. Pekin is the 13th-most populous city in Illinois outside the Chicago Metropolitan Area, it is the most populous municipality in the United States with the name Pekin. Pekin's Mineral Springs Park is near the Miller Senior Center; the city is home to a high-rise residential facility of the United Auto Workers. In Illinois as elsewhere, indigenous peoples lived along rivers for transportation and fishing. At the time of the European incursion, the several historical tribes in the area were of the Anishinaabe-language family, within the larger Algonquian-speaking tribes. In January 1680, Robert de LaSalle and 33 fellow explorers landed their canoes on the eastern bank of the Illinois River.
They built a winter refuge in. They encountered historical Kickapoo peoples to the east as far as the Wabash River near the present Illinois-Indiana border. Pekin and the Pekin area has a rich Native American heritage. South of Pekin on the Mackinaw River was the site of Chief Lebourse Sulky's Village in 1812; this was how it looked to an American of the time: At Little Makina, a river on the south side of Illinois, five leagues below Peoria, is a band, consisting of Kickapoos, Chippeways and Pottowottamies. They are called warriors, their head man is Lebourse or Sulky, their number is all desperate fellows and great plunderers. Sulky oversaw a village with a mixed population of the Anishinaabe-speaking Pottawatomi and Ojibwa people, he fought alongside Tecumseh in the War of 1812, as did most of the chiefs of the Illinois Valley area. This area was the site of Chief Shabbona's Pottawatomi village in the period prior to and during the Black Hawk War of 1832. Like Sulky, Shabbona had joined with Tecumseh during the War of 1812 and was with him when he fell at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
After the war, Shabbona made peace with the U. S. government and protected white settlers in the Pekin area during the Black Hawk War. Following the Black Hawk War, the State of Illinois renegotiated treaties with the Native American tribes in the state to extinguish their claims and remove all Indians from the state; the Pottawatomi village was relocated about a mile north to Worley Lake for a short time, until the inhabitants were removed to a reservation near Topeka, Kansas. Shabbona moved north to Seneca near the Illinois River, where he died in 1859 on land that the citizens of Ottawa had given him. Farmer Jonathan Tharp, who came from Ohio, was the first non-Indian resident, building a log cabin in 1824 on a ridge above the Illinois River at a site near the present foot of Broadway Drive. Franklin School was erected near this site. Other European-American settlers soon joined him, including his father Jacob Tharp who arrived from Ohio in 1825, they lived near Chief Shabbona's large Indian village of about 100 wigwams, populated by Pottawatomi, situated along Gravel Ridge, on the eastern shore of what is today Pekin Lake in northwest Pekin.
Tharp's log cabin was south of Shabbona's village. After a county surveyor laid out a "town site" in 1829, an auction of the town plat and site was held in Springfield, Illinois; the village site was awarded to Major Isaac Perkins, Gideon Hawley, William Haines and Major Nathan Cromwell. Mrs. Ann Eliza Cromwell selected the name of the French spelling. Nathan Cromwell named many of the city streets after the wives and daughters of early Pekin settlers, it was long held, as first expressed in W. H. Bates' history of Pekin included in the 1870 Pekin City Directory, that Cromwell was assisted by his wife Ann Eliza in the naming of the streets, it has been stated that Mrs. Cromwell named the town "Pekin" because she thought Peking was on the exact opposite side of the world from the town she founded. Uncle John's Slightly Irregular Bathroom Reader. Bathroom Reader's Press. 2004. However, this is not as improbable as it sounds-in the late 1700s and early 1800s, China and the United States were thought to be on the exact opposite sides of the world and towns were named after locations in China-another example is Canton, named in 1805.
"Peking" was sometimes romanized as "Pekin" at this time, supported by several other US towns founded around this time named "Pekin". Pekin is known as the site where other ambitious politicians struck a deal in the 1840s. Lincoln was among several local Whig politicians who wanted to serve in the U. S. Congress. To keep from splitting the Whig vote, the competitors agreed to support each other for one term each in Congress; the pact is called the Pekin Agreement in Lincoln biographies. Lincoln ran and was elected to the 30th United States Congress in 1846, retired at the end of the term; this single term in Congress was Lincoln's only experience in Washington before he was elected President. Although Illinois was a "free" state, pro-slavery sentiment was predominant throughout southern and central Illinois, settled by Southerners, some of whom were slaveholders before the state was admitted to the union. Cit
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Mackinaw is a village in Tazewell County, United States, is part of the Peoria, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its population was 1,950 at the 2010 census. Local businesses include Area 52 Paintball, Mackinaw Valley Vineyard; the Mack-Ca-Fest Farm Days Festival is held each June in the village. The village is politically independent of Mackinaw Township. Both take their name from the nearby Mackinaw River. Mackinaw is derived from the Ojibwe word mikinaak meaning "turtle". Mackinaw remained a "dry" community following the 1933 end to prohibition, through 2013, when residents voted to allow the sale of alcohol. Mackinaw is located at 40°32′2″N 89°21′31″W. According to the 2010 census, Mackinaw has a total area of 1.38 square miles, of which 1.35 square miles is land and 0.03 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,950 people, 746 households, 540 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,416.4 people per square mile and there were 799 housing units.
The racial makeup of the village was 97.69% White, 0.72% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 1.69% of the population. There were 579 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.6% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.08. In the village, the population was spread out with 31.1% under the age of 19, 33.4% from 20 to 44, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males. The median income for a household in the village was $61,083 and the median income for a family was $71,027.
Males had a median income of $40,147 versus $21,429 for females. The per capita income for the village was $23,853. About 1% of families and 1.53% of the population were below the poverty line. Their high school is Deer Creek-Mackinaw High School and it is located on 401 E. Fifth St, Mackinaw, IL. Both students from Mackinaw and Deer Creek, Illinois attend Deemack High School. Dee-Mack athletics participate in the Heart of Illinois Conference and in 2012 their girls' volleyball team won the class 2A state title; this was Dee-Mack's first state championship. On November 25, 2016, Dee-Mack's football team played in their first football state championship game in 29 years, they played Maroa-Forsyth for the class 2A Illinois State Championship in Champaign, Illinois at the University of Illinois' Memorial Stadium. They won the game 35-7, the first state championship in football for the school, they finished their season with a 13-1 record. Village of Mackinaw official website Deemack High School website