Grandmaster (Marvel Comics)
The Grandmaster is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character first appeared in The Avengers #69; the Grandmaster is one of the ageless Elders of the Universe and has mastered most civilizations' games of skill and chance. Different media appearances depict him as the brother of the Collector; the character is portrayed by Jeff Goldblum in the Marvel Cinematic Universe film Thor: Ragnarok. The Grandmaster first appeared in The Avengers #69; the character was created by Sal Buscema. Although his exact origin is unknown, he is one of the oldest living beings in the universe, coming from one of the first intelligent races to evolve after the Big Bang, he once possessed the Mind Gem, one of the six Infinity Gems. He is a cosmic game player, he has used the Squadron Sinister, the Defenders, the East and West Coast Avengers, Malibu Comics's Ultraforce, DC Comics' Justice League of America. In his first appearance, the Grandmaster played a game against Kang the Conqueror for the power to resurrect Ravonna or destroy Kang's planet, using the Avengers and Squadron Sinister as pawns.
However, Kang's efforts failed due to the intervention of the Black Knight meaning that the Avengers did not technically win their fight, causing Kang to sacrifice the power to resurrect Ravonna for the power to kill the Avengers, with this attempt failing again when the Grandmaster's gift gave Kang the power to kill only the Avengers rather than the currently-unaffiliated Black Knight. He next used the Defenders as pawns in a game against the Prime Mover; the Grandmaster challenged Death to a game of strategy, with the power to resurrect his fellow Elder the Collector as prize. A large collection of Earth heroes were used as pawns by both sides of the game; the Grandmaster won, only to learn the resurrection power could only be used if someone else died in the resurrectee's place. Nonetheless, the Grandmaster felt the game would be incomplete unless the power was used, noting "Never, in a thousand games on a thousand worlds, have I quit the table ere the game was through!" Death suggested he use the heroes' lives instead, unwilling to break his promise to never again manipulate them, he instead sacrificed his own life to resurrect the Collector.
The Grandmaster returned from beyond his grave to plague the East and West Coast Avengers during one of their annual games of baseball, reasoning that, since he was dead, he was free from his vow to leave Earth's heroes in peace. After he and the Collector tricked the teams into battling each other, the Grandmaster succeeded in his true plan: to capture Lady Death and usurp her powers, he forced the Avengers to participate in a competition with the Legion of the Unliving in order to stop a series of powerful bombs, the fate being all of creation. Captain America and Hawkeye were the only two heroes; as the Grandmaster was preparing to force the pair to fight the Legion again, Hawkeye convinced him to lay it all on the line with one last game of pure chance. Hawkeye held one arrow in the tips hidden in his hands. Grandmaster would win; the one he picked was headless, his distraction allowed Lady Death to escape her bonds and banish the Grandmaster from her realm — in other words, making them immortal.
As a reward, she returned the deceased Avengers to life. This incident is what led Death to ban the Elders from dying, confirmed by the Grandmaster in the issue's final panels, just before he expresses interest in the Avengers' renewed baseball game, he and a group of ten other Elders conspired to kill Galactus and restart the universe. The Grandmaster battled Galactus and the Silver Surfer, was one of the five Elders captured and consumed by Galactus; the devoured Elders caused Galactus "cosmic indigestion" from within until they were forced out of him by Master Order and Lord Chaos. When the Silver Surfer asked the five Elders to aid them in helping Galactus to defeat the In-Betweener the Grandmaster refused because it would nullify a solemn wager the Elders had made so the Champion physically restrained him until the battle was over. Moments the five Elders used their Infinity Gems to instantaneously travel far away from Galactus and his vengeance. In 2004 the Grandmaster organized the meeting of the Avengers and the Justice League in an attempt to save the Marvel Universe from the DC Comics villain Krona, when Krona came to the Marvel Universe seeking answers about the origin of creation.
In an attempt to save his universe, Grandmaster challenged Krona to a game for the identity of a being in the Marvel Universe who had lived through the Big Bang by pitting the Avengers and the JLA against each other in a'scavenger hunt' for twelve items of power- with Krona choosing the Avengers as his team-, only for Krona to turn on the Grandmaster when he lost due to Captain America helping Batman gain the Cosmic Cube. Although Krona's anti-energy powers were able to defeat both the Grandmaster and Galactus, the Grandmaster revealed the game was a trick and was able to use the items gathered to merge the two universes and trap Krona in their'junction point'; however Krona accelerated the process, with the intention
The Wasp is a fictional superheroine appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Stan Lee, Ernie Hart and Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in Tales to Astonish #44, she is depicted as having the ability to shrink to a height of several centimeters, fly by means of insectoid wings, fire bioelectric energy blasts. She is a founding member of the Avengers as well as a long time leader of the team. In May 2011, the Wasp placed 99th on IGN's Top 100 Comic Book Heroes of All Time, 26th in their list of "The Top 50 Avengers" in 2012. In 2013, she was ranked the fifth greatest Avenger of all time by Marvel.com. The character of Janet van Dyne makes a cameo appearance in the 2015 film Ant-Man and appears in its 2018 sequel Ant-Man and the Wasp, portrayed by Michelle Pfeiffer. Janet van Dyne debuted in Tales to Astonish #44 as Henry "Hank" Pym's partner, becoming the Wasp to avenge the death of her father, scientist Vernon van Dyne, she co-starred in Tales to Astonish from issue #44 to issue #69.
She was a founding member of the Avengers, appearing in the first issue and giving the team its name. It is with the Avengers. At first she was the weak link of the team, but on became one of the smartest and craftiest of its members. Though she takes leaves of absence throughout the series, she is one of the longest active members and has acted as leader of the team for longer than any other member, save for Captain America. During her absences from the core Avengers book, Janet appeared in various other publications, including appearing as a main character in Marvel Feature issues #6-10, she has made sporadic guest appearances in various other books, such as Captain America, Iron Man, Fantastic Four. Janet became the leader of the Avengers in Avengers #217, a position she held until #278, with the exception of a brief period where she handed leadership off to The Vision, she appeared in issue #32 of West Coast Avengers, becoming a full-time member in issue #42. She made occasional appearances in Avengers vol.
3, returning as an active member of the team in issue #27 before resuming leadership duties. She and Captain America became co-leaders of the team starting in issue #38. After the events of "Avengers Disassembled", Janet appeared in the limited series Beyond! before rejoining the Avengers in The Mighty Avengers #1. She was presumed dead during the events of Secret Invasion in 2008. Wasp returned in the Avengers "End Times" storyline that ran from issue #31 to issue #34, she appears as a member of the Avengers Unity Squad in Uncanny Avengers. In his 1970s run on The Avengers, artist George Pérez revamped the character's costume a number of times, having a significant impact on the character's development: It became a joke. In the case of the Wasp, I noticed that she has so many costumes that I said "Why not?" I think I was on the book long enough what was once just a little bit of idiosyncrasy about the character became part of the character's persona. Janet van Dyne was born in Cresskill, New Jersey, the socialite daughter of wealthy scientist Vernon van Dyne.
When her father is killed by an alien entity unleashed during one of his experiments, Janet turns to his associate Dr. Henry "Hank" Pym for aid and convinces him to help her. In order to avenge her father’s death, she undergoes a biochemical procedure that grants her the ability to grow wings upon shrinking under four feet tall and uses a supply of "Pym particles" by which to change her size. Together and Ant-Man defeat the alien and avenge her father. Janet decides to remain as Wasp and be Hank’s partner as she has fallen in love with him, though Hank rejects her feelings due to the similarities between her and his first wife, murdered. During her time as Hank’s partner, she took part in numerous conflicts with villains who included the Porcupine and Whirlwind. Though without any offensive powers, Janet proves to be resourceful, using her ability to communicate with insects to fight, as well as using a pin to poke people as means of a weapon, she uses a miniature air gun, the original wasp’s sting.
After the initial confrontation with Loki that brought together the founding Avengers, it is Janet and Hank who propose forming a team of superheroes. Janet becomes a founding member. Never lacking confidence or bravery and by nature an outgoing personality, Janet is always in the thick of battles with villains, who include Norse gods and aliens, despite being the most underpowered member of the team. Janet comments on the attractiveness of her male colleagues Thor, in order to provoke jealousy from Hank and get him to commit to a relationship. Early on in her Avengers career, she is wounded by a stray bullet in battle against Count Nefaria, nearly dies from a collapsed lung, she leaves the team several issues later. When she returns in Avengers vol. 1 #26, her shrinking powers have progressed to the point where she no longer needs Pym particle capsules to change her size. Though Janet hopes on several occasions that her long-term boyfriend Hank will propose, their relationship does not move forward to that point until something more dramatic happens.
The new vigilante Yellowjacket breaks into the Avengers mansion, demands to be admitted as a member of the team, claims to have killed Hank Pym, kidnaps Janet. Not believing that Yellowjacket was Hank's killer, she attempts to find where Yellowjacket is holding Hank, but instead determines that Yellowjacket is
Iron Man is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was co-created by writer and editor Stan Lee, developed by scripter Larry Lieber, designed by artists Don Heck and Jack Kirby; the character made his first appearance in Tales of Suspense #39, received his own title in Iron Man #1. A wealthy American business magnate and ingenious scientist, Anthony Edward "Tony" Stark suffers a severe chest injury during a kidnapping; when his captors attempt to force him to build a weapon of mass destruction, he instead creates a powered suit of armor to save his life and escape captivity. Stark develops his suit, adding weapons and other technological devices he designed through his company, Stark Industries, he uses successive versions to protect the world as Iron Man. Although at first concealing his true identity, Stark declared that he was, in fact, Iron Man in a public announcement. Iron Man was a vehicle for Stan Lee to explore Cold War themes the role of American technology and industry in the fight against communism.
Subsequent re-imaginings of Iron Man have transitioned from Cold War motifs to contemporary matters of the time. Throughout most of the character's publication history, Iron Man has been a founding member of the superhero team the Avengers and has been featured in several incarnations of his own various comic book series. Iron Man has been adapted for several animated TV films; the Marvel Cinematic Universe character is portrayed by Robert Downey Jr. in the live action film Iron Man, a critical and box office success. Downey, who received much acclaim for his performance, reprised the role in a cameo in The Incredible Hulk, two Iron Man sequels Iron Man 2 and Iron Man 3, The Avengers, Avengers: Age of Ultron, Captain America: Civil War, Spider-Man: Homecoming, Avengers: Infinity War and will do so again in Avengers: Endgame in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Iron Man was ranked 12th on IGN's "Top 100 Comic Book Heroes" in 2011, third in their list of "The Top 50 Avengers" in 2012. Iron Man's Marvel Comics premiere in Tales of Suspense #39 was a collaboration among editor and story-plotter Stan Lee, scripter Larry Lieber, story-artist Don Heck, cover-artist and character-designer Jack Kirby.
In 1963, Lee had been toying with the idea of a businessman superhero. He wanted to create the "quintessential capitalist", a character that would go against the spirit of the times and Marvel's readership. Lee said, I think, it was the height of the Cold War. The readers, the young readers, if there was one thing they hated, it was war, it was the military... So I got a hero, he was a weapons manufacturer, he was providing weapons for the Army, he was rich, he was an industrialist... I thought it would be fun to take the kind of character that nobody would like, none of our readers would like, shove him down their throats and make them like him... And he became popular, he set out to make the new character a wealthy, glamorous ladies' man, but one with a secret that would plague and torment him as well. Writer Gerry Conway said, "Here you have this character, who on the outside is invulnerable, I mean, just can't be touched, but inside is a wounded figure. Stan made it much an in-your-face wound, you know, his heart was broken, you know broken.
But there's a metaphor going on there. And that's, I think, what made that character interesting." Lee based this playboy's looks and personality on Howard Hughes, explaining, "Howard Hughes was one of the most colorful men of our time. He was an inventor, an adventurer, a multi-billionaire, a ladies' man and a nutcase." "Without being crazy, he was Howard Hughes," Lee said. While Lee intended to write the story himself, a minor deadline emergency forced him to hand over the premiere issue to Lieber, who fleshed out the story; the art was split between Heck. "He designed the costume," Heck said of Kirby, ``. The covers were always done first, but I created the look of the characters, like Tony Stark and his secretary Pepper Potts." In a 1990 interview, when asked if he had "a specific model for Tony Stark and the other characters?", Heck replied "No, I would be thinking more along the lines of some characters I like, which would be the same kind of characters that Alex Toth liked, an Errol Flynn type."
Iron Man first appeared in 13- to 18-page stories in Tales of Suspense, which featured anthology science fiction and supernatural stories. The character's original costume was a bulky gray armored suit, replaced by a golden version in the second story, it was redesigned as sleeker, red-and-golden armor in issue #48 by that issue's interior artist, Steve Ditko, although Kirby drew it on the cover. As Heck recalled in 1985, "he second costume, the red and yellow one, was designed by Steve Ditko. I found it easier than drawing that bulky old thing; the earlier design, the robot-looking one, was more Kirbyish."In his premiere, Iron Man was an anti-communist hero, defeating various Vietnamese agents. Lee regretted this early focus. Throughout the character's comic book series, technological advancement and national defense were constant themes for Iron Man, but issues developed Stark into a more complex and vulnerable character as they depicted his battle with alcoholism and other personal difficulties.
From issue #59 to its final issue #99, the anthological science-fictio
The New Warriors is a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. They traditionally consisted of teenage and young adult heroes, were are seen to serve as a junior counterpart to The Avengers in much the same way that the New Mutants/X-Force did with the X-Men, they first appeared in The Mighty Thor #411 as a cameo appearance but made their full debut in The Mighty Thor #412. Over the years the New Warriors, in their various incarnations, have been featured in five different volumes; the original New Warriors was created by editor Tom DeFalco who brought together existing Marvel comic book characters Firestar, Marvel Boy, Namorita and Speedball and added in the newly created Night Thrasher to form a team of young super heroes known as "The New Warriors". Through the 75 issue comic series the team fought a number of adversaries, including the second Sphinx, the Folding Circle and the Fantastic Four. Over time the team was joined by Silhouette, Hindsight Lad, Timeslip, Darkhawk, Powerpax and the Scarlet Spider.
The second volume of New Warriors was published in 1999–2000 and ran for 11 issues before being cancelled. This team consisted of Namorita, Nova and Turbo, joined by new members Bolt and Aegis; the third volume of the New Warriors was a six-issue mini series that sees the super hero team cast as the stars of their own reality TV show, Night Thrasher and Speedball were joined by Microbe and Debrii. The New Warriors are at the center of a televised fight against a number of super villains in Stamford, Connecticut where Nitro explodes, killing 612 people including several members of the New Warriors; the incident was one of the sparks that led to Marvel's Civil War crossover in 2006 and 2007. The fourth New Warriors series saw Night Thrasher gather a group of former mutants and replacing their lost super powers with technology; the comic book was lasted for 20 issues in total. During the story it is revealed that Night Thrasher is the original Night Thrasher's brother known as Bandit, who wants to travel back in time and change the events at Stamford that killed his brother.
When they try to travel back in time the team ends up in a dystopic future where the original Night Thrasher is a ruthless dictator. When the New Warriors returned to their own time they disbanded; the fifth New Warriors series was launched as part of the All-New Marvel NOW! initiative in 2014. The book lasted for 12 issues before being cancelled; the story saw original New Warriors members Justice and Silhouette return to team up with the new Nova, Scarlet Spider, Sun Girl and Water Snake. The New Warriors first appeared in issues 412 of the Marvel Comics title The Mighty Thor; the team was compiled by writer/editor Tom DeFalco, consisting of the young superheroes Firestar, Marvel Boy, Namorita and Speedball, all of whom were once featured in solo series or were supporting characters in more established series. To this mix DeFalco added Night Thrasher, an original character to serve as the team's founder and leader; the New Warriors were not sidekicks. The New Warriors were featured in an eponymous series from 1990 until 1996, written by Fabian Nicieza with art by Mark Bagley.
Nicieza wrote the series for the first 53 issues. The series lasted for 75 issues and four annuals, spinning off a number of titles, including mini-series featuring Night Thrasher and Marvel Boy and ongoing series with Nova and Night Thrasher. A short-lived revival was launched in 1999, lasting for ten issues, a mini-series followed in 2005. In the mini-series, the New Warriors agreed to star in a reality television show to fund their team. A fourth series was launched in June 2007. A new ongoing series started in February 2014, where a new team of New Warriors was brought together by the threat of the High Evolutionary who intended to eliminate the super-powered population of Earth. Dwayne Taylor, the vigilante known as Night Thrasher meticulously researches a group of young heroes to help him wage a war on crime, they are Vance Astrovik aka Marvel Boy, Angelica Jones aka Firestar and Richard Rider, who at that time believed he had been depowered after quitting the Nova Corps. During their first battle with Terrax, a former herald of Galactus, they are joined by Robbie Baldwin aka Speedball and Namorita.
They defeat Terrax. The team decides to stay together and Speedball dubs them the New Warriors after a news report he had seen on the battle; the newly created team gets involved in a fight between Thor and Juggernaut, helping Thor to send the Juggernaut to another dimension. In the team's second issue Night Thrasher's past comes back to haunt him as the brother and sister team of Midnight's Fire and Silhouette is introduced. Next, the corporation Genetech hires the Mad Thinker to gather information on the New Warriors in order to create their own superhumans, resulting in their battle with Genetech's team of superhumans, Psionex; the Warriors travel to stop a superhuman named Star Thief, destroying space launches, with Firestar, Marvel Boy and Namorita ending up on the Moon with the Inhumans. The Team minus Night Thrasher travels to Brazil to rescue Speedball's mother from an environmental terrorist group and battle the Force of Nature. Night Thrasher confronts the Punisher. Upon the Warriors return to New York, their headquarters is trashed in a battle with the Hellions for the claim of Firestar.
Their next adventure involves the transforming o
Elders of the Universe
The Elders of the Universe are a group of supervillains appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The Collector was the first Elder to appear, featured in Avengers #28, but the idea that he was a member of a group known as the Elders was not introduced until Avengers #174; the Elders of the Universe are the last survivors of otherwise extinct races. Each discovered that they had infinite lifespans, dependent on maintaining the will to continue living, they are thus known for their personal obsessions, each of, pursued fanatically. While the characters are not cosmic entities, all have achieved some cosmic level of power and knowledge related to their particular pursuit; the first encounter with the heroes of Earth occurs when the Collector came to Earth seeking to expand his collection. The Grandmaster created the supervillain team the Squadron Sinister as pawns to battle the champions of the time-traveling Kang the Conqueror, the superhero team the Avengers. Although thwarted, the Grandmaster and his fellow Elders take an interest in Earth, the Collector has two separate encounters with the Avengers, the second ending with his murder by the entity Korvac.
The Grandmaster tricks the entity Death into playing a contest—again involving many of Earth's heroes—that he deliberately loses to resurrect the Collector. The Grandmaster usurps control of Death's realm, after a battle between the Avengers and the Grandmaster's champions—the Legion of the Unliving—is tricked by the Avengers. An angered Death prevents the Elders from entering her realm, which makes them immortal and is the Grandmaster's true goal; the Elder known as the Champion of the Universe has a brief encounter with many of Earth's strongest heroes. After defeating Colossus, Wonder Man and Thor in hand-to-hand combat by knockout or disqualifying them for violations, he faces Benjamin Grimm of the Fantastic Four. Realizing that the outmatched Grimm will never submit under any circumstances, the Champion concedes the match and offers Grimm his respect. A group of eleven Elders join forces and meet on Ego the Living Planet in an effort to kill the cosmic entity Galactus, which would cause the concepts Eternity and Death to become unbalanced and end the universe.
The Elders believe since they are now immortal they would be the only beings in the universe to survive and would be supreme beings in the new universe. The plan, however, is thwarted by Galactus' Heralds Nova. Galactus captures and consumes five of the Elders but three other Elders are sucked into a black hole and pass through it into a mystical universe. Two Elders avoid his hunger, The Contemplater and the Obliterator. Both meet with each other being the last known surviving Elders and plot their revenge against the universe. Despite this setback, the eight Elders continue their plot against Galactus. While the five Elders within Galactus inflict a fatal case of "cosmic indigestion" upon him, the three Elders in the mystical realm conspire with the cosmic entity the In-Betweener to restore him in exchange for him returning them to their home reality and his promise to kill Galactus. Using the Silver Surfer, Mister Fantastic, the Invisible Woman, the In-Betweener is restored and he brings the Elders back to their own reality.
Once there, the In-Betweener discovers that he can not do so. When he announces his intention to hurl Galactus into the black hole instead, the three Elders, who wanted to rescue their brother Elders from within Galactus, threaten him with the other five Infinity Gems to stop him; the In-Betweener responds by forcing her to negate them despite her vow. As a result, the Astronomer, the Trader and the Possessor and his Runestaff are disintegrated; the ship carrying Galactus is thrown into the black hole and passes through to the mystical realm where the In-Betweeners's creators, Master Order and Lord Chaos, force the five Elders within Galactus to exit his body, restoring the world-devourer. During the subsequent battle between Galactus and the In-Betweener, the quintet are persuaded to help Galactus defeat his foe. Moments the five Elders use their Infinity Gems to instantaneously travel far away from Galactus and his vengeance. Another Elder, the Contemplator, allies with the space-pirate Captain Reptyl against the Silver Surfer, but is betrayed and killed.
The Contemplator is revealed to have survived—as a disembodied head—and goes on to attempt to rule the Kree Empire, but is destroyed by the peace-loving alien Cotati. The five Elders that were consumed by Galactus are targeted by the Titan Thanos because they possess the Infinity Gems; the character captures the Gems. The Elder the Runner has an encounter with the hero Quasar during which the time being Eon describes the Runner as one of "the thousand or so Elders I'm aware of." Quasar later confronts the Obliterator, the Possessor, unknown Elders the Explorer, the Judicator and the Caregiver. It is revealed that the Contemplator killed by Reptyl was in fact a Skrull, not the true Contemplator; the Grandmaster creates a new version of the Squadron Sinister. Courtesy of a phenomenon known as the Wellspring of Power—an interdimensional source of superhuman abilities—
Vincente Colletta was an American comic book artist and art director best known as one of Jack Kirby's frequent inkers during the 1950s-1960s period called the Silver Age of comic books. This included some significant early issues of Marvel Comics' Fantastic Four, a long, celebrated run on the character Thor in Journey into Mystery and The Mighty Thor. Colletta was born in Casteldaccia, the son of Rosa and Frank Colletta, the latter "a pretty high-level Mafioso", according to family lore that said Frank Colletta emigrated from Sicily to escape local law enforcement, he settled in New York City, where his wife and child joined him 10 years later. The family moved to New Jersey and opened an Italian market, severing any ties to the Mafia. Educated at the New Jersey Academy of Fine Arts, Colletta entered comics in 1952, freelancing first as a penciler, inking his own work, for the publisher Better Publications, on the titles Intimate Love and Out of the Shadows', for publisher Youthful Magazines' imprint Pix-Parade, on the title Daring Love.
The following year he began his decades-long collaboration with Marvel, at the company's 1950s iteration, Atlas Comics. A romance comics artist, he drew dozens of stories and covers for the Atlas titles Love Romances, Lovers, My Own Romance, Stories of Romance, The Romances of Nurse Helen Grant, with his earliest confirmed Atlas romance art the six-page story "My Love for You" in Love Romances #37. Colletta's work appeared in such genres as jungle adventure and horror/fantasy. During an Atlas retrenchment in the late 1950s, Colletta freelanced as a penciler on the DC Comics romance titles Falling in Love, Girls' Love Stories, Heart Throbs, Charlton Comics' Love Diary and Teen Confessions, his last confirmed pencil work for decades was "I Can't Marry Now" in Love Diary #6. Colletta's first confirmed work as an inker of another artist's pencils is unknown due to credits not being given in 1950s comics. Two possibilities suggested by historians and researchers are the cover of Atlas' Annie Oakley Western Tales #10, co-inking with Sol Brodsky over Brodsky's pencils, the three-page story "I Met My Love Again", penciled by Matt Baker, in My Own Romance #65.
Additionally assigned to ink stories in Atlas' emerging science-fiction/fantasy and giant-monster comics, Colletta entered what fans and historians call "pre-superhero Marvel" with three Baker-penciled stories: "The Green Fog" in Journey into Mystery #50, "I Fell to the Center of the Earth" in Tales to Astonish #2, "The Brain Picker" in World of Fantasy #17. Historians pinpoint Colletta's first inking of Jack Kirby's pencils as either the cover of Kid Colt: Outlaw #100 or, the cover of Love Romances #98. Members of artist Wally Wood's studio were among those who assisted or ghosted on Colletta's mid-1960s Charlton stories. Artists who assisted or ghosted through Colletta's own studio included Maurice Whitman in 1964, Hy Eisman from 1960 to 1964, at various times Matt Baker, Dick Giordano, Joe Sinnott, as well as Kyle Baker; as an inker for Marvel in the 1960s, Colletta worked on nearly every title, including some of the earliest issues of Daredevil. He inked Kirby's Fantastic Four #40-43, as well as Fantastic Four Annual #3, featuring the wedding of Reed Richards and Susan Storm and guest-starring all the major Marvel Comics characters of the time.
Colletta began his six-year run on Kirby's "The Mighty Thor" feature with the "Tales of Asgard" backup in Journey into Mystery #106. Colletta graduated to the lead feature with #116, he continued through the book's retitling to The Mighty Thor with #126, — except for one issue — inked it through #167, picking up again from #176 to Kirby's final issue, #179, inking John Buscema in #178. Colletta inked Journey into Mystery Annual #1, which introduced Hercules to the Marvel universe, The Mighty Thor King-Size Annual #2. Historians and critics consider Colletta's Thor work to be his creative highlight. Historian Nick Simon said, "For me, the Kirby/Colletta version of Thor is the definitive one." Author and Silver Age of Comic Books historian Pierre Comtois wrote that... Colletta's hair-thin, detailed inking style... seemed devoid of large areas of black, used to give figures weight and heft but an artistic concept yet to be explored by the time of the Middle Ages, an era whose crude woodcuts most reflected the art style needed by the Thor strip captured the elusive quality of otherworldly drama that the strip would demand as Lee and Kirby took it away from the everyday world of supervillains to a mythic plane where the forces of evil were on a far more gargantuan scale.
Despite the serendipity of the two men's styles, Colletta would be criticized, with good reason, for compromising Kirby's artistic vision by eliminating much of the detail that the artist put into his work. Be that as it may, what Colletta chose to keep, he rendered in such a way that showed off aspects of Kirby's art that no inker before or since has been able to reproduce. Colletta would pencil stories in many 1960s issues of Charlton Comics' Teen-Age Love and First Kiss, he inked romance stories penciled by Joe Sinnott, other pencilers on such titles as Charlton's Gunmaster, Dell Comics' Guerrilla War, Jungle War Stories, Western series Idaho
S. H. I. E. L. D. is a fictional espionage, special law enforcement, counter-terrorism agency appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby in Strange Tales #135, it deals with paranormal and superhuman threats; the acronym stood for Supreme Headquarters, International Espionage and Law-Enforcement Division. It was changed in 1991 to Strategic Hazard Intervention Espionage Logistics Directorate. Within the various films set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, as well as multiple animated and live-action television series, the backronym stands for Strategic Homeland Intervention and Logistics Division; the organization has appeared in media adaptations as well as films and shows that take place in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. S. H. I. E. L. D.'s introduction in the Strange Tales feature "Nick Fury, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D." Occurred during a trend for action series about secret international intelligence agencies with catchy acronyms, such as television's The Man from U.
N. C. L. E. Which Stan Lee stated in a 2014 interview, was the basis for him to create the organization. Colonel Fury was reimagined as a older character with an eyepatch and appointed head of the organization; some characters from the Sgt. Fury series reappeared as agents of S. H. I. E. L. D. Most notably Timothy "Dum-Dum" Dugan, Fury's bowler hat–wearing aide-de-camp, its most persistent enemy is a criminal organization founded by Baron Wolfgang von Strucker. S. H. I. E. L. D. was presented as an extant, full-blown entity in its first appearance, with Tony Stark in charge of the Special Weaponry section and Fury seeing "some of the most famous joes from every nation" at a meeting of the Supreme International Council. Much was revealed over the years to fill in its labyrinthine organizational history. Stan Lee wrote each story, abetted by artist Kirby's co-plotting or full plotting, through Strange Tales #152, except for two issues, one scripted by Kirby himself and one by Dennis O'Neil. Following an issue scripted by Roy Thomas, one co-written by Thomas and new series artist Jim Steranko, came the sole-writer debut of soon-to-become industry legend Steranko—who had begun on the feature as a penciller-inker of Kirby layouts in #151, taken over the every-other-issue "Nick Fury" cover art with #153 two months and full writing with #155.
Steranko established the feature as one of comics history's most groundbreaking and acclaimed. Ron Goulart wrote, ven the dullest of readers could sense that something new was happening. … Which each passing issue Steranko's efforts became more and more innovative. Entire pages would be devoted to photocollages of drawings ignored panel boundaries and instead worked together on planes of depth; the first pages … became incredible production numbers similar in design to the San Francisco rock concert poster of the period. Larry Hama said Steranko "combined the figurative dynamism of Jack Kirby with modern design concepts; the graphic influences of Peter Max, Op Art and Andy Warhol were embedded into the design of the pages — and the pages were designed as a whole, not just as a series of panels. All this, executed in a crisp, hard-edged style, seething with drama and anatomical tension"; the series won 1967 and 1968 Alley Awards, was inducted in the latter year to the awards' Hall of Fame. Steranko himself was inducted into the Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2006.
The 12-page feature ran through Strange Tales #168, after which it was spun off onto its own series of the same title, running 15 issues, followed by three all-reprint issues beginning a year later. Steranko wrote and drew issues #1–3 and #5, drew the covers of #1–7. New S. H. I. E. L. D. Stories would not appear for nearly two decades after the first solo title. A six-issue miniseries, Nick Fury vs. S. H. I. E. L. D. was followed by Nick Fury, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D.. This second series lasted 47 issues. H. I. E. L. D. Agents were replaced with Life Model Decoy androids in a takeover attempt. A year after that series ended, the one-shot Fury retconned the events of those previous two series, recasting them as a series of staged events designed to distract Fury from the resurrection plans of Hydra head von Strucker; the following year, writer Howard Chaykin and penciler Corky Lehmkuhl produced the four-issue miniseries Fury of S. H. I. E. L. D.. Various publications have additionally focused on Nick Fury's solo adventures, such as the graphic novels and one-shots Wolverine/Nick Fury: The Scorpio Connection, Wolverine/Nick Fury: Scorpio Rising, Fury/Black Widow: Death Duty and Captain America and Nick Fury: Blood Truce, Captain America and Nick Fury: The Otherworld War.
Nick Fury, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D. is a comic book series published by Marvel Comics, that first premiered in Strange Tales and became several ongoing series. Nick Fury vs. S. H. I. E. L. D. is a comic book miniseries published by Marvel Comics, that first premiered in 1988. Fury of S. H. I. E. L. D. is a comic book miniseries published by Marvel Comics, that first premiered in 1995. Kitty Pryde, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D. is a comic book series published by Marvel Comics, that first premiered in 1997. S. H. I. E. L. D. is a comic book title published by Marvel Comics. The fir