Law enforcement in Argentina
In Argentina the most important law enforcement organization is the Argentine Federal Police with jurisdiction in all Argentine territory. Most routine police work is carried out by provincial/state police forces, but in recent years, several cities, started their own local police forces, similar to city police forces in the United States, to put less burden on the State Police shoulders; the capital city of Buenos Aires, where the Argentine Federal Police works with Argentine Naval Prefecture and Buenos Aires City Police. Argentine Federal Police Argentine National Gendarmerie Argentine Naval Prefecture Airport Security Police Federal Penitentiary Service Buenos Aires Provincial Police Santa Fe Province Police Córdoba Province Police Tucumán Province Police Salta Province Police Santiago del Estero Province Police San Juan Province Police Mendoza Province Police Río Negro Province Police San Luís Province Police La Rioja Province Police Santa Cruz Province Police Buenos Aires City Police Lomas de Zamora City Police Villa Allende City Police Saldan City Police Córdoba Municipal Police Hawk Special Operations Brigade Special Operations Troops Company Infantry Guard Corps Escorpion Group Albatross Group Federal Special Operations Group Special Group One Intelligence Secretariat Argentine Federal Police Intelligence Argentine National Gendarmerie Intelligence Argentine Naval Prefecture Intelligence Airport Security Police Intelligence Federal Penitentiary Service Intelligence Inteligencia de la Policía Bonaerense Sociedad Popular Restauradora Sección Especial de Represión al Comunismo División de Información Política Antidemocrática Corruption is a pervasive and widespread practice among police agents in Argentina.
It’s hard to know with precision the extent of corruption within Argentine law enforcement. Corruption is difficult to measure because most of it is not reported. However, there are some numbers. In 2008, there were 120 investigations against police officers in relation to allegations of corruption and criminal involvement. In the Buenos Aires Provincial Police force alone, there were 13,619 police officers investigated for acts of corruption, and/or irregularities between 2008 and 2009, according to the General Auditing Office of Internal Affairs. Global Integrity ranks Argentine law enforcement as weak on anti-corruption performance with a score of 63 over 100. Transparency International ’s Bribe Payers Index 2008 gives the Argentine police a score of 3.9 on a 5-point scale, 1 being'not at all corrupt' and 5'extremely corrupt.'The most common form of corruption practiced in Argentina by police agents is the request of a bribe or the acceptance of a bribe offered by citizens who committed a traffic violation or any ordinary infringement of the law, in order to avoid legal penalties.
According to Barómetro de las Américas done by the Latin American Public Opinion Project, in Argentina, 15% of the population has been asked for a bribe by a police agent. This finding is backed by the Latinobarómetro 2008, which found that 59% of Argentines believe that it is possible to bribe a policeman in order to avoid a fine or arrest. There is strong evidence that police agents act in connivance with criminals. In exchange for a percentage of the proceeds from criminal activities, police officers facilitate “freed zones” –where police officers do not go in- for thieves to be able to carry out robberies or kidnappings, or for drug dealers to be able to sell drugs. In other words, it is a common practice for criminals in Argentina to operate under protection of the police. In addition, law enforcement officers are known to be involved in organized criminal activities. According to Freedom House 2010, Buenos Aires police has been involved in several incidents of drug trafficking and extortion.
Police officers are involved in arms trafficking. Police arms depots or warehouses function as a source of weapons for the black market. Police corruption in Argentina is due to several factors. In the first place, poor salaries are an incentive towards petty corruption within the police. Budget constraints affect the police's ability to carry out their mandate, decreasing morale and commitment towards their mission within the law enforcement institution; these factors reinforce an existing and widespread tolerance for corruption, which fuels this illegal practice. Moreover, a high rate of impunity for police corruption fails to act as a deterrent against this practice. Criminal proceedings against police officers are avoided because of a lack of resources or the lack of will to investigate police corruption cases. Lastly, the Argentine law enforcement lacks mechanisms for transparency and accountability, rendering the police force a hard institution to control; the most deleterious effect of police corruption is the inefficacy of law enforcement to fight crime.
According to an investigation by La Nación, the police force in Argentina has only been able to capture 32% of the alleged perpetrators of the most heinous crimes committed between July and August 2010. This incompetence has a direct correlation to the growing levels of crime found in Argentina. At the same time, it causes police forces to be less trusted by its citizens. In fact, the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011 indicates that the reliability of the Argentine police services to enforce law and order achieves a score of 3.0 on a 7-point scale, 1 being'cannot be relied upon
M24 Sniper Weapon System
The M24 Sniper Weapon System is the military and police version of the Remington Model 700 rifle, M24 being the model name assigned by the United States Army after adoption as their standard sniper rifle in 1988. The M24 is referred to as a "weapon system" because it consists of not only a rifle, but a detachable telescopic sight and other accessories; the M24 SWS has the "long action" bolt version of the Remington 700 receiver but is chambered for the 7.62×51mm NATO "short action" cartridge that has an overall length of 2.750 inches. The "long action" allows the rifle to be re-configured for dimensionally larger cartridges up to 3.340 inches in overall length. The M24 came tapped for the Leupold Ultra M3A 10×42mm fixed-power scope, which came with a circle-shaped mil-dot glass-etched reticle; this was replaced in 1998 by the cheaper Leupold Mk 4 LR/T M1 10×40mm fixed-power scope with an elongated-shaped mil-dot wire reticle. The first number is the scope's magnification and the second number in millimeters is the diameter of the objective lens.
A fixed power scope has only one magnification and a variable power scope can be adjusted to focus between a range of magnifications. The rifle itself comes with a detachable Harris 9 -- 13" Harris 9 -- 13" 1A2-L bipod unit; the M24 SWS was to be replaced with the M110 Semi-Automatic Sniper System, a contract awarded to Knight's Armament Company. However, the Army still continued to acquire M24s from Remington until February 2010 and upgraded to the A2 and M24E1 standard in many cases, continuing to serve; the Army chose to upgrade all its M24 rifles in the arsenals to the M2010 Enhanced Sniper Rifle, with the final M24 being converted in April 2014. Scope: Leupold Ultra M3A 10×42mm fixed power, or Leupold Mk 4 LR/T M3 10×40mm fixed power scope. Detachable emergency Redfield-Palma International back-up iron sights, they are attached to iron sight bases that are screwed into drilled and tapped holes machined into the front of the barrel and back on the left side of the receiver. In 2001 when Remington had the second contract to the U.
S. military, minor changes were done to the M24. These changes included two piece Leupold Mark 4 scope ring bases instead of the one piece on the first series rifles, a switch from Redfield-Palma International iron sights to another manufacturer OK Weber. Redfield was out of business by necessitating a change. Barrel: Made of 416R stainless steel; the bore twist is 1-turn-in-11.25 inches and the rifling is five radial lands and grooves with a right-hand twist. Because of the odd number of lands, none of the lands are 180 ° apart; this results in less bullet deformation. In 5-R rifling, the "side" of the land is cut at a 65° angle, rather than 90° in conventional rifling; this results in less barrel fouling, more consistent point of impact, compared to conventional rifling when high numbers of rounds are fired between cleaning, as might be expected in military applications. Stock: H-S Precision PST-024, the model with the fixed cheek piece, adjustable LOP and hinged floorplate; the stock secures the action via an aluminum bedding block to keep it rigid.
The barrel is free floating. A twin-strut extension that pulls out of the butt allows a 2-inch adjustment to length-of-pull, as well as allowing for the weapon to fit inside the M-1950 Weapon Container for Airborne Operations; this is effected by a thick wheel on a central grooved pillar for adjusting the length and a thin locking ring behind it locks the thick wheel in place. The stock is made from a polymer foam reinforced with fiberglass, carbon fiber, Kevlar to reduce weight and painted with a heavy duty polane paint, they were rigorously tested before being approved by the military. Accuracy: According to MIL-R-71126, 3.15.7 Targeting and Accuracy, The rifle shall achieve the dispersion set forth below when fired from a Government approved machine rest. The average mean radius shall be equal to the values stated below; the minimum rate of fire for conducting this test shall be three rounds per minute. Range / Average Mean Radius — Mean Radius expresses the average distance of all the shots from the center of the shot group.
AMR averages the MR of several shot groups. 200 yards: 1.3 inches 273 yards: 1.4 inches 300 yards: 1.9 inchesThe radial distance from the calculated center of impact of the first target compared to the calculated center of impacts of the subsequent targets shall be less or equal to 1.086 MOA on an average basis. The actual rifle requirements for accuracy were.35 MOA from a machine rest and according to Major John Mende this accuracy had to be maintained to 10,000 rounds. He stated, "Interesting side note was there was a 10,000 round requirement for the barrel to maintain the original accuracy. In fact after some 10,000 round tests we discovered. A few barrels were tested past 20,000 and accuracy never went below the original accuracy requirement."Maximum effective range is given as 800 meters, but record shots have been made with the M24 at over 1,000 meters. Meanwhile, the standard optical sight has a maximum elevation adjustment of 1,000 meters. 7.62 × 51mm M118 Match Grade: A 168-grain round.
7.62 × 51mm M118LR Long Range: A 175-grain round using Sierra MatchKing Hollow Point Boat Tail projectiles. 7.62mm M118 Long Range Performance Data: Muzzle velocity: 2,580 feet per second Chamber pressure (typic
The M4 carbine is a shorter and lighter variant of the M16A2 assault rifle. The M4 is air-cooled, direct impingement gas-operated, magazine-fed carbine, it has a 14.5 in a telescoping stock. The M4 carbine is extensively used by the United States Armed Forces and is replacing the M16 rifle in United States Army and United States Marine Corps combat units as the primary infantry weapon and service rifle; the M4 is capable of mounting the M203 and M320 grenade launchers. The distinctive step in its barrel is for mounting the M203 with the standard hardware; the M4 has semi-automatic and three-round burst firing modes, while the M4A1 has semi-automatic and automatic firing modes. Following the adoption of the M16 rifle, carbine variants were adopted for close quarters operations; the CAR-15 family of weapons served through the Vietnam War. However, these rifles had design issues, as "the barrel length was halved" to 10 inches, which "upset the ballistics", reducing its range and accuracy and leading "to considerable muzzle flash and blast, so that a large flash suppressor had to be fitted".
"Nevertheless, as a short-range weapon it is quite adequate and thus, its caliber, is classed as a submachine gun." In 1984, Colt began work on a new carbine design called the XM4 combining the best features of the Colt Commando and the M16A2 rifles. In 1984, the first model was made, it was tested in May 1985; the first models had an upper receiver with an A1 sight, were given a shorter 11.5-inch barrel, but ones were given a longer 14.5-inch barrel for the bayonet and the M203 Grenade Launcher. The second model was made in May 1986, it was tested from May 1986 though May 1987; the extended barrel improved the XM4's ballistics, reduced muzzle blast and gave the XM4 the ability to mount a bayonet and the M203 grenade launcher. The XM4 was given the cartridge deflector, as well as other minor refinements. In May 1991, the XM4 was renamed to the M4, Colt made a manual; the M4 was accepted into service by the U. S. military in 1994, first saw action in the hands of U. S. troops deployed to Kosovo in 1999 in support of the NATO-led KFOR peacekeeping force.
It would subsequently be used by U. S. forces during the Global War on Terrorism, including Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. In the U. S. Army, the M4 had replaced M16A2s as the primary weapon of forward deployed personnel by 2005; the M4 carbine replaced most submachine guns and selected handguns in U. S. military service, as it fires more effective rifle ammunition that offers superior stopping power and is better able to penetrate modern body armor. The United States Marine Corps has ordered its officers and staff non-commissioned officers to carry the M4 carbine instead of the M9 handgun; this is in keeping with the Marine Corps doctrine, "Every Marine a rifleman". The Marine Corps, chose the full-sized M16A4 over the M4 as its standard infantry rifle. United States Navy corpsmen E5 and below are issued M4s instead of the M9. While ordinary riflemen in the Marine Corps were armed with M16A4s, M4s were fielded by troops in positions where a full-length rifle would be too bulky, including vehicle operators and fireteam and squad leaders.
As of 2013, the U. S. Marine Corps had 80,000 M4 carbines in their inventory. By July 2015, major Marine Corps commands were endorsing switching to the M4 over the M16A4 as the standard infantry rifle, just as the Army had done; this is because of the carbine's lighter weight, compact length, ability to address modern combat situations that happen within close quarters. Approval of the change would move the M16 to support personnel, while armories had the 17,000 M4s in the inventory needed to outfit all infantrymen who needed one. In October 2015, Commandant Robert Neller formally approved of making the M4 carbine the primary weapon for all infantry battalions, security forces, supporting schools in the U. S. Marine Corps; the switch was to begin in early 2016 and be completed by September 2016. In December 2017, the Marine Corps revealed a decision to equip every Marine in an infantry squad with the M27, replacing the M4 in that part of the service. MARSOC will retain the M4, as its shorter barrel is more suited to how they operate in confined spaces.
On 1 July 2009, the U. S. Army took complete ownership of the M4 design; this allowed companies other than Colt to compete with their own M4 designs. The Army planned on fielding the last of its M4 requirement in 2010. On 30 October 2009, Army weapons officials proposed a series of changes to the M4 to Congress. Requested changes included an electronic round counter that records the number of shots fired, a heavier barrel, replacing the direct impingement system with a gas piston system; the benefits of this, have come under scrutiny from both the military and civilian firearms community. According to a PDF detailing the M4 Carbine improvement plans released by PEO Soldier, the direct impingement system would be replaced only after reviews were done comparing the direct impingement system to commercial gas piston operating system to find out and use the best available operating system in the U. S. Army's improved M4A1. In September 2010, the Army announced it would buy 12,000 M4A1s from Colt Firearms by the end of 2010, would order 25,000 more M4A1s by early 2011.
The service branch planned to buy 12,000 M4A1 conversion kits i
A sniper rifle is a high-precision rifle designed for sniper missions. It serves to fulfil the tactical need for long range surveillance, effective anti-personnel and anti-materiel operations with a high hit probability, can be used by both military, law enforcement and civilian militias; the modern sniper rifle is a portable shoulder-fired weapon system with a choice between bolt-action or semi-automatic action, fitted with a telescopic sight for extreme accuracy and chambered for a high-ballistic performance centerfire cartridge. The Whitworth rifle was arguably the first long-range sniper rifle in the world. Designed by Sir Joseph Whitworth, a prominent British engineer, it used barrels with hexagonal polygonal rifling, which meant that the projectile did not have to bite into the rifling grooves as was done with conventional rifling, his rifle was far more accurate than the Pattern 1853 Enfield, which had shown some weaknesses during the recent Crimean War. At trials in 1857, which tested the accuracy and range of both weapons, Whitworth's design outperformed the Enfield at a rate of about three to one.
The Whitworth rifle was able to hit the target at a range of 2,000 yards, whereas the Enfield could only manage it at a distance of 1,400 yards. During the American Civil War, the Confederate sharpshooters equipped with Whitworth rifles were tasked to eliminate Union field artillery crews, were responsible for killing Major General John Sedgwick — one of the highest-ranking officers killed during the Civil War — at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. During the Crimean War, the first optical sights were designed for fitting onto the rifles. Much of this pioneering work was the brainchild of Colonel D. Davidson, using optical sights produced by Chance Brothers of Birmingham; this allowed a marksman to more observe and target objects at a greater distance than before. The telescopic sight, or scope, was fixed and could not be adjusted, which therefore limited its range. By the 1870s, the perfection of breech loading magazine rifles led to sniper rifles having "effective accurate" ranges of up to a mile away from its target.
During the Boer War, the latest breech-loading rifled guns with magazine and smokeless powder were used by both sides. The British were equipped with the Lee–Metford rifle, while the Boers had received the latest Mauser Model 1895 rifles from Germany. In the open terrain of South Africa, the marksman was a crucial component in battle; the Lovat Scouts was a British Army unit formed in 1899, renowned for the expert marksmanship and stalking skills of its personnel. The men were expertly skilled in observation. Hesketh Hesketh-Prichard said of them that "keener men never lived". After the Boer War, the Scouts became the first official sniper unit in the British Army, it was not until World War I that sniper rifles began to be used more in battle and certain soldiers given specialized training to use such a rifle. In Germany, these trained snipers were given rifles with telescopic sights, which illuminated at night in order to improve their accuracy. German gunsmiths fitted the scope above the barrel for optimal accuracy.
During the War, the accuracy of the sniper rifle was improved. By the end of World War II snipers were reported to provide "reasonable accuracy" over 600 m with anything over this range being unpredictable, it was during World War I and II that the word ‘sniper’ began to be used whereas those who were armed with sniper rifles were referred to as sharpshooters, or marksmen. These marksmen, wielding sniper rifles, had a demoralizing effect on the battlefield. Soldiers would remain hidden in foxholes or trenches so as not to expose themselves to the deadly accuracy of a sniper; some soldiers began to disregard orders from commanding officers to protect against potential harm, which thus broke down the chain of command on the battlefield. The sniper rifle soon acquired the reputation of being one of the most effective and ruthless weapons of war. Though sniper rifles had proved to be effective in combat, there was still a great reluctance in many militaries to adopt a trained sniper regiment. To use a sniper rifle, a soldier had to go through rigorous training, most people did not make it past the first week.
Sniper training was so expensive to conduct that until as as 1970, the reasoning for having trained snipers as a part of an army was deemed questionable. In Britain, sniper rifles were not seen as being an integral part of an army until after the Germans boasted so much success with sniper teams during the early months of World War I; the British army advisors supposed that the telescopic sights attached to sniper rifles were too damaged and thus not well suited for military use. However, they soon realized that these telescopic sights could be improved and made sturdy enough to withstand a sniper rifle shot. Sniper rifles have continued to be used throughout the part of the 20th century in Korea and the Middle East as an integral part of the modern style of guerilla warfare; the durability and power of modern sniper rifles are beyond anything in use 10 years ago and would seem amazing in comparison to any World War II sniper rifles. Now sniper rifles are reliable and are able to fire without losing accuracy, whereas earlier sniper rifles would lose accuracy the more they were used due to wear and tear.
Sniper rifles continue to be adapted and improved upon with the effective range of modern sniper rifles exceeding 1,000 m, which make it one of the most accurate and efficient weapons in use now. Modern sniper rifles can be divided into
Buenos Aires Provincial Police
The Buenos Aires Provincial Police is the police service responsible for policing the Province of Buenos Aires, in Argentina. It is one of the biggest police services of Argentina, responsible for policing a province of over 15 million inhabitants, about 38% of Argentina's entire population; the Federal Capital district of Buenos Aires city is under the separate jurisdiction of the Buenos Aires City Police. The institution is referred to as Policía Bonaerense, where bonaerense is the demonym for the Province of Buenos Aires; this contrasts with porteño, used for the inhabitants of the Buenos Aires city. This police force is subordinate to the Provincial Ministry of Security headed by Minister Carlos Stornelli; the Chief of the force, Comisario General Hugo Matzkin has the title of Superintendente General de Policia, which translates as Superintendent General of Police. Until January 2005, the Buenos Aires Police used the same rank system as employed by the Federal Police and other Argentine provincial police forces.
This system consisted of seventeen ranks, of which nine were for officers and eight were for sub-officers. A new and simplified rank system was established through passage of a law governing police personnel; this system abolished the distinction between officers and sub-officers. It instituted a rank system consisting of the following nine ranks, listed in descending order: As of 2009, a new law modified the police ranks and established some variations, it establishes different personnel rankings, which relate to operational responsibilities: Officers of the General ranking. The current levels for the Command sub-ranking are in descending order: 1) Conducting Officers:Comisario GeneralComisario Mayor 2) Supervision Officers:Comisario Inspector 3) Chief Officers:ComisarioSubcomisario 4) Subordinate Officers:Oficial PrincipalOficial InspectorOficial SubinspectorOficial AyudanteOficial Subayudante The General sub-ranking defines seven levels: 1) Superior Officers:Mayor Capitán Teniente 1ro. 2) Subordinate Officers:Teniente Subteniente Sargento Oficial 3) Police Academy cadet.
Both the Commando and General rankings represent the sworn officers. The other rankings constitute the support staff. For the Professional and Administrative sub-rankings, the levels of the Commando sub-ranking is employed; the subordinate relationship between the subrankings makes the Commando ranking the highest group over all. Argentine Federal Police Buenos Aires Police Intelligence Buenos Aires Urban Guard Santa Fe Province Police Interior Security System Media related to Buenos Aires Provincial Police at Wikimedia Commons Police website Ministry of Security website
Police tactical unit
A police tactical unit is a specialized police unit formed and trained to handle situations that are beyond the capabilities of ordinary law enforcement forces because of the level of violence - or risk of violence - involved. Their missions include serving of search warrants for dangerous persons, arresting or neutralizing dangerous or deranged armed persons and intervening in high risk situations such as shootouts, hostage taking and terrorist incidents. Police tactical units are permanent units composed of personnel selected who are trained in the legal and psychological aspects of their missions, they are equipped with military-type hardware. They are part of either: a police force under the authority of civilian officials. In the United States, police tactical units are known by the generic term of Special Weapons And Tactics team. In Australia, police tactical units are formally known as a police tactical group; the European Union uses the term Special Intervention Unit to define national counter terrorist police tactical units..
Depending on the country, PTU missions can include surveillance and observation of suspected criminals and terrorists. Police tactical units have similarities to military special forces/special operations forces units such as organization, training and operational methodologies. For "certain counter terrorism operations, such as hostage rescue, there is a significant convergence of roles and force when employed in either an armed conflict or policing role". Aside from counter-terrorism, the roles of police and military units differ in that the role of military units can result in the use of the maximum permissible force against enemy combatants while the role of police units is to use only minimal force sufficient to subdue suspected criminals, including negotiation. List of police tactical units Footnotes Citations Katz, Samuel M.. The Illustrated Guide to the World's Top Counter-Terrorist Forces. Hong Kong: Concord Publication Company. ISBN 9623616023. Media related to Police tactical units at Wikimedia Commons
Heckler & Koch MP5
The MP5 is a 9x19mm Parabellum submachine gun, developed in the 1960s by a team of engineers from the German small arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch GmbH of Oberndorf am Neckar. There are over 100 variants including some semi-automatic versions; the MP5 is one of the most used submachine guns in the world, having been adopted by 40 nations and numerous military, law enforcement and security organizations. It was used by SWAT teams in North America, but has been supplanted by AR-15 variants in the 21st century. In 1999, Heckler & Koch developed the the MP5's successor. Heckler & Koch, encouraged by the success of the G3 automatic rifle, developed a family of small arms consisting of four types of firearms all based on a common G3 design layout and operating principle; the first type was chambered for 7.62×51mm NATO, the second for the 7.62×39mm M43 round, the third for the intermediate 5.56×45mm NATO caliber, the fourth type for the 9×19mm Parabellum pistol cartridge. The MP5 was created within the fourth group of firearms and was known as the HK54.
Work on the MP5 began in 1964 and two years it was adopted by the German Federal Police, border guard and army special forces. In 1980, the MP5 achieved iconic status as a result of its use on live television by SAS commandos in Operation Nimrod, where they stormed the Iranian Embassy in London, rescuing hostages and killing five terrorists; the MP5 has become a mainstay of SWAT units of law enforcement agencies in the United States since then. However, in the late 1990s, as a result of the North Hollywood shootout, police special response teams have supplanted most MP5s with AR-15-based rifles; the MP5 is manufactured under license in several nations including Greece, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and the United Kingdom. The primary version of the MP5 family is the MP5A2, a lightweight, air-cooled, selective fire delayed blowback operated 9×19mm Parabellum weapon with a roller-delayed bolt, it fires from a closed bolt position. The fixed, free floating, cold hammer-forged barrel has 6 right-hand grooves with a 1 in 250 mm rifling twist rate and is pressed and pinned into the receiver.
The first MP5 models used a double-column straight box magazine, but since 1977 curved, steel magazines are used with a 15-round capacity or a 30-round capacity. The adjustable iron sights consist of a rotating rear diopter drum and a front post installed in a hooded ring; the rear sight is mechanically adjustable for both windage and elevation with the use of a special tool, being adjusted at the factory for firing at 25 metres with standard 8 grams FMJ 9×19mm NATO ammunition. The rear sight drum provides four apertures of varying diameters used to adjust the diopter system, according to the user's preference and tactical situation. Changing between apertures does not change the point of impact down range. For accurate shooting the user should select the smallest aperture that still allows an equal circle of light between the rear sight aperture and the outside of the front sight hood ring; the MP5 has a hammer firing mechanism. The trigger group is housed inside an interchangeable polymer trigger module and equipped with a three-position fire mode selector that serves as the manual safety toggle.
The "S" or Sicher position in white denotes weapon safe, "E" or Einzelfeuer in red represents single fire, "F" or Feuerstoß designates continuous fire. The SEF symbols appear on both sides of the plastic trigger group; the selector lever is actuated with the thumb of the shooting hand and is located only on the left side of the original SEF trigger group or on both sides of the ambidextrous trigger groups. The safety/selector is rotated into the various firing settings or safety position by depressing the tail end of the lever. Tactile clicks are present at each position to provide a positive stop and prevent inadvertent rotation; the "safe" setting disables the trigger by blocking the hammer release with a solid section of the safety axle located inside the trigger housing. The non-reciprocating cocking handle is located above the handguard and protrudes from the cocking handle tube at a 45° angle; this rigid control is attached to a tubular piece within the cocking lever housing called the cocking lever support, which in turn makes contact with the forward extension of the bolt group.
It is not however connected to the bolt carrier and therefore cannot be used as a forward assist to seat the bolt group. The cocking handle is held in a forward position by a spring detent located in the front end of the cocking lever support which engages in the cocking lever housing; the lever is locked back by pulling it to the rear and rotating it clockwise where it can be hooked into an indent in the cocking lever tube. The bolt rigidly engages the barrel extension—a cylindrical component welded to the receiver into which the barrel is pinned; the delay mechanism is of the same design as that used in the G3 rifle. The two-part bolt consists of a bolt head with a bolt carrier; the heavier bolt carrier lies up against the bolt head when the weapon is ready to fire and inclined planes on the front locking piece lie between the rollers and force them out into recesses in the barrel extension. When fired, expanding propellant