Morton is a city and county seat of Cochran County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,006; this represented a 10.8% population decline since the 2000 Census. Famous cattle baron Christopher C. Slaughter died in 1919, in 1921, his heirs dissolved his cattle company. Slaughter's eldest daughter, Minnie Slaughter Veal, hired an agent to sell her share of the property, this agent - named Morton Smith - founded the town of Morton. In 1923, the townsite was platted, Smith's land office was on the east side of the square. In 1924, Morton became; the Slaughters were hoping that it would become county seat. Cochran County's western boundary is along the Texas - New Mexico border. Ranches continued to be sold as farmland throughout the 1920s. According to the Handbook of Texas, a family named Winder was so large that it doubled the population of Morton. Mrs. Mary Winder served as Morton's first postmistress. Since Cochran County was one of the last in the state to be broken out into farmland and settled, the motto for Morton became "The Last Frontier".
Morton was spared the fate of many Texas towns that shriveled and died after being bypassed by the railroad during the 1930s and 1940s. Morton being the county seat, plus having all that former rangeland newly broken out into farmland, attracted many new farming families to move in during that time, helped Morton not only survive, but to grow and thrive. In 1933, Morton was incorporated, with Henry Cox as the town's first mayor. Morton was the hometown of Lt. Col. George Andrew Davis, Jr. a World War II ace, killed in the Korean War. Morton is located in northeastern Cochran County at 33°43′30″N 102°45′34″W. At an altitude around 3,800 feet above mean sea level; the topography of the area is flat, with higher elevation to the western part of the county sloping downward to the east. Morton is located in what is known as the "Staked Plains" or Llano Estacado, in the southern portion of the Great Plains. Morton lies on the western extreme of the Central Time Zone, just over 16 miles east of the Mountain Time Zone.
It is 55 miles west of Lubbock and 79 miles southeast of New Mexico. The center of the city of Morton lies adjacent to the northwest corner of the intersection of State Highways 114 and 214. Morton has a semiarid climate. On average, Morton receives 18 inches of precipitation per year. Summers in Morton are hot, with high temperatures in the 90s °F and dropping into the 60s °F at nights; the highest recorded temperature was 110 °F in June 1994. Winter days in Morton are sunny and mild in the mid-50s °F, but nights are cold, with temperatures dipping to the mid-20s °F; the lowest recorded temperature was −12 °F in January 1963. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.4 square miles, all of it land, except for Strickland Lake, a small, man-made pond located in the southwestern part of the city. About 20 miles to the north of Morton, along Texas State Highway 214 is the Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge, home to a large sandhill crane migration each autumn, year-round home to a sizable prairie dog town.
As of the census of 2010, 2,006 people, 717 households, 522 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,432.9 people per square mile. The 845 housing units averaged 603.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 61.1% Hispanic or Latino, 33.5% White alone, 4.4% Black, less than 1% other races. County-wide demographics are shown at. In 2010, of the 717 households, 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were not families. About 11.3% were a man or woman living alone over the age of 65. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.33. In the city, the population was distributed as 25.6% under the age of 15, 8% from 15 to 19, 6.2% from ages 20–24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
The city is served by the Morton Independent School District. The Morton High School mascot is the Indians; the school colors are black and gold, with white. Picture of Morton High School For many years, Morton was served by The Morton Tribune, a weekly newspaper that published on Thursdays, but went out of business sometime after 2010. Many of the townspeople are regular readers of the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, published in Lubbock and delivered to Morton daily; the Morton Memorial Cemetery is about 2 miles north of the city center on Highway 214, is a maintained final resting place for former members of the community. Remains of some Native Americans are buried there, with a large marker, on the western end of the cemetery. Cochran County website Handbook of Texas Online: Morton, Texas Map of Cochran County Photos of the Llano Estacado
Kermit is a city in and the county seat of Winkler County, United States. The population was 5,708 at the 2010 census; the city was named after Kermit Roosevelt following a visit by his father Theodore Roosevelt to the county. Kermit began as a convenient supply center for the scattered ranches of the area and became the seat of Winkler County when the county was organized in 1910; the first public school and the post office opened the same year. The town's namesake, Kermit Roosevelt, once visited the T Bar Ranch in northern Winkler County to hunt antelope a few months before the town was named. In 1916, the county suffered a drought. Many homesteaders and ranchers were forced to leave. In 1924, only Ern Baird's family remained in the town. Only one student attended school in the county for five months of 1924. Only three houses and the courthouse were in use by 1926. On July 16, 1926, oil was discovered in Hendrick oilfield, near Kermit, the town experienced a boom. In 1927, a population of 1,000 was reported.
On March 4, 1929, the Texas-New Mexico Railway reached the town. The Great Depression had little effect on the city throughout much of the 1930s. On February 15, 1938, residents voted to incorporate. During the 1940s, the oil boom caused real estate prices to double. Housing was scarce, some people lived in tents. A bank was opened by 1945; the grade school had to be enlarged, a hospital was built. In the 1950s, the town continued to grow. By 1960, the city had a population of 10,465 and 260 businesses, additional growth estimated to be over 12,000 during the decade. Flooding became a problem because of the flat terrain, therefore new crown streets were constructed to solve the flooding problem, more housing additions were built; the town moved the last working wooden derrick in the Permian Basin from Loving County to Pioneer Park in Kermit in 1966 as a symbol of the importance of the oil industry to the economy of Kermit and Winkler County. In the 1970s and 1980s, the population of Kermit bounced between 8,500 and 6,912, the number of businesses moved between 200 and 116.
Improvements were made in city services, more housing additions were built. The 1990 United States census set the population of Kermit at 6,875. Kermit is located at 31°51′14″N 103°5′32″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles, all land. The city is located in a semiarid region of the Permian Basin. At the 2010 census, 5,690 people resided in the city. At the 2000 census, 5,714 people, 2,097 households and 1,585 families resided in the city; the population density was 2,288.3 per square mile. The 2,592 housing units averaged of 1,038.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 72.65% White, 2.05% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 22.52% from other races, 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 47.83% of the population. Of the 2,097 households, 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.4% were not families.
About 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.18. Age distribution was 29.9% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median household income was $38,825, as opposed to $29,143 in 2000, the median family income was $31,690. Males had a median income of $29,596 versus $18,380 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,949. About 15.7% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.8% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over. Winkler County Library The City of Kermit is served by the Kermit Independent School District, established in 1928, in a consolidation of two area school districts.
The district now has three campuses: Kermit Elementary, Kermit Junior High, Kermit High School. Winkler County News Odessa American In July, 2017, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency gave a site in Kermit a federal Superfund designation, marking it as one of the most hazardous waste sites in the country; the EPA said in a statement that a portion of the Santa Rosa Aquifer in Kermit has been added to the Superfund program's National Priorities List. The aquifer in the city west of Odessa has a contaminated groundwater plume a mile long and 1.5 miles wide. William Frankfather – actor Tryon D. Lewis – Texas state representative. Amelia and Sam's stay house in Supernatural; this area has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Kermit has a mild desert climate, Bwh on climate maps. City of Kermit website Kermit in the Handbook of Texas
Radio in the United States
Radio broadcasting in the United States has been used since the early 1920s to distribute news and entertainment to a national audience. It was the first electronic "mass medium" technology, its introduction, along with the subsequent development of sound movies, ended the print monopoly of mass media. During radio's "Golden Age" it had a major financial impact on the country. However, the rise of television broadcasting in the 1950s relegated radio to a secondary status, as much of its programming and audience shifted to the new "sight joined with sound" service; the term "radio" only included transmissions received over-the-air, such as the AM and FM bands, now called "terrestrial radio". However, the term has evolved to more broadly refer to streaming audio services in general, including subscription satellite, cable and Internet radio. Radio communication in the United States is regulated by the Federal Communications Commission. Under its oversight a variety of broadcasting services have been developed, including: AM band: When radio broadcasting first became popular in the 1920s it resulted in the creation of the AM broadcast band.
However, beginning in the 1970s AM listenership has declined shifting to the FM band. Because of this, the FCC allows some AM stations to simulcast their programming, in some cases extend their hours of operation, over translator stations operating on the FM band. Shortwave: Shortwave broadcasting in the United States dates back to the 1920s, although it has had only limited domestic usage. Current services include federal government programs, plus a few managed stations oriented toward overseas audiences; the most known of these networks is Voice of America, which serves a general worldwide audience. These networks were, until 2013, forbidden from being marketed to American citizens. FM band: FM broadcasting stations were first authorized in 1941, this service has the largest public audience. Twenty frequencies are reserved for non-commercial stations, with the other eighty used by commercial stations. Translator stations, which were used to extend an FM station's signal into fringe coverage areas, are now used — sometimes acting as the primary outlet — for relaying HD Radio and AM station's signals.
Cable radio: Cable radio consists of audio-only services carried over existing cable TV systems. Providers include Muzak, DMX, Sonic Tap and Canada-based Galaxie. CRN Digital Talk Radio Networks specialize in talk radio; the FCC does not regulate these stations. Weather radio: the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration operates the NOAA Weather Radio service of over 1000 stations nationwide, operating on its own small designated 162 MHz FM band. Internet radio: although the Internet was used for only text and graphics, beginning in the early 1990s it was adapted to transmitting audio. Many of the Internet radio offerings are retransmissions of existing AM and FM radio stations, however there are examples of Internet-only services. Although the FCC has some general oversight over the Internet, it has no regulatory authority over these stations. Satellite radio: Direct-to-consumer satellite radio broadcasting was introduced in the United States in 1997, although there is only a single provider, SiriusXM.
Although the overall technical operations are licensed by the FCC, unlike AM and FM stations program content is unregulated. AM and FM digital subcarriers: In 2002 the FCC adopted iBiquity's in-band on-channel technology, branded as HD Radio, for adding digital subcarriers to AM and FM radio transmissions; this allows AM stations to concurrently transmit digital versions of their standard analog signals, provides a way for FM stations to transmit additional programs. However, adoption has been limited on the AM band; the FCC permits some HD transmissions to be retransmitted by analog FM translator stations, which have far more listeners than the originating HD signal. Despite television's predominance, radio's impact is still extensive, every day it reaches 80 percent of the U. S. population. Ninety-nine percent of American households in 1999 had at least one receiver. Revenue more than doubled in a decade, from $8.4 billion in 1990 to more than $17 billion in 2000. Radio continues to prevail in automobiles and offices, where attention can be kept on the road or the task at hand, while radio acts as an audio background.
The popularity of car radios has led to drive time being the most listened-to daypart on most stations, followed by midday. Transistor radios, available since the 1950s, were the preferred listening choice for music on-the-go for most of the late 20th century, before digital media players and smartphones took those roles in the 20th century; however MP3 players and internet sources have grown among younger listeners. Unlike many other countries, American radio has relied on commercial advertising sponsorship on for-profit stations; the federal and state governments do not operate stations or networks directed toward domestic audiences, although the federal government does operate overseas through the U. S. Agency for Global Media, an independent agency; the federal government instead subsidizes nonprofit radio programming through the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Nonprofit broadcasting comes in three forms: radio evangelism, community radio, government-subsidized public radio, all of which rely at least
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Albany is a city in Shackelford County, United States. The population was 2,034 at the 2010 Census, it is the county seat of Shackelford County. Established in 1873, Albany was named by county clerk William Cruger after his former home of Albany, Georgia. Lieutenant Colonel William Dyess, survivor of the Bataan Death March in the Philippines and namesake of Dyess Air Force Base, was born in Albany on August 9, 1916. Major General Robert B. Williams, who led the World War II aerial bombing raid on Schweinfurt, was born in Albany on November 9, 1901. Albany is located northeast of Abilene, the seat of Taylor County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, 1,921 people, 746 households, 531 families resided in the city; the population density was 1,305.9 people per square mile. The 880 housing units averaged 598.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.13% White, 0.68% African American, 0.47% Native American, 4.84% from other races, 0.88% from two or more races.
Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.07% of the population. Of the 746 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were not families. Of all households, 27.3% were made up of individuals, 16.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.08. In the city, the population was distributed as 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,563, for a family was $40,592. Males had a median income of $28,846 versus $17,411 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,470. About 8.1% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.
Albany is served by the Albany Independent School District. Their mascot is the Lion and their school colors are red and white. Nancy Smith Elementary 2006 National Blue Ribbon School Albany Junior/Senior High School Since 1938, Texas' oldest outdoor musical, the Fort Griffin Fandangle, has been presented during the last two weekends of June in the Prairie Theater about historic Fort Griffin, a military outpost established in 1867 near Albany and now a state park; the program, the content of, different each year, attempts to recapture the theatrical charm of the American West. The show offers covered wagons and buggies, a stagecoach, a replica of the first Texas Central Railroad train, an oil derrick, cowboys whose ancestors pushed Longhorn herds up the nearby Great Western Cattle Trail; the Dallas Morning News describes Fandangle, accordingly: "as professional as a multimillion dollar Broadway musical, with sets and costumes to match, with a cast of three hundred". The Abilene Reporter-News calls the program "Frontier history served up with genuine earthiness, spiced by rare humor."
Www.albanytexas.org Albany's City Hall website Albany's Chamber of Commerce website The Albany News Fort Griffin Fandangle Association The Old Jail Art Center Albany Independent School District Albany Ex-Students Association Fort Griffin State Park Handbook of Texas
Wellington is a city and county seat of Collingsworth County, United States. The population was 2,189 at the 2010 census. Sometime in 1889 or 1890, as smaller ranches and farmlands were being purchased, Ernest Theodore O'Neil, his brother-in-law John Simon McConnell, John W. Swearingen, together had purchased the land upon which the town sits, for $5.00 per acre. Subsequently, O'Neil, who owned a fourth of the section of the township, purchased the interests of McConnell and Swearingen, retained sole ownership of the land; the 1890 census showed 357 inhabitants across the county, with 89 ranches and farms and 335 acres of land in cultivation. In August 1890, a petition was circulated to organize the county, choose a county seat, elect county officers. Two potential townships were proposed: Pearl; the proposed town of Wellington was located on the land owned by Ernest T. O'Neil, promoting this location, had been given its proposed name by his wife, Matilda Anna Elisabeth "Lizzie" O'Neil, who admired the Duke of Wellington, hero of the Battle of Waterloo.
The alternate and proposed town of Pearl was located several miles north of Wellington. In September 1890, the vote was held and Wellington was selected for the seat of the newly organized county of Collingsworth. In 1891 the new city, laid out by Ernest T. O'Neil, was surveyed and platted, the first postal service and postmaster, Carrie M. Barton, was established on January 9, 1891. Construction of a courthouse began in 1893, the contractor, J. A. White, built the courthouse of locally made bricks. With the extra materials left over from the courthouse, J. A. White erected a mercantile store for Ernest T. O'Neil; this became the first mercantile store and commercial building in Wellington, prior to the opening of a two-story hotel by O'Neil. O'Neil organized the first bank, was active in all phases of the county's growth and development, served as postmaster from August 22, 1895 to December 11, 1897. Early in the early 20th century, Wellington was connected with Wichita Falls through the Wichita Falls and Wellington Railroad, one of the properties of the industrialist Joseph A. Kemp of Wichita Falls.
In 1914, this route was leased by the since defunct Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad. The first time Bonnie and Clyde made The New York Times newspaper was their incident at the Prichard farm. Bonnie is referenced as a "woman companion", the perpetrators are Clyde Barrow and his brother whose name is given as Icy. With the location as "Wellington, Texas", the story tells of their wrecking their car, terrorizing a family and shooting the daughter-in-law, kidnapping two law enforcement officers and taking them in their car near Erick, where the two kidnapped men were tied to a tree with barbed wire cut from a fence, they freed themselves and alerted local law enforcement. Wellington is located in southern Collingsworth County at 34°51′17″N 100°12′49″W. U. S. Route 83 runs along the eastern edge of the city, leading north 26 miles to Shamrock and Interstate 40, south 31 miles to Childress. Texas State Highway 203 leads west 14 miles to Quail. According to the United States Census Bureau, Wellington has a total area of 1.4 square miles, all of it land.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Wellington has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,275 people, 906 households, 615 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,670.4 people per square mile. There were 1,162 housing units at an average density of 853.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 75.87% White, 6.95% African American, 1.05% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 13.23% from other races, 2.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.10% of the population. There were 906 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.1% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.08. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $23,260, the median income for a family was $30,257. Males had a median income of $25,143 versus $15,368 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,997. About 17.4% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.2% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over. Public education in the city of Wellington is provided by the Wellington Independent School District and is home to the Wellington Skyrockets John Aaron, NASA engineer who played an important role in the Apollo 12 mission Loyd Colson, former Major League Baseball pitcher Glen D. Hardin, piano player and arranger with the TCB Band Bob O'Rear, seventh Microsoft-employee and multi-millionaire Jimmy Webb, Grammy Award-winning songwriter.