The Queen's Chapel of St John the Baptist in the Precinct of the Savoy, or the Queen's Chapel of the Savoy, is a church dedicated to St John the Baptist, located just south of the Strand, next to the Savoy Hotel. It sits on the site of the Savoy Palace, once owned by John of Gaunt, destroyed in the Peasants Revolt of 1382. Work was begun on the building in 1502 by King Henry VII and it received its first charter to operate as a hospital foundation in 1512 to look after 100 poor and needy men of London; the hospital had fallen into ruin by the late 18th century. The chapel is owned by the Duchy of Lancaster and as such is a royal peculiar, not being under the jurisdiction of a bishop, but under that of the reigning monarch, it is designated as a Grade II* listed building. The chapel was founded as part of Peter of Savoy's palace, destroyed during the Peasants' Revolt of 1381; the present chapel building commenced in the 1490s by Henry VII as a side chapel off the Savoy Hospital's 200-foot long nave.
The Savoy Chapel has hosted various other congregations, most notably that of St Mary-le-Strand whilst it had no church building of its own. The German Lutheran congregation of Westminster was granted royal permission to worship in the chapel when it separated from Holy Trinity; the new congregation's first pastor, Irenaeus Crusius, dedicated the chapel on the 19th Sunday after Trinity 1694 as the Marienkirche or the German Church of St Mary-le-Savoy. Archibald Cameron of Lochiel, the last Jacobite leader to be executed for treason, was buried there in 1753. An Anglican place of worship, the chapel was noted in the 18th and 19th centuries as a place where marriages without banns might occur outside of the usual parameters of ecclesiastical law of that time; the Rev. Henry White was the chaplain of Savoy Chapel from 1860 to 1890 and might have set a record for officiating at the marriages of actors and actresses, it was referred to in Evelyn Waugh's Brideshead Revisited as "the place where divorced couples got married in those days—a poky little place".
In 1755 Joseph Vernon married Jane Poitier here and the curate and vicar were transported for fourteen years for carrying out an unlicensed wedding. In 1908 it was the scene of a suffragette wedding between Una Duval; the wedding was attended by leading suffragettes and the wedding caused much debate because the bride refused to say "and obey", despite the intervention of the Archbishop of Canterbury. In 1939, it was announced by the office of the Duchy of Lancaster that the Savoy Chapel would be known as The King's Chapel of the Savoy. Many of the chapel's stained glass windows were destroyed in the London Blitz during the Second World War. However, a triptych stained glass memorial window survives which depicts a procession of angelic musicians, it is dedicated to the memory of Richard D'Oyly Carte and was unveiled by Sir Henry Irving in 1902. The chapel has been Crown property for centuries as part of the Savoy Hospital estate and remains under the aegis of the monarch as part of the Duchy of Lancaster and thereby is a royal peculiar.
The chaplain is appointed by the Duchy and it is "parish church" of the Savoy Estate, the Duchy of Lancaster's principal London landholding. Armorial plates commemorating GCVOs past and present are displayed throughout the chapel. Most of the chapel's costs and maintenance are met by the Duchy of Lancaster, with recent works including landscaping of its garden in honour of the Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II in 2002 and restoration of the chapel ceiling in 1999; the chapel was further refurbished and a new stained-glass window commemorating the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II was unveiled by the Queen in November 2012. The Savoy Chapel uses the King James Bible for worship. Services are held each Sunday, to which members of the public are welcomed, excepting occasional special events; the chapel is open for visitors from Monday to Thursday. The Chapel possesses a three-manual pipe organ, constructed to the specifications of the previous Master of the Music, William Cole and manufactured by J. W. Walker & Sons Ltd.
The organ casework was designed by Arthur Bedford Knapp-Fisher. It was dedicated by Her Majesty The Queen at a service to commemorate the 700th anniversary of the Duchy of Lancaster on 27 October 1965; the current Master of the Music is Philip Berg. Previous Masters of the Music include William Cole; the choir is rooted in the English cathedral tradition, consists of up to 21 boy choristers and six professional gentlemen. The trebles are drawn from St. Olave's Grammar School; each year up to four prospective year six pupils are selected to sing as trebles in the choir, with their place at St. Olave's confirmed for the following year; some choristers join in year 7, during their first year at St. Olave's. Chorister are expected to stay in the choir until thei
St Paul's Church, Knightsbridge
St Paul’s Church, Knightsbridge is a Grade II* listed Anglican church of the Anglo-Catholic tradition located at 32a Wilton Place, London. The church was founded in 1843, the first in London to champion the ideals of the Oxford Movement, during the incumbency of the Reverend W. J. E. Bennett; the architect was Thomas Cundy the younger. A memorial in St Paul's Church commemorates 52 members of the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry who died on active service in World War II, carrying out secret intelligence work for the Special Operations Executive in occupied countries as well as providing transport drivers for the ATS, it includes three holders of the George Cross. American heiress. St Paul's sister-parish is the Church of St. Paul's, K street, in Washington, DC in the United States. After the building's consecration in 1843 the chancel with its rood screen and striking reredos was added in 1892 by the noted church architect George Frederick Bodley who decorated St Luke's Chapel, which stands in the place of a Lady Chapel to the south of the sanctuary.
The tiled panels around the walls of the nave, created in the 1870s by Daniel Bell, depict scenes from the life of Jesus Christ. The Stations of the Cross that intersperse the tiled panels, painted in the early 1920s by Gerald Moira, show scenes from the Crucifixion story; the font is carved with biblical scenes from both the Old and New Testaments. There are statues of the Virgin and Child above the entrance to the Chapel, of St Paul above the lectern. St Paul's Church Knightsbridge Diocese of London A Church Near You Media related to St Paul's Knightsbridge at Wikimedia Commons
St Paul's, Covent Garden
St Paul's Church is a church located in Bedford Street, Covent Garden, London, WC2E 9ED. It was designed by Inigo Jones as part of a commission for the 4th Earl of Bedford in 1631 to create "houses and buildings fit for the habitations of Gentlemen and men of ability"; as well as being the parish church of Covent Garden, the church has gained the nickname of "the actors' church" by a long association with the theatre community. Completed in 1633, St Paul's was the first new church to be built in London since the Reformation, its design and the layout of the square have been attributed to Inigo Jones since the 17th century, although firm documentary evidence is lacking. According to an repeated story, recorded by Horace Walpole, Lord Bedford asked Jones to design a simple church "not much better than a barn", to which the architect replied "Then you shall have the handsomest barn in England"; the building is described by Sir John Summerson as "a study in the Vitruvian Tuscan Order" and "almost an archaeological exercise".
The description of a Tuscan or Etruscan-style temple by Vitruvius, which Jones follows in this building, reflects the early forms of Roman temple, which continued Etruscan architecture, though quite what Vitruvius intended by his account has divided modern scholars. It has been seen as a work of deliberate primitivism: the Tuscan order is associated by Palladio with agricultural buildings. In 1630, the 4th Earl of Bedford was given permission to demolish buildings on an area of land he owned north of the Strand, redevelop it; the result was the first formal square in London. The new buildings were classical in character. At the west end was a church, linked to two identical houses; the south side was left open. Work on the church was completed in 1633, at a cost to the Bedford estate of £4,886, but it was not consecrated until 1638 due to a dispute between the earl and the vicar of St Martin-in-the-Fields, it remained a chapel within the parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields until 1645, when Covent Garden was made a separate parish and the church dedicated to St. Paul.
In 1789 there was a major restoration of the church, under the direction of the architect Thomas Hardwick. Six years in September 1795, the church was burnt out by a fire, accidentally started by workmen on the roof. A survey of the damage found that the outer walls were still structurally sound, but that the portico would have to be reconstructed, it is unclear. Having been restored once more, again under Hardwick's supervision, the church was reconsecrated on 1 August 1798. Despite the destruction, the parish records were saved, as was the pulpit — the work of Grinling Gibbons; the puritan Thomas Manton ministered from the pulpit of St Paul's until the Great Ejection. On 23 September 1662 Simon Patrick Bishop of Ely, was preferred to the rectory of St. Paul’s where he served during the plague; the first known victim of the 1665–1666 outbreak of the Plague in England, Margaret Ponteous, was buried in the churchyard on 12 April 1665. The east end, facing the piazza, is faced in stone, with a massive portico, its boldly-projecting pediment supported by two columns and two piers.
There were three doorways behind the portico. The other two were blocked up in the 19th century; the main entrance to the church is through the plainer west front, which has a pediment, but no portico. William Prynne, writing in 1638 said that it was intended to have the altar at the west end, but pressure from the church hierarchy led to the imposition of the traditional orientation; the earliest existing detailed description, dating from 1708, says that the exterior was not of bare brick, but rendered with stucco. In 1789 it was decided to case the walls in Portland stone as part of a major programme of renovation, which Thomas Hardwick was chosen to supervise. At the same time the tiled roof was replaced with slate, the dormer windows, added in the 1640s, were removed, the archways flanking the church of stuccoed brick, were replaced with stone replicas; when Hardwick's stone facing was removed from the church in 1888, it was found to be a thin covering less than three inches thick, poorly bonded to the brick.
The building was reclad in the present unrendered red brick. There were six or seven steps leading up to the portico, but these disappeared as the level of the Piazza was raised over the years. By 1823 there were only two steps visible, none by 1887; the arches at the side of the portico were widened and raised during a restoration of 1878–82 by Henry Clutton, The 9th Duke of Bedford's architect. Clutton removed the bell-turret over the western pediment; the interior is a single space, undivided by columns. The eastern third was marked out as a chancel by means of the floor being raised by one step; the level was raised further during alterations by William Butterfield in 1871–72. The church was built without galleries. Hardwick included them in his rebuilding, the western one remains today. St Paul's connection with the theatre began as early as 1663 with the establishment of the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, was further assured in 1723 with the opening of Covent Garden Theatre, now the Royal Opera House.
On 9 May 1662, Samuel Pepys noted in his diary the first "Italian puppet play" under the portico — the first recorded performance of "Punch and Judy", a fact commemorated by the annual MayFayre service in May. The portico of St Paul's was the setting for the first scene of Shaw's Pygmalion, the play, lat
Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch
The Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch, is a Church of England parish church in the Marble Arch district of London, England. It is dedicated to the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary, it is a Gothic revival building designed by Sir Walter Tapper and built in 1912–1913. It is a Grade II* listed building. Worship at the Annunciation is supported by a tradition of choral singing; the church is linked to a local primary school, Hampden Gurney School. The Church is near Bryanston Square and Montagu Square in the neoclassical Portman Estate area of London, developed by Henry William Portman in the 18th century. A chapel of ease called the Quebec Chapel was founded on the present site in 1787 to commemorate the Battle of Quebec, it is thought. By the early 20th century the chapel had fallen into disrepair and it was demolished in 1911. Among the priests-in-charge of the Quebec Chapel was the theologian and hymnodist, Henry Alford, who wrote the hymn "Come, ye thankful people, come"; the Annunciation Church has always been associated with the Anglo-Catholic movement started in the mid 19th century, in the early part of the 20th century many of its adherents were opposed to the growing Ecumenical movement.
In May 1951 an interdenominational Christian rally was held in nearby Hyde Park to coincide with the launch of the Festival of Britain. A number of Anglo-Catholic clergy and lay people, led by Rev. Hugh Ross Williamson, held a protest meeting at the Annunciation Church to express their opposition to Bishops of the Church of England sharing a platform with Methodists and other Non-Conformist churches, organisations which, in their opinion, did "not accept the traditional Faith of the Church". In a signed letter, they expressed the concern that "the participation of the Church of England may give the additional impression that Roman Catholics are the only religious body which defend the full Catholic Faith." The poet John Betjeman was among the signatories. Rose Macaulay, a novelist commented on the protest at the Annunciation, expressing dismay at opposition to the rally; the present church was designed by the English architect Sir Walter Tapper and built in 1912–1913. Tapper was a pupil of a leading designer of Mediæval revival architecture.
It is a tall red brick church designed in the Late Gothic Revival style. It features flying buttresses and a gabled bell tower; the single bell was cast in 1913 by John Sons of Spitalfields. Nikolaus Pevsner referred to the church in his Buildings of England as "a fragment of a major medieval church"; the interior has a rood screen with a high triumphal crucifix over an arch, thought to have been crafted by Robert Bridgeman of Lichfield to designs by Tapper. The high altar reredos was designed by Tapper and made by Jack Bewsey who designed most of the stained glass. Around the nave are plaster cast Stations of the Cross designed by Aloïs de Beule of Ghent; the lapidarium spanning the arch between the sanctuary and the Lady Chapel was designed by Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin and hung above the high altar of St Chad's Cathedral, Birmingham. The organ was built in 1915 by Sir Frederick Rothwell with a case designed by Tapper; the organ underwent restoration by Bishop & Son organ builders in 1989.
Official website Archbishops' Council. "The Parish Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch". A Church Near You. Church of England. "Tapper's architectural drawings for the Annunciation". RIBA. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17
St Charles Borromeo Church, Westminster
The Roman Catholic Church of Saint Charles Borromeo is a Roman Catholic church on Ogle Street in the Diocese of Westminster, London. Named after Charles Borromeo, a 16th century Italian saint. On the outside it is Gothic Revival style. J. Willson; the church was built in 1862/3 and cost £4,000. The builders were Fotheringham, it was opened by Cardinal Wiseman on 20 May 1863. John Francis Bentley added the present reredos, high altar and communion rails in 1870/73; the reredos, thirty feet high, has two tiers of saints painted on slate by Nathaniel Westlake. The frontal for the Lady Chapel altar was added in 1879; the reredos, designed by Nicholl, in the Sacred Heart chapel was added in 1902, with four angels in niches are holding the instruments of the Passion. When the lease expired the church survived because Madame Meschini and her son Arturo purchased the land and donated it the Westminster diocese; the church was consecrated on 4 September 1921. It survived being damaged in the war and the interior was restored in 1957/63 and again in 1978/80, when the reredos was restored and a large forward altar, by Michael Anderson, installed.
The octagonal immersion font, designed by Michael Anderson in collaboration with Mattia del Prete and Antonio Incognito of Rome, was installed in the nave in 1984. There are four stained glass windows in the south aisle of Saints Patrick, Margaret and Thomas of Canterbury. References http://catholicdirectory.org/Catholic_Information.asp? ID=38147
St Clement Danes
St Clement Danes is an Anglican church in the City of Westminster, London. It is situated outside the Royal Courts of Justice on the Strand. Although the first church on the site was reputedly founded in the 9th century by the Danes, the current building was completed in 1682 by Sir Christopher Wren. Wren's building was gutted during the Blitz and not restored until 1958, when it was adapted to its current function as the central church of the Royal Air Force; the church is sometimes claimed to be the one featured in the nursery rhyme Oranges and Lemons and the bells do indeed play that tune. However, St Clement's Eastcheap, in the City of London claims to be the church from the rhyme. St Clement Danes is known as one of the other being St Mary-le-Strand. There are several possible theories as to the connection between the Danes and the origins of the church. A popular theory is that in the 9th century, the Danes colonized the village of Aldwych on the river between the City of London and the future site of Westminster.
This was at a time when half of England was Danish and London was on the dividing line between the English and the Danes. The Danes founded a church at hence the final part of its name. Alternatively, after Alfred the Great had driven the Danes out of the City of London and they had been required to accept Christianity, Alfred stipulated the building of the church. In either case, being a seafaring people, the Danes named the church they built after St Clement, patron saint of mariners. Other possible ideas are that in the 11th century after Siward, Earl of Northumbria killed the Dane Tosti, Earl of Huntingdon and his men, the deceased were buried in a field near London and a memorial church was subsequently built to honour the memory of the Danes. Possible is that the Danish connection was reinforced by a massacre recorded in the Jómsvíkinga saga when a group of unarmed Danes who had gathered for a church service were killed; the 12th-century historian William of Malmesbury wrote that the Danes burnt the church on the site of St Clement Danes before they were slain in the vicinity.
Another possible explanation for the name is that, as King Harold I "Harefoot" is recorded as having been buried in the church in March 1040, the church acquired its name on account of Harold's Danish connections. The church was first rebuilt by William the Conqueror, again in the Middle Ages. A new chancel was built over part of the churchyard in 1608, at a cost of more than £1,000, various repairs and improvements to the tower and other parts of the church cost £496 in 1618. Shortly after the Great Fire of 1666, further repairs to the steeple were attempted, but these were found impractical, the whole tower was rebuilt from the foundations. Work was completed in 1669. Soon afterwards it was decided that the rest of the church was in such a poor state that it too should be rebuilt. St Clement's was rebuilt between 1680 and 1682 to a design by Sir Christopher Wren, incorporating the existing tower, reclad; the new church was constructed with an apse at the east end. A steeple was added to the tower in 1719 by James Gibbs.
The interior has galleries on three sides supported by square pillars, continued above gallery level as Corinthian columns, supporting, in turn, a barrel-vaulted ceiling. Wren used the same scheme again at St James's Church, begun two years later. Above the galleries, each bay has a cross vault, allowing the building to be lit from large round-headed windows on the upper level. William Webb Ellis credited with the invention of Rugby football in 1823, was once rector of the church and is commemorated by a memorial tablet. In 1844, St. Clement Danes School was constructed on land on Houghton Road, Holborn which the churchwardens had purchased in 1552, it opened in 1862 and remained there until 1928 moved to Shepherd's Bush until 1975, when it was re-established as a comprehensive school in Chorleywood, Hertfordshire. The church was destroyed by German bombs during the London Blitz on 10 May 1941; the outer walls, the tower and Gibbs's steeple survived the bombing, but the interior was gutted by fire.
As a result of the blaze, the church's ten bells fell to the ground. Subsequently, they were recast after the war. Following an appeal for funds by the Royal Air Force, the church was restored under the supervision of Sam Lloyd, it was re-consecrated on 19 October 1958 to become the Central Church of the Royal Air Force. As part of the rebuilding, the following inscription was added under the restored Royal coat of arms: AEDIFICAVIT CHR WRENAD MDCLXXIIDIRUERUNT AERII BELLIFULMINA AD MCMXLIRESTITUIT REGINAE CLASSISAERONAUTICA AD MCMLVIII which may be translated as: "Christopher Wren built it 1672; the thunderbolts of aerial warfare destroyed it 1941. The Royal Air Force restored it 1958." Services are held to commemorate prominent occasions of the RAF and its associated organisations. Saint Clement is commemorated every April at a modern clementine custom/revival. Reverend William Pennington-Bickford initiated the service in 1919 to celebrate the restoration of the famous church bells and carillon, which he'd had altered to ring out the popular nursery rhyme.
This special service for children ends with the distribution of oranges and lemons to the boys and girls. William Bickford, William Pennington-Bickford was Rector from 1910 to 1941 and he and his wife Louisa became known for their devotion to the welfare of the parish. In 2008, the church was one of the ven