Freedom Summer (film)
Freedom Summer is a 2014 American documentary film, written and directed by Stanley Nelson Jr. The film had its premiere at 2014 Sundance Film Festival on January 17,2014. It won the Best Documentary award at 2014 Pan African Film Festival, the film had its U. S. television premiere at PBS on June 24,2014. Freedom Summer received positive reviews from critics, rob Nelson of Variety, said in his review that A well-shaped and powerful reminder of a time in recent American history when white supremacy was decisively and courageously undercut. Duane Byrge in his review for The Hollywood Reporter praised the film by saying that veteran filmmaker Stanley Nelson has crafted a portrait of those violent. Intelligently composed and powerfully driven, Freedom Summer is a historical document. It would seem an essential addition for any university library, it’s a reminder why any new restrictions on voting, in particular those that impact African-American voters, are worth close scrutiny. African-American Civil Rights Movement in popular culture Freedom Summer at the Internet Movie Database Freedom Summer at Rotten Tomatoes
Eyes on the Prize
Eyes on the Prize is an American television series and 14-part documentary about the Civil Rights Movement in the United States. The documentary originally aired on the PBS network and aired in the United Kingdom on BBC2, created and executive-produced by Henry Hampton at the film production company Blackside and narrated by Julian Bond. The series uses archival footage and interviews of participants and opponents of the movement, the title of the series is derived from the folk song Keep Your Eyes on the Prize, which is used in each episode as the opening theme music. A total of 14 episodes of Eyes on the Prize were produced two seasons. The first season consists of six episodes, which premiered on January 21,1987, the second season consists of eight episodes, which aired on January 15,1990 and ended on March 5,1990, and was made widely available to educators on VHS tape. All 14 hours were re-released on DVD in 2006 by PBS, the film originated as two sequential projects. Part one, six long, was shown on PBS in early 1987 as Eyes on the Prize.
Eight more hours were broadcast in 1990 as Eyes on the Prize II, in 1992, it was released on home video. Grants from the Ford Foundation and Gilder Foundation enabled Blackside and the rights clearance team to renew rights, none of the archival material in the fourteen hour documentary was removed or altered in any way. PBS rebroadcast the first six hours on American Experience on three consecutive Mondays in October 2006, and rebroadcast the second eight hours in February 2008. After a gap of almost eight years, Eyes on the Prize was rebroadcast on World Channel on fourteen consecutive Sundays beginning on January 17,2016, PBS reissued an educational version of the series in the fall of 2006, making it available on DVD for the first time. It is now available to institutions and libraries from PBS on seven DVDs or seven VHS tapes. A consumer version of one was released in March 2010. The licensing issues from 1993 to 2006 generated what was called Eyes on the Screen, the book of the same title was created as a companion volume to the series during post-production by the producers and publishing staff at Blackside, Inc.
They were assisted by Juan Williams, a Washington Post journalist, first published by Viking Press in 1987, the book used a portion of the iconic photograph of the Selma to Montgomery march taken by Look magazine photographer James Karales on its cover. The series has been hailed as more than just a historical document, because of its extensive use of primary sources and in-depth coverage of the material, it has been adopted as a key reference and record of the civil rights movement. However, it is a product of its time and as such its facts are not always current, for example, it states that nobody was convicted of the murder of Medgar Evers. But Byron De La Beckwith was convicted of murder on February 5,1994
Freedom on My Mind
It is the first film to chronicle, in depth, the story of Freedom Summer in Mississippi. It was produced and directed by Connie Field and Marilyn Mulford and it is the story of youthful idealism and shared vision, of a generation who believed in and fought for the principles of democracy. Participants interviewed include Robert Parris Moses, Victoria Gray Adams, Endesha Ida Mae Holland, and Freedom Summer volunteers Marshall Ganz, Heather Booth, in 1961, Mississippi was a virtual South African enclave within the United States. There were virtually no black voters, bob Moses entered the state and the Mississippi Voter Registration Project began. The first black farmer who attempted to register was fatally shot by a Mississippi State Representative, but four years later, the registration was open. By 1990, Mississippi had more elected black officials than any state in the country. As the New York Times said in their review of the film and it emphasizes the strategic brilliance of Mississippis young, black organizers.
Barred from political participation, they created their own integrated party - the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party and they recruited a thousand mostly white students from around the country to come to Mississippi, bringing the eyes and conscience of the nation with them. They demanded equality and justice from the highest official in the land - the President - confronting the countrys leading politicians to live up to the values they professed to hold. Freedom on My Mind provides a panorama of a turbulent time. The legacy of that time, the achievements and failures, remain with us today and it was broadcast on PBS’s American Experience and internationally, and has been used educationally in colleges and universities around the world. The film received positive reviews. As political history this is superlative stuff. ”The San Francisco Examiner called it a great success. Critic John Petrakis, of The Chicago Tribune, explained the film thusly, Freedom On My Mind is a story of courage on the front lines in the battle against fear and ignorance.
It is a story of political savvy led to political action. But mostly, its a story of America, in all its glory and all its shame
Daughter from Danang
Heidis mother, Mai Thi Kim, already had three children and was estranged from her husband Do Huu Vinh, who had left her to fight with the Viet Cong. She was working at an American military base where she met Heidis father, when the North Vietnamese army came closer to Danang, Mai Thi Kim feared for Heidis safety due to rumors of retaliation against mixed-race children. At the age of six, Heidi was sent to United States, Heidi was ultimately adopted by Ann Neville, a single American woman, she spent a year in Columbia, South Carolina before finally settling in Pulaski, where Heidi spent her life. At the start of the documentary, Heidi has been estranged from her mother for several years. Her mother evicted Heidi from the home and disowned her for coming home ten minutes after curfew, Heidi contacts the Holt Adoption agency, and learns that her biological mother, Mai Thi Kim, sent them a letter in 1991 asking about Heidis well-being. Heidi decides to return to Vietnam, assisted by journalist Tran Tuong Nhu, in Vietnam, both Heidi and her family experience culture shock, as Heidi has no knowledge of Vietnamese customs and her family— who lives in abject poverty— has little knowledge of American culture.
Mai Thi expects to spend every moment of every day with Heidi, not accustomed to such physical closeness, Heidi feels suffocated and uncomfortable with the lack of personal space. Later in the visit, her family informs her that because she lives in America, upon hearing this, Heidi breaks down and one of her relatives disparages her for crying. It is explained to Heidi that most Vietnamese nationals who move to America provide money for family back home, but given she does not know her Vietnamese family, Heidi feels that they are exploiting her. She decides to return to America ahead of schedule, feeling even more emotional conflict, at the end of the film, Heidi explains that she rarely receives letters from her family in Vietnam since her visit, but her family does not receive any letters from her. As of mid-2012, Heidi and her mother have not met again since her initial visit and she has chosen not to keep in touch with her Vietnamese family, since doing so brings her too much pain. The film won the Grand Jury Prize for Documentary at the Sundance Film Festival and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record. Documentary has been described as a practice, a cinematic tradition. Polish writer and filmmaker Bolesław Matuszewski was among those who identified the mode of documentary film and he wrote two of the earliest texts on cinema Une nouvelle source de lhistoire and La photographie animée. Both were published in 1898 in French and among the written works to consider the historical. Matuszewski is among the first filmmakers to propose the creation of a Film Archive to collect, the American film critic Pare Lorentz defines a documentary film as a factual film which is dramatic. Others further state that a documentary stands out from the types of non-fiction films for providing an opinion. Documentary practice is the process of creating documentary projects. Documentary filmmaking can be used as a form of journalism, early film was dominated by the novelty of showing an event.
They were single-shot moments captured on film, a train entering a station and these short films were called actuality films, the term documentary was not coined until 1926. Many of the first films, such as made by Auguste and Louis Lumière, were a minute or less in length. Films showing many people were made for commercial reasons, the people being filmed were eager to see, for payment. One notable film clocked in at over an hour and a half, using pioneering film-looping technology, Enoch J. Rector presented the entirety of a famous 1897 prize-fight on cinema screens across the United States, in May 1896, Bolesław Matuszewski recorded on film few surigical operations in Warsaw and Saint Petersburg hospitals. In 1898, French surgeon Eugène-Louis Doyen invited Bolesław Matuszewski and Clément Maurice and they started in Paris a series of surgical films sometime before July 1898. Until 1906, the year of his last film, Doyen recorded more than 60 operations, Doyen said that his first films taught him how to correct professional errors he had been unaware of.
These and five other of Doyens films survive, all these short films have been preserved. I must say I forgot those works and I am thankful to you that you reminded them to me, not many scientists have followed your way. Travelogue films were popular in the early part of the 20th century
The Battle Over Citizen Kane
The Battle Over Citizen Kane aired January 29,1996, as an episode of the Public Broadcast Systems The American Experience series. The documentary was narrated by Richard Ben Cramer, who co-wrote the program with Thomas Lennon, in Citizen Kane, Welles plays Charles Foster Kane, whose fictional life partially mirrors that of Hearsts. However, Chicago inventor and utilities magnate Samuel Insull, Chicago Tribune publisher Robert R. McCormick, the deal gave him creative control under a budget limit. While married to Millicent Hearst, he kept a mistress over twenty years his junior, Davies had been a silent film-era star who worked on a number of talkies, but with less success. After the release of Citizen Kane to relatively positive reviews and largely indifferent popular response, Orson Welles moved on to his second project. However, after Citizen Kane did not become a money-maker, The Magnificent Ambersons was wrested from his control, RKO re-edited the film itself and released it. William Randolph Hearst died in 1951, Orson Welles died in 1985, the events chronicled in The Battle Over Citizen Kane were dramatized in the 1999 HBO film, RKO281.
281 was the production name of Citizen Kane. The Battle Over Citizen Kane was extremely well received by critics, the documentary received some criticism by scholars and critics, including Jonathan Rosenbaum, for trying to tie the personalities of Welles and Hearst too closely together. David Walsh observed, This sort of superficial comparison—a cat has a head, … The documentary filmmakers fail to make any reference to this social and political context. Furthermore, because they identify success with a career and a steady income. Film scholar James Naremore served as a consultant for The Battle Over Citizen Kane, while praising its use of archival footage, he dismissed the central thesis that Welles and Hearst were alike, which he described as a tabloid trick worthy of News on the March. Hearst, on the hand, was a political reactionary who used the vast fortune he had inherited to assemble a relatively unremarkable private art collection. We can only hope that someday a good documentary on the making of Kane will be available, Naremore concluded.
On September 25,2001, Turner Home Entertainment released a version of Citizen Kane taken from the best available print. The documentary was included in both the DVD and Blu-ray editions of the 2011 70th anniversary re-issue of the film. The Battle over Citizen Kane at the Internet Movie Database The Battle over Citizen Kane at the TCM Movie Database
Patricia Campbell Patty Hearst, now known as Patricia Hearst Shaw, is the granddaughter of American publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst. She became nationally known for following her 1974 kidnapping while she was a 19-year-old student living in Berkeley. Hearst was abducted by a left-wing terrorist group known as the Symbionese Liberation Army, after being isolated and threatened with death, she became supportive of their cause, making propaganda announcements for them and taking part in illegal activities. Hearst was found 19 months after her kidnapping, by which time she was a wanted for serious crimes. She was held in custody, despite speculation that her familys resources would prevent her spending time in jail. At her trial, the prosecution suggested that she had joined the Symbionese Liberation Army of her own volition and she was found guilty of bank robbery. Hearsts sentence was commuted by President Jimmy Carter, and she was pardoned by President Bill Clinton, Hearsts grandfather, William Randolph Hearst, created the largest newspaper, magazine and movie business in the world.
Her great-grandmother was philanthropist Phoebe Hearst, the family was associated with immense political influence and anti-Communism going back to before World War II. Hearst was born in San Francisco, the third of five daughters of Randolph Apperson Hearst and she grew up primarily in Hillsborough. She attended Crystal Springs School for Girls in Hillsborough and the Santa Catalina School in Monterey, Patty attended Menlo College in Atherton, California prior to transferring as a Junior to the University of California, Berkeley. Despite her wealthy grandfather, Patty Hearsts father was one of a number of heirs. Her parents did not consider it necessary to any measures for her personal security. At the time of her abduction, she was a sophomore at the University of California, studying the history of art, on February 4,1974, 19-year-old Hearst was kidnapped from her Berkeley, California apartment. She was beaten and lost consciousness during the abduction, shots were fired from a machine gun during the incident.
An urban guerrilla group called the Symbionese Liberation Army claimed responsibility for the abduction, the SLA was formed through contacts made by a leftist-oriented study group, coordinated by a University of California, Berkeley professor. Its purpose was the tutelage of black inmates, and over time the ethos became increasingly radicalized, black convicts were viewed as heroic political prisoners, victimised by a racist American society. On March 5,1973, Donald DeFreeze escaped from prison, radical penal activists and future SLA members, Russell Little and William Wolfe, took DeFreeze to Patricia Soltysiks house. The SLA was led by DeFreeze, after an acquaintance named Wheeler left, was the only African American
Metacritic is a website that aggregates reviews of media products, music albums, movies, TV shows, DVDs, and formerly, books. For each product, the scores from each review are averaged, Metacritic was created by Jason Dietz, Marc Doyle, and Julie Doyle Roberts. The site provides an excerpt from each review and hyperlinks to its source, a color of Green, Yellow or Red summarizes the critics recommendations and therefore the general appeal of the product to reviewers and, to a lesser extent, the public. It is regarded as the game industrys foremost review aggregator. Metacritics scoring converts each review into a percentage, either mathematically from the mark given, before being averaged, the scores are weighted according to the critics fame and volume of reviews. Metacritic was launched in July 1999 by Marc Doyle, his sister Julie Doyle Roberts, rotten Tomatoes was already compiling movie reviews, but Doyle and Dietz saw an opportunity to cover a broader range of media. They sold Metacritic to CNET in 2005, CNET and Metacritic are now owned by the CBS Corporation.
Nick Wingfield of The Wall Street Journal wrote in September 2004, Mr. Doyle,36, is now a product manager at CNET. Speaking of video games, Doyle said, A site like ours helps people cut through. unobjective promotional language and he added that the review process was not taken as seriously when unconnected magazines and websites provided reviews in isolation. In August 2010, the appearance was revamped, reaction from users was overwhelmingly negative. Certain publications are given more significance because of their stature, games Editor Marc Doyle was interviewed by Keith Stuart of The Guardian to get a look behind the metascoring process. Stuart wrote, the phenomenon, namely Metacritic and GameRankings, have become an enormously important element of online games journalism over the past few years. The ranging of metascores is, Metacritic is regarded as the foremost online review site for the video game industry. Nick Wingfield of The Wall Street Journal has written that Metacritic influence the sales of games and he explains its influence as coming from the higher cost of buying video games than music or movie tickets.
Many executives say that low scores can hurt the sales potential. He claimed that a number of businesses and financial analysts use Metacritic as an early indicator of a games potential sales and, by extension. In 2004, Jason Hall of Warner Bros. began including quality metrics in contracts with partners licensing its movies for games, if a product does not at least achieve a specific score, some deals require the publisher to pay higher royalties. In 2008, Microsoft began using Metacritic averages to de-list underperforming Xbox Live Arcade games and these are the top 10 individual games with the highest scores on the site as of 2 April 2017
Box Office Mojo
Box Office Mojo is a website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic, algorithmic way, founded in 1999. In 2008, Box Office Mojo was bought by the Internet Movie Database, the website is widely used within the film industry as a source of data. From 2002–11, Box Office Mojo had forums popular with film fans, on October 10,2014, the websites URL was redirected to Amazons IMDB. com website for one day, but the website returned the following day without explanation. Brandon Gray began the site in 1999, in 2002, Gray partnered with Sean Saulsbury and grew the site to nearly two million readers. In July 2008, the company was purchased by Amazon. com through its subsidiary, Box Office Mojo had forums with more than 16,500 registered users. On November 2,2011 the forums were closed along with any user accounts. Tracking is still very closely to the day by day, actual tabulation of distributors. The site creates an overall chart, combining all box office returns from around the world, excluding the United States.
The overall weekend chart currently tracks the Top 40 films as well as approximately fifty additional films with no ranking, the site additionally has yearly and all time features for its various territories. Box Office Mojo was as of June 2009 reporting limited data from overseas and is work on improvements, most of the international charts have not been updated since November 2014. On October 10,2014, all traffic to Box Office Mojo was redirected to IMDbs box office page, queries about the closure to IMDb and Amazon representatives were met with no response. Neither Brandon Gray, who founded the website but left several years ago after its sale to Amazon, nor Ray Subers, on Ray Subers Twitter account, he revealed the websites return, but stated he would not answer any questions pertaining to closure. Subers subsequently left the website seven months later
AllMovie is an online guide service website with information about films, television programs, and screen actors. As of 2013, AllMovie. com and the AllMovie consumer brand are owned by All Media Network, AllMovie was founded by popular-culture archivist Michael Erlewine, who founded AllMusic and AllGame. The AllMovie database was licensed to tens of thousands of distributors and retailers for point-of-sale systems, the AllMovie database is comprehensive, including basic product information and production credits, plot synopsis, professional reviews, relational links and more. AllMovie data was accessed on the web at the AllMovie. com website and it was available via the AMG LASSO media recognition service, which can automatically recognize DVDs. In late 2007, Macrovision acquired AMG for a reported $72 million, the AMG consumer facing web properties AllMusic. com, AllMovie. com and AllGame. com were sold by Rovi in August 2013 to All Media Network, LLC. The buyers include the founders of SideReel and Ackrell Capital investor Mike Ackrell.
All Media Network offices are located in San Francisco, AllMusic AllGame SideReel All Media Network Official website