Charity Commission for England and Wales
The Charity Commission for England and Wales is the non-ministerial government department that regulates registered charities in England and Wales and maintains the Central Register of Charities. The Charity Commission answers directly to the UK Parliament rather than to Government ministers and it is governed by a board, which is assisted by the Chief Executive and an executive team. The current Chair is William Shawcross, geraldine Peacock, CBE, was Chief Charity Commissioner from 2003 to 2006, and Chair-designate from 8 July 2004 to 2006. It has four sites in London, Taunton and Newport, the commissions website lists the latest accounts submitted by charities in England and Wales. Some charities are not subject to regulation by or registration with the Charity Commission, because they are regulated by another body. Most exempt charities are listed in Schedule 3 to the Charities Act 2011, however exempt charities must still comply with charity law and may approach the Charity Commission for advice.
Some charities are excepted from charity registration and this just means they dont have to register or submit annual returns, but are in all other respects subject to regulation by the Charity Commission. In addition, if an income is below the normal threshold for registration. Nevertheless, it subject to regulation by the Charity Commission in all other respects. Registration of a charity in England and Wales does not endow that status elsewhere thus further registration has to be made before operating in Scotland or Northern Ireland, Charities in Scotland are regulated by the Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator. The Commission carries out monitoring of charities as part of its regular casework. It has set out in the Charities Acts to conduct statutory investigations. However, opening a full inquiry into a charity has a detrimental effect on the relationship with the regulator. The Commission therefore began around 2007 to carry out a form of action described as regulatory compliance investigations.
In 2010 it opened over 140 of these cases, compared to just three full statutory investigations, the legality of these actions was debatable as they lacked a statutory basis. A high-profile example was the Commissions report into The Atlantic Bridge, the Commission announced in October 2011, in the context of cost-cutting and a re-focussing of its activities, that it would no longer carry out regulatory compliance investigations. Some of the activities of the Commission have been questioned by the Public Administration Select Committee, prior to the 1840s, a body of Commissioners had been established by the Statue of Charitable Uses 1601, but these proved ineffective. The Charity Commission was first established by the Charitable Trusts Act 1853, there had been several attempts at reforming charities before that which had been opposed by various interest groups including the church, the courts, the companies, and the universities
North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan county and larger ceremonial county in England. It is located primarily in the region of Yorkshire and the Humber, created by the Local Government Act 1972, it covers an area of 8,654 square kilometres, making it the largest county in England. The majority of the Yorkshire Dales and the North York Moors lie within North Yorkshires boundaries, the largest settlements are York, Middlesbrough and Scarborough, the county town, has a population of 16,832. The area under the control of the county council, or shire county, is divided into a number of local government districts, Hambleton, Richmondshire, Scarborough, the changes were planned to be implemented no than 1 April 2009. This was rejected on 25 July 2007 so the County Council, the largest settlement in the administrative county is Harrogate, the second largest is Scarborough, while in the ceremonial county, the largest is York. The largest urban area within the county is the Middlesbrough built-up area sub-division of Teesside.
Uniquely for a district in England, Stockton-on-Tees is split between North Yorkshire and County Durham for this purpose, Stockton-on-Tees, and Redcar and Cleveland boroughs form part of the North East England region. The ceremonial county area, including the authorities, borders East Riding of Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, Cumbria. The geology of North Yorkshire is closely reflected in its landscape, within the county are the North York Moors and most of the Yorkshire Dales, two of eleven areas of countryside within England and Wales to be officially designated as national parks. Between the North York Moors in the east and the Pennine Hills in the west lie the Vales of Mowbray, the Tees Lowlands lie to the north of the North York Moors and the Vale of Pickering lies to the south. Its eastern border is the North sea coast, the highest point is Whernside, on the Cumbrian border, at 736 metres. The two major rivers in the county are the River Swale and the River Ure, the Swale and the Ure form the River Ouse which flows through York and into the Humber estuary.
The River Tees forms part of the border between North Yorkshire and County Durham and flows from upper Teesdale to Middlesbrough and Stockton and to the coast, North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan county that operates a cabinet-style council, North Yorkshire County Council. The full council of 72 elects a council leader, who in turn appoints up to 9 more councillors to form the executive cabinet, the cabinet is responsible for making decisions in the County. The county council have their offices in the County Hall in Northallerton, the county is affluent and has above average house prices. Unemployment is below average for the UK and claimants of Job Seekers Allowance is very low compared to the rest of the UK at 2. 7%, agriculture is an important industry, as are mineral extraction and power generation. The county has high technology and tourism sectors. This is a chart of trend of gross value added for North Yorkshire at current basic prices with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling
Hertfordshire is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England region, in 2013, the county had a population of 1,140,700 living in an area of 634 square miles. Four towns have between 50,000 and 100,000 residents, Hemel Hempstead, Watford and St Albans. Hertford, once the market town for the medieval agricultural county derives its name from a hart. Elevations are high for the region in the north and west and these reach over 240m in the western projection around Tring which is in the Chilterns. The countys borders are approximately the watersheds of the Colne and Lea, hertfordshires undeveloped land is mainly agricultural and much is protected by green belt. The countys landmarks span many centuries, ranging from the Six Hills in the new town of Stevenage built by local inhabitants during the Roman period, Leavesden filmed much of the UK-based $7.7 Bn box office Harry Potter film series and has the countrys studio tour.
Saint Alban, a Romano-British soldier, took the place of a Christian priest and was beheaded on Holywell Hill and his martyrs cross of a yellow saltire on a blue background is reflected in the flag and coat of arms of Hertfordshire. Hertfordshire is well-served with motorways and railways, providing access to London. The largest sector of the economy of the county is in services, Hertfordshire was the area assigned to a fortress constructed at Hertford under the rule of Edward the Elder in 913. Hertford is derived from the Anglo-Saxon heort ford, meaning deer crossing, the name Hertfordshire is first recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 1011. Deer feature in many county emblems, there is evidence of humans living in Hertfordshire from the Mesolithic period. It was first farmed during the Neolithic period and permanent habitation appeared at the beginning of the Bronze Age and this was followed by tribes settling in the area during the Iron Age. 293 the first recorded British martyrdom is believed to have taken place.
Saint Alban, a Romano-British soldier, took the place of a Christian priest and was beheaded on Holywell Hill. His martyrs cross of a saltire on a blue background is reflected in the flag. He is the Patron Saint of Hertfordshire, with the departure of the Roman Legions in the early 5th century, the now unprotected territory was invaded and colonised by the Anglo-Saxons. By the 6th century the majority of the county was part of the East Saxon kingdom
Quarry Bank Mill
Quarry Bank Mill in Styal, England, is one of the best preserved textile mills of the Industrial Revolution and is now a museum of the cotton industry. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building, Quarry Bank Mill is on the outskirts of Styal in Cheshire, abutting and to the south of Manchester Airport. The mill is on the bank of the River Bollin which provided water to power the waterwheels and it was connected by road to the Bridgewater Canal for transporting raw cotton from the port of Liverpool. The site consisted of three farms or folds, the factory was built in 1784 by Greg to spin cotton. When Greg retired in 1832 it was the largest such business in the United Kingdom, the water-powered Georgian mill still produces cotton calico. The Gregs were careful and pragmatic, paternalistic millowners, and the mill was expanded and changed throughout its history, when Gregs son, Robert Hyde Greg, took over the business, he introduced weaving.
The Mill was attacked during the Plug Plot riots on 10 August 1842, the mills iron water wheel, the fourth to be installed, was designed by Thomas Hewes and built between 1816 and 1820. Overhead shafts above the machines were attached to the wheel by a belt. When the wheel turned, the moved the belt and powered the machinery. A beam engine and a steam engine were subsequently installed to supplement the power. The Hewes wheel broke in 1904 but the River Bollin continued to power the mill through two water turbines, steam engines could produce power all year round. Today the mill houses the most powerful working waterwheel in Europe, the estate surrounding the mill was developed and Greg converted farm buildings in Styal to house workers. As the mill increased in size, housing was constructed for the workers, a chapel and a school were built by the Gregs who moved into Quarry Bank House next to the mill. The estate and mill were donated to the National Trust in 1939 by Alexander Carlton Greg and are open to the public, the mill continued in production until 1959.
In 2006 the National Trust acquired Quarry Bank House and its gardens and, in 2010, the gardeners house, in 2013 the mill received 130,000 visitors. In 2013, the trust launched an appeal to raise £1.4 million to restore a workers cottage, a shop and the Gregs glasshouses and digitise records relating to Gregs and the mill workers. Quarry Bank is an example of an early, cotton-spinning mill that was dependent on water power. The first mill was built by Samuel Greg and John Massey in 1784 and its design was functional and unadorned, growing out of the pragmatism of the men who felt no need to make a bold architectural statement
It lies on the River Severn, at the gateway of the Wyre Forest national nature reserve, and at the time of the 2011 census had a population of 9,470. Bewdley is home to the Severn Valley Railway and the West Midlands Safari Park, the main part of Bewdley town is situated on the western bank of the River Severn, including the main street — Load Street — whose name derives from lode, an old word for ferry. Load Street is notable for its width, this is because it served as the towns market place. Most of Bewdleys shops and amenities are situated along Load Street, at the top of which lies St Annes Church, beyond the church, High Street leads off to the south towards Stourport along the B4194, a road known locally as the switchback because of its many undulations. Unlike in many English towns, High Street is so called not because of its importance, a high, sandy slope locally known as Bewdley Beach, on the northern side, is a public space with a 180° panorama. Bewdley has several pubs, cafés, and restaurants along its facing riversides, on the other side of the church, Welch Gate climbs steeply up to the west, while a continuation of the B4194 leads northwest towards the Wyre Forest.
To the northeast of the town is the hilltop of Wassel Wood in Trimpley. In the area between Stourport and Bewdley there are large country houses, among which Witley Court, Astley Hall. The settlement of Wribbenhall, on the side of the Severn. Bewdley was granted borough status, as well as a market, by King Edward IV in 1472. A parliamentary report of 1777 listed Bewdley as having a parish workhouse accommodating up to 80 inmates, during the Second World War, Ribbesford House in Bewdley was used as the headquarters for the Free French officer cadets. The cadets consisted of 200 teenagers who undertook military training at Ribbesford House until they joined with allied forces in the D Day invasion. Bewdley is now governed by three tiers of government, in increasing order of size, Bewdley town council, Wyre Forest district council. In 1983, the Kidderminster constituency itself was absorbed into the Wyre Forest constituency, the MP for Wyre Forest is Mark Garnier of the Conservative Party, who in 2010 unseated the incumbent, Richard Taylor of Independent Kidderminster Hospital and Health Concern, a local organisation.
The Labour Party held the seat from 1997-2001, since the completion of the flood defences in 2006, a Civic Space has been introduced to replace the old bandstand. It is used on a variety of including the regular local Farmers markets. Bewdley was in the division of Doddingtree Hundred. The River Severn often used to burst its banks in winter, flooding many houses, after the 2000 floods, plans were made for flood defences on the western bank, and this work was completed in April 2006, costing £7 million
The Stones of Venice (book)
The Stones of Venice examines Venetian architecture in detail, describing for example over eighty churches. He discusses architecture of Venices Byzantine and Renaissance periods, as well as being an art historian, Ruskin was a social reformer. In the chapter The Nature of Gothic, Ruskin gives his views on how society should be organised. As it is, we make both ungentle, the one envying, the other despising, his brother, and the mass of society is made up of morbid thinkers and miserable workers. Now it is only by labour that thought can be healthy, and only by thought that labour can be made happy. Ruskin set out to prove how Venetian architecture exemplified the principles he discussed in his earlier work, Ruskin had visited Venice before, but he made two visits to Venice with his wife Effie specially to research the book. The first visit was in the winter of 1849-50, the first volume of The Stones of Venice appeared in 1851 and Ruskin spent another winter in Venice researching the next two volumes.
His research methods included sketching and photography, various shortened editions of the book have been published, including one edited by J. G. Links published in the USA in 1960, the Foundations,1851, Elder & Co. The Sea-stories,1853, Elder & Co, the Fall,1853, Elder & Co. London It aroused considerable interest in Victorian Britain and beyond, the chapter The Nature of Gothic was admired by William Morris, who published it separately in an edition which is in itself an example of Gothic revival. The book inspired Marcel Proust and in 2010 Roger Scruton wrote that the book was, the greatest description in English of a place made sacred by buildings
Barmouth is a town in the county of Gwynedd, north-western Wales, lying on the estuary of the River Mawddach and Cardigan Bay. Located in the Historic county of Merionethshire, the Welsh form of the name is derived from Aber, the town is served by Barmouth railway station. The town grew around the industry, and more recently as a seaside resort. Notable buildings include the mediaeval Tŷ Gwyn tower house, the 19th century Tŷ Crwn roundhouse prison, dinas Oleu which is located east of the town on the adjoining hillside, was the first tract of land to be donated to the National Trust. In January 2014 two trains were stranded at Barmouth after severe storms destroyed the sea wall at nearby Llanaber. Barmouth Bridge, which takes the Cambrian Line over the River Mawddach, was formerly at the end of the GWR Ruabon Barmouth line. The southern end of the bridge is now the start of the Mawddach Trail, the Barmouth Ferry sails from Barmouth to Penrhyn Point, where it connects with the narrow gauge Fairbourne Railway for the village of Fairbourne.
The town has a RNLI lifeboat station with a Visitors Centre with shop, the nearest rugby club is in Dolgellau, some seven miles away. Barmouth has one association football team, Barmouth & Dyffryn United. Barmouth is the venue for the annual Barmouth Beach Race, a motocross event, usually taking place on the last weekend in October, the event sees riders take part in beach racing, using a temporary motocross course constructed on the beach. Over 200 riders typically take part in this event, with spectators attending free of charge, the event attracts champion riders from England and Wales. The busy harbour plays host to the annual Three Peaks yacht race, charlie Brooks, actress Herbert Tudor Buckland, architect Auguste Guyard, French educationalist and philosopher who moved to Barmouth upon the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. Harold Lowe, 5th officer, RMS Titanic Tommy Nutter, fashion designer Fanny Talbot, public benefactor Bill Tilman and sailor, jim Valentine, legendary RU/Northern Union player, killed by lightning in Barmouth 25 July 1904.
Johnny Williams, boxer St Davids Church, Barmouth St Johns Church, Barmouth St Tudwals Church, Barmouth community website latest news from Barmouth and historical photo gallery and much more. Mawddachestuary. co. uk Whats on in Barmouth Illustrated Guide to Barmouth Sunset at Barmouth and Barmouth Evening by Christopher Williams, painted in 1910s, aerial photograph of Barmouth www. geograph. co. uk, photos of Barmouth and surrounding area
Laxey is a village on the east coast of the Isle of Man. Its name derives from the Old Norse Laxa meaning Salmon River and its key distinguishing features are its 3 working vintage railways, having the largest working waterwheel in the world, and being set in a partly wooded valley. The village lies on the A2, the main Douglas to Ramsey road, and on the vintage Manx Electric Railway, Laxey Glen is one of the Manx National Glens, with Dhoon Glen being located close by. The Raad ny Foillan long distance footpath, opened in 1986. In the 19th century, mining for lead and zinc began, the Great Laxey Mines were the deepest in the world in the 19th century. Mining in Laxey came to an end 75 years in 1929, the village had a fishing industry. In the late 1800s the Manx Electric Railway line was built through the village, various other attractions were built at that time, such as Snaefell Mountain Railway and the Laxey Glen Pleasure Gardens. Laxey village is now a residential and a tourist area. There are several gardens, primarily Laxey Glen Gardens.
There is a mill which sells its own and many other products. The village has five pubs and a microbrewery, The Old Laxey Brewing Company, one can walk around the cliffs to the north of the beach from opposite the La Mona Lisa Restaurant. This walk goes, over the cairn, from there are views of Clay Head to the south. A Laxey born & bred person would say, Im going over the kern for a walk, many of Laxeys buildings were built as mining cottages in the traditional Manx style. Old Laxey is made up of winding streets around the harbour, a newer, late Victorian section, further inland, is the area of shops and services around the railway station. The Isle of Man census 2006 lists the population as 1,768. It is the fourth largest village on the island, Laxey was in the parish of Lonan within the sheading of Garff. Until 2016, Laxey was a district with its own commissioners. From 1 May 2016, it merged with the parishes of Lonan and Maughold to form the new district of Garff
The Millennium Gallery is an art gallery and museum in the centre of Sheffield, England. In 2011, the gallery was listed as the 15th most-visited free attraction in the country by Visit England and it is managed by Museums Sheffield. The gallery has two permanent collections, two exhibition spaces, space for corporate events and weddings, and a cafe and shop. Eminent Victorian scholar John Ruskin established a collection of material he hoped would inspire Sheffields workforce at the newly founded St Georges Museum, Sheffield in 1875. The gallery displaying it was refurbished in 2011, to more frequent rotation of items from the collection which is too large. The Craft & Design gallery is an exhibition space intended to build on the tradition of the Ruskin. The special exhibition space is the largest in Sheffield and was designed to major touring exhibitions from national partners such as the V&A
A tithe is a one-tenth part of something, paid as a contribution to a religious organization or compulsory tax to government. Today, tithes are normally voluntary and paid in cash, cheques, or stocks, whereas historically tithes were required and paid in kind, several European countries operate a formal process linked to the tax system allowing some churches to assess tithes. Traditional Jewish law and practice has included various forms of tithing since ancient times, orthodox Jews commonly practice maaser kesafim. In modern Israel, Jews continue to follow the laws of agricultural tithing, e. g. maaser rishon, terumat maaser, and maaser sheni. Instead, the New Testament scriptures are seen as teaching the concept of offerings as a means of supporting the church,1 Corinthians 16,2,2 Corinthians 9,7. Also, some of the earliest groups sold everything they had and held the proceeds in common to be used for the furtherance of the Gospel, Acts 2, 44-47, Acts 4, 34-35. Further, Acts 5, 1-20 contains the account of a man, tithes were mentioned at the Council of Tours in 567 and the Synod of Mâcon in 585.
They were formally recognized under Pope Adrian I in 787, none of the extant laws of the Ancient Near East deal with tithing, although other secondary documents show that it was a widespread practice in the Ancient Near East. Who is in charge of the tithe, hebrew is a Semitic language, related to Akkadian, the lingua franca of that time. In Genesis 14, 18-20, after rescuing Lot, after Melchizedeks blessing, Abraham gave him a tenth of everything he has obtained from battle, Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, and he blessed Abram, saying, “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth. And praise be to God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand. ”Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything. ”And he was afraid and said, “How awesome is this place. This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven. ”So early in the morning Jacob took the stone that he had put under his head and set it up for a pillar and poured oil on the top of it.
He called the name of that place Bethel, but the name of the city was Luz at the first, and of all that you give me I will give a full tenth to you. ”The tithe is specifically mentioned in the Books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy. The tithe system was organized in a cycle, corresponding to the Shemittah-cycle. These tithes were in reality more like taxes for the people of Israel and were mandatory and this tithe was distributed locally within thy gates to support the Levites and assist the poor. Every year, Terumah, Maaser Rishon and Terumat Maaser were separated from the grain, the first tithe is giving of one tenth of agricultural produce to the Levite. Historically, during the First Temple period, the first tithe was given to the Levites, approximately at the beginning of the Second Temple construction and his Beth din implemented its giving to the kohanim
University of Reading
The University of Reading is a public university located in Reading, Berkshire in England. It was established in 1892 as a college of Christ Church, Oxford under the name University College. It received the power to grant its own degrees by Royal Charter in 1926 from King George V, the university is usually categorised as a red brick university, reflecting its original foundation in the 19th century. It has four main campuses both in the United Kingdom and internationally, London Road and Whiteknights are based in the town of Reading itself, and Greenlands is based on the banks of the River Thames. It has a campus in Iskandar Puteri, the university owes its first origins to the Schools of Art and Science established in Reading in 1860 and 1870. In 1892 the College at Reading was founded as a college by Christ Church. The first President was the geographer Sir Halford John Mackinder, the Schools of Art and Science were transferred to the new college by Reading Town Council in the same year. The new college received its first treasury grant in 1901, three years it was given a site, now the universitys London Road Campus, by the Palmer family of Huntley & Palmers fame.
The same family supported the opening of Wantage Hall in 1908, the college first applied for a Royal Charter in 1920 but was unsuccessful at that time. However a second petition, in 1925, was successful, with the charter, the college became the University of Reading, the only new university to be created in the United Kingdom between the two world wars. In 1947 the university purchased Whiteknights Park, which was to become its principal campus, in 1984 the University started a merger with Bulmershe College of Higher Education, which was completed in 1989. In October 2006, the Senior Management Board proposed the closure of its Physics Department to future undergraduate application, on 10 October the Senate voted to close the Department of Physics, a move confirmed by the Council on 20 November. Other departments closed in recent years include Music, Geology, the university council decided in March 2009 to close the School of Health and Social Care, a school whose courses have consistently been oversubscribed.
In late 2009 it was announced that the London Road Campus was to undergo a £30 million renovation, the university is a lead sponsor of UTC Reading, a new university technical college which opened in September 2013. In 2016 a move to reorganise the structure of Reading University provoked student protests, on 21 March 2016, staff announced a vote of no confidence in the Vice Chancellor Sir David Bell. 88% of those who voted backed the no confidence motion, the campus takes its name from the nickname of the 13th century knight, John De Erleigh IV or the White Knight, and was landscaped in the 18th century by the Marquis of Blandford. The main University library, in the middle of the campus, holds nearly a million books and it has a lake, which is home to many Mandarin Ducks. The Whiteknights campus was voted one of the best green spaces in the United Kingdom for the year running in the 2015 Green Flag Peoples Choice awards
The Countess (play)
The Countess is a play written by American author Gregory Murphy. Based on one of the most notorious scandals of the Victorian era in Britain, written in 1995, Murphys two-act drama premiered in New York in 1999, being performed at several Off-Broadway venues. It had a run in London, and has since been performed around the world. John Ruskin Effie Ruskin Elizabeth, Lady Eastlake John Everett Millais Mrs Ruskin Mr, in 1853, preeminent art critic John Ruskin, his wife, Effie Gray, and his friend and protégé, the Pre-Raphaelite painter John Everett Millais, departed in high spirits for the Scottish Highlands. When they returned to London four months later, Millais hatred for Ruskin was exceeded only by his passion for the beautiful, what John Everett Millais did not know, could not have known, was the terrible truth at the core of the Ruskin marriage. The play was first performed at the Greenwich Street Theatre, New York City in a directed by Ludovica Villar-Hauser. It was soon transferred to the Samuel Beckett Theatre and the Lambs Theatre, the production ran for 634 performances.
The original production of the play starred Jennifer Woodward as Effie and James Riordan as John Ruskin, in 2005 Villar-Hauser again directed a production in London, starting at Guildfords Yvonne Arnaud Theatre, transferring to the Criterion Theatre. Nick Moran starred as Ruskin, Alison Pargeter as Effie, Linda Thorson as Lady Eastlake, the Countess was published by Dramatists Play Service. It has subsequently been performed around the world, the Countess received critical acclaim when it premiered in the spring of 1999 with the New York Times calling the play …serious…wonderfully witty…erotically charged. Splendidly directed and the entire cast is excellent, the New York Post wrote that The Countess has sex scandal appeal, is nicely acted and a Damned good tale. Some critics of the London production were less impressed, michael Billington called it curiously stolid and objected to what he called the forelock-tugging framing device, set in Windsor Castle in which Effie meets Queen Victoria.
Ian Shuttleworth objected to the clunky framing scenes, writing that the play is a triangular story with several cumbersome attempts to spice it up. Murphy argued that Thompsons screenplay drew on his own play, or possibly his cinematic treatment of it, Murphy recounted his meeting with Thompson in a first person article written in Londons Daily Mail entitled The day I sat in Emma Thompsons kitchen and accused her of stealing my movie. Thompson eventually won the battle and the film Effie Gray, starring Dakota Fanning, was released in 2014