Frédéric Liguori Béique
Frédéric Liguori Béique, was a Canadian lawyer and politician. Born in Saint-Mathias, Quebec, he was trained as a lawyer and was called to the Quebec Bar in 1868. On 15 April 1875 at Saint-Jacques Cathedral in Montreal, he married Carolina-Angélina Dessaulles, with whom he would have ten children From 1899 to 1905, he was the president of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society. In 1902, he was appointed to the Senate of Canada representing senatorial division of De Salaberry, Quebec. A Liberal, he served until his death in 1933. In 1932, Béique nominated Raoul Dandurand for the Nobel Prize in Peace. Frédéric Liguori Béique – Parliament of Canada biography Biography
Henry George Carroll
Henry George Carroll, was a Canadian politician and the 16th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec from 1929 to 1934 and the last anglophone to serve in that position to the present day. Born in Kamouraska, Canada East to Michael Burke Carroll of Ireland and Marguerite Campbell of Scotland, Carroll studied law at Laval University, was called to the Quebec Bar in 1889, was created a Queen's Counsel in 1899. A Liberal, he was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada in 1891 representing Kamouraska and was re-elected in 1896 and 1900, he was appointed Solicitor General of Canada in 1902 and served until 1904 at a time when the position was not a cabinet office but was part of the ministry under the Minister of Justice. He left politics to become a judge in the Quebec Superior Court in 1904 and was appointed to the Court of King's Bench in 1908. In 1912 he served as chairman of Quebec's Royal Commission examining the alcohol trade and subsequently served as vice-president province's Quebec Liquor Commission from 1921 to 1929 when he was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Quebec following the sudden death of Gouin.
Carroll died in Quebec and was buried in his home town of Kamouraska in 1939. He was survived by wife Boulanger Malvine-Amazelie and two daughters Margaret Carroll and Juliette Carroll. Henry George Carroll – Parliament of Canada biography Henry George CARROLL at Assemblée nationale du Québec
Daniel Duncan McKenzie
Daniel Duncan McKenzie, was a Canadian lawyer and politician. Born in Lake Ainslie, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, the son of Duncan and Jessie Mckenzie, McKenzie was educated at the Public Schools and at the Sydney Academy, he became a attorney-at-law, practicing in North Sydney, Nova Scotia. He served was Commissioner of Schools for Cape Breton and was elected ten times to the Municipal Council of North Sydney, serving as Mayor for five years, he was elected to the Nova Scotia House of Assembly in 1900 as a Liberal, again at the general elections of 1901. He was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada for the electoral district of North Cape Breton and Victoria in the 1904 federal election. A Liberal, he resigned in 1906. 7, County Court of Nova Scotia. He was re-elected in the 1908 federal election, he was re-elected in 1911, 1917, 1921. He became interim leader of the Liberal Party of Canada in 1919, following the death of former Canadian Prime minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier on February 17, 1919.
He held that position, the position of Leader of the Opposition, until August 7 of the same year, when the leadership of the party was won by Mackenzie King at the first Liberal leadership convention. McKenzie was a candidate at that convention, placing fourth, he served as Solicitor General during King's first term in office. In 1923, he resigned his seat in the House of Commons after he was named a puisne judge in the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia. McKenzie served on the bench until his death at the age of 68 in Nova Scotia. Daniel Duncan McKenzie – Parliament of Canada biography
1908 Canadian federal election
The Canadian federal election of 1908 was held on October 26 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 11th Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier's Liberal Party of Canada was re-elected for a fourth consecutive term in government with a majority government; the Liberals lost a small share of the popular vote. Sir Robert Borden's Conservatives and Liberal-Conservatives won ten additional seats; this was the first election in which Saskatchewan voted as provinces. Following their creation in 1905, the two new provinces continued to be represented by MP's elected under the old Northwest Territories riding boundaries, some of which straddled the new provincial border; the remainder of the Northwest Territories that had Parliamentary representation lost it - a seat would not be created for the NWT again until 1949. List of Canadian federal general elections List of political parties in Canada 11th Canadian Parliament
Léon Mercier Gouin
Léon Mercier Gouin was a French Canadian author, barrister and politician. Born in Montreal, the eldest son of Lomer Gouin, the Premier of Quebec from 1905 to 1920, the grandson of Honoré Mercier, the Quebec Premier from 1887 to 1891, he received a Bachelor's degree from Loyola College in 1911 and studied at Oxford University, his brother, Paul Gouin, was a politician. In 1917, he married Yvette Ollivier, they had four children: Lomer, Thérèse and Olivier. Gouin was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 1940 representing the senatorial division of De Salaberry, Quebec. A Liberal, he resigned in 1976. "A United Canada". Empire Club of Canada. Retrieved October 25, 2006. "FONDS LÉON-MERCIER-GOUIN". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved October 25, 2006. Works by or about Léon Mercier Gouin at Internet Archive Léon Mercier Gouin – Parliament of Canada biography
Sir Charles Fitzpatrick was a Canadian lawyer and politician, who served as the fifth Chief Justice of Canada. He was born in Canada East, to John Fitzpatrick and Mary Connolly, he studied at Laval University, earning his B. A. degree and LL. B degree. Called to the bar of Quebec in 1876, he established his practice in Quebec City and founded the law firm of Fitzpatrick & Taschereau. In 1885, he acted as chief counsel to Louis Riel, on trial for leading the North-West Rebellion. Riel was sentenced to death. Fitzpatrick entered politics in 1890, winning election to the Quebec Legislative Assembly in Québec-Comté electoral district, he resigned in June 1896 to enter federal politics. He was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada in Quebec County electoral district in the 1896 federal election as a Liberal Member of Parliament, he served as Solicitor General of Canada from 1896 to 1902, as Minister of Justice from 1902 until 1906. He was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada as Chief Justice.
He served in that position until 1918. During his period as Lieutenant Governor, his nephew acted as Premier of Quebec, Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, he is the only Chief Justice other than Sir William Buell Richards to have served in that position without having first been a Puisne Justice on the court, the only Chief Justice to have been appointed without any prior judicial experience. In 1905, he took part, as the federal government representative, in the negotiations that led to the creation of the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, he was knighted in 1907. May 20, 1879, Fitzpatrick married Marie-Elmire-Corinne Caron, daughter of René-Édouard Caron, 2nd Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, his wife Marie-Joséphine De Blois. Chief Justice Fitzpatrick died on June 1942, aged 90 years and 6 months. Media related to Charles Fitzpatrick at Wikimedia Commons Supreme Court of Canada Biography "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours. National Assembly of Quebec. Charles Fitzpatrick – Parliament of Canada biography Beach, Chandler B. ed..
"Fitzpatrick, Hon. Sir Charles"; the New Student's Reference Work. Chicago: F. E. Compton and Co. Fitzpatrick, Sir Charles National Historic Person — Parks Canada Hon. Charles Fitzpatrick, B. A. KC — The Newspaper Reference Book of Canada: Embracing Facts and Data Regarding Canada and Biographical Sketches of Representative Canadian Men. Toronto: The Press Publishing Company, Limited, p. 201 Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian Confederation — Library and Archives Canada Sir Charles Fitzpatrick — The Canadian Encyclopedia
House of Commons of Canada
The House of Commons of Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign and the Senate. The House of Commons meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation; the House of Commons is a democratically elected body whose members are known as Members of Parliament. There were 308 members in the last parliament, but that number has risen to 338 following the election on Monday October 19, 2015. Members are elected by simple plurality in each of the country's electoral districts, which are colloquially known as ridings. MPs may hold office until Parliament is dissolved and serve for constitutionally limited terms of up to five years after an election. However, terms have ended before their expiry and the sitting government has dissolved parliament within four years of an election according to a long-standing convention.
In any case, an Act of Parliament now limits each term to four years. Seats in the House of Commons are distributed in proportion to the population of each province and territory. However, some ridings are more populous than others, the Canadian constitution contains some special provisions regarding provincial representation; as a result, there is some regional malapportionment relative to population. The House of Commons was established in 1867, when the British North America Act—now called the Constitution Act, 1867—created the Dominion of Canada, was modelled on the British House of Commons; the lower of the two houses making up the parliament, the House of Commons in practice holds far more power than the upper house, the Senate. Although the approval of both Houses is necessary for legislation, the Senate rarely rejects bills passed by the commons. Moreover, the Cabinet is responsible to the House of Commons; the prime minister stays in office only as long as they retain the support, or "confidence", of the lower house.
The term derives from the Anglo-Norman word communes, referring to the geographic and collective "communities" of their parliamentary representatives and not the third estate, the commonality. This distinction is made clear in the official French name of the body, Chambre des communes. Canada and the United Kingdom remain the only countries to use the name "House of Commons" for a lower house of parliament; the House of Commons came into existence in 1867, when the British Parliament passed the British North America Act, uniting the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick into a single federation called the Dominion of Canada. The new Parliament of Canada consisted of the Senate and the House of Commons; the Parliament of Canada was based on the Westminster model. Unlike the UK Parliament, the powers of the Parliament of Canada were limited in that other powers were assigned to the provincial legislatures; the Parliament of Canada remained subordinate to the British Parliament, the supreme legislative authority for the entire British Empire.
Greater autonomy was granted by the Statute of Westminster 1931, after which new acts of the British Parliament did not apply to Canada, with some exceptions. These exceptions were removed by the Canada Act 1982. From 1867, the Commons met in the chamber used by the Legislative Assembly of Canada until the building was destroyed by fire in 1916, it relocated to the amphitheatre of the Victoria Memorial Museum—what is today the Canadian Museum of Nature, where it met until 1922. Until the end of 2018, the Commons sat in Centre Block chamber. Starting with the final sitting before the 2019 federal election, the Commons sits in a temporary chamber in the West Block until at least 2028, while renovations are undertaken in the Centre Block of Parliament; the House of Commons comprises 338 members. The constitution specifies a basic minimum of 295 electoral districts, but additional seats are allocated according to various clauses. Seats are distributed among the provinces in proportion to population, as determined by each decennial census, subject to the following exceptions made by the constitution.
Firstly, the "senatorial clause" guarantees that each province will have at least as many MPs as Senators. Secondly, the "grandfather clause" guarantees each province has at least as many Members of Parliament now as it had in 1985; as a result of these clauses, smaller provinces and provinces that have experienced a relative decline in population have become over-represented in the House. Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta are under-represented in proportion to their populations, while the other seven provinces are over-represented. Boundary commissions, appointed by the federal government for each province, have the task of drawing the boundaries of the electoral districts in each province. Territorial representation is independent of population; the calculation for the provinces is done with a base of 279 seats. The total population of the provinces is divided by 279 to equal the electoral quotient; the population of the province is divided by the electoral q