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Gulf and Western Industries

Gulf and Western Industries, Inc. was an American conglomerate. Gulf and Western's origins date to a manufacturer named the Michigan Bumper Company founded in 1934, although Charles Bluhdorn treated his 1958 takeover as its "founding" for the purpose of anniversaries. Through asset management, the company's non-publishing and entertainment assets were dismantled; the company's current remnants operate as ViacomCBS. Under Bluhdorn the company diversified leaving behind such things as stamping metal bumpers for a variety of businesses, including financial services, manufacturing and home, consumer and agricultural, auto parts, natural resources and building products and publishing. A partial list of Gulf and Western's holdings between 1958 and 1982, with year of acquisition in parentheses: APS Holding Corp. auto parts manufacturer Paramount Pictures New Jersey Zinc Universal American, including Bohn Aluminum and Brass Corporation subsidiary Taylor Forge South Porto Rico Sugar Company, a holding company in Jersey City, New Jersey, with principal subsidiary called South Porto Rico Sugar Company, a cane sugar refiner in Ensenada, Guánica County, Puerto Rico owners of Central Guanica, purported to once be the largest cane sugar refinery in the world.

The Associates First Capital Corporation, a financial services company Consolidated Cigars Stax Records Sega Enterprises Kayser-Roth. After Stax was acquired, that label became a subsidiary of Dot, although Dot was not at all mentioned on the label. On, the record operation was moved under Famous Music and renamed the Famous Music Group. In 1967, the company purchased Lucille Ball's Desilu Productions library, which included most of her television product, as well as such properties as Star Trek and Mission: Impossible, both of which would rank amongst its most profitable commodities over the years. Desilu was renamed Paramount Television. Gulf and Western sold Stax back to its original owners in 1970, with it the rights to all Stax recordings not owned by Atlantic Records. A year before, Dot's non–country music roster and catalog was moved to a newly created label, Paramount Records, it assumed Dot's status as the flagship label of Paramount's record operations, releasing music by pop artists and soundtracks from Paramount's films and television series.

Dot meanwhile became a country label. Famous Music provided distribution for several independent labels, such as Neighborhood Records and Sire Records. Famous began distributing yet another independent label, Blue Thumb Records, in 1971, before buying it outright in 1972. In 1974, Gulf and Western sold the entire record operation to the American Broadcasting Company, which continued the Dot and Blue Thumb imprints as subsidiaries of ABC Records, while discontinuing the Paramount label altogether. While working for Paramount, Barry Diller had proposed a "fourth network", but he could not convince the board of trustees/directors of the wisdom of this idea. Fox owner News Corporation was, interested in starting a network. On June 5, 1980, Gulf and Western unveiled an electric car, powered by a zinc chloride battery that would hold a charge for several hours and permit speeds of up to 60 miles per hour. By year's end, the U. S. Department of Energy reported that the battery had 65% less power than predicted and could be recharged only by trained personnel.

In 1981, former officials of Gulf and Western's Natural Resources Division led a buyout of New Jersey Zinc and made it a subsidiary of Horsehead Industries, Inc. In 1983 Bluhdorn died of a heart attack on a plane en route home from Dominican Republic to New York headquarters, the board bypassed president Jim Judelson and named senior vice president Martin S. Davis, who had come up through Paramount Pictures, as the new chief executive officer. Davis slimmed down the company's wilder diversifications and focused it on entertainment, sold all of its non-entertainment and publishing assets. In 1983, Gulf and Western sold Consolidated Cigar Corporation to five of its senior managers. In 1983, Gulf and Western sold the U. S. assets of Sega to pinball manufacturer Bally Manufacturing. The Japanese assets of Sega were purchased by a group of investors led by David Rosen and Hayao Nakayama. In 1984, Gulf and Western divested itself of its many Taylor Forge operations to private owners. Taylor Forge's Somerville, New Jersey plant became Taylor Forge Stainless, while its facilities in Paola and Greeley, Kansas became Taylor Forge Engineered Systems.

South Puerto Rico Sugar Co. was sold to an investment group including The Fanjul Brothers in 1984. In 1985, APS auto parts, Kayser-Roth clothing and Simmons Bedding were sold to the Wickes Companies; the company, thus restructured, subsequently renamed itself Paramount Communica

Candela Ferro

Candela Ferro is an Argentine journalist and current host of Telemundo's Al Rojo Vivo: Fin de Semana con Candela Ferro and the E! Latin show Una Estrella con Candela Ferro. At an early age she realized she loved entertaining people, she would mimic Libertad Lamarque, a famous Argentine tango vocalist, she would passionately recite poems by García Lorca, her favorite writer and one of the most influential Spanish writers of all time, she studied Communications at the University of Buenos Aires, thinking that she would be able to showcase her many talents through this career. At age 18, she began working in a local TV show called Domingo Total, broadcast live every weekend, she worked as an entertainment reporter for the show De Boca en Boca at ATC Television. For two years she anchored a show focused on women’s issues, current events and celebrity interviews on ‘Utilísima Satelital,’ in Argentina. In 1999, Ferro traveled to the United States with the aspiration of becoming a journalist and a TV presenter.

And in the year 2000, Candela’s life took a spectacular turn for the best, when she was approached by Telemundo to work as a writer and presenter for the network. Since joining Telemundo, now part of the NBC family, Candela has had the honor of hosting the Latin Billboard Music Awards in 2001, 2004, 2005 and 2006, an event, watched by millions of viewers throughout the world, she hosted for 4 consecutive years the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade for Telemundo and the Miss Universe Pageant from Panama in 2003, from Ecuador in 2004, Thailand in 2005, Los Angeles in 2006, from Mexico in 2007, from Vietnam in 2008 and from Bahamas in 2009. In 2002, Candela presented the INTE Awards in Miami, the Golden Globe Awards in Spanish and the Red Carpet pre-show to the Tribute to Celia Cruz. In 2003, she was nominated as Best Female Presenter of the Year in the INTE Awards. In 2004, she hosted the Hispanic Heritage Awards and has been the host of Premio de la Gente in Los Angeles three times. In 2005 she hosted the live special of the Wedding of Charles and Camilla for E!

Entertainment Latin America. As part as her collaborations with the cable network, she interviewed Ricky Martin in the special entitled “Ricky Martin en Candela.” In 2007 and 2008, Candela was the host of the new weekend edition of Telemundo's Al Rojo Vivo called Al Rojo Vivo: Fin de Semana con Candela Ferro. The Argentinean journalist interviewed Brad Pitt and Cate Blanchett in an exclusive one and one for Warner Channel Latin America, for the premiere of the movie "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button". In 2006 Candela joined E! Entertainment Latin America, for her own show Mil Preguntas Una Estrella Con Candela Ferro, a cycle of interviews that would reveal her as one of the best interviewers and curious of the television in Spanish market, sharing an hour of conversations with Penélope Cruz, Jennifer López, Javier Bardem, Ricky Martin, Thalía, Paulina Rubio, Gloria Trevi, Daddy Yankee, Enrique Iglesias, Alejandro Fernández and Alejandra Guzmán. Al Rojo Vivo: Fin de Semana Telemundo Website Official Al Rojo Vivo Website Candela Ferro - Telemundo Official Website

10th Asia Pacific Screen Awards

The 10th Asia Pacific Screen Awards were held on Thursday, 24 November 2016 at the Brisbane Conventions and Exhibition Centre in Brisbane, Australia. On 9 September 2016, five juries were announced, they are an Academy Awards winner David Puttnam, a former chairman of Busan International Film Festival Kim Dong-ho, a current chairman of Busan International Film Festival Nansun Shi, an Academy Awards nominee and a Palme d'Or winner Jan Chapman and a Palme d'Or nominee Shyam Benegal. David Wenham and Anjali Rao was announced as the host of the event on 2 November 2016. On the same day, a Grammy Awards winner Sumi Jo was announced to perform at the event. Nominees for the Cultural Diversity Award was announced on 14 October 2016, followed by Animation and Youth awards on 17 October and the nominees for the feature film was announced on 24 October 2016. ^ Though they don't win, they're the winners of Jury Grand Prize. ^ Though they don't win, they received a "special mention"

Tannakian formalism

In mathematics, a Tannakian category is a particular kind of monoidal category C, equipped with some extra structure relative to a given field K. The role of such categories C is to approximate, in some sense, the category of linear representations of an algebraic group G defined over K. A number of major applications of the theory have been made, or might be made in pursuit of some of the central conjectures of contemporary algebraic geometry and number theory; the name is taken from Tannaka–Krein duality, a theory about compact groups G and their representation theory. The theory was developed first in the school of Alexander Grothendieck, it was reconsidered by Pierre Deligne, some simplifications made. The pattern of the theory is that of Grothendieck's Galois theory, a theory about finite permutation representations of groups G which are profinite groups; the gist of the theory, rather elaborate in detail in the exposition of Saavedra Rivano, is that the fiber functor Φ of the Galois theory is replaced by a tensor functor T from C to K-Vect.

The group of natural transformations of Φ to itself, which turns out to be a profinite group in the Galois theory, is replaced by the group of natural transformations of T into itself, that respect the tensor structure. This is by nature not an inverse limit of algebraic groups. A neutral Tannakian category is a rigid abelian tensor category, such that there exists a K-tensor functor to the category of finite dimensional K-vector spaces, exact and faithful; the construction is used in cases where a Hodge structure or l-adic representation is to be considered in the light of group representation theory. For example, the Mumford–Tate group and motivic Galois group are to be recovered from one cohomology group or Galois module, by means of a mediating Tannakian category it generates; those areas of application are connected to the theory of motives. Another place in which Tannakian categories have been used is in connection with the Grothendieck–Katz p-curvature conjecture; the Geometric Satake equivalence establishes an equivalence between representations of the Langlands dual group L G of a reductive group G and certain equivariant perverse sheaves on the affine Grassmannian associated to G.

This equivalence provides a non-combinatorial construction of the Langlands dual group. It is proved by showing that the mentioned category of perverse sheaves is a Tannakian category and identifying its Tannaka dual group with L G. Wedhorn has established partial Tannaka duality results in the situation where the category is R-linear, where R is no longer a field, but certain valuation rings. Duong & Hai showed a Tannaka duality result. Iwanari has initiated the study of Tannaka duality in the context of infinity-categories. Pierre Deligne, Catégories tannakiennes. In The Grothendieck Festschrift, Volume 2, 111–195. Birkhauser, 1990. Deligne, Pierre. 900, Springer Duong, Nguyen Dai. 265, Springer, MR 0338002 Wedhorn, Torsten, "On Tannakian duality over valuation rings", Journal of Algebra, 282: 575–609, doi:10.1016/j.jalgebra.2004.07.024, MR 2101076 M. Larsen and R. Pink. Determining representations from invariant dimensions. Invent. Math. 102:377–389, 1990

Permanent Council

The Permanent Council was the highest administrative authority in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth between 1775 and 1789 and the first modern executive government in Europe. As is still the case in contemporary parliamentary politics, the members of the Council were selected from the parliament or Sejm of the Commonwealth. Though it exerted some constructive influence in Polish politics and government, because of its unpopularity during the Partitions period, in some Polish texts it was dubbed as Zdrada Nieustająca - Permanent Betrayal; the establishment of an institution of permanent council, an early form of executive government in the late years of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, was recommended by the political reformer Stanisław Konarski. It was intermittently under consideration, as permitted by Poland's intrusive neighbors, during the period of government reforms, beginning with the Convocation Sejm of 1764; the Permanent Council was created in 1775 by the Partition Sejm, when Empress Catherine the Great of Russia and her ambassador to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Otto Magnus von Stackelberg, became convinced that it was a way of securing the Empire's influence over the internal politics of Poland.

The Council had remained in continuous operation and was therefore immune from szlachta's liberum veto obstructionism, which could be pursued only during the sessions of the Sejm. The Council was much less prone than the Sejm to other distractions from minor gentry. Empress Catherine and Ambassador Stackelberg believed that the Council would be dominated by anti-royal magnates and that it would put an end to the King's push toward reforms; the Council was composed of King Stanisław August Poniatowski, 18 members from the Senate and 18 members from the Sejm's lower chamber. The Council, in addition to its administrative duties, would present to the King three candidates for each nomination to the Senate and other main offices; the meetings were supervised by Marshal Roman Ignacy Potocki. In reality all the Council's members were nominated in accordance with the wishes of Ambassador Stackelberg, who acted as a representative of the Empress, protectress of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth since 1768.

Soon after its creation, the Council became an instrument of Russian surveillance over Poland. The council was divided onto 5 separate ministries called Departments: Foreign interests Military Police Treasury JusticeAmong the prerogatives of the Council was heading the state administration, preparation of projects of laws and Sejm acts, which were to be accepted by the parliament, control over law enforcement and interpretation of the law. Although criticized, most notably by the Familia and the so-called Patriotic Party, the Council managed to give rise to a period of economic prosperity in Poland, its functioning strengthened the power of the monarch and reduced the power of the existing and influential magnate-ministers, who were placed under the Council's supervision. The Permanent Council was eliminated in 1789 by the Four-Year Sejm and reinstated in 1793 by the Sejm of Grodno. However, this time it was directly headed by the Russian ambassador. Majority of the Council's members were bribed by the Russian embassy in Warsaw.

King Stanisław August Poniatowski Marshal Roman Ignacy Potocki Stanisław Małachowski Tomasz Adam Ostrowski Ludwik Szymon Gutakowski Stanisław Poniatowski Józef Ankwicz Michał Jerzy Poniatowski Ambassadors and envoys from Russia to Poland Lords of the Articles

Stickney (crater)

Stickney is the largest crater on Phobos, a satellite of Mars. It is 9 km in diameter; the crater is named after wife of Phobos's discoverer, Asaph Hall. In 1878 Hall wrote that he "might have abandoned the search had it not been for the encouragement of wife." The crater was named in 1973, based on Mariner 9 images, by an IAU nomenclature committee chaired by Carl Sagan. Stickney has a smaller crater within it, about 2 km in diameter, resulting from a impact. In 2006 it was given the name Limtoc, after a character in Gulliver's Travels. Grooves and crater chains appear to radiate from Stickney; these have led to theories about the impact. However, evidence from the Mars Express orbiter indicate that they are unrelated to Stickney and may have been formed by material ejected from impacts on Mars. More recent modelling supports the theory that the grooves are signs of deformation caused by tidal forces; the crater has a noticeable lineated texture on its interior walls, caused by landslides from materials falling into the crater.

Nonetheless, in November 2018, astronomers concluded that the many grooves on Phobos were caused by boulders, ejected from the asteroid impact that created Stickney, that rolled around on the surface of the moon. It is possible, it is located at the middle of the western edge of the Mars-facing side of Phobos. Moons of Mars Phobos Deimos Flight around Phobos Stickney in High Resolution Stickney at APOD, 2018 May 5 Creation of Stickney Crater on Phobos simulation which shows how Stickney crater was created, how it affected Phobos, The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory