The Castaway (film)
The Castaway is a Mickey Mouse animated short featured released on April 6, 1931. Mickey Mouse is stranded on a raft somewhere in the vast ocean. There are a few swordfish trying to attack Mickey. Mickey finds an abandoned island, for his hunger, a banana tree feeds Mickey out of his hunger. Mickey finds dangerous animals, including some spiders. Mickey finds a piano and begins to play on it. A gorilla comes and dances to the beat the lion is awakened by the noise and comes however chasing Mickey to a stream. Mickey finds out that the rock he is standing on is in fact a large turtle; the cartoon ends
Mickey Mouse (film series)
Mickey Mouse is a character-based series of 130 animated short films produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios. The films, which introduced Disney's most famous cartoon character, were released on a regular basis from 1928 to 1953 with four additional shorts released between 1983 and 2013; the series is notable for its innovation with sound synchronization and character animation, introduced well-known characters such as Minnie Mouse and Goofy. The name "Mickey Mouse" was first used in the films' title sequences to refer to the character, but was used from 1935 to 1953 to refer to the series itself as in "Walt Disney presents a Mickey Mouse." In this sense "a Mickey Mouse" was a shortened form of "a Mickey Mouse sound cartoon", used in the earliest films. Films from 1929 to 1935 which were re-released during this time used this naming convention, but it was not used for the three shorts released between 1983 and 1995. Mickey's name was used to market other films which were formally part of other series.
Examples of this include several Silly Symphonies, Don Donald, Goofy and Wilbur. Mickey Mouse began production in April 1928 after the Disney studio lost the license to Oswald the Lucky Rabbit; the first two films, Plane Crazy and The Gallopin' Gaucho, were previewed in theaters but failed to pick up a distributor. For the third film, Disney added synchronized sound, a technology, still in its early stages at the time. Steamboat Willie was an instant success; the revenues from the film provided the studio with much needed resources, the studio began to produce new cartoons as well as releasing sound versions of the first two. Production slowed towards the end of the 1930s as the studio began to focus on other characters and feature-length films; the series was informally retired in 1953 with the release of The Simple Things, but was revived in 1983 and 1990 with two featurettes, or three reel short films. 1995's Runaway Brain returned the series to its single reel format, while the most recent installment, 2013's Get a Horse!, was produced in the black-and-white style of the early films.
The cartoons were directed by 20 different people. Those with the most credits include Burt Gillett, Wilfred Jackson, Walt Disney, David Hand, Ben Sharpsteen. Notable animators who worked on the series include Ub Iwerks, Norm Ferguson, Ollie Johnston, Frank Thomas, Fred Moore. Mickey's voice is provided by Walt Disney, with some additional work by Carl Stalling and Clarence Nash. By 1947, Jimmy MacDonald had taken over Mickey's voice. Wayne Allwine voices the mouse in the three most recent films; the following is a list of Mickey Mouse films in the order of their official release dates. Unless otherwise noted, dates are original theatrical releases in the United States. Gray headers indicate black-and-white films; every Mickey Mouse cartoon was released theatrically appearing before feature films. In 1929, some theaters began to host the "Mickey Mouse Club", a children's program which would show Mickey's cartoons; the series was first distributed by Celebrity Productions, followed by Columbia Pictures, United Artists, RKO Radio Pictures.
The four most recent films were released by Disney's own company, Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. Many of the films were broadcast on television, beginning in 1936 on BBC Television. Here the series was shown on a regular basis except during World War II. In the United States, selected films were shown on the Walt Disney anthology television series, on other series such as The Mouse Factory, Mickey's Mouse Tracks, Ink & Paint Club; the films have been released in various forms of home entertainment. In the 1960s there were several 8 mm and Super 8 releases, although these were silent, black-and-white, or condensed versions. In 1978, Disney began to release selected films on VHS, DVD. Starting in 2010, some of the cartoons were made available on the iTunes Store as digital downloads. Disney has released films online. At the Disney website, cartoons are shown on a rotating basis under the video page "Mickey & Friends". On Walt Disney Animation Studios' official YouTube channel, three complete cartoons have been released: Plane Crazy, Steamboat Willie, Hawaiian Holiday, most of Thru the Mirror as seen on the Disneyland episode "The Plausible Impossible".
As of 2018, the only complete re-release of the entire series has been in the "Walt Disney Treasures" DVD sets. The vast majority of the series appears between four two-disc sets: "Mickey Mouse in Black and White", "Mickey Mouse in Black and White, Volume Two", "Mickey Mouse in Living Color", "Mickey Mouse in Living Color, Volume Two". Film critic Leonard Maltin, who hosts the collection, implied that there was opposition to releasing the complete series because of some content now considered politically incorrect, such as racial and ethnic stereotypes. Maltin argued that releasing the material uncensored was the only way to "learn from the past"; the only film not included in this collection was the subsequently released Get a Horse! which first premiered at the Annecy International Animated Film Festival and was shown ahead of Frozen. List of Disney animated shorts Alice C
Mickey Mouse is a funny animal cartoon character and the mascot of The Walt Disney Company. He was created by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks at the Walt Disney Studios in 1928. An anthropomorphic mouse who wears red shorts, large yellow shoes, white gloves, Mickey is one of the world's most recognizable characters. Created as a replacement for a prior Disney character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Mickey first appeared in the short Plane Crazy, debuting publicly in the short film Steamboat Willie, one of the first sound cartoons, he went on to appear in over 130 films, including The Band Concert, Brave Little Tailor, Fantasia. Mickey appeared in short films, but occasionally in feature-length films. Ten of Mickey's cartoons were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film, one of which, Lend a Paw, won the award in 1942. In 1978, Mickey became the first cartoon character to have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Beginning in 1930, Mickey has been featured extensively as a comic strip character.
His self-titled newspaper strip, drawn by Floyd Gottfredson, ran for 45 years. Mickey has appeared in comic books such as Disney Italy's Topolino, MM - Mickey Mouse Mystery Magazine, Wizards of Mickey, in television series such as The Mickey Mouse Club and others, he appears in other media such as video games as well as merchandising and is a meetable character at the Disney parks. Mickey appears alongside his girlfriend Minnie Mouse, his pet dog Pluto, his friends Donald Duck and Goofy, his nemesis Pete, among others. Though characterized as a cheeky lovable rogue, Mickey was rebranded over time as a nice guy seen as an honest and bodacious hero. In 2009, Disney began to rebrand the character again by putting less emphasis on his friendly, well-meaning persona and reintroducing the more menacing and stubborn sides of his personality, beginning with the video game Epic Mickey. "I only hope that we never lose sight of one thing – that it was all started by a mouse." Mickey Mouse was created as a replacement for Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, an earlier cartoon character created by the Disney studio for Charles Mintz, a film producer who distributed product through Universal Studios.
In the spring of 1928, with the series going strong, Disney asked Mintz for an increase in the budget. But Mintz instead demanded that Walt take a 20 percent budget cut, as leverage, he reminded Disney that Universal owned the character, revealed that he had signed most of Disney's current employees to his new contract. Angrily, Disney refused the deal and returned to produce the final Oswald cartoons he contractually owed Mintz. Disney was determined to restart from scratch; the new Disney Studio consisted of animator Ub Iwerks and a loyal apprentice artist, Les Clark, who together with Wilfred Jackson were among the few who remained loyal to Walt. One lesson Disney learned from the experience was to thereafter always make sure that he owned all rights to the characters produced by his company. In the spring of 1928, Disney asked Ub Iwerks to start drawing up new character ideas. Iwerks tried sketches of various animals, such as dogs and cats, but none of these appealed to Disney. A female cow and male horse were rejected.
They would turn up as Clarabelle Cow and Horace Horsecollar. A male frog was rejected, it would show up in Iwerks' own Flip the Frog series. Walt Disney got the inspiration for Mickey Mouse from a tame mouse at his desk at Laugh-O-Gram Studio in Kansas City, Missouri. In 1925, Hugh Harman drew some sketches of mice around a photograph of Walt Disney; these inspired Ub Iwerks to create a new mouse character for Disney. "Mortimer Mouse" had been Disney's original name for the character before his wife, convinced him to change it, Mickey Mouse came to be. The actor Mickey Rooney claimed that, during his Mickey McGuire days, he met cartoonist Walt Disney at the Warner Brothers studio, that Disney was inspired to name Mickey Mouse after him; this claim, has been debunked by Disney historian Jim Korkis, since at the time of Mickey Mouse's development, Disney Studios had been located on Hyperion Avenue for several years, Walt Disney never kept an office or other working space at Warner Brothers, having no professional relationship with Warner Brothers, as the Alice Comedies and Oswald cartoons were distributed by Universal.
Disney had Ub Iwerks secretly begin animating a new cartoon while still under contract with Universal. The cartoon was co-directed by Ub Iwerks. Iwerks was the main animator for the short and spent six weeks working on it. In fact, Iwerks was the main animator for every Disney short released in 1928 and 1929. Hugh Harman and Rudolf Ising assisted Disney during those years, they had signed their contracts with Charles Mintz, but he was still in the process of forming his new studio and so for the time being they were still employed by Disney. This short would be the last. Mickey was first seen in a test screening of the cartoon short Plane Crazy, on May 15, 1928, but it failed to impress the audience and, to add insult to injury, Walt could not find a distributor. Though understandably disappointed, Walt went on to produce a second Mickey short, The Gallopin' Gaucho, not released for lack of a distributor. Steamboat Willie was first released on November 1928, in New York, it was co-directed by Ub Iwerks.
Iwerks again served as the head animator, assisted by Johnny Cannon, Les Clark, Wilfred Jackson and Dick Lundy. This short was intended as a parody of Buster Keaton'
Goofy is a funny-animal cartoon character created in 1932 at Walt Disney Productions. Goofy is a tall, anthropomorphic dog with a Southern drawl, wears a turtle neck and vest, with pants, white gloves, a tall hat designed as a rumpled fedora. Goofy is a close friend of Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck and is one of Disney's most recognizable characters, he is characterized as clumsy and dimwitted, yet this interpretation is not always definitive. Goofy debuted in animated cartoons, starting in 1932 with Mickey's Revue as Dippy Dawg, older than Goofy would come to be; the same year, he was re-imagined as a younger character, now called Goofy, in the short The Whoopee Party. During the 1930s, he was used extensively as part of a comedy trio with Donald. Starting in 1939, Goofy was given his own series of shorts that were popular in the 1940s and early 1950s. Two Goofy shorts were nominated for an Oscar: How to Play Aquamania, he co-starred in a short series with Donald, including Polar Trappers, where they first appeared without Mickey Mouse.
Three more Goofy shorts were produced in the 1960s after which Goofy was only seen in television and comics. He returned to theatrical animation in 1983 with Mickey's Christmas Carol, his last theatrical appearance was How to Hook Up Your Home Theater in 2007. Goofy has been featured in television, most extensively in Goof Troop, as well as House of Mouse and Mickey Mouse Clubhouse. Known as Dippy Dawg, the character is more known as "Goofy," a name used in his short film series. In his 1950s cartoons, he played a character called George Geef or G. G. Geef. Sources from the Goof Troop continuity give the character's full name as G. G. "Goofy" Goof in reference to the 1950s name. In many other sources, both animated and comics, the surname Goof continues to be used. In other 2000s-era comics, the character's full name has been given as Goofus D. Dawg. Of Disney studio animators, Art Babbitt is most regarded for the creation of the Goofy character, while original concept drawings were by Frank Webb.
In a 1930s lecture, Babbitt described the character as: "Think of the Goof as a composite of an everlasting optimist, a gullible Good Samaritan, a half-wit, a shiftless, good-natured colored boy and a hick". In the comics and his pre-1992 animated appearances, Goofy was portrayed as single and childless, though unlike Mickey and Donald he didn't have a steady girlfriend. In the Goof Troop series, Goofy was portrayed as a single father with a son named Max, the character of Max made further animated appearances until 2004; this marked a division between animation and comics, as the latter kept showing Goofy as a single childless character, excluding comics taking place in the Goof Troop continuity. After 2004, Max disappeared from animation. Goofy's wife was never shown, while George Geef's wife appeared—but always with her face unseen—in 1950s-produced cartoon shorts depicting the character as a "family man". In the comics, Goofy appears as Mickey's sidekick, though he is shown as a protagonist.
Goofy lives in Spoonerville in Goof Troop. In comics books and strips, Goofy's closest relatives are his nephew Gilbert, his adventurer cousin Arizona Goof, a spoof of the fictional archaeologist Indiana Jones, his grandmother called Grandma Goofy. Goofy's catchphrases are "gawrsh!", along with "ah-hyuck!", sometimes followed by a "hoo hoo hoo hoo!", the Goofy holler. According to biographer Neal Gabler, Walt Disney disliked the Goofy cartoons, thinking they were "stupid cartoons with gags tied together" with no larger narrative or emotional engagement and a step backwards to the early days of animation; as such, he threatened to terminate the series, but only continued it to provide make-work for his animators. Animation historian Michael Barrier is skeptical of Gabler's claim, saying that his source did not correspond with what was written. Goofy first appeared in Mickey's Revue, first released on May 25, 1932. Directed by Wilfred Jackson this short movie features Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, Horace Horsecollar and Clarabelle Cow performing another song and dance show.
Mickey and his gang's animated shorts by this point featured song and dance numbers. It begins as a typical Mickey cartoon of the time, but what would set this short apart from all that had come before was the appearance of a new character, whose behavior served as a running gag. Dippy Dawg, as he was named by Disney artists, was a member of the audience, he irritated his fellow spectators by noisily crunching peanuts and laughing loudly, until two of those fellow spectators knocked him out with their mallets. This early version of Goofy had other differences with the and more developed ones besides the name, he was an old man with a puffy tail and no trousers, shorts, or undergarments. But the short introduced Goofy's distinct laughter; this laughter was provided by Pinto Colvig. A younger Dippy Dawg appeared in The Whoopee Party, first released on September 17, 1932, as a party guest
The Barn Dance
The Barn Dance, first released on March 14, 1929, was the first of twelve Mickey Mouse shorts released during that year. It was directed by Walt Disney with Ub Iwerks as the head animator; the title is written as Barn Dance on the poster. The barn dance of the title is the occasion which brings together Minnie Mouse and her two suitors: Mickey and Peg-Leg Pete; the latter two and their vehicles are first seen arriving at Minnie's house in an attempt to pick her up for the dance. Mickey turns up in his horse-cart while Pete in a newly purchased automobile. Minnie chooses Pete to drive her to the dance but the automobile unexpectedly breaks down, she resorts to accepting Mickey's invitation. They are seen dancing together, but Mickey proves to be a rather clumsy dancer as he steps on Minnie's feet, she turns down his invitation for a second dance. She instead accepts that of Pete. Mickey attempts to solve his problem by placing a balloon in his shorts; that helps him to be "light on his feet" and he proceeds to ask Minnie for another dance.
She accepts and is surprised to find his dancing skills to have improved. Pete points it out to Minnie. Minnie is visibly disgusted by this attempt at deception; as a result, she resumes dancing with Pete, leaving Mickey crying on the floor. This short is notable for featuring Mickey turned down by Minnie in favor of Pete, it is an unusual appearance of the Pete character. In addition, Mickey was not depicted as a rather ineffective young suitor. In his sadness and crying over his failure, Mickey appears unusually vulnerable; the Barn Dance at Mickey Mouse Follies: Black and White The Barn Dance on IMDb The Barn Dance at The Encyclopedia of Disney Animated Shorts The Barn Dance on YouTube
Blue Rhythm is a 1931 American animated short film directed by Burt Gillett, produced by Walt Disney Productions and distributed by Columbia Pictures. It was the 31st short to star Mickey Mouse; the plot focuses on a multifaceted performance of W. C. Handy's "St. Louis Blues." The film features the voices of Walt Disney as Marcellite Garner as Minnie Mouse. The concert opens with Mickey on piano, his shadow is cast on the curtain as he plays a classical interlude. Soon he transitions into a ragtime version of "St. Louis Blues." Minnie struts onstage and sings the verse "I hate to see that evening sun go down..." with Mickey accompanying. Soon an unseen band takes over Mickey joins Minnie; as Mickey and Minnie exit stage right, the curtain rises to reveal the band – Pluto on trombone, two goats on violins, a Scottish Terrier on sousaphone, a pig on the cornet, Clarabelle Cow on a double bass, two Dachshunds on saxophones, Horace Horsecollar on a drum set and xylophone. After several interruptions, Mickey plays parodies Jazz bandleader Ted Lewis.
As the band plays the final notes of the climatic finale, they collectively jump on the bandstand and cause it to collapse. They reemerge from the debris to deliver a final "Yeah!" to the audience. 1931 – Original theatrical release 1998 – Ink & Paint Club, episode #44 "Musical Mickey" 2002 – "Walt Disney Treasures: Mickey Mouse in Black and White" Blue Rhythm at The Encyclopedia of Animated Disney Shorts Blue Rhythm at the Big Cartoon Database Blue Rhythm on IMDb Blue Rhythm at the Disney Film Project
Universe of Kingdom Hearts
The Kingdom Hearts video game series, developed by Square Enix in collaboration with Disney, is set in a universe consisting of numerous self-contained worlds based on intellectual properties from both companies. Many of these worlds are based on animated Disney movies, though Kingdom Hearts II introduced worlds based on live-action Disney films as well. In addition to the Disney worlds, a number of original worlds appear over the course of the series; the series centers on the character Sora, a boy who searches for his lost friends and encounters Disney and Final Fantasy characters as he travels between worlds. In the first game, Kingdom Hearts, Sora fights against the villains of the series known as the Heartless and seals each world he visits to prevent their return. In Kingdom Hearts II, Sora helps the residents of these worlds again in search of his friend Riku; the Kingdom Hearts games have been both critically acclaimed and commercially successful and the design of the worlds has been praised for its faithfulness to the source material.
Nomura intended hearts, as well as the strengths and connections of the heart, to be a common theme in the games. Characters within the Kingdom Hearts series are composed of three parts: body and heart; the body acts with the soul giving life to the body. The heart holds their memories, gives them emotion and darkness; the Kingdom Hearts games are divided into various game levels, referred to as "worlds", which the player progresses through over the course of each game. Worlds vary in appearance dependent on the Disney setting which they are based on; the worlds' graphics resemble the art style from the originating Disney film and the worlds are inhabited by characters from their respective films. The game worlds consist of interconnected field maps where plot-related events occur. Players travel between worlds in different ways each game, such as the "Gummi Ship" in the original Kingdom Hearts, "Keyblade glider" in Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep, "Corridors of Darkness" in 358/2 Days, "Sleeping Keyholes" in Dream Drop Distance.
Worlds created for the series mirror the overall appearance of the other worlds and predominantly feature characters from Final Fantasy games and original characters. Though Disney gave director Tetsuya Nomura freedom to choose which characters and worlds would be used in the games, he and his staff tried to stay within the established roles of characters and boundaries of the worlds. Nomura found keeping consistent multiple worlds to be problematic. After determining the number of worlds in the universe, Nomura picked ones he felt would fit into the series' scenario; the list was evaluated by his team and by Disney representatives. Nomura tried to maintain the same number of worlds in each game and made an effort to minimize any overlap in the overall look and feel of each world, he and his staff accomplished this by categorizing various Disney worlds by setting. For example, a world based on The Jungle Book was considered for the first game, but was omitted due to its similarity to Deep Jungle from Tarzan.
They tried to take into account worlds with Disney characters that would be interesting. For example, Nomura chose to include a Mulan world for its unique atmosphere; the Tron world's design was meant to emulate an old computer game in the style of the 1982 film. Nomura got the idea to include this world after seeing a Disney employee working on Tron 2.0. He hoped that the fact that it was so different from the other worlds would make it enjoyable to players; the Heartless are creatures born from the darkness of people's hearts, lacking a body or soul, serving as the most common type of enemy the player encounters in the Kingdom Hearts series. Their name is derived despite originating from people's hearts; when darkness consumes a character's heart, they become turn into Heartless. The Heartless act as forces of darkness, including those of worlds; the Heartless exist within an all-encompassing variety, the "Pureblood". Before the events of the first Kingdom Hearts, these Purebloods are only encountered in the realm of darkness, although people with a strong will may summon them to the realm of light.
While studying the Pureblood Heartless, as a side effect of their research to control the mind through the heart and Ansem's other apprentices devise the means to create artificial "Emblem" Heartless via the corruption of living hearts, which are differentiated from Purebloods by an insignia on their bodies. Unlike Purebloods, Emblem Heartless release hearts once defeated. However, unless the Keyblade is used to defeat the Heartless, the stolen hearts go to the realm of darkness where they turn into Heartless again. This, combined with Maleficent's quest to gather the seven Princesses of Heart by using the forces of darkness, make the Heartless a common sight within the realm of light by the events of the first Kingdom Hearts. Ordinarily, the Heartless function on instinct, but obey those with strong will. However, in worlds closer to darkness, the Heartless are stronger and become uncontrollable, they invade worlds through corridors of darkness, which are unpredictable pathways that interlink the many worlds.
When Heartless are created, the body and soul of those with strong hearts that have lost their hearts to darkness become another type of creature called Nobody. As they lack hearts possessing light and darkness, they are "nothing", yet still exist within the Kingdom Hea