Balnot-sur-Laignes is a French commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Balnotières; the commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Balnot-sur-Laignes is located 10 km south of Bar-sur-Seine. Access to the commune is by the D452 road from Polisy in the north which passes down the eastern side of the commune just east of the village and continues south to Les Riceys; the D26 comes from Neuville-sur-Seine in the east and passes through the village continuing south-west to Bagneux-la-Fosse. The D184 from Avirey-Lingey passes through the western arm of the commune going north-west to join the D36; the commune is farmland in the west with a belt of dense forest through the centre. The Laignes river forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Seine at Polisy. During the French revolution the commune, called Balnot-le-Châtel, changed its name to Balnot-sur-Laignes.
List of Successive Mayors In 2010 the commune had 159 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 A War Memorial for French Pacifists with the inscription "Maudite soit la guerre"; the Parish Church contains many items that are registered as historical monuments: Communes of the Aube department Balnot-sur-Laignes on the old National Geographic Institute website Balnot-sur-Laignes on Lion1906 Balnot le Châtel on the 1750 Cassini Map Balnot-sur-Laignes on the INSEE website INSEE
Departments of France
In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, five are overseas departments, which are classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council. From 1800 to April 2015, these were called general councils; each council has a president. Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school buildings and technical staff, local roads and school and rural buses, a contribution to municipal infrastructures. Local services of the state administration are traditionally organised at departmental level, where the prefect represents the government; the departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity.
All of them were named after physical geographical features, rather than after historical or cultural territories which could have their own loyalties. The division of France into departments was a project identified with the French revolutionary leader the Abbé Sieyès, although it had been discussed and written about by many politicians and thinkers; the earliest known suggestion of it is from 1764 in the writings of d'Argenson. They have inspired similar divisions in some of them former French colonies. Most French departments are assigned a two-digit number, the "Official Geographical Code", allocated by the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. Overseas departments have a three-digit number; the number is used, for example, in the postal code, was until used for all vehicle registration plates. While residents use the numbers to refer to their own department or a neighbouring one, more distant departments are referred to by their names, as few people know the numbers of all the departments.
For example, inhabitants of Loiret might refer to their department as "the 45". In 2014, President François Hollande proposed to abolish departmental councils by 2020, which would have maintained the departments as administrative divisions, to transfer their powers to other levels of governance; this reform project has since been abandoned. The first French territorial departments were proposed in 1665 by Marc-René d'Argenson to serve as administrative areas purely for the Ponts et Chaussées infrastructure administration. Before the French Revolution, France gained territory through the annexation of a mosaic of independent entities. By the close of the Ancien Régime, it was organised into provinces. During the period of the Revolution, these were dissolved in order to weaken old loyalties; the modern departments, as all-purpose units of the government, were created on 4 March 1790 by the National Constituent Assembly to replace the provinces with what the Assembly deemed a more rational structure.
Their boundaries served two purposes: Boundaries were chosen to break up France's historical regions in an attempt to erase cultural differences and build a more homogeneous nation. Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a day's ride of the capital of a department; this was a security measure, intended to keep the entire national territory under close control. This measure was directly inspired by the Great Terror, during which the government had lost control of many rural areas far from any centre of government; the old nomenclature was avoided in naming the new departments. Most were named after other physical features. Paris was in the department of Seine. Savoy became the department of Mont-Blanc; the number of departments 83, had been increased to 130 by 1809 with the territorial gains of the Republic and of the First French Empire. Following Napoleon's defeats in 1814–1815, the Congress of Vienna returned France to its pre-war size and the number of departments was reduced to 86.
In 1860, France acquired the County of Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Two were added from the new Savoyard territory, while the department of Alpes-Maritimes was created from Nice and a portion of the Var department; the 89 departments were given numbers based on the alphabetical order of their names. The department of Bas-Rhin and parts of Meurthe, Moselle and Haut-Rhin were ceded to the German Empire in 1871, following France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. A small part of Haut-Rhin became known as the Territoire de Belfort; when France regained the ceded departments after World War I, the Territoire de Belfort was not re-integrated into Haut-Rhin. In 1922, it became France's 90th department; the Lorraine departments were not changed back to their original boundaries, a new Moselle department was created in the regaine
Arconville is a French commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arconvillois or Arconvilloises Arconville is located some 60 km east by south-east of Troyes and 36 km west by north-west of Chaumont. Access to the commune is by road D101 from Bergères in the west passing through the commune and the village and continuing east to join the D12 west of Longchamp-sur-Aujon; the D12 forms most of the southern border of the commune as it goes from Champignol-lez-Mondeville to Longchamp-sur-Aujon. The D70 road passes south through the west of the commune from Baroville in the north to Champignol-lez-Mondeville in the south-west; the east of the commune is forested with forests in the south-west and north-west as well. The rest of the commune is farmland. List of Successive Mayors. A Hall church from the 18th century, inter-denominational, dedicated to Saint MartinThe church contains many items that are registered as historical objects: Communes of the Aube department Arconville on the National Geographic Instituite website Arconville on Lion1906 Arconville on Google Maps Arconville on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Arconville on the 1750 Cassini Map Arconville on the INSEE website INSEE
Avreuil is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France. Avreuil is located some 30 km south by 10 km west of Chaource. Access to the commune is by road D23 from Chamoy in the north which passes through the heart of the commune and the village and continues south to Bernon; the D58 road passes through the north of the commune connecting roads D122 and D27. The D171 goes west from the village to Davrey. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Les Basses-Voies, Les Teignes, Les Bordes. There is a large forest in the south and a forest called Les Saulons in the north with the rest of the commune farmland; the Armance river flows through the north of the commune from east to west where it continues to join the Armançon at Saint-Florentin. The Landion flows through the centre of the commune and the village from east to west and joins the Armance just west of the commune; the Tremagne forms the north-eastern border of the commune as it flows south to join the Armance on the eastern border.
List of Successive Mayors In 2010 the commune had 160 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The Town Hall contains two items that are registered as historical objects: A Liturgical Book: Psalter A Liturgical Book: Antiphonary The Church of Notre-Dame of the Assumption is registered as an historical monument; the Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects: Communes of the Aube department Avreuil on the old IGN website Avreuil on Lion1906 Avreuil on Google Maps Avreuil on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Avreuil on the 1750 Cassini Map Avreuil on the INSEE website INSEE
Bagneux-la-Fosse is a French commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bagnolaises. Bagneux-la-Fosse is located some 40 km east of Saint-Florentin and 15 km south-west of Bar-sur-Seine. Access to the commune is by the D32 road from Avirey-Lingey in the north which passes through the village before continuing south to join the D452 which continues to Channes; the D17 goes west from the village the north-west to Pargues. The D26 goes north-east to Neuville-sur-Seine. There is a large forest in the north-west of the commune and a smaller forest in the south-east with the rest of the commune farmland; the Sarce river flows through the commune from south to north just east of the village and continues north to join the Seine at Virey-sous-Bar. List of Successive Mayors In 2010 the commune had 175 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793.
From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The Church is registered as an historical monument; the church contains many items that are registered as historical objects: Communes of the Aube department Bagneux-la-Fosse on the old National Geographic Institute website Bagneux-la-Fosse on Lion1906 Bagneux-la-Fosse on Google Maps Bagneux-la-Fosse on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Bagneux on the 1750 Cassini Map Bagneux-la-Fosse on the INSEE website INSEE
Grand Est Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, is an administrative region in eastern France. It superseded three former administrative regions—Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, Lorraine—on 1 January 2016, as a result of territorial reform, passed by the French legislature in 2014. Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine was a provisional name, created by hyphenating the merged regions in alphabetical order. France's Conseil d'État approved Grand Est as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016; the administrative capital and largest city is Strasbourg. The provisional name of the region was Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, formed by combining the names of the three present regions—Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, Lorraine—in alphabetical order with hyphens; the formula for the provisional name of the region was established by the territorial reform law and applied to all but one of the provisional names for new regions. The ACAL regional council, elected in December 2015, was given the task of choosing a name for the region and submitting it to the Conseil d'État—France's highest authority for administrative law—by 1 July 2016 for approval.
The provisional name of the region was retired on 30 September 2016, when the new name of the region, Grand Est, took effect. In Alsace and in Lorraine, the new region has been called ALCA, for Alsace-Lorraine-Champagne-Ardennes, on the internet. Like the name Région Hauts-de-France, the name Région Grand Est contains no reference whatsoever to the area's history or identity, but describes its geographical location within metropolitan France. In a poll conducted in November 2014 by France 3 in Champagne-Ardenne, Grand Est and Austrasie were the top two names among 25 candidates and 4,701 votes. Grand Est topped a poll the following month conducted by L'Est Républicain, receiving 42% of 3,324 votes; the names which received a moderate amount of discussion were: Grand Est français, a term used to refer to the northeast quarter of Metropolitan France, although this term refers to a geographic region larger than just ACAL. The term has been used and topped the polls mentioned above. Grand Est Europe, a variant of Grand Est that alludes to the region being a gateway to Europe both through trade and since Strasbourg is home to several European institutions.
However, the name was mocked for. Austrasie, which refers to an historical region spanning parts of present-day northeast France, the Benelux, northwest Germany. Quatre frontières. Grand Est is the sixth-largest of the regions of France. Grand Est borders four countries—Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland—along its northern and eastern sides, it is the only French region to border more than two countries. To the west and south, it borders the French regions Hauts-de-France, Île-de-France, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. Grand Est contains ten departments: Ardennes, Bas-Rhin, Haute-Marne, Haut-Rhin, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Moselle, Vosges; the main ranges in the region include the Vosges to the Ardennes to the north. The region is bordered on the east by the Rhine. Other major rivers which flow through the region include the Meuse, Marne, Saône. Lakes in the region include lac de Gérardmer, lac de Longemer, lac de Retournemer, lac des Corbeaux, Lac de Bouzey, lac de Madine, étang du Stock and lac de Pierre-Percée.
Grand Est climate depends of the proximity of the sea. In Champagne and Western Lorraine, the climate is oceanic, with mild summers, but Moselle and Alsace climates are humid continental, characterized by cold winters with frequent days below the freezing point, hot summers, with many days with temperatures up to 32°C. Grand Est is the result of territorial reform legislation passed in 2014 by the French Parliament to reduce the number of regions in Metropolitan France—the part of France in continental Europe—from 22 to 13. ACAL is the merger of three regions: Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, Lorraine; the merger has been, still is opposed by some groups in Alsace, a large majority of Alsatians. The territorial reform law allows new regions to choose the seat of the regional councils, but made Strasbourg the seat of the Grand Est regional council—a move to appease the region's politicians; the region has an official population of 5,555,186. The regional council has limited administrative authority concerning the promotion of the region's economy and financing educational and cultural activities.
The regional council has no legislative authority. The seat of the regional council will be Strasbourg; the regional council, elected in December 2015, is controlled by The Republicans. The elected inaugural president of the Grand Est Regional Council is Philippe Richert, the President of the Alsace Regional Council; the current president is Jean Rottner. The region has five tram networks: Strasbourg tramway Reims tramway Nancy Guided Light Transit Mulhouse tramway Saarbahn The region has four airports: EuroAirport Basel M
Assenay is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Asnacussiens. Assenay is located some 12 km south of Saint-André-les-Vergers and 4 km east by north-east of Villery. Access to the commune is by the D1 23 road from Saint-Jean-de-Bonneval in the south-west passing through the village and continuing to Villy-le-Maréchal in the north-east; the D 25 road from Saint-Jean-de-Bonneval to Moussey passes through the north of the commune. Apart from a few scattered patches of forest the commune is farmland; the Mogne river flows through the south of the commune from south-west to north-east. The Ruisseau d'Ormont flows eastwards through the village to join the Mogne east of the commune. List of Successive Mayors In 2010 the commune had 151 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.
Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Communes of the Aube department Assenay on the old IGN website Assenay on Google Maps Assenay on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Assenay on the 1750 Cassini Map Assenay on the INSEE website INSEE