Guragone language

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RegionNorthern Territory
Native speakers
46 (2016 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3gge

Gurr-goni, also spelled Guragone, Gorogone, Gun-Guragone, Gunagoragone, Gungorogone, Gurrogone, Gutjertabia, is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken in Arnhem Land. There were about 60 speakers in 2011, all trilingual in Burarra or Gunwinggu.[4]

Further reading[edit]

Capell, A. 1942. Languages of Arnhem Land, North Australia. Oceania, 12 (4), 364-392.

Elwell, Vanessa. 1977. Multilingualism and lingua francas among Australian Aborigines: A case study of Maningrida. Honours Thesis, Australian National University.

Elwell, Vanessa. 1982. Some social factors affecting multilingualism among Aboriginal Australians: a case study of Maningrida. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 36: 83-103.

Green, Rebecca. 1995. A Grammar of Gurr-goni. PhD thesis, Australian National University, Canberra.

Green, Rebecca. 2003. Gurr-goni, a minority language in a multilingual community: Surviving into the 21st century. In Blythe, Joe and Brown, R. McKenna (eds.),Maintaining the links: language, identity and the land. Foundation for Endangered Languages Conference, Broome, 22–24 September 2003. Bath, UK: Foundation for Endangered Languages.

Green, Rebecca. 2003. Proto Maningrida within Proto Arnhem: evidence from verbal inflectional suffixes. In N. Evans (Ed.), The non-Pama-Nyungan languages of Northern Australia: comparative studies of the continent's most linguistically complex region (pp. 369–421). Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Handelsmann, Robert. 1996. Needs Survey of Community Languages: Central Arnhem Land, Northern Territory (Maningrida and Outstations). Report to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission, Canberra.


  1. ^ "Census 2016, Language spoken at home by Sex (SA2+)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2017-10-29.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Guragone". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Guragone at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  4. ^ Guragone language at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)