click links in text for more info

Gurun, Kedah

Gurun is a mukim in Kuala Muda District, Malaysia. "Gurun" in English means desert, however the town does not resemble in the slightest the meaning of its English translation. Gurun derived its name from the word "gerun", which means terrify or "kurun" meaning elephant in the Siamese dialect; these words are associated with an incident during the reign of King Ekataat’s grandsons, Sultan Jaafar Mad Azam Syah, Sultan of Islamic Siam Kingdom of Ayutthia, killed in 1876 by the invading Thai armies when they crushed his body using an elephant. This incident took place behind the current Gurun Police Station. Administratively, is under the district of Kuala Muda and falls within the local government administration of Sungai Petani Municipal Council. Gurun is designated as N22 for the Kedah State Legislative Council Zone and is represented by Dr Leong Yong Kong who defeated Salma binti Ismail with majority of 1,296 votes in the 2013 General Election, its Member of Parliament is Datuk Seri Jamil Khir bin Baharom.

Firdaus Ja'afar by a majority of 1,196 votes. Gurun is between Guar Chempedak to the north and Bedong to the south and can be reached via a highway; the main road junction in the town center connects the eastern part of Kedah to the town of Jeniang and the district of Sik. The junction was shifted to a new location situated in front of Gurun Post Office due to the construction of Malaysian double track railroad; the construction of Gurun Railway Station is a part of the Bukit Mertajam - Alor Setar railway extension project started in late 1912 and completed in 1915. The project was carried out under the Federated Malay States Railway Administration and the Pinang Tunggal to Gurun track was opened to the public on 1 March 1915 and the Gurun to Alor Star on 4 October 1915; the station was now demolished in order to make way for a new railway station located about 1 kilometer to north of the old station. Gunung Jerai known as Kedah Peak, is a massive limestone outcrop situated to the west of Gurun and is the highest point in Kedah rising 986 metres.

It is the main tourist attraction to Gurun. Gurun is well known for its corn stalls. Rows of these stalls stand along the federal trunk road from the town of Gurun to the town of Guar Chempedak. Gurun is known for the starting point of Wan Mat Saman Canal, the longest canal in Malaysia with 36 km that stretch out until Alor Setar town, where it connects Gurun River to Kedah River; the construction of the canal started on 13 August 1885 and was completed on 12 July 1896 and the soil, dig out to create the canal formed "batas ban", which formed the foundation for the current federal trunk road to the state capital Alor Setar. Until the 1990s, Gurun is well known for its vegetables products and was recognised as the main vegetables and corn producer for Kedah. Apart from that, several rubber estates such Havard Estate and Jentayu Estate in the main commodity players for Kedah. Gurun has its own iron ore mines located to the south of Gurun town, a place known as Bukit Merah. Gurun was designated as the industrial area for heavy industry in the 1980s by the government.

The Perwaja Beam and Rolling Mill was set up. The landscape of Gurun changed. Gurun is now the home of major factories, such as Naza, Perwaja Steel, & Petronas Fertilizer Kedah. East of Gurun, at 5°48′45″N 100°32′06″E, there is the HVDC static inverter plant of HVDC Thailand-Malaysia; the most remarkable feature of this facility is, that the static inverter hall of this facility looks like a Chinese building. During the period of Thai invasion in 1876-1881 and continued until the early 1900s, Gurun became well known as a base for local heroes such as Panglima Nayan, who operated from his hometown of Jeniang, about 10 miles to the east of Gurun; the strategic location of Gurun that connects every town in Kedah had enabled these warriors to plan and executed their activities without any fear from the occupying forces. During the Second World War, Gurun became the line of defense for the 11th Indian Division in the Battle of Gurun in early December, 1941. However, the British strategy was poorly executed and they were overrun by the Japanese army.

During the Malayan Emergency period, Gurun was among the first areas declared as a "White Area". Gurun served as the forward staging base for the Commonwealth forces launching their operations against communist insurgents. Horbart Camp, located on 8 mile peg of the Gurun-Jeniang road, was the base for these activities and served as the training camp for units waiting to be sent into the jungle for operations; the Horbart Camp still functions as a training camp today. The most prominent building in Gurun is the former United Transport Company bus station; however today, the building is no longer functioned as bus station because it was turned into a grocery store. However the taxi station is still. Gurun enjoyed treated water earlier than electricity. By the 1980s, majority of Gurun area enjoyed these 2 services. By the 1980s North South Expressway project start to kick off which linked Gurun to Alor Setar; however the expressway exit was not at the present location but located at Kampung Guar Nenas.

The original road for this exit still usable by the public. Gurun has a railway station, served by KTM Intercity and KTM ETS trains. In 1911, Kedah State Government opened a Malay School in this town and the school still survives until now, it is now known as Sekolah Rendah Kebangsaan Gurun Pusat. The school provide

Daniels, West Virginia

Daniels is a census-designated place in Raleigh County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 1,881 at the 2010 census. Daniels is located at 37°44′23″N 81°7′29″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.6 square miles, all land. Daniels is located on U. S. Route 19, south of Interstate 64; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,846 people, 818 households, 525 families living in the CDP. The population density was 395.0 people per square mile. There were 913 housing units at an average density of 195.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.72% White, 1.08% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.16% from other races, 0.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population. There were 818 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.7% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.70. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 24.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $27,955, the median income for a family was $40,125. Males had a median income of $29,519 versus $20,000 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $22,266. About 11.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over

Esaka Station

Esaka Station is a railway station in Suita, Japan, on the Osaka Metro Midosuji Line and the Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway Namboku Line. The station is numbered "M11". Esaka Station is served by the Osaka Metro Midosuji Line and the Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway Namboku Line; the station consists of an elevated island platform serving two tracks. The second floor has a wicket concourse; the platform is located on the third floor. The station opened on 24 February 1970. Duskin headquarters Acecook headquarters Kirindo headquarters F&M headquarters SNK headquarters Shin-Osaka/Esaka Tokyu Inn Yoyogi Seminar, Esaka school Daido Life Insurance building Esaka park Suita municipal library Cat Music College Hobby Center Kato Osaka National Route 423 National Route 479 Official website Template:Osaka Metro Midosuji Line Template:Kita-Osaka Kyuko Railway Namboku Line

Bob Thomason

Robert Lesley "Bob" Thomason, Jr. is a retired American college basketball coach. He coached the University of the Pacific Tigers men's basketball team for 25 seasons from 1988 to 2013. In 25 years at Pacific, Thomason has the most wins in school and Big West history with 437, he was named Big West Conference Coach of the Year five times. Born in San Jose, Thomason graduated from Clayton Valley High School in Concord in 1967, where he played for coach Bruce Iverson. Thomson attended the University of the Pacific in Stockton. At Pacific, Thomason played shooting guard for the Pacific Tigers from 1968 to 1971, he graduated with a degree in physical education and was an All-West Coast Conference selection as a senior after leading Pacific to the 1971 NCAA Tournament and averaging 17.2 points. Thomason became an assistant coach at Stagg High School in Stockton in 1971, he became head varsity basketball coach at Escalon High School in 1973 and Turlock High School in 1976. He led Turlock to the school's first conference title in 25 years.

In 1981, Thomason became head coach at a junior college in Sonora, California. In four seasons at Columbia, Thomason had a 75–49 record and led Columbia to its first-ever Central Valley Conference title in 1985. Thomason moved up to the NCAA Division III ranks as head coach at Cal State Stanislaus in 1985. In three seasons at Cal State Stanislaus, Thomason had a 52–27 record and led the school to a berth in the 1987 NCAA Tournament. Thomason would stay for 25 seasons. With a 437–321 record, he led Pacific to five NCAA Tournament appearances and six Big West Conference regular season championships. *Includes a win by forfeit over California in 1994-95. Pacific profile

Judaai (song)

"Judaai" is a Hindi song from the 2015 Bollywood film Badlapur. Composed by Sachin–Jigar, the song is sung by Arijit Singh and Rekha Bhardwaj, with lyrics by Dinesh Vijan Priya Saraiya; the music video of the track features actors Yami Gautam. On 22 January 2015, The Times of India revealed that a track from the film titled "Judaai" will "complete the film's musical story" and marks the first collaboration of Arijit Singh and Rekha Bhardwaj in a duet; the duo had earlier worked in Barfi! where Bhardwaj and Singh performed the original and reprise version of the song "Phir Le Aya Dil" respectively. Apart from Barfi!, they worked together in "Kabira" from Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani, where Bhardwaj performed the original version while Singh performed the encore version of the song. The song was materialised in 90 minutes. Sachin Sanghvi from the composer duo Sachin–Jigar stated. We knew that their voices would make the song unforgettable". Regarding Bhardwaj's recording experience with Sachin–Jigar, she mentioned.

As they composed the music keeping me in mind, I tried my best to deliver better. The way they have made me sing in a high octave, it is something which I could achieve only because of them"; the released music video consists of several snippets from the film, showcasing various phases of Raghu's life. According to, the song "shows how one feels when they are separated from the one they love under tragic circumstances". It was conceptualised as a setback where Dhawan reminiscence his past life with his child. Dhawan, picking the song as his personal favourite song from the album declared that the "video of "Judaai" is what Badlapur is, that's how sensitive the film is". "Judaai" was digitally released on 23 January 2015 as part of the soundtrack album of the film. The music video of the song was released on 2 February 2015, through the YouTube channel of Eros Now. "Judaai" was the third track released from the album, after "Jee Karda" and "Jeena Jeena". Joginder Tuteja writing from applauded the "unconventional pairing" of Bhardwaj and Singh: "Both singers are known for their quality output and it is good to hear them together in this offbeat duet".

Further mentioning that the lyrics too are "unconventional", Tuteja opined that it "may not become a chartbuster, but it makes for good listening". Suanshu Khurana from The Indian Express mentioned how Sachin–Jigar broke the "monotony of Bharadwaj's folksy voice" by giving her a song where she has to stick to bass notes and not go beyond bass scale. Khurana felt that "Judaai" is packaged with Singh's voice, "who is his usual self"; the Times of India's Kasmin Fernandes wrote. It is a lounge song that gets a dreamy treatment with the sarangi, heard throughout". Rajiv Vijayakar from Bollywood Hungama expressed a mixed response to the lyrics of the song. Vijayakar thought the lyrics have an "unnecessarily high proportion" of Punjabi, though some of the "lines connect, with their simple familiar language". Regarding the vocals, Vijayakar affirmed that Singh "overshadows" Bhardwaj, "which does not happen every day, given her calibre and skills". Rucha Sharma of Daily News and Analysis stated; the use of the sarangi touches your heart".

According to Surabhi Redkar of Koimoi, "Judaai" proved "how versatile Sachin-Jigar are since they are the composers who have given us peppy numbers in the past". He further commented that both Singh and Bhardwaj "give their best and the soft musical arrangements give it the required calm"

Human rights in the Marshall Islands

The Marshall Islands is a country in the Pacific spread over 29 coral atolls, with 1,156 islands and islets. It has an estimated population of 68,480 and is one of the sixteen member states of the Pacific Islands Forum. Since 1979, the Marshall Islands has been self-governing. While the Marshall Islands has a Bill of Rights guaranteeing fundamental rights and freedom from discrimination, it is home to a number of human rights issues. According to the Marshall Islands 2015 Human Rights Report, the "most significant human rights problems included prison conditions, chronic government corruption, chronic domestic violence" and other human rights problems included "child abuse, sex trafficking, lack of legal provisions protecting workers' rights." As a member state of the United Nations the Marshall Islands is subject to the Universal Periodic Review, a process that involves a review of human rights records. By the time of its UPR in 2010, the Marshall Islands, among other states in the Asia Pacific, was reluctant to form a National Human Rights Institution despite recommendations for its establishment from the Human Rights Council.

However, in 2015 the Marshall Islands passed legislation to set up a Human Rights Committee and related procedures. The Marshall Islands has ratified the following agreements: Convention on the rights of the child Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women Convention against corruption Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities However, no international treaty has force in law until it is approved by the Nitijela. Although the Marshall Islands intends to ratify the outstanding human rights conventions, its resource constraints have made full implementation of human rights conventions difficult in the past; the Constitution of the Republic of the Marshall Islands sets out the powers and functions of the executive and judicial branches of Government. Article II of the Constitution contains a Bill of Rights which outlines the basic rights afforded to people in the Marshall Islands; these rights include equal protection to men and women and freedom from discrimination, personal autonomy and privacy, access to health education and legal services, ethical government and other rights retained by the people.

Jean Zorn says that the rights expressed and explained in Article II "tend to follow American models with no particular modifications to make them applicable to the special circumstances and culture of the Marshalls". Additionally, the Bill of Rights has been criticised for being of "such liberality that its practical application by would serve to defeat the purposes of the criminal justice system taking into account the circumstances now prevailing in the Republic." In 2015, the Nitijela enacted the Human Rights Committee Act 2015 in order to establish a Human Rights Committee and to provide for its "membership, functions and administration" as well as to "establish a complaints mechanism for the redress of human rights violations". The death penalty was abolished by the Constitution when the small Pacific archipelago became independent in 1986. Legislative power is vested in the Nitijela; the Nitijela has 33 seats. Access to electoral processes is protected of the Bill of Rights. A citizen of the Marshall Islands is not qualified to be registered as an elector if he or she: is under the age of 18 is certified to be insane is serving a sentence of imprisonment or is released on parole or probation in respect of his or her conviction for a felonyAbsentee voting is allowed.

Since many Marshallese reside in the US, the majority of votes are cast by people who are not experiencing life in the Marshall Islands. Access to judicial process is protected by section 14 of the Bill of Rights. According to subsection 1, "very person has the right to invoke the judicial process as a means of vindicating any interest preserved or created by law, subject only to regulations which limit access to courts on a non-discriminatory basis."Furthermore, section 4 of the Bill of Rights entitled, "Due Process and Fair Trials", expresses that "no person shall be deprived of... liberty, or property without due process of law." The Constitution expressly provides for freedom of thought and belief. This seems to have been adhered to as there have been no reports of major societal actions affecting religious freedom. While the majority of the population belongs to the United Church of Christ, there are a number of other religions practised and there is no one particular religion enforced in public schools.

Rather, most schools begin and end certain events with an interdenominational Christian prayer. Freedom of expression is guaranteed by section 1 of the Bill of Rights, which states that no-one will be penalised on the basis of disagreement with the ideas or beliefs expressed; the Government is the main employer in the Marshall Islands. There is no legislation relating to trade union organisation or striking; the current minimum wage is USD2.00 per hour but a 2016 Amendment Bill intends to increase the amount to USD3.00 per hour. The minimum wage is lower than in the US. This, along with the fact that the Compact of Free Association entitles Marshallese citizens to live and study in the US visa-free as "non-immigrant residents", has resulted in many Marshallese citizens migrating to the US for its higher wages and standards of living; the Marshall Islands has been a member of the International Labour Organization since 2007, its involvement has been limited. Section 12 of the Bill of Rights headed, "Equal protection and Freedom from Discrimination", guarantees