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Gustav III of Sweden

Gustav III note on dates was King of Sweden from 1771 until his assassination in 1792. He was the eldest son of Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden and Queen Louise Ulrika, a first cousin of Empress Catherine the Great of Russia by reason of their common descent from Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin, his wife Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach. Gustav was a vocal opponent of what he saw as the abuse of political privileges seized by the nobility since the death of King Charles XII. Seizing power from the government in a coup d'état, called the Swedish Revolution, in 1772 that ended the Age of Liberty, he initiated a campaign to restore a measure of Royal autocracy, completed by the Union and Security Act of 1789, which swept away most of the powers exercised by the Swedish Riksdag during the Age of Liberty, but at the same time it opened up the government for all citizens, thereby breaking the privileges of the nobility. A bulwark of enlightened despotism, Gustav spent considerable public funds on cultural ventures, which were controversial among his critics, as well as military attempts to seize Norway with Russian aid a series of attempts to re-capture the Swedish Baltic dominions lost during the Great Northern War through the failed war with Russia.

Nonetheless, his successful leadership in the Battle of Svensksund averted a complete military defeat and signified that Swedish military might was to be countenanced. An admirer of Voltaire, Gustav legalized Catholic and Jewish presence in Sweden and enacted wide-ranging reforms aimed at economic liberalism, social reform and the restriction, in many cases, of torture and capital punishment; the much-praised Freedom of the Press Act of 1766 was curtailed, however, by amendments in 1774 and 1792 extinguishing independent media. Following the uprising against the French monarchy in 1789, Gustav pursued an alliance of princes aimed at crushing the insurrection and re-instating his French counterpart, King Louis XVI, offering Swedish military assistance as well as his leadership. In 1792 he was mortally wounded by a gunshot in the lower back during a masquerade ball as part of an aristocratic-parliamentary coup attempt, but managed to assume command and quell the uprising before succumbing to sepsis 13 days a period during which he received apologies from many of his political enemies.

Gustav's immense powers were placed in the hands of a regency under his brother Prince Carl and Gustaf Adolf Reuterholm until his son and successor Gustav IV Adolf reached adulthood in 1796. The Gustavian autocracy thus survived until 1809, when his son was ousted in another coup d'état, which definitively established parliament as the dominant political power. A patron of the arts and benefactor of arts and literature, Gustav founded the Swedish Academy, created a national costume and had the Royal Swedish Opera built. In 1772 he founded the Royal Order of Vasa to acknowledge and reward those Swedes who had contributed to advances in the fields of agriculture and commerce. In 1777, Gustav III was the first formally neutral head of state in the world to recognize the United States during its war for independence from Great Britain. Swedish military forces were engaged by the thousands on the side of the colonists through the French expedition force. Through the acquisition of Saint Barthélemy in 1784, Gustav enabled the restoration, if symbolic, of Swedish overseas colonies in America, as well as great personal profits from the transatlantic slave trade.

Gustav III was known in Sweden and abroad by his Royal Titles, or styles: Gustav, by the Grace of God, of the Swedes, the Goths and the Vends King, Grand Prince of Finland, Duke of Pomerania, Prince of Rügen and Lord of Wismar, Heir to Norway and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and Dithmarschen, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst, etc. Gustav was born in Stockholm, he was placed under the tutelage of Hedvig Elisabet Strömfelt until the age of five educated under the care of two governors who were among the most eminent Swedish statesmen of the day: Carl Gustaf Tessin and Carl Fredrik Scheffer. Nonetheless, he owed most of what shaped him during his early education to the poet and historian Olof von Dalin. State interference with his education as a young child caused significant political disruptions within the royal family. Gustav's parents taught him to despise the governors imposed upon him by the Riksdag, the atmosphere of intrigue and duplicity in which he grew up made him precociously experienced in the art of dissimulation.

His most hostile teachers were amazed by his combination of natural gifts. Moreover, he possessed as a boy the charm of manner, to make him so fascinating and so dangerous in life, coupled with a strong dramatic instinct that won him an honourable place in Swedish literature. On the whole, Gustav can not be said to have been well educated, his enthusiasm for the ideas of the French enlightenment was as sincere as that of his mother, if more critical. Gustav married Princess Sophia Magdalena, daughter of King Frederick V of Denmark, by proxy in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, on 1 October 1766 and in person in Stockholm on 4 November 1766. Gustav was first impressed by Sophia Magdalena's beauty, but her silent nature made her a disappointment in court life; the match was not a happy one, owing to an incompatibility of temperament, but still more to the interference of Gustav's jealous mother, Queen Louisa Ulrika. The marriage produced two children: Crown Prince Gustav Adolf, Prince Carl Gustav, Duk

Second Sănătescu cabinet

The second cabinet of Constantin Sănătescu was the government of Romania from 4 November to 5 December 1944. The ministers of the cabinet were as follows: President of the Council of Ministers:Gen. Constantin Sănătescu Vice President of the Council of Ministers:Petru Groza Minister of Internal Affairs:Nicolae Penescu Minister of Foreign Affairs:Constantin Vișoianu Minister of Finance:Mihail Romniceanu Minister of Justice:Lucrețiu Pătrășcanu Minister of National Education:Ștefan Voitec Minister of Religious Affairs and the Arts:Ghiță Pop Minister of War: Gen. Constantin Sănătescu Minister of War Production:Constantin C. Brătianu Minister of Agriculture and PropertyIoan Hudiță Minister of National Economy:Aurel Leucuția Minister of Communications:Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej Minister of Public Works:Virgil Solomon Minister of Cooperation:Gheorghe Fotino Minister of Labour:Lothar Rădăceanu Minister of Social Insurance:Gheorghe Nicolau Minister of Health and Social Assistance:Daniel Danielopolu Minister of Minorities:Gheorghe Vlădescu-Răcoasa

Mike Stokey

Mike Stokey was an American game show host and producer, best known for Pantomime Quiz and its incarnation Stump the Stars. He produced early TV specials, including A Christmas Carol in 1949, for the Jerry Fairbanks Company. Stokey hosted Beat the Odds while it was presented at KTLA, his former wife was actress Pamela Blake, with whom he had one son, Mike Stokey II, a daughter, Barbara. His second wife was actress Spring Mitchell, born Neola Buxton in Lansing, MI with whom he had daughter, Susan Stokey and grandchildren Juliette Goglia, Dante Goglia and Emily Goglia. Stokey died from complications from liver disease on September 2003 in Las Vegas. Mike Stokey on IMDb Mike Stokey at Find a Grave