Suyu Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 4. This station is located in Suyu-dong, Gangbuk-gu, Seoul
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by King Sejong the Great. It may be written as Hangeul following the standard Romanization, it is the official writing system of Korea, both North. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China, it is sometimes used to write the Cia-Cia language spoken near the town of Indonesia. The Hangul alphabet consisted of 28 letters with 17 consonant letters and 11 vowel letters when it was created; as four became obsolete, the modern Hangul consists of total 24 letters with 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. In North Korea the total is counted 40, it consists of 19 consonant letters and 21 vowel letters as it additionally includes 5 tense consonants and 20. The Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with each alphabetic letter placed vertically and horizontally into a square dimension.
For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" is written 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. As it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, it has been described as an "alphabetic syllabary" by some linguists; as in traditional Chinese writing, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, are still written this way for stylistic purposes. Today, it is written from left to right with spaces between words and western-style punctuation; some linguists consider it among the most phonologically faithful writing systems in use today. One interesting feature of Hangul is that the shapes of its consonants mimic the shapes of the speaker's mouth when pronouncing each consonant; the Korean alphabet was called Hunminjeong'eum, after the document that introduced the script to the Korean people in 1446. The Korean alphabet is called hangeul, a name coined by Korean linguist Ju Si-gyeong in 1912; the name combines the ancient Korean word han, meaning "great", geul, meaning "script".
The word han is used to refer to Korea in general, so the name means "Korean script". It has been romanized in multiple ways: Hangeul or han-geul in the Revised Romanization of Korean, which the South Korean government uses in English publications and encourages for all purposes. Han'gŭl in the McCune–Reischauer system, is capitalized and rendered without the diacritics when used as an English word, Hangul, as it appears in many English dictionaries. Hānkul in the Yale romanization, a system recommended for technical linguistic studies. In North Korea it is called Chosŏn'gŭl after Chosŏn, the North Korean name for Korea after the old name of Korea; the McCune–Reischauer system is used there. Until the mid-20th century, the Korean elite preferred to write using Chinese characters called Hanja, they referred to Hanja as jinseo or "true letters". Some accounts say the elite referred to the Korean alphabet derisively as'amkeul meaning "women's script", and'ahaetgeul meaning "children's script", though there is no written evidence of this.
Supporters of the Korean alphabet referred to it as jeong'eum meaning "correct pronunciation", gukmun meaning "national script", eonmun meaning "vernacular script". Before the creation of the new Korean alphabet, Koreans wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate the modern Korean alphabet by hundreds of years, including Idu script, Hyangchal and Gakpil. However, due to fundamental differences between the Korean and Chinese languages, the large number of characters, many lower class Koreans were illiterate. To promote literacy among the common people, the fourth king of the Joseon dynasty, Sejong the Great created and promulgated a new alphabet; the Korean alphabet was designed so that people with little education could learn to write. A popular saying about the alphabet is, "A wise man can acquaint himself with them before the morning is over; the project was completed in late December 1443 or January 1444, described in 1446 in a document titled Hunminjeong'eum, after which the alphabet itself was named.
The publication date of the Hunminjeongeum, October 9, became Hangul Day in South Korea. Its North Korean equivalent, Chosŏn'gŭl Day, is on January 15. Another document published in 1446 and titled Hunminjeong'eum Haerye was discovered in 1940; this document explains that the design of the consonant letters is based on articulatory phonetics and the design of the vowel letters are based on the principles of yin and yang and vowel harmony. The Korean alphabet faced opposition in the 1440s by the literary elite, including politician Choe Manri and other Korean Confucian scholars, they believed. They saw the circulation of the Korean alphabet as a threat to their status. However, the Korean alphabet entered popular culture as King Sejong had intended, used by women and writers of popular fiction. King Yeonsangun banned the study and publication of the Korean alphabet in 1504, after a document criticizing the king entered the public. King Jungjong abolished the Ministry of Eonmun, a governmental institution related to Hangul research, in 1506.
The late 16th century, saw a revival of the Korean alphabet as gasa and sijo poetry flourished. In the 17th century, the Korean alphabet novels became a major genre. However, the use of the Korea
Hoehyeon Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 4. It is the closest station to the historical gate of Namdaemun, serves the major shopping district of Namdaemun Market; this station is located in Jung-gu, Seoul. Exit 4: Seoul Hilton Hotel Exit 5: Namdaemun Exit 6: Namdaemun Market Exit 7: Shinsegae Department Store, Bank of Korea
Samgakji Station is a subway station on the Seoul Subway Line 4 and Line 6. The Seoul War Memorial is a short walk away from exits 11 and 12; this station is on the west end of the Yongsan Garrison, a short walk from exit 13. Although not connected to this station by a transfer passageway, Namyeong Station on Line 1 is a short walk from here; the Samgakji area was made famous in Korea because of a 1967 song by Bae Ho titled "Return to Samgakji." A statue dedicated to the song was erected in front of the station. Exit 1: MND Club, Army Club Exit 5: Yongsan Fire Station Exit 8: Yongsan Elementary School Exit 12: Seoul War Memorial Exit 13: Ministry of National Defense and Yongsan Garrison, U. S. Army Base
Korea Railroad Corporation, promoted as KORAIL, is the national railway operator in South Korea. KORAIL is a public corporation, managed by Ministry of Land and Transportation. KORAIL operates intercity/regional, commuter/metro and freight trains throughout South Korea, which has headquarter located in Daejeon. South Korean railway network was managed by Railroad Administration Bureau of the Ministry of Transportation before 1963. On September 1, 1963, the bureau became an agency, known as Korean National Railroad in English. In early 2000's, split and public corporatization of KNR is decided by South Korean government, in 2003, KNR adopted the current KORAIL logo in blue to prepare corporatization. On January 1, 2005, KNR was split into Korea Railroad Corporation, which succeeded railway operation with the KORAIL logo and name, Korea Rail Network Authority, which succeeded maintaining tracks. Excluding the other high-speed service provider, SR, South Korean high-speed and intercity services are provided by KORAIL.
KORAIL provides 5 classes of railway and metro services. KTX is the highest class of KORAIL services. KTX services are provided in Gyeongbu HSR and Honam HSR, as well as their branches such as Gyeongjeon Line, Donghae Line, or Jeolla Line. ITX are group of intercity services. First ITX service was introduced in 2012, named as ITX-Cheongchun on Gyeongchun Line. Before the introduction of ITX services, intercity trains are named as Saemaul-ho, which borrowed its name from New Community Movement. Saemaul-ho services are merged into ITX as ITX-Saemaul. Remaining Saemaul-ho services are only operated on Janghang Line. Mugunghwa-ho and its planned successor Nuriro services are regional train services of KORAIL. Mugunghwa-ho, inspired its name from national floral emblem hibiscus, was introduced as express service at first, but after the introduction of KTX, it was degraded into regional services. Nuriro services are provided by only EMU trains. KORAIL has a plan of introducing Nuriro with newly ordered EMU-150.
Named as EMU services, metro services are provided in the Seoul Metropolitan Area and the Busan Metropolitan Area. Sometimes it is considered as a successor of Bidulgi-ho. Fare systems of metro services are separate from other services operated by Korail. Seoul Line 1 Gyeongbu Line — is connected with Line 1 Gyeongin Line — is connected with Line 1 Gyeongwon Line — is connected with Line 1 Janghang Line — is connected with Line 1 Line 3 Ilsan Line — underground. Korail offers a rail pass called Korea Rail Pass, or KR Pass for short, to foreign travelers, such that they can take most of the trains operated by Korail including KTX; however and tourist trains operated by KORAIL are not covered. Foreigners living in South Korea for more than six months are ineligible to use a KR Pass, but Korail offers the Happy Rail Pass, similar to the KR Pass, for a higher price. Most of the railroad's employees are members of the Korean Railway Workers' Union, at odds with KORAIL management. Strikes, such as the South Korean railroad strike of 2006, are not uncommon.
In December 2013, 23,000–100,000 union members and friends protested the privatization of KORAIL in Seoul. Airport Railroad Corporation, which operates A'REX. Korail Networks, for ticketing management and Korail frequent riders program. Korail Retail, for advertisement management and running "Storyway" convenience store. Korail Tour Service, for KTX/Saemaul-ho train crew and travel service. North Korea:Until the division of Korea following the end of the Second World War, the Gyeongui Line and Gyeongwon Line extended into what is now North Korea; the Gyeongui Line connected Seoul to Kaesong and Sinuiju on the Chinese border, while the Gyeongwon Line served Wonsan on the east coast. Another line—the Kumgangsan Electric Railway—connected the town of Cheorwon, now on the border of North and South Korea, on the Gyeongwon Line, to Mt. Geumgang, now in the North; the Gyeongui Line is one of two lines whose southern and northern halves are now being reconnected, the other line being the Donghae Bukbu Line.
On 17 May 2007, two test trains ran on the reconnected lines: one on the west line from Munsan to Kaesong. In December 2007, regular freight service started on t
Government Complex Gwacheon station
Government Complex Gwacheon Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 4. It is the main station serving the city of Gwacheon
Chungmuro Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 3, the orange line, Line 4, the sky-blue line. Both the Line 3 and 4 platforms are located in Jung-gu, Seoul; this station is named after the road under which it passes, in honor of the Chosun general Yi Sunsin, known by the title of Chungmugong. Chungmuro is considered the best place to view Korean movies. Just outside the exit by the rear entrance to Dongguk University is Daehan Cinema, where Chungmuro Film Festival in Seoul was first held. CHIFF