Busan known as Pusan and now Busan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants. It is the economic and educational center of southeastern Korea, with its port—Korea's busiest and the 9th-busiest in the world—only about 120 miles from the Japanese islands of Kyushu and Honshu; the surrounding "Southeast Economic Zone" is now South Korea's largest industrial area. Busan is divided into 15 major administrative districts and a single county, together housing a population of 3.6 million. The full metropolitan area, including the adjacent cities of Gimhae and Yangsan, has a population of 4.6 million. The most densely built-up areas of the city are situated in a number of narrow valleys between the Nakdong and the Suyeong Rivers, with mountains separating most of the districts; the Nakdong is Korea's longest river and Busan's Haeundae Beach is the country's largest. Busan is a center for international conventions, hosting APEC in 2005.
It is a center for sports tournaments in Korea, having hosted the 2002 Asian Games and FIFA World Cup. It is home to the Shinsegae Centum City. Busan was added to the UNESCO Creative Cities Network as a "City of Film" in December 2014; the name "Busan" is the Revised Romanization of the city's Korean name since the late 15th century. It replaced the earlier McCune-Reischauer romanization Pusan in 2000; the name 釜山 is Sino-Korean for "Cauldron Mountain", believed to be a former name of Mt Hwangryeong west of the city center. The area's ancient state Mt Geochil is thought to refer to the same mountain, which towers over the town's harbor on the Suyeong. Paleolithic remains found in the Jung-dong district and Jwa-dong district in Haeundae shows a history of Busan beginning in the prehistoric age. In addition, neolithic relics were discovered in shell mounds in Dongsam-dong, a shell mound dating between the BCE era to the 3rd Century A. D. was found in the Dongnae district. Mt Geochil is recorded as a chiefdom of the Jinhan Confederacy in the 2nd–4th centuries.
It was organized as a district. The grave goods excavated from mounded burials at Bokcheon-dong indicate that a complex chiefdom ruled by powerful individuals was present in the Busan area in the 4th century, just as Korea's Three Kingdoms were forming; the mounded burials of Bokcheon-dong were built along the top of a ridge that overlooks a wide area that makes up parts of modern-day Dongnae-gu and Yeonje-gu. Archaeologists excavated more than 250 iron ingots from Burial No. 38, a wooden chamber tomb at Bokcheon-dong. From the beginning of the 15th century, the Korean government designated Busan as a trading port with the Japanese and allowed their settlement. Other Japanese settlements in Ulsan and Jinhae diminished but the Busan settlement continued until Japan invaded Korea in 1592. After the war, diplomatic relations with the new shogunate in Japan were established in 1607, Busan was permitted to be reconstructed; the Japanese settlement, though relocated into Choryang continued to exist until Korea was exposed to modern diplomacy in 1876.
In 1876, Busan became the first international port in Korea under the terms of the Treaty of Ganghwa. During the Japanese rule, Busan developed into a hub trading port with Japan. Busan was the only city in Korea to adopt the steam tramway before electrification was introduced in 1924. During the Korean War, Busan was one of only two cities in South Korea not captured by the North Korean army within the first three months of the war, the other being Daegu; as a result, the cities became refugee camp sites for Koreans during the war. As Busan was one of the few areas in Korea that remained under the control of South Korea throughout the Korean War, for some time it served as a temporary capital of the Republic of Korea. UN troops established a defensive perimeter around the city known as the Pusan Perimeter in the summer and autumn of 1950. Since the city has been a self-governing metropolis and has built a strong urban character. In 1963, Busan separated from Gyeongsangnam-do to become a Directly Governed City.
In 1983, the provincial capital of Gyeongsangnam-do was moved from Busan to Changwon. In 1995, Busan became a Metropolitan City. Busan is located on the Southeastern tip of the Korean Peninsula, it is located on the coast. It is the nearest of South Korea's six largest cities to Japan; the distance as the crow flies from Busan to Tsushima Island, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan, is about 49.5 km, to Fukuoka, about 180 km, by contrast, to Seoul about 314 km. Busan borders low mountains on the north and west, the seas on the south and east; the Nakdong River Delta is located on the west side of the city, Geumjeongsan, the highest mountain in the city, on the north. The Nakdong River, South Korea's longest river, flows through the west and empties into the Korea Strait; the southeastern region, called Yeongnam in Korea, encompasses both Gyeongsang Provinces and 3 metropolitan cities of Busan and Ulsan. Ulsan lies northeast of Busan. Combined population exceeds 13 million. Located on the southeasternmost tip of the Korean Peninsula, Busan has a cooler version of a humid subtropical climate.
High or low temperatures are rare. The highe
Port of Busan
The Port of Busan is the largest port in South Korea, located in the city of Busan, South Korea. The Port of Busan was established in 1876 as a small port with strict trading between Korea and Japan, it is situated at the mouth of the Nakdong River facing the Tsushima Island of Japan. During the Korean War, Busan was among the few places North Korea did not invade, causing war refugees to flee to the city of Busan. At that time Busan’s port was crucial to receive war materials and aid, such as fabrics and processed foods to keep the economy stable. In the 1970s, a rise in the footwear and veneer industries caused factory workers to migrate to Busan, bringing Busan’s population from 1.8 million to 3 million. The Port of Busan continued to grow and by 2003 the port was the fourth largest container port in the world. South Korea accounted for 0.7% of global trade in 1970, but by 2003 it went up to 2.5%. 50% of the Busan’s manufacturing jobs are related to exports, 83% of the country’s exports are containerized, making Busan the country’s largest container and general cargo port.
Compared to the Port of Busan, Inchon port handles only 7% of containers. Easy access to the Port of Busan between Japan and Hong Kong contribute to its vast growth; the Port of Busan is the fifth busiest container port in the world and the tenth busiest port in North-east Asia. It is developed and operated by the Busan Port Authority established in 2004. Today the Port of Busan consists of four ports- North Port, South Port, Gamcheon Port, Dadaepo Port, an International Passenger Terminal and the Gamman container terminal; the North Port provides passenger handling facilities and cargo, with Gamcheon Port’s help more cargo volumes can be handled. The South Port is home to the Busan Cooperative Fish Market, the largest fishing base in Korea, it handles 30% of the total marine volume; the Dadaepo Port located west of the Busan Port handles coastal catches. In 2007 the Busan Port handled cargo containing fertilizers, scrap metal and other gases, crude petroleum, leather and oils, iron ore, rough wood, natural sand, milling industry products, sugar.
In 2016, South Korea exported a total of $515B and imported $398B. Top exports of South Korea are integrated circuits, refined petroleum and cargo ships, vehicle parts. South Korea exports the most to China, the United States, Hong Kong, Japan. Imports to South Korea come from China, the United States and other Asian countries. In 2017 Busan processed twenty-foot equivalents, its location is known as Busan Harbor. The Port of Busan has 6 sister ports. – Port of Southampton, United Kingdom – Port of Seattle, United States – Port of Osaka, Japan – Port of Rotterdam, Netherlands – Port of New York & New Jersey, USA – Port of Shanghai, China "Corea",'Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed. Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 390–394
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by King Sejong the Great. It may be written as Hangeul following the standard Romanization, it is the official writing system of Korea, both North. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China, it is sometimes used to write the Cia-Cia language spoken near the town of Indonesia. The Hangul alphabet consisted of 28 letters with 17 consonant letters and 11 vowel letters when it was created; as four became obsolete, the modern Hangul consists of total 24 letters with 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. In North Korea the total is counted 40, it consists of 19 consonant letters and 21 vowel letters as it additionally includes 5 tense consonants and 20. The Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with each alphabetic letter placed vertically and horizontally into a square dimension.
For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" is written 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. As it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, it has been described as an "alphabetic syllabary" by some linguists; as in traditional Chinese writing, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, are still written this way for stylistic purposes. Today, it is written from left to right with spaces between words and western-style punctuation; some linguists consider it among the most phonologically faithful writing systems in use today. One interesting feature of Hangul is that the shapes of its consonants mimic the shapes of the speaker's mouth when pronouncing each consonant; the Korean alphabet was called Hunminjeong'eum, after the document that introduced the script to the Korean people in 1446. The Korean alphabet is called hangeul, a name coined by Korean linguist Ju Si-gyeong in 1912; the name combines the ancient Korean word han, meaning "great", geul, meaning "script".
The word han is used to refer to Korea in general, so the name means "Korean script". It has been romanized in multiple ways: Hangeul or han-geul in the Revised Romanization of Korean, which the South Korean government uses in English publications and encourages for all purposes. Han'gŭl in the McCune–Reischauer system, is capitalized and rendered without the diacritics when used as an English word, Hangul, as it appears in many English dictionaries. Hānkul in the Yale romanization, a system recommended for technical linguistic studies. In North Korea it is called Chosŏn'gŭl after Chosŏn, the North Korean name for Korea after the old name of Korea; the McCune–Reischauer system is used there. Until the mid-20th century, the Korean elite preferred to write using Chinese characters called Hanja, they referred to Hanja as jinseo or "true letters". Some accounts say the elite referred to the Korean alphabet derisively as'amkeul meaning "women's script", and'ahaetgeul meaning "children's script", though there is no written evidence of this.
Supporters of the Korean alphabet referred to it as jeong'eum meaning "correct pronunciation", gukmun meaning "national script", eonmun meaning "vernacular script". Before the creation of the new Korean alphabet, Koreans wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate the modern Korean alphabet by hundreds of years, including Idu script, Hyangchal and Gakpil. However, due to fundamental differences between the Korean and Chinese languages, the large number of characters, many lower class Koreans were illiterate. To promote literacy among the common people, the fourth king of the Joseon dynasty, Sejong the Great created and promulgated a new alphabet; the Korean alphabet was designed so that people with little education could learn to write. A popular saying about the alphabet is, "A wise man can acquaint himself with them before the morning is over; the project was completed in late December 1443 or January 1444, described in 1446 in a document titled Hunminjeong'eum, after which the alphabet itself was named.
The publication date of the Hunminjeongeum, October 9, became Hangul Day in South Korea. Its North Korean equivalent, Chosŏn'gŭl Day, is on January 15. Another document published in 1446 and titled Hunminjeong'eum Haerye was discovered in 1940; this document explains that the design of the consonant letters is based on articulatory phonetics and the design of the vowel letters are based on the principles of yin and yang and vowel harmony. The Korean alphabet faced opposition in the 1440s by the literary elite, including politician Choe Manri and other Korean Confucian scholars, they believed. They saw the circulation of the Korean alphabet as a threat to their status. However, the Korean alphabet entered popular culture as King Sejong had intended, used by women and writers of popular fiction. King Yeonsangun banned the study and publication of the Korean alphabet in 1504, after a document criticizing the king entered the public. King Jungjong abolished the Ministry of Eonmun, a governmental institution related to Hangul research, in 1506.
The late 16th century, saw a revival of the Korean alphabet as gasa and sijo poetry flourished. In the 17th century, the Korean alphabet novels became a major genre. However, the use of the Korea
Donghae Expressway is an expressway in South Korea, connecting Busan to Sokcho. It is numbered 65 and it is planned to extend all the way along the east coast to Haeundae, Busan, its current length is 62.1 kilometres, It is part of the Asia Highway Route 6. In 1966. Korea Government and IBRD investigated about Gangwon Province, decided on construct new Industrial road connected Sokcho and Samcheok. In 1971, Government decides to construct Gangneung~Mukho Section; this expressway is the seventh time in Korea as the opening of the highways. This expressway will connect with Wonsan-Geumgangsan Expressway and Wonsan-Hamheung Expressway after Korean reunification. 26 March 1974: Construction Began 14 October 1975: Mojeon–Donghae segment opens to traffic 11 July 1986: Construction started on Jukheon–Mojeon segment 15 December 1988: Jukheon–Donghae segment opens to traffic 20 August 1999: Work begins to widen to 4 lanes on Hyeonnam–Donghae segment November 2001: Construction begins on Haeundae–Ulsan section 26 November 2001: Hyeonnam–Gangneung segment opens to traffic 24 November 2004: Gangneung–Donahae Segment opens to traffic December 2004: Construction begins between Hyeonnam and Sokcho 29 December 2008: Haeundae–Ulsan segment opens to traffic 31 March 2009: Construction begins on Donghae–S.
Samcheok section June 2009: Construction begins on Ulsan–Pohang segment 27 December 2009: Hyeonnam–Hajodae segment opens to traffic 21 December 2012: Hajodae–Yangyang segment opens to traffic 29 December 2015: Ulsan–S. Gyeongju segment opens to traffic 29 December 2015: W. Gyeongju–S. Pohang segment opens to traffic 30 June 2016: S. Gyeongju–W. Gyeongju segment opens to traffic 9 September 2016: Donghae–S. Samcheok segment opens to traffic 24 November 2016: Yangyang–Sokcho segment opens to traffic 2020: Pohang–S. Samcheok segment will open to traffic Samcheok–Donghae, Jumunjin- Sokcho Busan–Songjeong IC, Donghae IC – Gangneung IC, Gangneung JC – Yangyang IC: 4 Songjeong IC – Ulsan JC, Gangneung IC – Gangneung JC: 6 Busan–Pohang:Rigid Pavement 100.83 kilometres Samcheok–Donghae Rigid Pavement, Jumunjin-Sokcho 18.3 km Total: 203.93 kilometres All segment of Donghae Expressway are 100 km/h IC: Interchange, JC: Junction, SA: Service Area, TG:Tollgate: Busan-Ulsan Expressway: section of Yeongil Bay Bridge Roads and expressways in South Korea Transportation in South Korea List of Korea-related topics MOLIT South Korean Government Transport Department
A suspension bridge is a type of bridge in which the deck is hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders. The first modern examples of this type of bridge were built in the early 1800s. Simple suspension bridges, which lack vertical suspenders, have a long history in many mountainous parts of the world; this type of bridge has cables suspended between towers, plus vertical suspender cables that carry the weight of the deck below, upon which traffic crosses. This arrangement allows the deck to arc upward for additional clearance. Like other suspension bridge types, this type is constructed without falsework; the suspension cables must be anchored at each end of the bridge, since any load applied to the bridge is transformed into a tension in these main cables. The main cables continue beyond the pillars to deck-level supports, further continue to connections with anchors in the ground; the roadway is supported by called hangers. In some circumstances, the towers may sit on a bluff or canyon edge where the road may proceed directly to the main span, otherwise the bridge will have two smaller spans, running between either pair of pillars and the highway, which may be supported by suspender cables or may use a truss bridge to make this connection.
In the latter case there will be little arc in the outboard main cables. The earliest suspension bridges were ropes slung across a chasm, with a deck at the same level or hung below the ropes such that the rope had a catenary shape; the Tibetan saint and bridge-builder Thangtong Gyalpo originated the use of iron chains in his version of simple suspension bridges. In 1433, Gyalpo built eight bridges in eastern Bhutan; the last surviving chain-linked bridge of Gyalpo's was the Thangtong Gyalpo Bridge in Duksum en route to Trashi Yangtse, washed away in 2004. Gyalpo's iron chain bridges did not include a suspended deck bridge, the standard on all modern suspension bridges today. Instead, both the railing and the walking layer of Gyalpo's bridges used wires; the stress points. Before the use of iron chains it is thought that Gyalpo used ropes from twisted willows or yak skins, he may have used bound cloth. The first iron chain suspension bridge in the Western world was the Jacob's Creek Bridge in Westmoreland County, designed by inventor James Finley.
Finley's bridge was the first to incorporate all of the necessary components of a modern suspension bridge, including a suspended deck which hung by trusses. Finley patented his design in 1808, published it in the Philadelphia journal, The Port Folio, in 1810. Early British chain bridges included the Dryburgh Abbey Bridge and 137 m Union Bridge, with spans increasing to 176 m with the Menai Bridge, "the first important modern suspension bridge"; the first chain bridge on the German speaking territories was the Chain Bridge in Nuremberg. The Clifton Suspension Bridge is one of the longest of the parabolic arc chain type; the current Marlow suspension bridge was designed by William Tierney Clark and was built between 1829 and 1832, replacing a wooden bridge further downstream which collapsed in 1828. It is the only suspension bridge across the non-tidal Thames; the Széchenyi Chain Bridge, spanning the River Danube in Budapest, was designed by William Clark and it is a larger scale version of Marlow bridge.
An interesting variation is Thornewill and Warham's Ferry Bridge in Burton-on-Trent, where the chains are not attached to abutments as is usual, but instead are attached to the main girders, which are thus in compression. Here, the chains are made from flat wrought iron plates, eight inches wide by an inch and a half thick, rivetted together; the first wire-cable suspension bridge was the Spider Bridge at Falls of Schuylkill, a modest and temporary footbridge built following the collapse of James Finley's nearby Chain Bridge at Falls of Schuylkill. The footbridge's span was 124 m. Development of wire-cable suspension bridges dates to the temporary simple suspension bridge at Annonay built by Marc Seguin and his brothers in 1822, it spanned only 18 m. The first permanent wire cable suspension bridge was Guillaume Henri Dufour's Saint Antoine Bridge in Geneva of 1823, with two 40 m spans; the first with cables assembled in mid-air in the modern method was Joseph Chaley's Grand Pont Suspendu in Fribourg, in 1834.
In the United States, the first major wire-cable suspension bridge was the Wire Bridge at Fairmount in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Designed by Charles Ellet, Jr. and completed in 1842, it had a span of 109 m. Ellet's Niagara Falls Suspension Bridge was abandoned before completion, it was used as scaffolding for John A. Roebling's double decker railroad and carriage bridge; the Otto Beit Bridge was the first modern suspension bridge outside the United States built with parallel wire cables. The main forces in a suspension bridge of any type are tension in the cables and compression in the pillars. Since all the force on the pillars is vertically downwards and they are stabilized by the main cables, the pillars can be made quite slender, as on the Severn Bridge, on the Wales-England border. In a suspended deck bridge, cables suspended via towers hold up the road deck; the weight is transferred by the cables to the towers, which in turn transfer the weight to the ground. Assuming a negligible weight as compared to the weight of the deck and vehicles being supported, the main cables of a suspension bridge will form a parabola (very similar
South Korea the Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo, one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea has a predominantly mountainous terrain, it comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2. Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million. Archaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula was inhabited by early humans starting from the Lower Paleolithic period; the history of Korea begins with the foundation of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by the mythic king Dangun, but no archaeological evidence and writing was found from this period. The Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in 11th century BCE, its existence and role has been controversial in the modern era; the written historical record on Gojoseon was first mentioned in Chinese records in the early 7th century BCE.
Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Unified Silla in CE 668, Korea was subsequently ruled by the Goryeo dynasty and the Joseon dynasty. It was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided into Soviet and U. S. zones of occupations. A separate election was held in the U. S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea, while the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established in the Soviet zone. The United Nations at the time passed a resolution declaring the ROK to be the only lawful government in Korea; the Korean War began in June 1950. The war lasted three years and involved the U. S. China, the Soviet Union and several other nations; the border between the two nations remains the most fortified in the world. Under long-time military leader Park Chung-hee, the South Korean economy grew and the country was transformed into a G-20 major economy. Military rule ended in 1987, the country is now a presidential republic consisting of 17 administrative divisions.
South Korea is a developed country and a high-income economy, with a "very high" Human Development Index, ranking 22nd in the world. The country is considered a regional power and is the world's 11th largest economy by nominal GDP and the 12th largest by PPP as of 2010. South Korea is a global leader in the industrial and technological sectors, being the world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer, its export-driven economy focuses production on electronics, ships, machinery and robotics. South Korea is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, the United Nations, Uniting for Consensus, G20, the WTO and OECD and is a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit; the name Korea derives from the name Goryeo. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a shortened form of its name; the 10th-century kingdom of Goryeo succeeded Goguryeo, thus inherited its name, pronounced by the visiting Persian merchants as "Korea". The modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Company's Hendrick Hamel.
Despite the coexistence of the spellings Corea and Korea in 19th century publications, some Koreans believe that Imperial Japan, around the time of the Japanese occupation, intentionally standardised the spelling on Korea, making Japan appear first alphabetically. After Goryeo was replaced by Joseon in 1392, Joseon became the official name for the entire territory, though it was not universally accepted; the new official name has its origin in the ancient country of Gojoseon. In 1897, the Joseon dynasty changed the official name of the country from Joseon to Daehan Jeguk; the name Daehan, which means "Great Han" derives from Samhan, referring to the Three Kingdoms of Korea, not the ancient confederacies in the southern Korean Peninsula. However, the name Joseon was still used by Koreans to refer to their country, though it was no longer the official name. Under Japanese rule, the two names Han and Joseon coexisted. There were several groups who fought for independence, the most notable being the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
Following the surrender of Japan, in 1945, the Republic of Korea was adopted as the legal English name for the new country. Since the government only controlled the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, the informal term South Korea was coined, becoming common in the Western world. While South Koreans use Han to refer to the entire country, North Koreans and ethnic Koreans living in China and Japan use the term Joseon as the name of the country; the Korean name "Daehan Minguk" is sometimes used by South Koreans as a metonym to refer to the Korean ethnicity as a whole, rather than just the South Korean state. The history of Korea begins with the founding of Joseon in 2333 BCE by Dangun, according to Korea's foundation mythology. Gojoseon expanded until it controlled parts of Manchuria. Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in the 12th century BC, but its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. In 108 BCE, the Han dynasty defeated Wiman Joseon and installed four commanderies in the n
Busan International Fireworks Festival
Busan International Fireworks Festival, held annually in Gwangalli Beach, South Korea, is one of the most significant fireworks festivals in Asia. Tens of thousands of fireworks and state-of-the-art lasers light up the sky in harmony with the theme song of the festival against a backdrop of the sea and 2 level suspension bridge, Gwangan Bridge; the Busan Fireworks Festival begins with a history that began to commemorate the 2005 APEC Busan Summit. In 2010, the festival attracted about 2.52 million visitors from all over the country and abroad. In 2011, the Busan International Fireworks Festival is held from October 21 to October 29, 2011. In 2012, it held from October 26 to October 28 at Busan Asiad Main Stadium, Gwangalli Beach and Gwangan Bridge, but the festival, scheduled to held on October 27 was delayed because of heavy rain. In 2013, it held from October 25 to October 26. In 2014, it held from October 24 to October 25. In 2015, it held from October 23 to October 24, it was held with Tsushima at the same time.
In 2008, there was heavy traffic jam over the Busan. It took long time to pass the road traffic jams near Gwangalli Beach were more severe. In addition, some intercity buses passing through Gwangan Bridge were cancelled; the traffic was made worse by the many people gathered around Gwangalli Beach. Facilities such as hotels and bars that were located near the event site were criticized by tourists because they raised their prices up to ten times. After the festival, Gwangalli Beach was full of so much trash because many visitors threw away newspaper and food waste along the road; the problem arose with the respect to the high probability of accident. Basic facilities such as toilet were not enough; the environmental pollution was pointed out. Heavy metals and toxic substances diffused into the air and these contaminants sank into the Gwangalli Beach. Seoul International Fireworks Festival Busan International Film Festival List of festivals in South Korea List of festivals in Asia Busan International Fireworks Festival official website