The Gwangandaegyo or Diamond Bridge is a suspension bridge located in Busan, South Korea. It connects Haeundae-gu to Suyeong-gu; the road surface is about 6,500 meters long, with the bridge as a whole spanning 7,420 meters. It is the second longest bridge in the country after the Incheon Bridge. Construction concluded in December 2002, with a total cost of 789.9 billion won. The bridge October 2002 for the 2002 Asian Games. However, it was not opened until January, 2003; the bridge made international headlines in February 2019 when a Russian cargo ship crashed into the bridge. As a result, a five-metre wide hole was torn into the lower part of the bi-level bridge, but there were no injuries reported; the ship's captain was inebriated at the time of the crash, which may have contributed to the incident. ^ "Project Overview". Busan Metropolitan City Facilities Management Authority website. Retrieved 2006-01-16. ^ "광안대교 소개 ". Retrieved 2006-01-16. Busan Busan International Fireworks Festival List of Korea-related topics Transportation in South Korea List of bridges by length Donghae Expressway Kwang Ahn Great Suspension Bridge at Structurae
Book censorship is the act of some authority taking measures to suppress ideas and information within a book. Censorship is "the regulation of free speech and other forms of entrenched authority". Censors identify as either a concerned parent, community members who react to a text without reading, or local or national organizations. Marshall University Library defines a banned book as one, "removed from a library, classroom etc." and a challenged book as one, "requested to be removed from a library, classroom etc." Books can be censored by burning, shelf removal, school censorship, banning books. Books are most censored for age appropriateness, offensive language, sexual content, amongst other reasons. Religions may issue lists of banned books, such as the historical example of the Roman Catholic Church's Index Librorum Prohibitorum, which do not always carry legal force. Censorship can be enacted at the national or subnational level as well, can carry legal penalties. Books may be challenged at a local community level, although successful bans do not extend outside that area.
"Almost every country places some restrictions on what may be published, although the emphasis and the degree of control differ from country to country and at different periods." There are a variety of reasons. Materials are suppressed due to the perceived notion of obscenity; this obscenity can apply to materials that are about sexuality, drugs, or social standing. The censorship of literature on the charge of obscenity appears to have begun in the early 19th century; the rise of the middle class, who had evangelical backgrounds, brought about this concern with obscenity. Governments have sought to ban certain books which they perceive to contain material that could threaten, embarrass, or criticize them. Throughout history, societies practiced various forms of censorship in the belief that the community, as represented by the government, was responsible for molding the individual. Other leaders outside the government have banned books, including religious authorities. Church leaders who prohibit members of their faith from reading the banned books may want to shelter them from perceived obscene, immoral, or profane ideas or situations or from ideas that may challenge the teaching of that religion.
But religious materials have been subject to censorship. For example, various scriptures have been banned; the Bible, other religious scriptures have all been subjected to censorship and have been banned by various governments. Books based on the scriptures have been banned, such as Leo Tolstoy's The Kingdom of God Is Within You, banned in the Russian Empire for being anti-establishment. Banning of a book has the effect of making people seek the book; the action of banning the book creates an interest in the book which has the opposite effect of making the work more popular. Book burning is the practice of destroying ceremonially, books or other written material, it is carried out in public and is motivated by moral, religious, or political objections to the material, with a desire to censor it. Book burning is one of the original types of censorship dating back to 213 BCE. Book burning has been performed in times of conflict, for example Nazi book burnings, US Library of Congress, Arian books, Jewish Manuscripts in 1244, the burning of Christian texts, just to name a few.
In the United States, book burning is another right, protected by the first amendment as a freedom of expression. In the United States, school organizations that find contents of a book to be offensive or unfit for a given age group will have the book removed from the class curriculum; this type of censorship arises from parental influence in schools. Parents who do not feel comfortable with a child's required reading will make efforts to have the book removed from a class, replaced by another title. According to the Marshall University Library, a banned book in the United States is one, "removed from a library, etc". In many situations, parents or concerned parties will ban or propose a ban based on the book's contents; the American Library Association publishes a list of the top "Banned and Challenged Books" for any given year. The American Library Association organizes a "Banned Books Week", “an annual event celebrating the freedom to read." The goal of the project is to promote the freedom to learn.
According to the American Library Association, "the school library is a unique and essential part of the learning community, when led by a qualified school librarian, prepares all learners for college and life." In certain scenarios, concerned third parties voice their concerns over certain titles in libraries that they deem to be unfit for students. In 1982, the Island Trees Union Free School District No. 26 versus Pico was taken to the United States Supreme Court. In the case and parents challenged the board's removal of certain titles from the school library; the books included texts which the board considered to be "anti-American, anti-Christian, anti-Semitic, just plain filthy." The Supreme Court Justices stated removal of books from libraries was only permissible if the books were considered educationally unsuitable. Public libraries are considered to be open to the public within a community. Similar to school libraries, removal of books from public library shelves is the subject of heavy debate.
"Public schools and public libraries...have been the setting for legal battles about student access to books, removal or retention of'offensive' material, regul
Lompoc High School is the public high school serving Lompoc, in northern Santa Barbara County, United States. It was first established in the small farming community in 1892, it is part of the Lompoc Unified School District. The school achieved an API index of 692 in 2009. Mike Bratz, former professional basketball player Russ Bolinger, former NFL player for Detroit Lions and Los Angeles Rams and an NFL scout for 18 years Rex Caldwell, professional golfer on PGA Tour, Nationwide Tour and Champions Tour. Casey Candaele, former Major League Baseball player who played for Montreal Expos, Houston Astros and Cleveland Indians. Kelly Candeale, “A League Of their Own” by Kim Wilson and Kelly Candaele. Roy Howell, professional baseball player for MLB's Toronto Blue Jays Napoleon Kaufman, professional football player for NFL's Oakland Raiders. Dave Stegman, professional baseball player for MLB's Chicago White Sox Roy Thomas, professional baseball player for MLB's Seattle Mariners Dorien Wilson, Professor Stanley Oglevee on UPN sitcom The Parkers.
After graduating from Lompoc High School, Wilson enrolled at the Pacific Conservatory of the Performing Arts in nearby Santa Maria. Julian Araujo playing professional for LA Galaxy in the Major League Soccer Lompoc High School GreatSchools Inc
Organized in 2002 by Yale College students Eric Rubenstein and Jacqueline Farber, Sex Week at Yale was a biennial event described on its website as "an interdisciplinary sex education program designed to pique students’ interest through creative and exciting programming". Sex Week at Yale explores love, sex and relationships by focusing on how sexuality is manifested in America, helping students to reconcile these issues in their own lives; the week gives students access to professionals both in the classroom and during informal events, including debates, fashion shows and discussions. The events provide students the opportunity to learn about love, sex and relationships from experienced professionals who deal with these issues every day in their professional lives. In 2002, Eric Rubens approached Jacqueline Farber, head of Student Health Education division of Yale Health Services, which conducted the sexual health orientations for freshmen and which had given sexual health talks around Valentine's Day, with the idea of hosting a campus-wide event including guest speakers and other sexual health events.
With the Student Health Education's support, other groups, such as the Women's Center and the Lesbian, Gay and Transgender Co-op, agreed to co-sponsor the project, Sex Week at Yale was born. The event was composed of talks by a number of Yale professors, a series of talks by Yale's peer health educators, a film festival and a celebrity panel entitled "Sex and Entertainment". Sex Week at Yale takes a multi-disciplinary approach, enlisting a diversity of speakers from company executives, to sex therapists, to professors, adult film stars, everyone in between. In February 2006, nearly 25,000 copies of “Sex Week at Yale: The Magazine” were distributed among 18 of the country’s best-known universities, including all schools in the Ivy League; the magazine's contributors included Jim Griffiths, President of the Playboy Entertainment Group, John Gray. In 2006 Yale received a perfect score by Sperling's BestPlaces on the annual Campus Sexual Health Report Card for Trojan. In February 2010, Sasha Grey and Joanna Angel were Sex Week at Yale panelists.
In the fall of 2011, a group of Yale students formed an organization called Undergraduates for a Better Yale College, to "...advocate for a better sexual culture, one grounded in genuine respect and self-giving love. In September 2011, UBCY petitioned the Yale administration to deny Sex Week at Yale support, including the use of classrooms and other university facilities. In 2012, Yale alumnus Nathan Harden published Sex and God at Yale: Porn, Political Correctness, a Good Education Gone Bad; the book was critical of Sex Week at Yale, its title harkened to the criticism of Yale that William F. Buckley, Jr. made in 1951 with his book God and Man at Yale. In February, 2012, Sex Week was organized by an Executive Board of Directors for the first time in its ten-year history. Directors included seniors Allie Bauer, Paul Holmes, Tatiana Lam, Courtney Peters and juniors Connie Cho, Alberto Navarro, Anna North, Leeron Tur-Kaspa; the ten-day program contained over fifty events, all of which were funded by grassroots efforts given the newly imposed restriction on corporate sponsorship.
Safer Sex Weeks were held at University of Minnesota in February 2014 and at Oberlin College in November 2013. The Campus Health Service at Arizona State University held a SexTalk week in February 2013; the University Health Centre of the University of the West Indies, Mona presented a Safer Sex Week on February 12–18, 2012, emphasizing, on different days, the themes of Abstinence, Be faithful, Condomize. SWAY Magazine 2008
The Mountain View Corridor is a freeway under construction in northern Utah that will run along the western periphery of Salt Lake County and south into northwest Utah County. Except for the last several miles on its southern end the Mountain View Corridor is numerically designated as State Route 85 in the Utah state highway system; the entire Mountain View Corridor will be maintained by the Utah Department of Transportation. Mountain View Corridor is an arterial road with a distance of one to two miles parallel on the west to Bangerter Highway, built to meet the demand of the growing cities in Salt Lake County, it will start at SR-73 in Saratoga Springs and run north to a junction with a spur of the roadway that runs east to Interstate 15 in Lehi. The spur, designated as 2100 North carries the SR-85 designation. From the junction at 2100 North, the Mountain View Corridor will continue north through Camp Williams into Salt Lake County, running west of Redwood Road. Just north of Camp Williams it will curve northwest until it reaches Porter Rockwell Boulevard in Bluffdale.
Porter Rockwell Boulevard will be a non-freeway spur of the Mountain View Corridor that runs east to connect with Redwood Road at about 16000 South. It will serve as the initial access to the southern end of the Mountain View Corridor until portions south of this point are completed. From Porter Rockwell Boulevard it will continue northwest to 13400 South at about 4800 West in Riverton and continue north again to 12600 South. From 12600 South it will curve northwest again, crossing Daybreak Parkway in Daybreak—a neighborhood of South Jordan—to the Old Bingham Highway in West Jordan, curve back to the northeast until reaches 9000 South just west of 5400 West. From 9000 South it will head north, crossing over 8200 South, until 7800 South where it will curve northwest to 7000 South at about 6400 West. From 7000 South it will proceed north, crossing 6200 South, to 5400 South. From 5400 South it will curve northeast again until it reaches 4100 South in West Valley City at about 5700 West and head north again, crossing 3500 South, to a junction with SR-201.
From SR-201 it will continue north to California Avenue in Salt Lake City. From California Avenue it will curve northwest once again before ending at a junction with Interstate 80 at about 6100 West in Salt Lake City. Plans call for three phases of construction. Upon final completion, the freeway will have five lanes in each direction, including a high-occupancy/toll lane; some sections will include two lane frontage roads on both sides of the freeway. Phase One will including constructing either the outside lanes or two one-way frontage roads for each section of the entire length of the Mountain View Corridor, but not all at the same time. Phase One construction will be completed on the various sections as the need exists and funding permits. For the "outside lanes" sections the two outside lanes of the freeway will be built in each direction. At each future interchange the roadways will curve out to the edges of the right of way where future off-ramps of the freeway will be, creating two one-way intersections.
For the "frontage roads" sections two one-way frontage roads will be on either side of the planned freeway lanes. Two one-way intersections will be created at each future interchange, just as they will be for the "outside lanes" sections, except that the future off-ramps and on-ramps will connect with the frontage roads prior to and after the interchanges, respectively. Frontage roads will be built between Old Bingham Highway and Porter Rockwell Boulevard, as well as the 2100 North spur; the remaining sections will have the outside lanes built in Phase One. Phase Two is where the actual freeway is constructed as needs funding permits. By building either the outside lanes or frontage roads in the unique manner that will be done Phase One preserves space in the middle to build overpasses and the actual freeway lanes themselves where only the frontage roads were constructed. Having been built the way they were, there will be minimal traffic interruption while Phase Two is completed. Phase Three will widen the freeway from two lanes to five in each direction, again as the need exists and funding permits.
In mid-2010, Utah County planners discussed future plans for a freeway in Utah County from Lehi to Santaquin along the west side of SR-68 west of Utah Lake. It has been speculated; the first sections of Mountain View Corridor opened for traffic in a design of separated two lane carriageways with signal controlled at-grade split intersections, to be upgraded later. The environmental impact statement for the freeway was completed in November 2008, leaving funding for the highway as the biggest remaining obstacle. Previous proposals included raising the state fuel tax or tolling the new road as a public/private partnership, an issue that became contentious; the state legislature decided to bond the freeway, using future tax receipts to pay for it. The first phase of construction began in mid-2010 and finished by December 15, 2012. Construction on the spur that runs along 2100 North in Lehi's street grid and will connect the eventual freeway with Interstate 15 began in late 2010; this spur, which travels as far west as Redwood Road, opened September 24, 2011.
During Phase Two, this spur will be extended further west to the future freeway. Construction on two miles of frontage roads in Herriman between
FOOD started in 2009 in six countries as a European project co-funded by the European Commission and gathering public and private partners to promote balanced nutrition. Since 2012, it has become an independent programme existing in 10 countries: Austria, Czech Republic, Spain, Portugal, Romania and Sweden; the FOOD Project celebrated its 10 anniversary in 2019. The EU Platform for Action on Diet, Physical Activity and Health provided the policy framework for the project with DG SANCO of the European Commission securing the funding through their Executive Agency for Health and Consumers; the two main objectives of the project are: To improve the nutritional habits of employees by raising their awareness to health issues. To improve the nutritional quality of the food offered in restaurants; the specific objectives are: To evaluate the needs and expectations regarding nutrition information of restaurants and employees in companies To collect experts’ recommendations after the understanding of the needs To adapt the recommendations into practical messages and communication tools To adapt the offer in restaurants to the demand of the consumers To organize useful trainings according to the countries To enable a large access to detailed information to the targets.
To meet the objectives, the FOOD project has created essential channels of communication between the companies and the restaurants using its unique network of contacts through the Ticket Restaurant® solution, following five complementary sets of actions: An inventory of existing health promotion programmes in the workplace and in restaurants was followed by two questionnaires. The first was a quantitative survey, addressing employees and restaurants to better understand the project's needs; the second, a qualitative study, was conducted by Dauphine Junior Consulting, conducting 60 interviews in restaurants in 12 countries. Following a comparative study of the surveys’ results, recommendations were made by the partners. Simple tools were developed and piloted for restaurants and companies. Pilots were evaluated. Following the evaluation, tools were adapted and best practices disseminated. Main partner: Edenred S. A. Associated partners: Information and Research Centre for Food Intolerances and Hygiene National Food and Health Plan of the Belgian Health Ministry Hravě žij zdravě o. s. and Project STOB Institut Paul Bocuse The University of Perugia Spanish Agency of Food Security and Nutrition Mediterranean Diet Foundation Karolinska Institutet And 6 Edenred UnitsCollaborating partners: Prevent NutriChallenge Professor Ambroise Martin Ministry of Agriculture in France Anact City University London Thalassa Sea&Spa Italian National Institute for the Research of Food and Nutrition Balearic Government Generalitat de Catalunya Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic Edenred in Slovakia Keyhole Restaurant Association International Labour Organization Eurotoques European Network for Workplace Health Promotion The European project Guidelines for the Prevention of Obesity at the Workplace Coordinator: Edenred S.
A. The partners: Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Gesundheit und Konsumentenschutz L'Institut de Recherche LABIRIS National Food and Health Plan of the Belgian Health Ministry Prevent NutriChallenge Project STOB The University of Perugia Rete Città Sane Italian Institute of Health Spanish Academy of Nutritionists City University London General Direction of Health in Portugal University of Porto Romanian Health Ministry Romanian National Institute of Public Health AmCham Romania Romanian National Society of Family Medicine Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic International Labour Organization European Network for Workplace Health Promotion And 10 Edenred Units The partners have decided to continue developing and disseminating the project after the end of the funding period and the support from the European Commission; the partners are motivated to take advantage of the actions and results of the project and create an adaptable programme. A new consortium agreement linking 23 partners in 8 countries was signed in Brussels on December 14, 2011.
The Consortium agreement was renewed first in 2015, a second time for another 3 years with 28 partners in 10 countries in December 2018. The programme is meant to be developed in new countries; as part of the evaluation of the European FOOD programme, barometers have been launched every year since 2012 in order to understand and analyse needs and opinions about healthy eating of the two main target groups: employees and restaurants. Main trends and findings from the 2019 Barometers available here. Country-by-country figures and analysis since 2012 available on the FOOD EU website. In October 2009, a double-decker bus customised with the FOOD colours drove through the main cities of the six participating countries launching the communication campaign to the target audiences; the tour enabled the partners, with the collaboration of nutritionists and chefs, to explain the FOOD project and to show the first communication tools created. The journey started in Paris and continued on to Brussels, Stockholm and Milan ending in Madrid.
Following the wish of the partners to continue the FOOD project by adapting it into a programme, a conference had been organised to mark the transition. The conference was held on 31 May 2011, at the European Parliament, during the Hungarian Presidency of the European Union. A second conference wa