Stockholm School of Economics
The Stockholm School of Economics is one of Europe's leading business schools. SSE offers BSc, MSc and MBA programs, along with regarded PhD- and Executive Education programs. SSE's Master program in Finance is ranked no.18 worldwide as of 2018. The Masters in Management program is ranked no. 12 worldwide by the Financial Times. QS ranks SSE no.26 among universities in the field of economics worldwide. The school is the only funded university in Sweden and is considered as the most selective and prestigious academic institution in the Nordics. SSE is accredited by EQUIS and is a member of CEMS. SSE has founded sister organizations: SSE Riga in Riga, SSE Russia in St Petersburg and Moscow, Russia, it operates the European Institute of Japanese Studies, a research institute in Tokyo, Japan. The Stockholm School of Economics was founded in 1909 on private initiative as a response to rapid industrialization and a growing need for well educated businessmen and company managers and has maintained close ties with the business community since.
The foundation followed a substantial donation in 1903 by Knut Agathon Wallenberg. The name handelshögskola was a parallel to the German term Handelshochschule, used by a number of German institutions started in the years before, commencing with Handelshochschule Leipzig in 1898; the term högskola was at this time established for specialised higher educational institutions outside the universities, such as the Royal Institute of Technology, Tekniska högskolan, which bore that name from 1877. While founded as a business school, the subject of economics featured prominently in the research and curriculum of the school from the beginning; the most well known scholars of the Stockholm School of Economics are arguably the economists Eli Heckscher, Bertil Ohlin. Heckscher is known as the founder of economic history as an independent academic discipline and his work Svenskt Arbete och Liv is a fundamental work within this subject. Ohlin was a leading figure within the school of doctrine with the same name, the so-called Stockholm school.
This school of doctrine was to have a profound influence on post-WWII Swedish economic policy and the development of the modern Scandinavian Welfare state. Heckscher and Ohlin jointly developed the so-called Heckscher-Ohlin theory, the standard international mathematical model of international trade. Bertil Ohlin received the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1977. Other prominent members of the Stockholm school were the Stockholm University professor Gustav Cassel, who developed standard economic theory of Purchasing power parity and economist Dag Hammarskjöld, Secretary-General of the United Nations in New York City, United States. For Master programmes, applicants have to have a GMAT score of over 600 and a TOEFL iBT score of over 100 in order to be considered suitable for applying. In the academic year 2012/2013 the university received 3261 applications for the four Masters programmes which it offered at the time. Therefore, the according acceptance rate would have been low. Stockholm School of Economics offers the following programs: Bachelor of Science in Business and Economics Bachelor of Science in Retail Management Master of Science in Finance Master of Science in Business & Management Master of Science in Accounting & Financial Management Master of Science in Economics Master of Science in International Business Doctoral Program with three specializations MBA Program The MSc programs are all conducted in English.
The Master of Science in Business and Management is a two-year program. There are offered three specializations: International Business and Marketing & Media Management. Within their specialization, students write a Master's thesis worth 30 ECTS credits; the MSc in International Business is a two-year program targeting students who see the world as their home and is integrated with CEMS MIM. The current CEMS Club Board is represented by Sebastian Schaaf and Julia Gerwien; the MSc Program in International Business takes part in the FT Masters in Management ranking. The latest ranking placed the program 12th out of 100 participating top international business schools; the in Economics is a program designed for students with a background in economics or business. As well as the other master programs it is a two-year program with 120 ECTS. There are offered two specializations: International Economics; the MSc in Finance and Accounting is a two-year program. There are offered three different specializations: Investment Management, Corporate Finance and Accounting & Financial Management.
The SSE EMBA program was launched in 2001. Since 2001, the year the Financial Times began its Executive MBA ranking, the SSE Executive MBA has been the first in the Nordic league. Worldwide its average rank in the last three years was 56; the SSE PhD Program has graduated more than 500 PhDs. There are three separate PhD programs at SSE: Business Administration Economics Finance Stockholm School of Economics alumni are defined as previous students that have graduated from one of SSE’s degree programs. Today
Royal College of Music, Stockholm
The Royal College of Music, Stockholm is the oldest institution of higher education in music in Sweden, founded in 1771 as the conservatory of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music. The conservatory was made independent of the Academy in 1971. Media related to Royal College of Music in Stockholm at Wikimedia Commons www.kmh.se
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries. The city stretches across fourteen islands. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago; the area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is the capital of Stockholm County. Stockholm is the cultural, media and economic centre of Sweden; the Stockholm region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP, is among the top 10 regions in Europe by GDP per capita. It is an important global city, the main centre for corporate headquarters in the Nordic region; the city is home to some of Europe's top ranking universities, such as the Stockholm School of Economics, Karolinska Institute and Royal Institute of Technology. It hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall. One of the city's most prized museums, the Vasa Museum, is the most visited non-art museum in Scandinavia.
The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is well known for the decor of its stations. Sweden's national football arena is located north of the city centre, in Solna. Ericsson Globe, the national indoor arena, is in the southern part of the city; the city was the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics, hosted the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics otherwise held in Melbourne, Australia. Stockholm is the seat of the Swedish government and most of its agencies, including the highest courts in the judiciary, the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister; the government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at Sager House. Stockholm Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the Swedish monarch, while Drottningholm Palace, a World Heritage Site on the outskirts of Stockholm, serves as the Royal Family's private residence. After the Ice Age, around 8,000 BC, there were many people living in what is today the Stockholm area, but as temperatures dropped, inhabitants moved south.
Thousands of years as the ground thawed, the climate became tolerable and the lands became fertile, people began to migrate back to the North. At the intersection of the Baltic Sea and lake Mälaren is an archipelago site where the Old Town of Stockholm was first built from about 1000 CE by Vikings, they had a positive trade impact on the area because of the trade routes they created. Stockholm's location appears in Norse sagas as Agnafit, in Heimskringla in connection with the legendary king Agne; the earliest written mention of the name Stockholm dates from 1252, by which time the mines in Bergslagen made it an important site in the iron trade. The first part of the name means log in Swedish, although it may be connected to an old German word meaning fortification; the second part of the name means islet, is thought to refer to the islet Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. According to Eric Chronicles the city is said to have been founded by Birger Jarl to protect Sweden from sea invasions made by Karelians after the pillage of Sigtuna on Lake Mälaren in the summer of 1187.
Stockholm's core, the present Old Town was built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the mid-13th century onward. The city rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League. Stockholm developed strong economic and cultural linkages with Lübeck, Gdańsk, Visby and Riga during this time. Between 1296 and 1478 Stockholm's City Council was made up of 24 members, half of whom were selected from the town's German-speaking burghers; the strategic and economic importance of the city made Stockholm an important factor in relations between the Danish Kings of the Kalmar Union and the national independence movement in the 15th century. The Danish King Christian II was able to enter the city in 1520. On 8 November 1520 a massacre of opposition figures called the Stockholm Bloodbath took place and set off further uprisings that led to the breakup of the Kalmar Union. With the accession of Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the establishment of a royal power, the population of Stockholm began to grow, reaching 10,000 by 1600.
The 17th century saw Sweden grow into a major European power, reflected in the development of the city of Stockholm. From 1610 to 1680 the population multiplied sixfold. In 1634, Stockholm became the official capital of the Swedish empire. Trading rules were created that gave Stockholm an essential monopoly over trade between foreign merchants and other Swedish and Scandinavian territories. In 1697, Tre Kronor was replaced by Stockholm Palace. In 1710, a plague killed about 20,000 of the population. After the end of the Great Northern War the city stagnated. Population growth halted and economic growth slowed; the city was in shock after having lost its place as the capital of a Great power. However, Stockholm maintained its role as the political centre of Sweden and continued to develop culturally under Gustav III. By the second half of the 19th century, Stockholm had regained its leading economic role. New industries emerged and Stockholm was transformed into an important trade and service centre as well as a key gateway point within Sweden.
The population grew during this time through immigration. At the end
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College is a private Swedish institution for higher education and research. The university college has departments for education in nursing, social work, church music and psychotherapy as well as research within the field of social science, welfare rights, health care science and ethics, palliative care, diaconal research and worklife ethics and psychotherapy research; the aims of the research programme are in line with the university college's diaconal history. In 1851, the first nurse training course in Sweden was launched by Marie Cederschiöld under the auspices of Ersta diakoni; the first oriented programme at national level began at the turn of the last century in the form of diaconal training at the Stora Sköndal Foundation. Today Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College is owned by Ersta diakoni, Stora Sköndal Foundation and Bräcke diakoni, divided into three campuses located in Södermalm, Stora Sköndal, south of Stockholm and Hisingen, Gothenburg; the historical background has resulted in human health and vulnerability being the focus of study and explains how research fields have developed and given the university its specific profile.
Department of diaconal studies, church music and theology Department of social sciences Department of health care sciences Institute for commissioned education Institute for organisational and worklife ethics Library Official website for Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College
Pehr Henrik Ling
Pehr Henrik Ling pioneered the teaching of physical education in Sweden. Ling is credited as the father of Swedish massage. Ling was born in Södra Ljunga, Småland in 1776, his parents were Lars Peter Ling, a minister, Hedvig Maria Molin. On his maternal side, Ling was the great-great grandson of the famous Swedish scientist Olof Rudbeck, who discovered the human lymphatic system, his family tree includes clergymen and peasants. His great grandfather lived to 105 and had seventeen sons and two daughters. After graduating from the Växjö gymnasium in 1792, he studied theology at Lund University from 1793, completing his degree at Uppsala University in 1799, he worked as a tutor for several families for the next three years. In 1800, Ling lived abroad and traveled for seven years, he studied modern languages at the University of Copenhagen. He traveled to Germany and England, he took part in a naval battle as a volunteer on a Danish ship. Ling studied Goethe and Schiller, the Edda and northern mythology, composed original poems in Swedish, German and Danish.
He learned fencing at a school of French emigres and noticed its benefits, those of physical education, on the gout in his arm. Financial difficulties and rheumatism caused him to return to Sweden, he read Johann Christoph Friedrich GutsMuths' book Gymnastics for the Youth, participated in the gymnastic exercises of the originator of Danish gymnastics, Franz Nachtegall He returned to Sweden 1804 in order to establish a gymnastic institute. Back in Sweden, Ling began a routine of daily exercise, including fencing, in 1805 was appointed as a master of fencing at Lund University. Having discovered that his daily exercises had restored his health, Ling decided to apply this experience for the benefit of others, he saw the potential of adapting these techniques to promote better health in many situations and thus attended classes in anatomy and physiology, went through the entire curriculum for the training of a medical doctor. He outlined a system of gymnastics and maneuvers divided into four branches: pedagogical, medical and aesthetic, which carried out his theories and demonstrated the scientific rigor to be integrated or approved by established medical practitioners.
Ling was the gymnastics instructor in the Military Academy at Carlsberg. After several attempts to interest the Swedish government, Ling at last obtained government cooperation in 1813, founded the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute, now the Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan for the training of gymnastic instructors was opened in Stockholm, with Ling appointed as principal. Ling invented physical education apparatus including the box horse, wall bars, beams, he is credited with developing calisthenics and free calisthenics. Orthodox medical practitioners were opposed to the claims made by his disciples. However, by 1831, Ling was elected a member of the Swedish General Medical Association, which demonstrated that his methods were regarded as worthy of professional recognition, he became a titular professor the same year. When Ling died of tuberculosis in 1839, he had charged three of his pupils with carrying on his legacy; these pupils were Lars Gabriel Branting. These three, along with Major Thure Brandt, who from c. 1861 specialized in the treatment of women, are regarded as the pioneers of Swedish medical gymnastics.
Although Ling is sometimes credited as the father of Swedish Massage, it was not a part of his Gymnastic Movements nor the curriculum of the Royal Central Gymnastic Institute founded by Ling in 1813. The "Swedish massage" techniques effleurage, friction and vibration are credited to Johann Georg Mezger; some sources mention that Ling learned massage from a Chinese friend, but this was an invention of Ling’s rivals, in an effort to discredit his work. Although Ling was aware of Chinese massage, he instead developed a system of integrated manual therapy, combining physical training and gymnastic procedures with knowledge of anatomy and pathology, he was the first to popularize such a system with modern scientific knowledge. Ling's system of medical gymnastics influenced institutions and systems; the Gymnastic Orthopedic Institute was founded in Stockholm in 1822 by Nils Åkerman, which from 1827 received a government grant. Around 1857, Gustaf Zander developed a medico-mechanical system of gymnastics, known by his name, started his Zander Institute at Stockholm in 1865.
At the Stockholm Gymnastic Central Institute, qualified medical faculties have supervised the medical department since 1864. Broadly speaking, there have been two streams of development in the Swedish gymnastics founded on Ling's beginnings, either in a conservative direction, making certain forms of gymnastic exercises subsidiary to the prescriptions of orthodox medical science, or else in an progressive direction, making these exercises a substitute for any other treatment, claiming them as cures for diseases. A representative of the latter, more extreme section was Henrik Kellgren, who had a special school and following. Other accounts of Dr Ling's practice and philoso
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
KTH Royal Institute of Technology is a university in Stockholm, specializing in engineering and technology. International ranking organizations rank KTH as the highest in northern mainland Europe in its academic fields.. It is the institution of higher learning in Sweden from which most of the CEOs found on the Stockholm Stock Exchange have graduated, which makes KTH "Sweden's best plant school for chief executive officers" at its Stockholm Stock Exchange; the King of Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf is the High Protector of the KTH Royal Institute of Technology. The core of the KTH Royal Institute of Technology was founded in 1697 in Stockholm, Sweden as Christopher Polhem's Laboratorium Mechanicum, the school's main tools for research and teaching until 1925, when new technology took over. Many mechanical models was added by students and staff in the 1800's, extending its founder Christopher Polhem's original research and educational tools, it is the same Polhem, familiar to the citizens of Sweden for appearing on the old 500 kr bill, is known as'the father of Swedish mechanics', as the Swedish Riksbank states it.
Polhem founded the Laboratorium Mechanicum after his extensive trips and research outside of Sweden as a school and research facility in the engineering field of mechanics. The Laboratorium Mechanicum, was founded in Stockholm but was in its first years located at the Christopher Polhem's mansion Stjärnsund in the county of Dalarna, prior to his and KTH's return to the capital and the'King's House, where it became famous all over Europe due to the scientific quality of the mechanics; this Laboratorium Mechanicum, the core of KTH, was renamed as the'Mechanical School' prior to its 1827 name change to'The Technological Institute', the present Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, KTH which it was renamed to in 1877 by royal decree of King Oscar II, but regardless of name always using its 1697 founder Polhem's across Europe famous models and tools for education and research in mechanics until 1925 when new technology took over. The academic and scientific core of KTH, the founder Christopher Polhem's own Laboratorium Mechanicum, was that year handed over to the Swedish Museum of Technology, in Stockholm by the KTH.
KTH Royal Institute of Technology is ranked as one of the highest among institutes of technology in Europe and the world. The main campus buildings at Valhallavägen in Östermalm, by architect Erik Lallerstedt, were completed in 1917; the bells of the clock-tower was completed ten years in 1927 at the 100 year anniversary of the transformation of the Mechanical School to The Technological Institute, in 1827. The buildings and surroundings were decorated by prominent early 20th-century Swedish artists such as Carl Milles, Axel Törneman, Georg Pauli, Tore Strindberg and Ivar Johnsson; the older buildings on the campus were renovated in 1994. While the original campus was large for its time, KTH soon outgrew it, the campus was expanded with new buildings. Today, KTH institutions and faculties are distributed across several campuses in Stockholm County, located in Flemingsberg, Kista and Södertälje, beyond the ones in Östermalm. KTH, School of ICT is located in Stockholm; this school offers education and research in all the areas which today's information society is based upon – from nano scale physics and corn to the benefit of the end user.
Kista campus is an educational environment with modern facilities, which are always open to the students. All courses are within ICT, creating a strong cohesion and an exchange over the educational programmes. Stockholm University’s computer science programmes are located in Kista. Together, over 3000 students create a vibrant student life. KTH Kista is an exciting international environment with teachers and students from all around the world; the Master's and postgraduate programmes offered by the school attracts students from the world's top universities. With companies such as Ericsson, Volvo, IBM, Tele2, TietoEnator, Microsoft and Oracle as neighbors, the cooperation between industry and KTH is known. Thanks to the presence of KTH in Kista and other academic and research institutions, Kista became the largest corporate area in Sweden and imperative to the national Swedish economy School of Technology and Health has a part of its activities in Flemingsberg. At KTH Flemingsberg the school offers courses in Medical Engineering and conducts research within the subject.
KTH's activities in Flemingsberg started in 2002. Since 2003, the school offers a Bachelor of Education in Medical Engineering, in collaboration with the Karolinska Institute. In autumn 2008, a master of science in Medical Engineering started. Located here are undergraduate studies, most research departments, the research center: Center for Technology in Medicine and Health, which collaborates with the Karolinska Institute and Stockholm County Council to contribute to the development and growth of research in engineering and health. Flemingsberg is an area of high academic "density" and one of northern Europe's most important areas within biotechnology – both terms of research and industrial activities. Here are Södertörn University and the Karolinska Institute with over 10 000 students and Novum Research Center, where 1000 people are involved in research. Flemingsberg is an area of strong growth. To meet the need for student housing more apartments are planned. In Haninge, students from two schools at KTH receive education – the School of Architecture and the Built Environment, ABE, the School of Tech
Södertörn University is a public university located in Flemingsberg, located in Huddinge Municipality, the larger area called Södertörn, in Stockholm County, Sweden. In 2013, it had about 13 000 full-time students; the campus area in Flemingsberg hosts the main campus of SH, several departments of the Karolinska Institutet, the School of Technology and health of the Royal Institute of Technology. The Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, is located there. Södertörn University was established as a university college in 1996 following a parliamentary decision in 1995; the expansion of higher education in the southern parts of Stockholm had been investigated for a long time. The background was that the transition to higher education was low in the southern parts of Stockholm, unemployment was high and segregation problems tended to be large. Stockholm University did not consider it appropriate to increase the number of students of Stockholm University and a university in Södertörn should be independent and not part of the University of Stockholm.
Karolinska Institutet had relocated their dental education to Flemingsberg. KTH and Stockholm University had facilities in Flemingsberg and Novum Research Park was under construction. At the university's inception in 1996, there were around 1,000 students. SH had facilities in Södertälje and Haninge; the pro-vice chancellor of Stockholm University was vice-chancellor of Södertörn University, but on 1 January 1997, Per Thullberg was appointed vice-chancellor and SH attained the right to award their own degrees. In 2002 the main building Moas båge was inaugurated in Flemingsberg; the building received the Concrete Products Outdoor Environment Prize in 2003. With the new facilities the teacher education program was moved from Södertälje to Flemingsberg. In spring 2006, the university's board operations decided to move from campus Haninge to campus Flemingsberg by autumn 2008 and phase out the Södertälje campus where teaching had been discontinued. Södertörn University applied to the government to become a university in 2002.
The application has not yet been processed. In 2004 Södertörn University applied together with Karolinska Institutet and KTH for approval to create a university network at Södertörn University based on the same model as the University of Oxford in the UK. In May 2006, a updated version of the university application was submitted to the government, including changes implemented since 2002. 1 July 2010, the Swedish Higher Education Authority granted Södertörn University the right to award doctoral degrees in the areas of Historical Studies and Cultural Theory, Environmental Studies and Politics and the Organisation of Society. At the end of 2013 Södertörn University was awarded the task of providing the basic training programme for the police, it will run as contract education and will cover five semesters of full-time studies, including a six-month traineeship at a police authority. The first 180 police cadets started their education at Södertörn University in January 2015. In 2013 Södertörn University had 12 578 students.
Södertörn University has four academic schools: Department of Historical and Contemporary Studies Department of Culture and Education Department of Natural Sciences and Environmental Studies School of Social Sciences Subjects at the university: Södertörn University carries out research in the humanities, social sciences, environment and educational science. The primary purpose of the research centres is to bring academic added value by focusing on scientifically interesting fields that lie at the intersections of traditional disciplines; this way the university wishes to create a creative meeting place for staff and students. Centre for Baltic and East European Studies The Academy of Public Administration Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge ENTER forum for research on entrepreneurship The Institute of Contemporary History The Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition Maritime Archaeological Research Institute at Södertörn University The Södertörn University Library building was designed by Christer Malmström Arkitektkontor AB, has received one of Sweden's most prestigious prizes for architecture, the Kasper Salin-prize.
The 11 000 square metre building contains the library's collection, examination rooms, study areas and has 700 study spaces. The library was opened 2004. 1 January 1997 – 31 December 2002: Per Thullberg 2003–30 June 2010: Ingela Josefson 1 July 2010-30 June 2016: Moira von Wright 1 July 2016-: Gustav Amberg Ebba Witt-Brattström, Professor of Literature Sara Danius, Professor of Aesthetics Aris Fioretos, Professor of Aesthetics Kodjo Akolor Mohamed Said Kristian Gidlund Anna-Karin Hatt List of colleges and universities in Sweden