Norrmalm is a borough in central Stockholm, named after the dominating district. Except Norrmalm there are two districts in the borough: Vasastaden. A portion of northern Östermalm is organized in Norrmalm borough; the population as of 2004 is 61,905 on an area of 4.95 km², which gives a density of 12,506.06/km². The most populous district is Vasastaden. Media related to Norrmalm at Wikimedia Commons
Farsta is a borough in Söderort in the southern part of Stockholm Municipality, Sweden. The districts that make up the borough are Fagersjö, Farsta strand, Farstanäset, Gubbängen, Hökarängen, Larsboda, Sköndal and Tallkrogen; the population as of 2004 is 45,463 on an area of 15.40 km², which gives a density of 2,952.14/km². Media related to Farsta at Wikimedia Commons
Municipal council (Sweden)
A municipal council is the decision-making body governing each of the 290 municipalities of Sweden. Though the Swedish Local Government Act uses the term "municipal assembly" in an English translation of the Act, "municipal council" and "city council" are used as well in official contexts in English by several of Sweden's largest municipalities, including Stockholm, Malmö, Gothenburg; this system of administrative division was established with the municipal reform of 1971. Prior to this reform, municipal governance in Sweden was conducted by either a kommunalfullmäktige or a stadsfullmäktige; the number of members in each assembly can range from 21 to 101, depending on the population of the municipality in question. Members of the assemblies are chosen to serve for four-year terms through elections using a party-list proportional representation system; these municipal elections are held on the second Sunday of September, the same day as Swedish parliamentary elections. The term kommunfullmäktige is used by Swedish-speakers in Finland, where it corresponds to the kunnanvaltuusto with the same meaning.
Swedish Local Government Act in English
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries. The city stretches across fourteen islands. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago; the area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is the capital of Stockholm County. Stockholm is the cultural, media and economic centre of Sweden; the Stockholm region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP, is among the top 10 regions in Europe by GDP per capita. It is an important global city, the main centre for corporate headquarters in the Nordic region; the city is home to some of Europe's top ranking universities, such as the Stockholm School of Economics, Karolinska Institute and Royal Institute of Technology. It hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall. One of the city's most prized museums, the Vasa Museum, is the most visited non-art museum in Scandinavia.
The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is well known for the decor of its stations. Sweden's national football arena is located north of the city centre, in Solna. Ericsson Globe, the national indoor arena, is in the southern part of the city; the city was the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics, hosted the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics otherwise held in Melbourne, Australia. Stockholm is the seat of the Swedish government and most of its agencies, including the highest courts in the judiciary, the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister; the government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at Sager House. Stockholm Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the Swedish monarch, while Drottningholm Palace, a World Heritage Site on the outskirts of Stockholm, serves as the Royal Family's private residence. After the Ice Age, around 8,000 BC, there were many people living in what is today the Stockholm area, but as temperatures dropped, inhabitants moved south.
Thousands of years as the ground thawed, the climate became tolerable and the lands became fertile, people began to migrate back to the North. At the intersection of the Baltic Sea and lake Mälaren is an archipelago site where the Old Town of Stockholm was first built from about 1000 CE by Vikings, they had a positive trade impact on the area because of the trade routes they created. Stockholm's location appears in Norse sagas as Agnafit, in Heimskringla in connection with the legendary king Agne; the earliest written mention of the name Stockholm dates from 1252, by which time the mines in Bergslagen made it an important site in the iron trade. The first part of the name means log in Swedish, although it may be connected to an old German word meaning fortification; the second part of the name means islet, is thought to refer to the islet Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. According to Eric Chronicles the city is said to have been founded by Birger Jarl to protect Sweden from sea invasions made by Karelians after the pillage of Sigtuna on Lake Mälaren in the summer of 1187.
Stockholm's core, the present Old Town was built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the mid-13th century onward. The city rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League. Stockholm developed strong economic and cultural linkages with Lübeck, Gdańsk, Visby and Riga during this time. Between 1296 and 1478 Stockholm's City Council was made up of 24 members, half of whom were selected from the town's German-speaking burghers; the strategic and economic importance of the city made Stockholm an important factor in relations between the Danish Kings of the Kalmar Union and the national independence movement in the 15th century. The Danish King Christian II was able to enter the city in 1520. On 8 November 1520 a massacre of opposition figures called the Stockholm Bloodbath took place and set off further uprisings that led to the breakup of the Kalmar Union. With the accession of Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the establishment of a royal power, the population of Stockholm began to grow, reaching 10,000 by 1600.
The 17th century saw Sweden grow into a major European power, reflected in the development of the city of Stockholm. From 1610 to 1680 the population multiplied sixfold. In 1634, Stockholm became the official capital of the Swedish empire. Trading rules were created that gave Stockholm an essential monopoly over trade between foreign merchants and other Swedish and Scandinavian territories. In 1697, Tre Kronor was replaced by Stockholm Palace. In 1710, a plague killed about 20,000 of the population. After the end of the Great Northern War the city stagnated. Population growth halted and economic growth slowed; the city was in shock after having lost its place as the capital of a Great power. However, Stockholm maintained its role as the political centre of Sweden and continued to develop culturally under Gustav III. By the second half of the 19th century, Stockholm had regained its leading economic role. New industries emerged and Stockholm was transformed into an important trade and service centre as well as a key gateway point within Sweden.
The population grew during this time through immigration. At the end
Rinkeby-Kista is a borough in Stockholm, Sweden. The borough is located in Västerort; the districts that make up the borough are Akalla, Husby and Rinkeby. The population of Rinkeby-Kista borough is 48,604 as of December 2015; the borough was formed on January 2007 when Kista borough and Rinkeby borough were merged. Media related to Rinkeby-Kista at Wikimedia Commons
Enskede-Årsta-Vantör is a borough in the southern part of Stockholm. The districts that make up the borough are Enskedefältet, Enskede Gård, Gamla Enskede, Stureby, Årsta, Östberga, Bandhagen, Högdalen, Örby, Rågsved and Hagsätra; the population as of 2014 was 96,916. The borough was formed in January 2007 from Vantör. Johanna and Klara Söderberg, musicians Janet Leon, former member of Play Sanna Nielsen, musician Media related to Enskede-Årsta-Vantör at Wikimedia Commons
Districts of Sweden
Municipalities in Sweden are in some rare cases divided into smaller districts or urban districts, are sometimes assigned administrative boards responsible for certain areas of governance in their respective areas. These districts are not specified by national Swedish law, but rather are created by individual municipalities, thus the Swedish names of these districts vary from municipality to municipality, including kommundelar, stadsdelområden, primärområden, or stadsdelsnämndsområden; the degree of administrative autonomy of these districts varies but is very limited. The city council of Stockholm Municipality has divided the city into smaller subdivisions; the city uses the English term "district" to describe these subdivisions. The districts were first created in 1997 to facilitate the efficiency of local government in Stockholm; the number of districts was reduced from 24 to 18 the following year, reduced again to the current 14 in 2007. Since the establishment of these districts, certain administrative tasks, such as school administration were re-centralized.
Each district has its own district administration, led by a district council, responsible for certain areas of municipal governance within their district, including pre-school education, park maintenance, local economic initiatives, elderly services, financial counseling, refugee reception services. Individual district councils have no power over city planning or tax policy, both of which are retained by the central city council; the councilors that serve on these district councils are part-time politicians holding other employment. They are preferably residents of the district; the central city council itself is responsible for setting the budget and responsibilities of the district councils. The city council appoints the members of each district council, so the political makeup of the district council resembles that of the central city council, not that of the district; the member of the district council are not elected in any fashion by the residents of the district in question. Stockholm's 14 districts are sometimes divided into smaller parts for statistical purposes, however these smaller districts have no administrative function in the city's governance.
Stockholm has 14 districts as of the administrative changes made in 2007: Gothenburg Municipality is divided into subdivisions which it refers to as "districts" in English, though as with Stockholm's districts, they are referred to as boroughs in unofficial contexts. The Swedish term used by the city council is stadsdelsnämndsområden; these districts were created in 1990. Just like in Stockholm, these districts each have a local governing body which Gothenburg calls "district committees." These committees serve a nearly identical function to Stockholm's district councils, including recreation, local economic issues and social services, the lower levels of the education system, like Stockholm's councils, these committees are appointed by the centralized city council. Gothenburg is divided into each with a district committee; these 21 districts can be further divided into 94 subdivisions which exist only for statistical and organizational purposes, serve no administrative function. The 21 districts of Gothenburg and the premiärområden enclosed within each: Malmö Municipality is divided into five districts.
These districts each have a board or council called a stadsdelsfullmäktige, each consisting of eleven members, which are responsible for various local administrative tasks. In Malmö, the district councils are responsible for assisting members of the community in contacting their politicians or navigating their way through government agencies; these are the five districts of Malmö: Väster Innerstaden Norr Söder Öster Other smaller municipalities in Sweden use municipal subdivisions for official purposes, however these are not always administrative. For example, Strängnäs Municipality uses district councils which serve a purely advisory function and have no administrative power. Borås Municipality is divided into ten districts, each with a district council responsible for pre-school and primary school, recreational services, services for the elderly. Torshälla is a region inside Eskilstuna Municipality which has withheld a degree of autonomy since merging with Eskilstuna, including their own city council.
Other municipalities that use districts for advisory or administrative purposes include Huddinge, Kalmar, Köping, Södertälje, Umeå and Västerås. Government of Sweden Swedish municipal assemblies Politics of Sweden City of Stockholm City of Stockholm: About Stockholm