Greta Garbo, was a Swedish-born American film actress during the 1920s and 1930s. Garbo was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Actress and received an Academy Honorary Award in 1954 for her luminous, Garbo launched her career with a secondary role in the 1924 Swedish film The Saga of Gosta Berling. Her performance caught the attention of Louis B, chief executive of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, who brought her to Hollywood in 1925. She immediately stirred interest with her first silent film, released in 1926, a later, her performance in Flesh. Garbos first talking film was Anna Christie, MGM marketers enticed the public with the catch-phrase Garbo talks. That same year she starred in Romance, for her performances in these films she received the first of three Academy Award nominations for Best Actress. In 1932, her popularity allowed her to dictate the terms of her contract and her success continued in films such as Mata Hari and Grand Hotel. Many critics and film historians consider her performance as the doomed courtesan Marguerite Gautier in Camille to be her finest, the role gained her a second Academy Award nomination.
Garbos career soon declined and she was one of the many stars labeled Box Office Poison in 1938, from on, Garbo declined all opportunities to return to the screen. Shunning publicity, she began a life, and neither married nor had children. Greta Lovisa Gustafsson was born in Södermalm, Stockholm and she was the third and youngest child of Anna Lovisa —a housewife who worked at a jam factory—and Karl Alfred Gustafsson, a laborer. Garbo had a brother, Sven Alfred, and an older sister. Her parents met in Stockholm where her father visited from Frinnaryd and he moved to Stockholm to become independent and worked in various odd jobs—street cleaner, factory worker and butchers assistant. He married Anna, who had moved from Högsby. The Gustafssons were impoverished and lived in a three-bedroom cold-water flat at Blekingegatan No.32 and they brought up their three children in a working class district regarded as the citys slum. Garbo would recall, It was eternally grey—those long winters nights and my father would be sitting in a corner, scribbling figures on a newspaper.
On the other side of the room my mother is repairing ragged old clothes and we children would be talking in very low voices, or just sitting silently. We were filled with anxiety, as if there were danger in the air, such evenings are unforgettable for a sensitive girl
Borgholm is a city and the seat of Borgholm Municipality, Kalmar County, Sweden with 3,071 inhabitants in 2010. It is located on the island of Öland in the Baltic Sea, Borgholm is one of Swedens historical towns with a former city status. The city is best known for its once-magnificent fortress which is now ruined, Borgholm is, despite its small population, for historical reasons normally still referred to as a city. Statistics Sweden, only counts localities with more than 10,000 inhabitants as cities, the city is situated some 20 kilometres north of the Öland bridge which connects the island with the city of Kalmar on the mainland. Borgholm is the city of Öland, but remains one of the smallest cities in Sweden. The city received its charter in 1816 and emerged as a spa-town in the shadow of the ruins of the once mighty Borgholm Castle, which burned down in 1806. So important and magnificent was this castle, that it has become the city arms, slightly further south is Halltorps Estate, a historic royal estate linked to Borgholm Castle.
The city serves as centre of northern Öland and is one of the most popular resorts in Sweden. Borgholm Castle has its modern counterpart outside Borgholm, the Swedish Royal Family has its official summer residence at Solliden Palace a couple of kilometres outside the city centre. The Crown Princess Victorias birthday is celebrated on July 14 at the Borgholm Sports Field. Borgholm Castle Öland Borgholm Municipality - Official site
Nybro Municipality is a municipality in Kalmar County, south-eastern Sweden, with its seat in the town Nybro. The amalgamation of the City of Nybro with its surrounding municipalities took place in 1969, until Nybro mostly consisted of minor industries, including a match factory, marked by its traditionally Småland forest nature, largely unsuitable for agriculture. Nybro Municipality is in the part of the Kingdom of Crystal area. There are nine areas in Nybro Municipality. In the table the localities are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31,2005, the municipal seat is in bold characters. Statistics Sweden The Bäckebo Bomb Official site Article Nybro from Nordisk Familjebok
Oskarshamn Municipality is a municipality in Kalmar County in south-eastern Sweden, where the city Oskarshamn is seat. The amalgamations in the present municipality took place in 1967 when three rural municipalities joined the City of Oskarshamn, which was transformed into a municipality of unitary type in 1971, in 1966 construction started on the first nuclear power plant, OKG, within the present municipality. Since two more reactors have been built and the plant today produces about 10% of Swedens electricity, Oskarshamn Municipality is today considered to be a possible location of the Swedish nuclear waste storage. Oskarshamn was named after King Oscar I of Sweden, the top of the coat of arms show the insignia of the King. In the other there are symbols for shipping, trade. Its current design stems from 1942, but it basically only differes from the old in the alignment of the symbols, the coat of arms was re-used for the new municipality after 1971 and the arms of Döderhult and Misterhult became obsolete.
There are nine areas in Oskarshamn Municipality. In the table the localities are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31,2005, the municipal seat is in bold characters. It usually builds a majority with the Left Party of Sweden, all parties that are represented in the Riksdag are represented in the municipal assembly kommunfullmäktige. Oskarshamn has two newspapers, Oskarshamns-Tidningen and Nyheterna. The Blå Jungfrun is an island outside the coast, between the mainland and the island of Öland, and is classified as a national park
Provinces of Sweden
The provinces of Sweden are historical and cultural regions. Sweden has 25 provinces and they have no function, but remain historical legacies. Dialects and folklore rather follows the borders than the borders of the counties. Several of them were subdivisions of Sweden until 1634, when they were replaced by the counties of Sweden, some were conquered on from Denmark–Norway. Others, like the provinces of Finland, were lost, Lapland is the only province acquired through colonization. In some cases, the administrative counties correspond almost exactly to the provinces, as is Blekinge to Blekinge County and Gotland, which is a province, while not exactly corresponding with the province, Härjedalen Municipality is beside Gotland the only municipality named after a province. In other cases, they do not, which enhances the cultural importance of the provinces. Since 1884 all the provinces are ceremonial duchies, but as such have no administrative or political functions, the provinces of Sweden are still used in colloquial speech and cultural references, and can therefore not be regarded as an archaic concept.
The main exception is Lapland where the see themselves as a part of Västerbotten or Norrbotten. Two other exceptions are Stockholm and Gothenburg, where the see themselves as living in the city. English and other languages occasionally use Latin names as alternatives to the Swedish names, the name Scania for Skåne predominates in English. Some purely English exonyms, such as the Dales for Dalarna, East Gothland for Östergötland, Swedish Lapland for Lappland, swedes writing in English have long used Swedish-language name forms only. The origins of the provincial divisions lay in the petty kingdoms that became more and more subjected to the rule of the Kings of Sweden during the consolidation of Sweden. Until the country law of Magnus Ericson in 1350, each of these still had its own laws with its own assembly. The historical provinces were considered duchies, but newly conquered provinces added to the kingdom either received the status of a duchy or a county, after the separation from the Kalmar Union in 1523 the Kingdom incorporated only some of its new conquests as provinces.
Other foreign territories were ruled as Swedish Dominions under the Swedish monarch, Norway, in personal union with Sweden from 1814 to 1905, never became an integral part of Sweden. The division of Västerbotten that took place with the cession of Finland caused Norrbotten to emerge as a county and it was granted a coat of arms as late as in 1995. Some scholars suggest that Sweden revived the concept in the 19th century
Hultsfred Municipality is a municipality in Kalmar County, in south-eastern Sweden. The seat is in the town of Hultsfred, the present municipality was created in 1971 through the amalgamation of the market town of Hultsfred with a number of surrounding municipalities. In 1863 there were eight entities in the area, Hultsfred is known as the site of a major rock festival in Sweden, the Hultsfred Festival. Basically every one of the localities of Hultsfred Municipality are situated on the railway, besides Hultsfred, in the mid north of the municipality, there are the towns of Virserum in the south-west and other ever smaller settlements such as Lönneberga, Silverdalen and Målilla. The population of the municipality has however been decreasing with some 2,000 people in the last 10 years, as people move to larger cities. Much of the geography is taken up with forests, a notability for the province of Småland. However, from the age, around 1100 AD, there still remains a few churches. The area continued to be inhabited mainly by farmers until the 20th century, in the 17th and 18th there was some production of iron in Kalmar County, totalling about 10 mines, of those 2 were located to the municipality of Hultsfred.
Hultsfred was a center for some military exercising companies during the 19th century, when the railroads through Sweden were built late in that century, Hultsfred received a population boost. There are several museums around the area that keeps trace of its history. There are eight areas in Hultsfred Municipality. In the table the localities are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31,2005, the municipal seat is in bold characters. Hultsfred Municipality is twinned with, Poland Statistics Sweden Hultsfred Municipality - Official site
Borgholm Municipality is a municipality in Kalmar County, south-eastern Sweden, constituting the northern half of the island of Öland in the Baltic Sea. The municipal seat is located in the city of Borgholm, notable historic sites in this municipality are Borgholm Castle and Halltorps Estate. The local government reform in the 1970s saw the creation of two municipalities on the island of Öland, Borgholm Municipality is the northern of the two and consists of sixteen original entities. The southern half of the island is made up of Mörbylånga Municipality, there are 5 urban areas in Borgholm Municipality. In the table the localities are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31,2005, the municipal seat is in bold characters
Statistics Sweden is the Swedish government agency responsible for producing official statistics regarding Sweden. National statistics in Sweden date back to 1686 when the parishes of the Church of Sweden were ordered to start keeping records on the population, sCBs predecessor, the Tabellverket, was set up in 1749, and the current name was adopted in 1858. As of 2015, the agency had approximately 1,350 employees, the offices of the agency are located in Stockholm and Örebro. Statistics Sweden publishes the Journal of Official Statistics, demographics of Sweden Eurostat Government agencies in Sweden List of national and international statistical services Official website