Brumath Brumpt, is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. Brumath occupies the site of the Roman Brocomagus. Maria Christina of Saxony, aunt of Louis XVI, died in the château in the city; the building was destroyed in the Revolution. Brumath is located on the Zorn river, is 17 km north of Strasbourg and 13 km south of Haguenau. Brumath has a Protestant church; the vaulted basement of the former castle of the Hanau-Lichtenberg family now houses the Musée archéologique, displaying findings made in and around the ancient Roman town of Brocomagus. Brumath is served by the Route nationale 63, linking Strasbourg to Haguenau, by the A4 autoroute, it has a railway station on the line linking Metz. Maria Christina of Saxony died in Brumath; the great-great-grandmother of J. K. Rowling, Salomé Schuch, lived in Brumath. Battle of Brumath Bernard Schreiner, French politician born in Brumath Communes of the Bas-Rhin department Brumath transmitter INSEE commune file
The A35 autoroute is a toll free highway in northeastern France. It is known as the Autoroute des cigognes and the Voie Rapide du Piémont des Vosges, it connects the German border in the Rhine valley with the Swiss frontier via Strasbourg. The road forms part of European routes E25 and E60. At the northern end, where the road reaches the German frontier, it becomes a single carriageway road controlled by a speed camera. On the German side of the frontier, plans to build a final stretch of Autobahn to connect the French A35 directly with the German A65 at Kandel were not implemented during the 1990s when the focus of Autobahn construction switched to the eastern side of the country; the project remains unimplemented: it is contentious because of the ecological impact it could have on the Bienwald through which the road would run. As A35 01 Germany Becomes the B9 to Karlsruhe. 59 Lauterbourg Towns served: Scheibenhard 58 Munchhausen Towns served: Munchhausen 57 Seltz Towns served: Seltz 56 D4, Baden-Baden Towns served: Baden-Baden 55 Soufflenheim Towns served: Soufflenheim, Haguenau 54 Sessenhaim Towns served: Sessenhaim 53 Drusenheim-Bischwiller Towns served: Drusenheim, Haguenau 52 D2, Rastatt Towns served: Achern 51 Gambsheim-Weyersheim Towns served: Gambsheim, Weyersheim Rest Area: Landgraben Pfeffermatt 50 La Wantzenau Towns served: La Weyersheim 49 Hoerdt Towns served: HoerdtAs the A4 14 Exchange A4-A35 A4 autoroute to Metz The road merges with A4 14 Exchange A4-A35 A4 autoroute to Strasbourg centre As the A35 01 Strasbourg Cronenbourg Towns served: Strasbourg 14 Exchange A350-A35' A350 to autoroute Spur to Schiltighiem.
02 Strasbourg-xxx Towns served: Strasbourg 14 Exchange A351-A35' A351 autoroute Spur to N4 and Marlenheim. 04 N4 Kehl-Offenburg Towns served: Strasbourg, Kehl 05 Illkirch-Graffenstaden Towns served: Illkirch-Graffenstaden Service Area: Ostwald 07 N283 Erstein Towns served: Erstein, Offenburg 08 D400, Aéroport Strasbourg-Entzheim Towns served: Aéroport Strasbourg, Entzheim 00 Exchange A352-A35, Molsheim-St Dié A352 autoroute Spur to Molsheim. As the D1422 00 D1422 road becomes the D1422 for 2 km; as the A35 00 D1422 the autoroute recommences. 09 Innenheim Towns served: Innenheim 10 Krautergersheim Towns served: Krautergersheim 11 Obernai Towns served: Obernai, Niedernai 11.1 D500, Molsheim Towns served: Obernai, Molsheim. 12 Goxwiller-Valff Towns served: Goxwiller, Valff 13 Barr Towns served: Barr Rest Area: St Pierre 14 N83, Benfeld-Erstein Towns served: Benfeld, Erstein via N83 15 Ebersheim Towns served: Ebersheim. 16 Sélestat Towns served: Sélestat 17 Sélestat-St-Dié Towns served: Sélestat, St-Die via N59 Service Area: Haut-Koenigsbourg Sélestat 18 St-Hippolyte Towns served: Hirtengaerten.
As the N83 00 A35 vers Strasbourg Road merges with the N83 for 12 km. 20 Ribeauvillé Towns served: Ribeauvillé, Guémar 21 Ostheim Towns served: Ostheim 22 Ostheim Towns served: Ostheim 22.1 Ostheim Towns served: Ostheim Service Area: Houssen 23 Exchange N83-A35 Autoroute de-merges with the N83 to Colmar. As the A35 23 Houssen Towns served: Houssen 24 ZI Towns served: Colmar, N83 to Belfort. 25 Colmar-Freiburg Towns served: Colmar, Neuf-Brisach, Freiburg im Breisgau 26 Colmar-sud Towns served: Colmar Rest Area: Fronholz 27 Ste-Croix-en-Plaine Towns served: Ste-Croix-en-Plaine 28 Niederhergheim Towns served: Niederhergheim Rest Area: Oberhergheim Réguisheim Towns served: Réguisheim, Munwiller Ensisheim Towns served: Ensisheim, Hirtzfelden Rest Area: Battenheim 32 Sausheim Towns served: Baldersheim, Mulhouse 00 Exchange A36-A35 Junction with A36 to Dijon, Mulhouse westbound and Germany. 33 Habsheim Towns served: Mulhouse, Habsheim. 34 Sierentz Towns served: Sierentz, Kleinkems 35 Bartenheim Towns served: Bartenheim 36 Bale-Mulhouse Towns served: Bale-Mulhouse Airport 37 St-Louis Towns served: Huningue, St-Louis 00 Switzerland and becomes the A3 autoroute to Basel and Zurich.
A35 Motorway in Saratlas
Andlau is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Alsace region of northeastern France. The village owes its origin to Andlau Abbey, founded in 880 by Richardis, the empress of Charles the Fat. Andlau has been a wine-growing traveler destination since its earliest days; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Andlaviens or AndlaviennesThe commune has been awarded two flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Andlau is located some 40 km south by 20 km north of Selestat, it is a small town in the Canton of Barr located in the valley of the Andlau river in the foothills of the Vosges Mountains. The surroundings of Andlau town are the Vosges, including a summit, the Stosskopf, which attains a height of 700 metres; the surrounding communes include Mittelbergheim to the north-east, Eichhoffen to the east, Bernardvillé to the south, Le Hohwald to the north-west and Barr. The commune has an area of 23.69 km² and its highest point is towards the northern tip of Niederberg and rises to 807 metres.
Access to the commune is by the D62 road from Exit 13 on the A35 autoroute which goes west to the town. There is the D425 from just north of Eichhoffen going west to the village continuing west to Le Hohwald. West of the town the commune is forested with an extensive network of forest roads. East of the town there is a small area of farmland; the Andlau River: a small river which rises in the Vosges Mountains near the Champ du Feu, a mountain situated at the eastern end of the Ban-de-la-Roche. It flows from west to east through Andlau, Saint-Pierre, Zellwiller, Hindisheim and Fegersheim empties into the Ill downstream of Ill commune. Further upstream the waters of the Valff and the Kirneck used to power 60 mills and other factories until the 19th century, its course is about 45 km. Andelaha Andelelaha Andeloïa Andeloha Andelow Andeloa Andelow Andelach Andlau is a distortion of the word Andelaha from Andelaw or Andlaw. Andelaha could come from the original name of the river of which there are traces in old maps drawn in the 15th and 16th centuries.
The Andlau River is 42.8 km long and flows from the Champ du Feu to the Ill and is the origin of the name of the town. On 30 July 1857 Andlau was called Andlau-au-Val to distinguish it from that of Andelot in Haute-Marne. At the beginning of the 20th century the name became Andlau; the village undoubtedly existed in Gallo-Roman times. The village developed around the abbey of nuns founded in 880 AD by Richarde de Souabe, daughter of the Count of Alsace, known as Erchangar. Sainte Richarde the wife of Emperor Charles the Fat, grandson of Louis the Pious; the abbey was placed in Saint-Sauveur following the rule of Saint Benedict and received the protection of the Pope. It was allowed to raise money until 1004, it subsequently received many privileges. The Emperor Charles IV, in confirming it in 1347, declared the abbey free of all charges and contributions and granted to the abbess Adelaide de Geroldseck, her successors, the title of Princess of the Empire; the exact date of its secularization is not known but it is believed that it took place between the 12th and 14th centuries.
In addition to the charter from Emperor Charles IV many other anterior and posterior diplomas were granted to the abbey to confirm the privileges it had obtained or to give it new ones. The recipients were required to demonstrate sixteen Quarters of nobility without misalliance and the most illustrious families of Alsace and Germany vied for the honour of admitting their girls, they were not subject to a vow and could, when they wished, return to their families and marry. This abbey received from its inception an illustration that contributed to its prosperity and its status, it is known that the Emperor Charles the Fat was too weak to govern the vast empire, reunited under him by the death of his two brothers left in the care of the Empress Richarde, his wife. She had to advise Bishop of Vercelli. Courtiers, jealous of the authority of the bishop and the confidence, accorded him by the Empress, long meditated his ruin and found a way to turn the heart of the weak monarch to jealousy which piety, the eminent qualities of his wife, twenty-five years of happy marriage were powerless to stop.
Liutward was expelled from the court and the repudiated Empress retired to the monastery of Andlau. The legend of Saint Richarde was that she suffered the ordeal of fire and, dressed in a shirt coated with wax, was set fire in four places, she was not burned by the flames which were miraculously extinguished. In any case it was in this monastery that the wife of Charles the Fat ended her days in prayer and good works, she found a source of consolation in letters in which she wrote with great distinction several beautiful poems which have been preserved until now where she writes of her resignation and the purity of her soul. She was buried in a side chapel of the Andlau church. A century and a half she was canonized by Pope Leo IX, in Alsace, his homeland, came to bless Andlau's new church built by the Abbess Mathilde, sister of Emperor Henry III; the first references to the house of Andlau are in the 12th century which makes this family one of the oldest lines in France. The Andlau line forms 0.5% of the French nobility and their origins date back to the late Middle Ages so are considered old nobility – distinguished nobility or ancient nobility.
The nobles of Andlau may have given their name to the town. According to some sources, the Andlau family
Bischwiller is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in northeastern France just west of the Moder River. The city is 7.8 kilometers southeast of Haguenau, 8 kilometers west-northwest from the German border and the Rhine River, lies 22 kilometers north-northeast of Strasbourg. The Moder river, a Rhine tributary, flows across the town. Among the other streams which cross the area can be cited the following tributaries of the Morder: the Rothbaechel, the Erlengraben and the Waschgraben; the last one is formed by the confluence of two smaller streams named Weihergraben and Schnuchgraben. Due to its large Turkish minority, Bischwiller is dubbed "Turkwiller". Maison des Arts Musée de la Laub Henri Baumer, master carpenter Claude Vigée, poet Jacob Kirkman and Abraham Kirkman, harpsichord makers Jean Daum, glassware manufacturer Lucien Muller, footballer Otto Meißner, German politician Christian Goodnight is a direct-line ancestor of U. S. President Barack Obama. Communes of the Bas-Rhin department INSEE commune file Rapp, comte Jean, Memoirs of General Count Rapp: First Aide-de-camp to Napoleon, H. Colburn and Company Official website
Altwiller is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Grand Est region of northeastern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Altwillerois or Altwilleroises Altwiller is located some 20 km south of Sarreguemines on the German border and some 50 km north-east of Nancy; the commune is accessed by the D23 road running east from Vibersviller to the village continuing east to Harskirchen. The D153 road runs through the southern portion of the commune as it runs from the D39 road in the south-west north-east to Harskirchen; the western and northern borders of the commune are the borders between the Bas-Rhin and Moselle departments. As well as Altwiller village there is the hamlet of Chateau Bonnefontaine in the south of the commune; the Canal des Houllietes de la Satre passes along the southern border of the commune. The Rose stream passes near the village flowing west from Moselle to the Albe river forming the northern border of the commune; the northern part of the commune is farmland while the southern part is forested.
Fragments of vases and other Gallo-Roman pieces have been found at Bonnefontaine. The site is located on the salt route. In addition to the two annexes of Neuweyershof and the Bonnefontaine domain the village had in its vicinity a hamlet called Honkesen-Huntzen which has now disappeared. Altwiller was deserted in the 15th century and rebuilt a little in 1559 by Huguenots from Lorraine, it was destroyed again in 1635 by the Croatians became the property of Sarrewerden of Nassau-Saarbrücken with the capital of the Bailiwick of Harskirchen. The village returned to France in 1793. List of Successive Mayors of Altwiller In 2009, the commune had 422 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: The Protestant Church.
There are several items in the church that are registered as historical objects: The Organ The Furniture in the Church A Communion Ewer A Baptismal Ewer The Protestant Presbytery The Lutheran Presbytery The Cemetery at RD 23. The movable items in the cemetery are registered as historical objects. Communes of the Bas-Rhin department Altwiller on the old National Geographic Institute website Altwiller on Lion1906 Altwiller on Google Maps Altwiller on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Aiweiller on the 1750 Cassini Map Altwiller on the INSEE website INSEE
Albé is a commune in the Bas Rhin département in Alsace in north-eastern France. It is located 2 km northeast of Villé, on the left bank of the river Giessen close to the valley of Erlenbach, from which it derives its name. To the North and West it is bounded by mountains leading to the communes of Breitenbach. To the East is the peak of Ungersberg. Numerous streams flow from this mounting and the buttresses of the Champ du Feu to the north, which merge to form the brook of the Erlenberg; this river flowed down the main street of the village, but has now been covered. The village is at 300 m altitude; until 1867 the village was known by its German name Erlenbach. The name Albé was formally adopted in 1919. Under Louis XIV it was awarded a coat of arms emblazoned "Azure, three chevrons Argent"; the Azure suggests the river and the three chevrons a narrow boxed valley. The village is first mentioned in 1303 as a possession of the Habsburg Empire. A growth in the population, as a result of an expansion in farming and forestry led to the demands by the abbot of Honcourt for the construction of a church, begun by 1342.
From the 13th to the 15th century, the area was occupied by various armies loyal to the German Emperor or the Pope. The nearby camp of Armagnacs, stationed in Châtenois, may have plundered Albé and other villages in the region. During the Easter of 1525, the peasantry of Albé took part in a revolt and the Abbeys of Honcourt and Baumgarten were destroyed; the revolt was crushed by troops from Lorraine on 20 May 1525, Albé was named by the Lord of Ensisheim as among those responsible for the sacking of the abbeys, liable for reprisal. Fire spread through the village in 1575 resulting in the destruction of the church; the town suffered again during the Thirty Years War. After attempting to resist Swedish troops, the town was laid waste. After the war, the town grew again and there was an influx of people from many different backgrounds, who brought with them their architectural traditions. A century of peace brought prosperity based again on viticulture, during the 18th century many grand lintel frame houses were built.
The French revolution brought a mixture of fear and hope, the town preserves a tree of freedom, a lime planted in 1795 in the village square. The church had been enlarged in 1752, by 1802 the village had a full-time vicar and obtained the status of parish. At the end of the 19th century the farmland was becoming exhausted and the spread of phylloxera gravely affected the town and the population shrank. Coal mines are operating in the village; the town is principally known for its wine, it is the only town in the valley to produce its own vin d'Alsace. The vineyards are on sunny slopes; the vineyards now cover about 15 hectares, this area is expected to increase as hillsides are improved for the purpose. Most of the grapes are processed locally; the forest surrounding the town is held in common, though some is managed for chestnuts and fuel. There is little industry in Albé, cottage industries such as weaving are not significant; however the production of brandy has taken place on a commercial scale.
The Maison du Val de Villé is a local museum, housed in the former mairie. Communes of the Bas-Rhin department INSEE commune file
Asswiller is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Asswilleroises; the commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Asswiller is in the Northern Vosges Regional Natural Park some 27 km south-east of Sarralbe and 38 km south-west of Bitche. Access to the commune is by the D9 road from Durstel in the north-west passing through the heart of the commune and the village and continuing south-east to Petersbach; the D309 road goes south-west from the village to Drulingen. There is a large forest in the west with strips of forest along the borders with the remainder of the commune farmland; the Isch forms the south-western boundary of the commune as it flows west to join the Sarre west of Wolfskirchen. The Ottwillergraben forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Eichel at Tieffenbach.
718: Asco vilare 1793: Asveiller 1801: AsswilerIn German the commune name is Aßweiler. Asswiller was a small lordship dependent on the Counts of La Petite-Pierre; when the Count palatine of Bavaria, Georg Johann I of Bavaria, took possession of the county, he granted Asswiller as a hereditary fief to the Dalheim family, who were soon succeeded by the Steinkallenfels family: senior officials of the palatine counts. These Protestant lords introduced the Reformation and remained in Asswiller from the 16th century to 1819. In 1789 Asswiller belonged to the Lord of Carbiston who had acquired it in 1771 by marriage with the heiress of the Steincallenfels family. After the French Revolution Asswiller was attached to France in 1793 by decree of the National Convention which overrode the rights of princes holding possessions. List of Successive Mayors In 2010 the commune had 285 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793.
From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Many buildings and structures in Asswiller are registered as historical monuments: A Farmhouse at 2 Rue du Cimetière A Chateau at 6 Rue de Drulingen The Town Hall/School at 10 Rue de Durstel A Farmhouse at 18 Rue de Durstel A Courthouse at 2 Rue de Durstel A Farmhouse at 26 Rue de Durstel A Farmhouse at 5 Rue de Durstel A Farmhouse at 5 Bis Rue de Durstel A Farmhouse at 14 Rue de Petersbach A Farmhouse at 8 Rue de Petersbach A Mill called Jaegermuhle Several religious buildings and structures are registered as historical monuments: A Cemetery at Rue du Cimetière A Protestant Church at Rue de Durstel A Protestant Presbytery at 4 Rue de Durstel A Lutheran Church at Rue de l'Eglise The Cemetery contains two items that are registered as historical objects: The Rauscher family tomb 3 SculpturesThe Lutheran Church contains two items that are registered as historical objects: The Furniture in the church The Organ Communes of the Bas-Rhin department Asswiller on the old IGN website Asswiller on Lion1906 Asweiller on the 1750 Cassini Map Asswiller on the INSEE website INSEE