HAS2

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HAS2
Identifiers
AliasesHAS2, hyaluronan synthase 2
External IDsMGI: 107821 HomoloGene: 3892 GeneCards: HAS2
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 8 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 8 (human)[1]
Chromosome 8 (human)
Genomic location for HAS2
Genomic location for HAS2
Band8q24.13Start121,612,116 bp[1]
End121,641,390 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE HAS2 206432 at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_005328

NM_008216

RefSeq (protein)

NP_005319

NP_032242

Location (UCSC)Chr 8: 121.61 – 121.64 MbChr 15: 56.67 – 56.69 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Hyaluronan synthase 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the HAS2 gene.[5][6]

Hyaluronan or hyaluronic acid is a high molecular weight unbranched polysaccharide synthesized by a wide variety of organisms from bacteria to mammals, and is a constituent of the extracellular matrix. It consists of alternating glucuronic acid and N-acetylglucosamine residues that are linked by beta-1-3 and beta-1-4 glycosidic bonds. Hyaluronic acid is synthesized by membrane-bound synthase at the inner surface of the plasma membrane, and the chains are extruded via ABC-Transporter[7] into the extracellular space. It serves a variety of functions, including space filling, lubrication of joints, and provision of a matrix through which cells can migrate. Hyaluronic acid is produced during wound healing and tissue repair to provide a framework for ingrowth of blood vessels and fibroblasts. Changes in the serum concentration of hyaluronic acid are associated with inflammatory and degenerative arthropathies such as rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, the interaction of hyaluronic acid with the leukocyte receptor CD44 is important in tissue-specific homing by leukocytes, and overexpression of hyaluronic acid receptors has been correlated with tumor metastasis. HAS2 is a member of the vertebrate gene family encoding putative hyaluronan synthases, and its amino acid sequence shows significant homology to glycosaminoglycan synthetase (DG42) from Xenopus laevis, and human and murine hyaluronan synthase 1.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000170961 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000022367 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. ^ Spicer AP, Seldin MF, Olsen AS, Brown N, Wells DE, Doggett NA, Itano N, Kimata K, Inazawa J, McDonald JA (Jul 1997). "Chromosomal localization of the human and mouse hyaluronan synthase genes". Genomics. 41 (3): 493–7. doi:10.1006/geno.1997.4696. PMID 9169154.
  6. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: HAS2 hyaluronan synthase 2".
  7. ^ Schulz,T.; Schumacher,U.; Prehm,P. Hyaluronan export by the ABC transporter MRP5 and its modulation by intracellular cGMP. J.Biol.Chem.282,20999-21004

Further reading[edit]