Human Defense Corps
The Human Defense Corps are a comic book military organization published by DC Comics. They first appeared in Human Defense Corps #1, were created by writer Ty Templeton and artist Clément Sauvé. Human Defense Corps was a six-issue limited series published by DC Comics in 2003, written by Ty Templeton and drawn by Clément Sauvé; the series did not sell well, the concept was allowed to disappear until Superman and Justice League of America writer James Robinson began to feature the Corps in Superman vol. 3, starting with a passing mention of the events in the limited series in The Coming of Atlas and followed by the gradual introduction of Project 7734 from Superman: New Krypton Special, Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen Special #1, Action Comics #871 by Geoff Johns, building through the more recent issues of Superman and Action Comics and the associated Superman titles Supergirl and Jimmy Olsen Special #2. DC Comics extended the Corps presence in the DC Universe in a 10-page Human Defense Corps feature in Adventure Comics #8, directly linking it with the other stories featured in the title as part of the lead up to DC Comics' major War of the Supermen event for summer 2010.
In the DC Comics universe, the Human Defense Corps is a branch of the military established by President of the United States Lex Luthor to reduce government dependency on superhumans when a major alien crisis breaks out, act as back-up to Earth's superheroes, counter any alien threat to Earth. Membership of the Corps is open to'Decorated veterans of alien campaigns only'; the Corps has bases all in space. The sea-base included scientific facilities run by Doctor Zaius, a sentient gorilla from Gorilla City, which experiments on captured extraterrestrials and demons, although its location has been moved off-Earth, their first mission comes when the 1st Special Armoured Division are sent on a reconnaissance trip to the former Soviet satellite Bulgravia to support Government troops who had encountered shape-shifting aliens with high firepower weaponry and assumed to be Durlans. They are attacked in the Forest of Galantz by vampiric aliens invisible to special tech weapons but not ordinary eyesight, all but Sgt.
Montgomery Kelly of the forward platoons, sixty-six men, are killed in the skirmish, some by blanket bombing of the area with'holy napalm', a cross between holy water and fire-retardant gel which destroys the vampires. Sgt. Kelly and Colonel Reno Rosetti, who designed the weapon and ordered the attack on the drop site, are decorated as a result; some time afterwards the Corps are involved in a'centaur attack in Turkey', of which nothing is known, are pursuing a drawn-out war against a mole-like race of underground people called the A'Corti in London, England. Two years after dreams of the Galatz Forest incident affect a number of soldiers who were not there, a seance held by HDC Head Chaplain Charlie Graham ascertains that the members of the Corps who were assumed killed in the incident are in Hell but not dead and the "vampires" they fought were demons. Interrogating Calcabrina, a captive demon from the incident, they discover a Bulgravian mage had made a deal for his village to be spared the ravages of civil war in exchange for 66 souls and the Human Defense Corps team had stumbled in and taken their place.
The demon clan took them alive to feed on their energy -, more powerful than the energy of the dead - as part of a plan to extend their power in Hell. Guided by Calcabrina, the Third Special Armoured Division invade Hell to recover the 66 Corps members. Sgt. Kelly is supposed killed by the demon he killed two years before in Galatz Forest - but discovers he has demon blood in him as a result of the incident and cannot die and is now blood related to the demon clan, he claims the staff of the demon clan's leader Lord Scarmiglione in battle, takes his place and the Corps rescue the 66 men. The five men who are killed in the sortie now have demon links and unspecified powers and Sgt. Kelly and the five form a diplomatic link between Earth. Seven years General Sam Lane, Lois Lane's father -, assumed dead but, obsessed by alien invasion and'the Kryptonian threat', has been working covertly on a programme for the U. S Government called Project 7734 - has taken external command of Squad K of the Human Defense Corps under Colonel Hazard as part of the Project and moved the main base of Project 7734 to the home planet of another dimension.
The Corps now has a new motto and insignia'Ad Infernos et Retrorsum' and suit technology and weaponry designed to deal with Kryptonians. Squad K has nominally been'created to neutralise and disarm specific Kryptonian threats', but this has been allocated to Major Krull, the villain Reactron, working directly for General Lane on Lane's own agenda - the destruction of all Kryptonians, including Superman. Reactron kills Colonel Hazard for opposing him in this; the whereabouts of most of the original Corps team is unknown, although Sgt. Kelly is learning spell-casting with his team within Project 7734. Most of the current membership of Human Defense Corps is unknown as of January 2010, with the exception of Sgt. Kelly; the following have been mentioned as members of the Corps at some time: Colonel Skynner. Colonel Hazard of K Squad - killed by Reactron for opposing his lethal actions, he was the grandson of World Wa
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, regulations enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the United States between 1933 and 1936, it responded to needs for relief and recovery from the Great Depression. Major federal programs included the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Civil Works Administration, the Farm Security Administration, the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 and the Social Security Administration, they provided support for farmers, the unemployed and the elderly. The New Deal included new constraints and safeguards on the banking industry and efforts to re-inflate the economy after prices had fallen sharply. New Deal programs included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term of the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt; the programs focused on what historians refer to as the "3 Rs": relief for the unemployed and poor, recovery of the economy back to normal levels and reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression.
The New Deal produced a political realignment, making the Democratic Party the majority with its base in liberal ideas, the South, traditional Democrats, big city machines and the newly empowered labor unions and ethnic minorities. The Republicans were split, with conservatives opposing the entire New Deal as hostile to business and economic growth and liberals in support; the realignment crystallized into the New Deal coalition that dominated presidential elections into the 1960s while the opposing conservative coalition controlled Congress in domestic affairs from 1937 to 1964. By 1936, the term "liberal" was used for supporters of the New Deal and "conservative" for its opponents. From 1934 to 1938, Roosevelt was assisted in his endeavors by a "pro-spender" majority in Congress. In the 1938 midterm election and his liberal supporters lost control of Congress to the bipartisan conservative coalition. Many historians distinguish between a First New Deal and a Second New Deal, with the second one more liberal and more controversial.
The First New Deal dealt with the pressing banking crises through the Emergency Banking Act and the 1933 Banking Act. The Federal Emergency Relief Administration provided $500 million for relief operations by states and cities, while the short-lived CWA gave locals money to operate make-work projects in 1933–1934; the Securities Act of 1933 was enacted to prevent a repeated stock market crash. The controversial work of the National Recovery Administration was part of the First New Deal; the Second New Deal in 1935–1938 included the Wagner Act to protect labor organizing, the Works Progress Administration relief program, the Social Security Act and new programs to aid tenant farmers and migrant workers. The final major items of New Deal legislation were the creation of the United States Housing Authority and the FSA, which both occurred in 1937; the FSA was one of the oversight authorities of the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration, which administered relief efforts to Puerto Rican citizens affected by the Great Depression.
The economic downturn of 1937–1938 and the bitter split between the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations labor unions led to major Republican gains in Congress in 1938. Conservative Republicans and Democrats in Congress joined in the informal conservative coalition. By 1942–1943, they shut down relief programs such as the WPA and the CCC and blocked major liberal proposals. Nonetheless, Roosevelt turned his attention to the war effort and won reelection in 1940–1944. Furthermore, the Supreme Court declared the NRA and the first version of the Agricultural Adjustment Act unconstitutional, but the AAA was rewritten and upheld. Republican president Dwight D. Eisenhower left the New Deal intact expanding it in some areas. In the 1960s, Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society used the New Deal as inspiration for a dramatic expansion of liberal programs, which Republican Richard Nixon retained. However, after 1974 the call for deregulation of the economy gained bipartisan support.
The New Deal regulation of banking lasted. Several New Deal programs remain active and those operating under the original names include the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, the Federal Housing Administration and the Tennessee Valley Authority; the largest programs still in existence today are the Social Security System and the Securities and Exchange Commission. From 1929 to 1933 manufacturing output decreased by one third, which economists call the Great Contraction. Prices fell by 20 %. Unemployment in the United States increased from 4% to 25%. Additionally, one-third of all employed persons were downgraded to working part-time on much smaller paychecks. In the aggregate 50% of the nation's human work-power was going unused. Before the New Deal, there was no insurance on deposits at banks; when thousands of banks closed, depositors lost their savings as at that time there was no national safety net, no public unemployment insurance and no Social Security.
Relief for the poor was the respons
Port of Kolkata
The Port of Kolkata is a riverine port in the city of Kolkata, located around 203 kilometres from the sea. It is the oldest operating port in India, was constructed by the British East India Company; the Port has two distinct dock systems - Kolkata Docks at Kolkata and a deep water dock at Haldia Dock Complex, Haldia. In the 19th century, the Kolkata Port was the premier port in British India. After slavery was abolished in 1833, there was a high demand for laborers on sugar cane plantations in the British Empire. From 1838 to 1917, the British used this port to ship off over half a million Indians from all over India — from the Bhojpuri Belt and Tamil Nadu — and take them to places across the world, such as Mauritius, Suriname, Fiji and the Caribbean Islands as indentured laborers; this explains the Indian Diaspora reaching as far as the West Indies. There are millions of Indo-Mauritian, Indo-Fijian, Indo-Caribbean, Indo-Guyanese, Indo-Surinamese, Indo-Belizean people in the world today. After independence, the port's importance decreased because of factors including the Partition of Bengal, reduction in size of the port hinterland, economic stagnation in eastern India.
It has a vast hinterland comprising the entire North East of India including West Bengal, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, North East Hill States and two landlocked neighbouring countries namely and Bhutan and the Autonomous Region of Tibet. With the turn of the century, the volume of throughput has again started increasing steadily; as of March 2018, the port is capable of processing annually 650,000 containers from Nepal and India's northeastern states. Kolkata Port was established by the British East India Company after the company received trading rights from the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Following the shift of power from the company to the British crown, a port commission was set up in 1870. Though the port was conceived to be a commercial port and gateway of eastern India, the port played a important role in the Second World War, it was bombed twice by the Japanese forces. After independence, the Commissioners for the Port of Kolkata were responsible for the port till January 1975 when Major Port Trusts Act, 1963, came into force.
The Port is now run by a Board of Trustees having representatives from the Government, Trade Bodies, various Port Users, Labour Unions and some nominated members. The Kolkata Port Trust manages two separate dock agglomerations - the Kolkata Dock System and the Haldia Dock Complex, it is situated on the left bank of the Hooghly River at 22°32′53″N 88°18′05″E about 203 km upstream from the sea. The pilotage station is at Gasper/ Saugor roads, 145 Kilometres to the south of the KDS; the system consists of: Kidderpore Docks: 18 Berths, 6 Buoys / Moorings and 3 Dry Docks Netaji Subhas Docks: 10 Berths, 2 Buoys / Moorings and 2 Dry Docks Budge Budge River Moorings: 6 Petroleum Wharves Anchorages: Diamond Harbour, Saugor Road, SandheadsApart from this, there are around 80 major riverine jetties, many minor jetties, a large number of ship breaking berths. It is situated at 22°02′N 88°06′E around 60 kilometres away from the pilotage station; the complex consists of: Impounded Dock. System with 12 Berths 3 Oil Jetties in the River 3 Barge Jetties in the River for handling Oil carried by Barges.
Haldia Anchorage for lash vessels. All the docks are impounded dock systems with locks from river. KoPT has the largest dry dock facility in India; these dry docks cater to the diverse repair and maintenance needs of the vessels calling on the Eastern Ports of India. In addition, shipbuilding facilities are available in these dry docks. All the dry docks are inside the impounded dock system. There are five dry docks of which three are in Kidderpore Dock and two are in Netaji Subhas Dock. There is a fully-fledged repair workshop including Diesel Engine Overhauling Unit, Structural Shop and Light Machine Shop, Forging Shop, Electrical Shop and a Chain Testing/Repair Shop with 2500 KN capacity Tensile Compression Testing Machine to support various activities in the dry dock. Kolkata Dry Dock & Workshop facilities have been awarded ISO 9001:2000 certificate in recognition of their excellence in quality. Due to the constraints of the river no seagoing vessel above 200 GT is allowed to navigate without a qualified pilot of the Kolkata Port Trust.
The total pilotage distance to KDS is 221 kilometres, comprising 148 kilometres in river and 75 kilometres in sea, for HDC is 121 kilometres, comprising 46 kilometres in river and 75 kilometres in sea. Sagar Lighthouse is situated at Middleton Point on the Sagar Island 1.5 kilometres inshore. It is visible from a distance of 28 kilometres in clear weather. Dariapur Lighthouse is situated on the right bank of Hooghly River south of Rasulpur river and about 2.7 kilometres inshore. It is visible from a distance of 35 kilometres in clear weather. There are four unmanned light vessels. U. G. L. F. Located at 21°29′57″N 88°06′37.5″E L. G. L. F. Located at 21°21′57″N 88°10′05″E Talent WK L. V. located at 21°17′21″N 88°11′17″E Eastern Channel L. V. located at 21°04′19″N 88°11′07″E These are maintained at Tribeni, Garden Reach, Diamond Harbour and Haldia for round-the-clock recording of tidal data, used for the prediction of tides and preparation of tide tables by Survey of India. These are maintained at Akra, Hooghly Point, Balari and Sagar for displaying rises of tide for the convenience of various vessels navigating, dredgi
Histidine decarboxylase is an enzyme responsible for catalyzing the decarboxylation of histidine to form histamine. In mammals, histamine is an important biogenic amine with regulatory roles in neurotransmission, gastric acid secretion and immune response. Histidine decarboxylase is the sole member of the histamine synthesis pathway, producing histamine in a one-step reaction. Histamine cannot be generated by any other known enzyme. HDC is therefore the primary source of histamine in eukaryotes; the enzyme employs a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate cofactor, in similarity to many amino acid decarboxylases. Eukaryotes, as well as gram-negative bacteria share a common HDC, while gram-positive bacteria employ an evolutionarily unrelated pyruvoyl-dependent HDC. In humans, histidine decarboxylase is encoded by the HDC gene. Histidine decarboxylase is a group II pyridoxal-dependent decarboxylase, along with aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase, tyrosine decarboxylase. HDC is expressed as a 74 kDa polypeptide, not enzymatically functional.
Only after post-translational processing does the enzyme become active. This processing consists of truncating much of the protein's C-terminal chain, reducing the peptide molecular weight to 54 kDa. Histidine decarboxylase exists as a homodimer, with several amino acids from the respective opposing chain stabilizing the HDC active site. In HDC's resting state, PLP is covalently bound in a Schiff base to lysine 305, stabilized by several hydrogen bonds to nearby amino acids aspartate 273, serine 151 and the opposing chain's serine 354. HDC contains several regions that are sequentially and structurally similar to those in a number of other pyridoxal-dependent decarboxylases; this is evident in the vicinity of the active site lysine 305. HDC decarboxylates histidine through the use of a PLP cofactor bound in a Schiff base to lysine 305. Histidine initiates the reaction by displacing lysine 305 and forming a aldimine with PLP. Histidine's carboxyl group leaves the substrate, forming carbon dioxide.
This is the rate-limiting step of the all process, requiring an activation energy of 17.6 kcal/mol and fitting the experimental turnover of 1.73 s − 1. After the decarboxylation takes place, the PLP intermediate is protonated by tyrosine 334 from the second subunit; the protonation is mediated by a water molecule and it is fast and very exergonic. PLP re-forms its original Schiff base at lysine 305, histamine is released; this mechanism is similar to those employed by other pyridoxal-dependent decarboxylases. In particular, the aldimine intermediate is a common feature of all known PLP-dependent decarboxylases. HDC is specific for its histidine substrate. Histidine decarboxylase is the primary biological source of histamine. Histamine is an important biogenic amine. There are four different histamine receptors, H1, H2, H3, H4, each of which carries a different biological significance. H1 modulates several functions of the central and peripheral nervous system, including circadian rhythm, body temperature and appetite.
H2 activation results in smooth muscle relaxation. H3 controls histamine turnover by feedback inhibition of histamine release. H4 plays roles in mast cell chemotaxis and cytokine production. In humans, HDC is expressed in mast cells and basophil granulocytes. Accordingly, these cells contain the body's highest concentrations of histamine granules. Non-mast cell histamine is found in the brain, where it is used as a neurotransmitter. HDC can be inhibited by histidine methyl ester. Antihistamines are a class of medications designed to reduce unwanted effects of histamine in the body. Typical antihistamines block specific histamine receptors, depending on what physiological purpose they serve. For example, diphenhydramine and inhibits the H1 histamine receptor to relieve symptoms of allergic reactions. Inhibitors of histidine decarboxylase can conceivably be used as atypical antihistamines. Tritoqualine, as well as various catechins, such as epigallocatechin-3-gallate, a major component of green tea, have been shown to target HDC and histamine-producing cells, reducing histamine levels and providing anti-inflammatory, anti-tumoral, anti-angiogenic effects.
Mutations in the gene for Histidine decarboxylase have been observed in one family with Tourette syndrome and are not thought to account for most cases of TS. Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase Tyrosine decarboxylase Decarboxylation Histamine Antihistamine Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate Mast cell Histidine+Decarboxylase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, in the public domain
Historic Districts Council
The Historic Districts Council is a New York City-based 5013 nonprofit organization that serves as the advocate for New York City's historic buildings and public spaces. HDC was founded in 1970 as a committee of the Municipal Art Society consisting of a coalition of community groups from the designated historic districts of New York City—of which there were only 14 at the time— to serve as their representatives and advocate for more support of the newly created Landmarks Preservation Commission. In the late 1970s, its focus shifted to helping advance district designations. HDC is a resident partner of the Neighborhood Preservation Center. HDC's first full-time executive director was hired in 1992, its current executive director is Simeon Bankoff. In New York City, HDC is the only advocate for designated historic districts and for neighborhoods meriting preservation in all five boroughs. HDC organizes neighborhood residents in efforts to gain protection for their communities and assists property owners through the Landmarks Preservation Commission's processes and monitors preserved properties.
HDC helps promote historic districts and holds annual conferences on topics related to preservation. HDC is an independent, private organization, although it works with the city government, other preservation organizations, individual neighborhood groups; as advocate for New York's over 100 designated historic districts, HDC advises community groups about preservation issues and consults with building owners about what Landmarks Preservation Commission regulations mean. So when owners of individual landmarks or buildings in designated districts—the same regulations apply to both categories—want to make changes to their property that affect its external appearance, they must under the law apply to the LPC for approval to make those changes; the applications are approved at staff level. But when the proposals are complicated or do not suggest a clear-cut solution, they go to public review; every month, a committee of HDC examines every proposal scheduled for review—about 400 a year—and drafts testimony, read at the commission's public hearing.
HDC is the only organization in the city. As advocate for neighborhoods not designated but meriting protection, HDC advises community groups that come to us because they are seeking historic designation. An HDC staff member meets with them in their neighborhoods to talk about what designation means and advises them how to proceed, they make concrete suggestions and counsel groups on how to apply for designation, on what kind of research is necessary and how to get it done. HDC always help local groups obtain it. Sometimes HDC initiates the designation process itself in nonresidential areas that do not have local community leaders. In those cases, HDC sponsors the work. HDC sponsors applications to New York State and National Registers of Historic Places. Listing on these Registers helps move the designation process forward at the Landmarks Preservation Commission. To preserve the integrity of the Landmarks Law, HDC monitors behavior of city government and the LPC, taking issue with actions and policies when as they see needed.
HDC testifies before the City Planning Commission, the Art Commission, the Board of Standards and Appeals and the City Council on the effect a proposal would have on historic neighborhoods. Sometimes, the HDC holds public assemblies to gauge the effect of political elections. Since 1990, the Historic Districts Council has bestowed the Landmarks Lion award upon those who have shown unusual devotion and aggressiveness in protecting New York City’s historic buildings and neighborhoods; the Landmarks Lions include: Lisa Ackerman Kent Barwick Beyer Blinder Belle Joan K. Davidson Barbaralee Diamonstein-Spielvogel Andrew Dolkart Kenneth K. Fisher Dr. James Marston Fitch Margot Gayle Christabel Gough Roberta Brandes Gratz Hugh & Tiziana Hardy Kitty Carlisle Hart Edward S. Kirkland Barry Lewis Joyce Matz Walter B. Melvin Dorothy Marie Miner Francis Morrone Nancy Pearsall Otis Pratt Pearsall Rev. Dr. Thomas F. Pike Halina Rosenthal Arlene Simon Robert Silman Robert A. M. Stern Jack Taylor Anthony C. Wood Financing comes from grants by such government entities as the New York State Council on the Arts and the New York City Council as well as from private foundations and corporations.
More than 700 Friends of HDC contribute on a regular basis and participate in public activities
Herräng Dance Camp
Herräng Dance Camp is the largest annual dance camp that focuses on African American jazz dances such as Lindy Hop, boogie woogie, tap and balboa. It is owned and run by Lorenz Ilg, Frida Segerdahl, Fatima Teffahi, Daniel Heedman, Lennart Westerlund; each year, the small town of Herräng, Sweden is transformed into a multi-week dance camp attracting world-famous instructors and dancers alike. With the short Swedish nights, the dancing is pretty much 24-hours. Similar to many dance camps, the format varies each year but is traditionally held for four to five weeks in late June through late July. For numerous years Herräng Dance Camp has been the largest Lindy Hop dance camp in the world, with a reputation for offering both the highest standard of teaching and attracting the best social dancers from around the world. While the camp holds nightly social dances with music by live bands and DJs from around the world, the main focus of the camp is on dance instruction. In 2007, over seventy instructors were featured during the five weeks, including original dancers from the swing era such as Frankie Manning, Norma Miller, Dawn Hampton.
With over 750 people attending each week, the camp assembles a significant amount of infrastructure each summer to meet the needs of the large number of dancers. Some of the most noticeable additions to Herräng during Herräng Dance Camp includes several cafes; the first Herräng Dance Camp was held for one week, starting on 1 August 1982, was organized by the Swedish Swing Society, a swing dance organization based in Stockholm, Sweden. It was taught by John Clancy from New York. Having had a successful event in its first year, the camp saw its attendance boost to nearly 100 students in its second year. For the following five years, the camp grew in popularity in and around Sweden, was only attended by Swedish dancers. With the growing revival of African-American dances such as Lindy Hop in the late 1980s, the camp began to gain international attention. In 1989, two separate camps were organized in Herräng, one by The Rhythm Hot Shots and another by the traditional organizers, the Swedish Swing Society.
For the 1989 camp organized by The Rhythm Hot Shots, Frankie Manning, a surviving member of the swing era, was invited to teach at the camp. Since 1989, it has been a continued tradition to invite surviving members of the swing era. Most notably, Frankie Manning returned to Herräng every year until 2007; the competing dance camps were held for five years, until 1994, when the two groups held the first unified Herräng Dance Camp. During the 1990s, the camp gained greater international attention, beginning to attract a sizable number of dancers from countries outside of Sweden and Europe; some of the largest non-European countries represented included Japan and The United States. With the growing worldwide adoption of the Internet, the dance camp went from purely paper registration in 2000 to an online-registration system in 2001; as part of the internationalization of the dance camp, the dance camp had grown to four weeks of instruction and dancing and, in the 2001, 2002, 2004 dance camps, the "Herräng Swing Bus" took a number of instructors and dancers alike to various popular European destinations including Zurich, München, Berlin, Copenhagen, Paris and Amsterdam.
Without an organized trip around Europe, many of the instructors continue to travel to sites around Europe and dancing at the local scenes in many European cities. After twenty-four consecutive years, one of the main facilities used by the camp was rumored to be closing and thereby threatening the existence of the dance camp. In response to the rumors, the 2006 camp saw an unprecedented 1,200 dancers attend over the four weeks the camp was held. In 2007, the camp continued and celebrated its 25th anniversary and unveiled that the camp would be expanding from four weeks to five weeks. Though returning to a four-week program in 2008-2009, HDC has offered a five-week program since 2010. HDC celebrated its 30th Anniversary in 2012
Heavyweight Dub Champion
Heavyweight Dub Champion is a music and art collective founded in Gold Hill, Colorado in 1997 by Resurrector & Patch. Heavyweight Dub Champion known as HDC, is rooted in electronic music, but they create their unique style by using real and acoustic instruments fused with synthetic and electronic elements. In 2005, they relocated to San Francisco, but the members of their rotating lineup come from New York and the UK. Denver's Westword Magazine describes their music as "a shamanistic wall of hip hop dubtronica" and the magazine awarded their debut album Survival Guide For The End of Time with the editors pick for Best Local Recording in 2003. HDC is best known for their live performance, in which they use a massive amount of vintage and electronic gear to perform what they call "Sonic Shamanistic Alchemy"; the LA Weekly says, "The main HDC aesthetic is a cooled-out groove... Their genius is the great virtue of'70s dub: never overdoing it." The band lineup of Heavyweight Dub Champion, for both studio albums and live performance, is an changing organic unit.
The only person always involved in every aspect is co-founder Resurrector. Both Studio albums are produced by Patch; the debut album, Survival Guide For The End of Time, incorporates contributions from a vast array of artists, including A. P. O. S. T. L. E. Stero-Lion, Wailer B, Emcee Vill, J Criminology, Totter Todd, Jack Ruby Jr. DJ Hot Daddi 36-O, others. Since the release of Survival Guide the membership has expanded to include Lady K, Dr. Israel, Elf Tranzporter, DJ Illnaughty, Dakini Star, Jillian Ann, Noah King, Sasha Rose and 2009's "Rise of the Champion Nation" includes album appearances by KRS-One and Killah Priest. In addition to musical performance, HDC collaborates live with visual artists such as Unstoppable One, Jher 451, King Mob and Free Speech TV. "We have all kinds of artists on our album and it doesn't matter if they're white, Australian, or whatever – everyone's tied together by the same spiritual message," says Resurrector. Heavyweight Dub Champion was founded in Colorado in the Spring of 1997 by Resurrector and Patch after the demise of Roots Revolt, a Boulder, Colorado Reggae/Hip hop band from 1995–1997 of which they and others in HDC were members.
While in Gold Hill, "They hunkered down in a sonic laboratory – a log cabin equipped with an outhouse and no running water – and began to shape their music. They conceived a kind of soundtrack for their shared end-time scenario: a heavyweight knockdown between the Last Champion and the forces that threaten to imprison the planet," says Westword Magazine. Resurrector described their roots, "In Gold Hill, we were so close to the natural course of existence... Our band is based on cosmic relationships, it helped to create the rhythm of our music."Today Heavyweight Dub Champion is known for using a large amount of analog and digital gear on stage, similar to the Chemical Brothers, but in the beginning, they weren't into electronic music. As Resurrector puts it in a 2007 interview, "At first there were no electronic instruments involved. We weren't interested in electronic music in those days... Using this old 4-track we started making all these beats with the essential focus on rocking and shaking interdimensional spirit beings."
A focus of the Heavyweight Dub Champion experience, as described by former lead vocalist A. P. O. S. T. L. E. Who joined the group in 1998, "is trying to present a new paradigm of how people view spirituality. We're trying to evoke a spiritual experience." In 2002, HDC released their debut album, Survival Guide For The End of Time- "an ill-bent mix of industrial apocalyptic hip-hop dubtronica" that "aims to topple the foundations of modern-day Babylon" as well as offering "prescriptions for survival and victory in a tension-filled time." The album was recorded and mixed in Colorado and Los Angeles and "can safely be called a concept album". As described by Resurrector, Survival Guide "relates to the coming of the Last Champion, an interdimensional spiritual warrior, bringing people together throughout the world to try to elevate consciousness in a way that will focus people on the healing of themselves and the healing of the world, help put people in a more offensive position."Survival Guide has an ambitious package including the band's credo, Last Champion Manifesto, a 70-page booklet "detailing their mission of'Unconditional Liberation of the Human Race,'" a poster by Jher 451 and sticker of their "protector" logo.
As described by Denver's Westword Magazine, "Structurally, the record moves from the announcement of the battle to the rallying calls of the Last Champion's chosen army – followers who unite to liberate individuals and the Earth – to the eventual announcement of the Last Champion as a victor in the championship against predators who have put a stranglehold on humanity's innate desire to creatively seek truth, beauty and power." The album's manifesto has chapters which follow the story, or the album could be seen as the soundtrack to the book. Heavyweight Dub Champion's follow up album includes guest appearances and endorsements from KRS-One, who states in the title track, "Heavyweight Dub Champion restores all hope", Killah Priest and Brooklyn Dub pioneer Dr. Israel, in addition to the familiar cast of A. P. O. S. T. L. E. and others. The project was mixed by Bill Laswell's veteran engineer Oz Fritz and is mastered by industry favorite Brian Gardner; the album is conceptual following "the Warrior" from the Arrival, through Warrior Divination One and Three, to emerge as King Of The Mountain and the eventual journey ends with Promised Land.
Throughout the album the chara