Sławomir Mrożek was a Polish dramatist and cartoonist. In 1963 Mrożek emigrated to Italy and France and further to Mexico. In 1996 he settled in Kraków. In 2008 he moved back to France, he died in Nice at the age of 83. Mrożek joined the Polish United Workers' Party during the reign of Stalinism in the People's Republic of Poland, made a living as political journalist, he began writing plays in the late 1950s. His theatrical works belong to the genre of absurdist fiction, intended to shock the audience with non-realistic elements and historic references and parody. Mrożek's family lived in Kraków during World War II, he finished high school in 1950 debuted as political hack-writer in the Przekrój. In 1952 he moved into the government-run Writer's House. In 1953, during the Stalinist terror in postwar Poland, Mrożek was one of several signatories of an open letter from ZLP to Polish authorities supporting the persecution of Polish religious leaders imprisoned by the Ministry of Public Security, he participated in the defamation of Catholic priests from Kraków, three of whom were condemned to death by the Communist government in February 1953 after being groundlessly accused of treason.
Their death sentences were not enforced although Father Józef Fudali died in unexplained circumstances while in prison. Mrożek wrote a full-page article for the leading newspaper in support of the verdict, entitled "Zbrodnia główna i inne", comparing death-row priests to degenerate SS-men and Ku-Klux-Klan killers, he married Maria Obremba living in Katowice and relocated to Warsaw in 1959. In 1963 Mrożek decided to defect together. After five years in Italy, he in 1978 received French citizenship. After his defection Mrożek turned critical of the Polish communist regime. On, he protested publicly against the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia from the safety of his residence in France. Long after the collapse of the Soviet empire he commented on his fascination with Communism in a following way. Being twenty years old, I was ready to accept any ideological proposition without looking a gift-horse in the mouth – as long as it was revolutionary. I was lucky not to be born German say in 1913. I would have been a Hitlerite.
His first wife, Maria Obremba, died in 1969. In 1987 he married a Mexican woman. In 1996, he settled in Kraków. In 2002 he had a stroke, resulting in aphasia. In 2008 he moved to Nice in southern France. Sławomir Mrożek died in Nice on 15 August 2013. Not a religious person by any means, on 17 September 2013 he was buried at the St. Peter and Paul Church in Kraków; the funeral mass was conducted by the Archbishop of Cardinal Stanisław Dziwisz. Mrożek's first play, The Police, was published in 1958, his first full-length play, Tango written about totalitarianism in the style of Theatre of the Absurd, made him one of the most recognizable Polish contemporary dramatists in the world wrote Krystyna Dąbrowska. It became his most successful play, according to Britannica, produced in many Western countries. In 1975 his second popular play Emigranci, a bitter and ironic portrait of two Polish emigrants in Paris, was produced by director Andrzej Wajda at the Teatr Stary in Kraków. Mrożek traveled to France, Italy and other European countries.
After the military crackdown of 1981 Mrożek wrote the only play he regretted writing, called "Alfa", about the imprisoned Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa who became President of Poland after the collapse of the Soviet empire. See "fałszywka". After the introduction of martial law in Poland, productions of Alfa were banned, along with two of Mrożek's other plays and The Ambassador. List of plays by Mrożek is based on Małgorzata Sugiera's "Dramaturgia Sławomira Mrożka": "Tango". New York: Grove Press, 1968. "The Ugrupu Bird". London: Macdonald & Co. 1968. "Striptease", "Repeat Performance", "The Prophets". New York: Grove Press, 1972. "Vatzlav". London: Cape, 1972. "The Elephant". Westport: Greenwood Press, 1972. Alek Pohl Zurück zur Form. Strukturanalysen zu Slawomir Mrozek. Berlin: Henssel ISBN 3-87329-064-2 Halina Stephan Transcending the Absurd: drama and prose of Slawomir Mrozek.. Amsterdam: Rodopi ISBN 90-420-0113-5 Sławomir Mrozek at culture.pl "Interview with Mrozek". Archived from the original on 23 July 2009.
Retrieved 25 January 2005. Petri Liukkonen. "Sławomir Mrożek". Books and Writers On Sławomir Mrożek – Playwright's Tango Review: Sławomir Mrożek's "The Diary. Volume 1. 1962–1969"
Jeremias Kalandula Chitunda served as the Vice President of UNITA until his assassination in Luanda, as part of the Halloween Massacre shortly after the first round of the presidential election, held on September 29–30. He was UNITA's second in command, after UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi. Chitunda, born in Chimbuelengue to Emilio Chitunda and Rosalina Kalombo, attended Chimbuelengue and Dondi Mission school in Bela Vista before proceeding to João de Castro College and the Huambo National Secondary School, he received a scholarship to attend the University of Arizona, where he obtained a degree in mining engineering. Chitunda moved from Angola to Zaire, he joined UNITA in 1966 and served as its representative to the U. S. southwest before being promoted to representative to the U. S. in 1976. He became the Vice President of UNITA in August 1986 at the sixth party congress. In 1992, after decades of war between UNITA and the governing MPLA, the first Presidential elections were scheduled. José Eduardo dos Santos received 49.57% of the vote and UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi won 40.6%.
Because no candidate received 50% or more of the vote, election law dictated a second round of voting between the top two contenders. Savimbi, along with many other election observers, said the election had been neither fair, but he sent Chitunda Vice President of UNITA, Elias Salupeto Pena, a UNITA senior advisor, to Luanda to negotiate the terms of the second round. The election process broke down on October 31 when government troops in Luanda attacked UNITA. Civilians, using guns they had received from police a few days earlier, conducted house-by-house raids with the Rapid Intervention Police and detaining hundreds of UNITA supporters; the government took civilians in trucks to the Camama cemetery and Morro da Luz ravine, shot them, buried them in mass graves. On November 2, 1992, assailants attacked Chitunda's convoy, pulling him and another UNITA official from their car and shooting both of them in their faces. State-run television displayed the bodies of Pena. To this date, their bodies have not been returned to their families for burial and their whereabouts have not been released by the Angolan government.
List of unsolved murders