HM Bark Endeavour Replica

HM Bark Endeavour Replica is one of two replicas of HMS Endeavour, the bark commanded by Lieutenant James Cook when he charted New Zealand and discovered the eastern coast of Australia. The initial idea of recreating Endeavour for use as a museum ship was born during the establishment of the Australian National Maritime Museum in the 1980s. A specialist shipyard was established, complete with viewing platform and guided tours for the public, construction of the vessel commenced in 1988. Two years work stopped because the Bond Corporation hit financial trouble. Volunteers maintained the incomplete vessel until the HM Bark Endeavour Foundation was established as a charitable trust in 1991; the Endeavour replica was launched at the end of 1993 and completed in 1994. After sea trials, the replica sailed from Fremantle to Sydney where she arrived at the end of 1994. During 1995, the ship recreated Cook's voyage along eastern Australia visited New Zealand at the end of the year. In late 1996, the Endeavour replica set out on a circumnavigation of the world, visiting ports in South Africa, the United Kingdom, America before returning to New Zealand in late 1999.

The vessel returned to Sydney in mid-2000. In 2001, the replica was used for filming of the BBC documentary The Ship sailed to England in 2002, she spent the next two years visiting ports in the United Kingdom and Europe before sailing back to Sydney in 2005, completing a second round-the-world voyage. On arrival in Australia, the HM Bark Endeavour Foundation transferred ownership of the vessel to the Australian National Maritime Museum. During 2011 and 2012, the replica circumnavigated Australia; the idea of building a replica of Endeavour was first mooted by the trustees of the under-construction Australian National Maritime Museum. The vessel would serve as the centrepiece of the museum ship fleet. Funding for construction was provided by the Bond Corporation, with the completed replica to be presented as the company's gift to Australia for the nation's bicentenary. Construction was organised through Endeavour Replica Pty Ltd.. A specialist shipyard was established at Fremantle Fishing Boat Harbour.

Recreation of the vessel was not problematic, as the original Endeavour had been surveyed multiple times by the Royal Navy during her conversion from a cargo collier to a ship of exploration, these records had been retained by the British National Maritime Museum. Construction of the vessel started with the keel laid in October. In 1990, Bond Corporation was forced to stop work on the project because of financial difficulties; the Japanese Yoshiya Corporation joined the project, but withdrew six months again, because of financial problems. The volunteer complement were able to keep the shipyard ticking over for another eight months. In order to complete and operate the vessel, the HM Bark Endeavour Foundation was set up as a charitable trust in August 1991, with the Bond and Yoshiya Corporations donating their equity in the project. A combination of funding from the Australian government and donations allowed work on the ship to continue; the Endeavour replica was launched on 9 December 1993, completed on 16 April 1994.

The Endeavour replica was assembled using traditional shipbuilding methods and materials where possible, although some changes were made to meet modern safety standards and enhance the longevity of the replica. The vessel's hull is built from jarrah, with Oregon pine used above the waterline: although oak and elm were used in the original ship, the decision was made not to use these as they were more susceptible to rotting. Although some of the wood was fresh-cut, much of it was salvaged from demolished buildings and bridges, or taken from trees felled during construction work or storms; the Endeavour replica is square-rigged with 25 sails made from "Duradon", giving a sail area of between 1,461 and 1,511 square metres, including 531 square metres of studding sails. The ship is 43.6 metres long from bowsprit to stern, has a beam of 9.28 metres, a draught of 3.4 metres, a mainmast height of 28 metres. Auxiliary propulsion is provided by two Caterpillar 3046 B diesel engines, which provide 404 horsepower.

Most of the "20th century" equipment, including the diesel engines, a powered galley, navigational equipment, is sited in what was the hold on the original Endeavour, keeping the upper decks in their 18th-century condition. The Endeavour replica spent six months undergoing sea trials and operating around Fremantle before sailing around southern Australia to Sydney. Departing in October, the ship made numerous port visits along the southern and eastern coasts before arriving in December, she was placed on display at the Australian National Maritime Museum. From April until September 1995, the replica recreated the original Endeavour's voyage up the east coast of Australia made a three-month visit to New Zealand from November 1995 to January 1996. After this, the ship returned to Fremantle via ports in South Australia. In October 1996, the replica sailed for England via South Africa, arriving in March 1997. After spending the rest of the year visiting British ports, the ship arrived in Florida in March 1998, visited 31 ports along both the east and west coasts of North America during 1998 and 1999.

The Endeavour

Bow Valley-Empress

Bow Valley-Empress is a former Alberta provincial electoral district. On October 30, 1957 a stand-alone plebiscite was held province wide in all 50 of the current provincial electoral districts in Alberta; the government decided to consult Alberta voters to decide on liquor sales and mixed drinking after a divisive debate in the Legislature. The plebiscite was intended to deal with the growing demand for reforming antiquated liquor control laws; the plebiscite was conducted in two parts. Question A asked in all districts, asked the voters if the sale of liquor should be expanded in Alberta, while Question B asked in a handful of districts within the corporate limits of Calgary and Edmonton asked if men and woman were allowed to drink together in establishments. Province wide Question A of the plebiscite passed in 33 of the 50 districts while Question B passed in all five districts. Bow Valley-Empress voted in favour of the proposal by a solid margin; the district recorded one of the higher turnouts in the province going well about the province wide average of 46%.

Official district returns were released to the public on December 31, 1957. The Social Credit government in power at the time did not considered the results binding; however the results of the vote led the government to repeal all existing liquor legislation and introduce an new Liquor Act. Municipal districts lying inside electoral districts that voted against the Plebiscite were designated Local Option Zones by the Alberta Liquor Control Board and considered effective dry zones, business owners that wanted a license had to petition for a binding municipal plebiscite in order to be granted a license. Website of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta

Pink Five

Pink Five is a Star Wars fan film that made its debut on the Internet in 2002 and was written and directed by Trey Stokes and stars Amy Earhart as Stacey, a fast-talking Valley Girl-type dropped into an X-wing cockpit during the Battle of Yavin, presents familiar events and story points from Episode IV from a different point of view. The film has proven popular with Star Wars fans, winning rave reviews and the George Lucas Selects Award in the AtomFilms- and Lucasfilm-sponsored 2003 Official Star Wars Fan Film Awards, played at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival. In August 2010, Time magazine listed it as one of the Top 10 Star Wars fanfilms; the success of the first short film inspired sequels: Pink Five Strikes Back, Return of Pink Five, Vol. 1 and Return of Pink Five, Vol. 2. With each successive installment, the chapters grew in sophisticated visuals; the increased expense meant that funding to complete the final chapter was unavailable for nearly a decade. After a successful Kickstarter campaign in 2012, Return of Pink Five, Vol. 3 was finished, the complete 59-minute Pink Five Saga was screened at conventions around the country in 2013.

The saga was released online in 2016. Available on Vimeo, the saga has been available on Amazon Video since July 2016. Stacey appears in Timothy Zahn's 2007 Star Wars novel Allegiance, making her one of the few fan-created Star Wars characters to become part of the Star Wars expanded universe. Stacey has a brief cameo in the fan film Sith Apprentice, directed by John E. Hudgens. Additionally, Stacey has now been immortalized on a Topps 30th Anniversary Trading Card. Card #117 details the exploits of the Valley Girl X-wing Pilot and her faithful droid, R5-DD. An original Pink 5 poster appears in The Star Wars Vault by Steve Sansweet. Official website Pink Five on IMDb