HM Prison Camp Hill
HMP Isle of Wight – Camp Hill Barracks is a former Category C men's prison, located on the outskirts of Newport, Isle of Wight. The former prison lies adjacent to both part of HMP Isle of Wight. Camp Hill was built in 1912 using prisoner labour from Parkhurst Prison. Camp Hill was formally opened by Winston Churchill. In a report in April 2007, Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons criticised Camp Hill for its lack of a coherent and positive direction, its failure to improve. Concerns were raised at the number of inmates not in vocational work at the prison. Camp Hill courted controversy again weeks when it emerged an arsonist had been mistakenly released 29 months too early from the prison. In January 2008 a convicted drug dealer refused to leave his cell in Camp Hill for a court appearance. Citing the 1998 Human Rights Act, the prisoner claimed his human rights would be breached if he was forced to leave, due to fears he would lose his cell to another inmate amid an overcrowding crisis at Camp Hill.
In October 2008, it was announced that the name Camp Hill could be lost, along with the two other prison names and Parkhurst. The three would become part of one large prison run by a single governor. New names for the larger single prison have been suggested as HMP Solent, HMP Mountbatten and HMP Vectis. HMP Isle of Wight was selected as the new name for the super prison incorporating all three island prisons. In January 2013 the Government announced the Camp Hill element of HMP Isle of Wight would close as part of a wider reorganisation of prison places. Camp Hill formally closed in March 2013. Ministry of Justice pages on HMP Camp Hill HMP Camp Hill – HM Inspectorate of Prisons Reports
Her Majesty's Prison Service
Her Majesty's Prison Service is a part of Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service, the part of Her Majesty's Government charged with managing most of the prisons within England and Wales. The CEO of HMPPS Michael Spurr, is the administrator of the prison service; the CEO reports to the Secretary of State for Justice and works with the Prisons Minister, a junior ministerial post within the Ministry of Justice. It has its head office in Clive House in London, its head office was in Cleland House in the City of Westminster, London; the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda's HM Prison Service was a separate organization. In 2004, the Prison Service was responsible for 130 prisons and employed around 44,000 staff; as of 2009 the number of prisons had increased to 131, including 11 owned prisons. The Service's statement of purpose states "Her Majesty's Prison Service serves the public by keeping in custody those committed by the courts. Our duty is to look after them with humanity and help them lead law-abiding and useful lives in custody and after release."
The Ministry of Justice's objective for prisons seeks "Effective execution of the sentences of the courts so as to reduce re-offending and protect the public". Population statistics for the Service are published weekly. Statistics available for 24 June 2016 showed the service housed 85,130 prisoners: 81,274 males and 3,856 females. Early in 2004, it was announced that the Prison Service would be integrated into a new National Offender Management Service in the year; as of 2008, rationalisation of the prison management system is underway with the advent of the Titan Prison concept. Six new reform prisons are to be built with prison governors in charge of budget. Penal charities claimed reforms would fail if prisoners were "crammed into filthy institutions with no staff". In 2017 the National Offender Management Service became Probation Service; the imprisonment rate for England and Wales is the highest in western Europe, at the "midpoint" worldwide. The prison population numbers 83,165 in August 2018.
The Ministry of Justice projects that this will rise to 86,400 by March 2023. Despite a fall in crime rates between 2010 and 2016, the prison population continued to rise, while staff numbers were reduced, with the number of prison officers being reduced from 25,000 in 2010 to about 18,000 in 2015. There has been a sharp rise in the number of prisoners above the age of 60. In 2017, two-thirds of prisons were found to be unsatisfactory in at least one respect. Problems include overcrowding, prisoners committing assaults and self-harm and the smuggling of mobile phones and illegal drugs into prisons. Following a significant rise in prison disorder in 2015 and 2016, in November 2016 Justice Secretary Elizabeth Truss announced a £1.3 billion investment programme in the prison service and the recruitment of 2,500 additional prison officers reversing the cuts made under the previous coalition government. A number of prison riots in late 2016 drew further media attention to the issue. Andrea Albutt of the Prison Governors Association said prison riots caused "grave concern" and further governors faced "unacceptable stress and anxiety".
The PGA maintains there are 40 prisons of concern and 10 of them are concerning. Lack of staff prevents prisoners attending hospital appointments. Shortage of nurses prevents prisoners; this causes self suicide. The Justice Select Committee and agencies such as the National Council of Independent Monitoring Boards, the Prison Governors Association, Prison Officers' Association and Council of Europe have attributed the rise of disorder in prisons to understaffing and budget cuts. Other factors include the increased availability of synthetic drones for smuggling; the PGA suggested that the recruitment of "unsuitable people" as prison officers and poor training were other factors. Albutt suggested that prison sentences of less than a year should be replaced with alternative punishments. Another issue is the age of several prisons. A 2015 announcement from the government agreed that old prisons are more expensive to run and unsuitable in design, such as having "dark corners which too facilitate violence and drug-taking."
Uniformed prison staff were under the supervision of a small number of senior and experienced officers who held one of three Chief Officer ranks. From 2000 onwards, as part of a process to increase accountability within the prison service, all operational officers have been assigned a 3-digit unique identification number, worn on all items of uniform along with the 2-digit LIDS identification code of the specific prison or institution. From 2010 onwards, attempts were made to replace the Principal Officer rank with non-uniformed junior managers, although this process was neither successful nor implemented. Further restructuring in 2013 named'Fair & Sustainable' saw the remaining historic ranks and rank insignia phased out in favour of a new structure, simple stripes on uniform epaulettes to indicate grades. Prison officers wear a white shirt and black
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs. The department is the world's largest broadcast news organisation and generates about 120 hours of radio and television output each day, as well as online news coverage; the service maintains 50 foreign news bureaus with more than 250 correspondents around the world. Fran Unsworth has been Director of News and Current Affairs since January 2018; the department's annual budget is in excess of £350 million. BBC News' domestic and online news divisions are housed within the largest live newsroom in Europe, in Broadcasting House in central London. Parliamentary coverage is broadcast from studios in Millbank in London. Through the BBC English Regions, the BBC has regional centres across England, as well as national news centres in Northern Ireland and Wales. All nations and English regions produce their own local news programmes and other current affairs and sport programmes.
The BBC is a quasi-autonomous corporation authorised by Royal Charter, making it operationally independent of the government, who have no power to appoint or dismiss its director-general, required to report impartially. As with all major media outlets it has been accused of political bias from across the political spectrum, both within the UK and abroad; the British Broadcasting Company broadcast its first radio bulletin from radio station.2LO In 14 November 1922. Wishing to avoid competition, newspaper publishers persuaded the government to ban the BBC from broadcasting news before 7:00 pm, to force it to use wire service copy instead of reporting on its own. On Easter weekend in 1930, this reliance on newspaper wire services left the radio news service with no information to report after saying There is no news today. Piano music was played instead; the BBC gained the right to edit the copy and, in 1934, created its own news operation. However, it could not broadcast news before 6 PM until World War II.
Gaumont British and Movietone cinema newsreels had been broadcast on the TV service since 1936, with the BBC producing its own equivalent Television Newsreel programme from January 1948. A weekly Children's Newsreel was inaugurated on 23 April 1950, to around 350,000 receivers; the network began simulcasting its radio news on television in 1946, with a still picture of Big Ben. Televised bulletins began on 5 July 1954, broadcast from leased studios within Alexandra Palace in London; the public's interest in television and live events was stimulated by Elizabeth II's coronation in 1953. It is estimated that up to 27 million people viewed the programme in the UK, overtaking radio's audience of 12 million for the first time; those live pictures were fed from 21 cameras in central London to Alexandra Palace for transmission, on to other UK transmitters opened in time for the event. That year, there were around two million TV Licences held in the UK, rising to over three million the following year, four and a half million by 1955.
Television news, although physically separate from its radio counterpart, was still under radio news' control – correspondents provided reports for both outlets–and that first bulletin, shown on 5 July 1954 on the BBC television service and presented by Richard Baker, involved his providing narration off-screen while stills were shown. This was followed by the customary Television Newsreel with a recorded commentary by John Snagge, it was revealed that this had been due to producers fearing a newsreader with visible facial movements would distract the viewer from the story. On-screen newsreaders were introduced a year in 1955 – Kenneth Kendall, Robert Dougall, Richard Baker–three weeks before ITN's launch on 21 September 1955. Mainstream television production had started to move out of Alexandra Palace in 1950 to larger premises – at Lime Grove Studios in Shepherd's Bush, west London – taking Current Affairs with it, it was from here that the first Panorama, a new documentary programme, was transmitted on 11 November 1953, with Richard Dimbleby becoming anchor in 1955.
On 18 February 1957, the topical early-evening programme Tonight, hosted by Cliff Michelmore and designed to fill the airtime provided by the abolition of the Toddlers' Truce, was broadcast from Marconi's Viking Studio in St Mary Abbott's Place, Kensington – with the programme moving into a Lime Grove studio in 1960, where it maintained its production office. On 28 October 1957, the Today programme, a morning radio programme, was launched in central London on the Home Service. In 1958, Hugh Carleton Greene became head of Current Affairs, he set up a BBC study group whose findings, published in 1959, were critical of what the television news operation had become under his predecessor, Tahu Hole. The report proposed that the head of television news should take control, that the television service should have a proper newsroom of its own, with an editor-of-the-day. On 1 January 1960, Greene became Director-General and brought about big changes at BBC Television and BBC Television News. BBC Television News had been created in 1955, in response to the founding of ITN.
The changes made by Greene were aimed at making BBC reporting more similar to ITN, rated by study groups held by Greene. A newsroom was created at Alexandra Palace, television reporters were recruited and given the opportunity to write and voice their own scripts–without the "impossible burden" of having to cover stories for radio too. In 1987 thirty years John B
HM Prison Holloway
HM Prison Holloway was a closed category prison for adult women and young offenders in Holloway, England, operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service. It was the largest women's prison in western Europe until its closure in 2016. Holloway prison was opened in 1852 as a mixed-sex prison, but due to growing demand for space for female prisoners due to the closure of Newgate, it became female-only in 1903. Holloway was used to imprison suffragettes including Emmeline Pankhurst, Emily Davison, Constance Markievicz, Charlotte Despard, Mary Richardson, Dora Montefiore, Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington, Ethel Smyth; until 1991, the Prison was staffed by Home Office appointed, female Prison Officers. However, The first'Male, basic grade' Prison Officer to be posted to HMP Holloway in its history, was Prison Officer Thomas Ainsworth, who joined the establishment direct from HMP College Wakefield in May 1991. After the death from suicide in January 2016 of inmate Sarah Reed, a paranoid schizophrenic being held on remand, the subsequent inquest in July 2017 identified failings in the care system.
Shortly after Reed died, a report concluded. Holloway Prison was rebuilt between 1971 and 1985 on the same site; the redevelopment resulted in the loss of the "grand turreted" gateway to the prison, built in 1851. Holloway Prison held young offenders remanded or sentenced by the local courts. Accommodation at the prison was single cells. Holloway Prison offered both full-time and part-time education to inmates, with courses including skills training workshops, British Industrial Cleaning Science and painting. There was a family-friendly visitors' centre, run by the Prison Advice and Care Trust, an independent charity; the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, announced in his Autumn Statement on 25 November 2015 that the prison would close and would be sold for housing. It closed in July 2016, with prisoners being moved to HMP Downview and HMP Bronzefield, both in Surrey; as of September 2017 the prison buildings still stand, with draft proposals for the site including housing, a public open green space, women's centre and a small amount of commercial space.
For decades, British campaigners had argued for votes for women. It was only when a number of suffragists, despairing of change through peaceful means, decided to turn to militant protest that the "suffragette" was born; these women broke the law in pursuit of their aims, many were imprisoned at Holloway, where they were treated as common criminals, not political prisoners. In protest, some went on hunger strike and were force fed so Holloway has a large symbolic role in the history of women's rights in the UK. Suffragettes imprisoned there include Emmeline Pankhurst, Emily Davison, Constance Markievicz, Charlotte Despard, Mary Richardson, Dora Montefiore, Christabel Pankhurst, Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington, Leonora Tyson and Ethel Smyth. In 1912 the anthem of the suffragettes - "The March of the Women", composed by Ethel Smyth with lyrics by Cicely Hamilton - was performed there. Holloway held Diana Mitford under Defence Regulation 18B during World War II, after a personal intervention from Prime Minister Winston Churchill, her husband Sir Oswald Mosley was moved there.
The couple lived together in a cottage in the prison grounds. They were released in 1943. Norah Elam had the distinction of being detained during both World Wars, three times during 1914 as a suffragette prisoner under the name Dacre Fox as a detainee under Regulation 18B in 1940, when she was part of the social circle that gathered around the Mosleys during their early internment period. After her release, Elam had the further distinction of being the only former member of the British Union of Fascists to be granted a visit with Oswald Mosley during his period of detention there. A total of five judicial executions by hanging took place at Holloway Prison between 1903 and 1955: Amelia Sach and Annie Walters - 3 February 1903 Edith Thompson - 9 January 1923 Styllou Christofi - 13 December 1954 Ruth Ellis - 13 July 1955The bodies of all executed prisoners were buried in unmarked graves within the walls of the prison, as was customary. In 1971 the prison underwent an extensive programme of rebuilding, during which the remains of all the executed women were exhumed.
With the exception of Ruth Ellis, the remains of the four other women were subsequently reburied in a single grave at Brookwood Cemetery near Woking, Surrey. Noteworthy inmates that were held at the original 1852-era prison include Oscar Wilde, William Thomas Stead, Isabella Glyn, F. Digby Hardy, Kitty Byron and Lady Ida Sitwell, wife of Sir George Sitwell. More it housed, in 1966, Moors murderess Myra Hindley. Other inmates included Amie Bartholomew, Emma Last, Matthew Etherington, Alison Walder, Jayne Richards, the Tinsel Fight Murderer, Bella Coll, Chantal McCorkle and Emma Humphreys. In October 1999, it was announced that healthcare campaigner and agony aunt Claire Rayner had been called in to advise on an
Remand is the process of detaining a person, arrested and charged with an offense until their trial. A person, held on remand may be held as a prisoner in prison. Varying terminology is used, but "remand" is used in common law jurisdictions. Detention before charge is referred to as custody and continued detention after conviction is referred to as imprisonment; because imprisonment without trial is contrary to the presumption of innocence, in liberal democracies pre-trial detention is subject to safeguards and restrictions. A suspect will only be remanded if it is that they could commit a serious crime, interfere with the investigation, or fail to turn up in court. In the majority of court cases, the suspect will be outside of custody while awaiting trial with restrictions such as bail. Research on pretrial detention in the United States has found that pretrial detention increases the likelihood of convictions because individuals, who would otherwise be acquitted or have their charges dropped, enter guilty pleas.
The pre-charge detention period is the period of time during which an individual can be held and questioned by police, prior to being charged with an offence. Not all countries have such a concept, in those that do, the period for which a person may be detained without charge varies by jurisdiction; the prohibition of prolonged detention without charge, habeas corpus, was first introduced in England about a century after Magna Carta. Under Article 8 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms of the Czech Republic, which has the same legal standing as the Czech Constitution, a suspect must be familiarized with the grounds of detention, must be interviewed and within 48 hours either released or charged and handed over to a court; the court has a further 24 hours either to order a custody, or to release the person detained. Detailed rules of detention are included in the Criminal Procedural Code; the police may detain a suspect after obtaining prosecutor's consent. In an urgent case the police may detain a suspect without the consent.
In both cases, the police detention may take place only when grounds for pre-trial detention exist. The statutory limits of 48 + 24 hours must be complied with and reaching the time limit should aways trigger immediate release, unless a court has ordered pre-trial custody. Anybody may detain a person, caught while perpetrating a crime or after it, when capturing of the perpetrator is necessary to either ascertain the perpetrator's identity or to prevent the perpetrator from escaping or to secure evidence; the perpetrator must be handed over to the police, or when, not possible, detention of the perpetrator must be reported to the police. In the United States, a person is protected by the federal constitution from being held in prison unlawfully; the right to have one's detention reviewed by a judge is called habeas corpus. The U. S. Constitution states that "The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it".
A declaration of a state of emergency can suspend the right to habeas corpus. The Sixth Amendment requires criminal defendants to be "informed of the nature and cause of the accusation"; the U. S. Bill of Rights thus grants some protection against being held without criminal charge, subject to the courts' interpretation of what due process means. Federal authorities have exercised the power to arrest people on the basis of being a material witness. Involuntary commitment of the mentally ill is another category of detention without criminal prosecution, but the right of habeas corpus still applies; the scope of such detentions is limited by the Bill of Rights. The executive's military powers have been used to justify holding enemy combatants as prisoners of war, unlawful combatants, civilian internees. Administrative detention, a term applied to many of these categories, is used to imprison illegal immigrants. Häktning is a pre-trial supervision measure pursuant to Swedish law, meaning that a suspect can be jailed by a court in the case of crimes for which there is a prison term of one year or more.
There are two degrees of suspicion: probable cause. Reason for detention is if the crime is a statutory minimum penalty of at least 1 year, one of: risk of recidivism; the identity of the suspect is not established, if he refuses to say it or has given a false identity. A person may be held in custody for a period of not more than 14 days normally new remand hearing should be held. For suspect who has not yet turned 18 needed "serious reasons" for detention decisions are to be notified of the court. A person, with less serious crimes, they are given by prosecutors a summary penalty order. A person, häktad but was not charged is entitled to financial compensation, with an amount determined by
HM Prison Maidstone
HM Prison Maidstone is a Category C men's prison, located in Maidstone, England. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service. Maidstone Prison is one of the oldest penal institutions in the United Kingdom, having been in operation for over 200 years. Serving as a county jail, Maidstone was converted to a prison during the 1740s. During his visits to the prison, reformer John Howard reported poor living conditions at the prison including overcrowding and poor ventilation. However, conditions would remain unchanged until a reconstruction of the prison took place under the supervision of Daniel Asher Alexander, who had worked on the construction of Dartmoor Prison, lasting from 1811 until its completion in 1819 at a cost of £200,000. Involved in the design of Maidstone Prison was Kent architect John Whichcord Snr, Surveyor to the County of Kent from the 1820s. Mr Whichcord is best known for designing the Kent County Lunatic Asylum in the 1830s in Maidstone, similarities between the two buildings are apparent.
Constructed using Kentish Ragstone from a local quarry, the original design of the prison was intended to house 552 prisoners, including 62 female inmates. The first 141 prisoners arrived in March 1819. Over the next decade, additions to the prison were made including a courthouse in 1826 as well as individual cells, dayrooms and offices attributed to suggestions made by Howard. Other reforms included a enforced segregation of prisoners by offence and the general improvement of living conditions such as improving the water supply and ventilation systems, many of these renovations were made with prison labour over the course of the century. By the late 20th century, the only remaining signs of the original prison are the large and small roundhouses, the Weald Wing, the Administrative Block, the Training Complex, the Visits Building and the perimeter wall. Reggie Kray married Roberta Jones in Maidstone prison on 14 July 1997Jonathan King was an inmate from 2001-2005. In August, 2007 Weald Wing was closed.
80 prisoners were dispersed to other prisons. At the end of January, 2009 it was announced. Maidstone accommodates foreign national prisoners convicted of a range of offences; the prison is classed as a "training prison" and it includes a print shop and brick works. A good deal of work is carried out on the gardens, they win awards, a new environmental garden area is being developed; the exterior of Maidstone Prison was shown in the title sequence of the 1970s BBC comedy series Porridge and the 1990s BBC comedy series Birds of a Feather. Roth, Mitchel P. Prisons and Prison Systems: A Global Encyclopedia. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006. ISBN 0-313-32856-0 Whitfield, Dick, ed; the State of Prisons – 200 Years On. London: Routledge Press, 1991. Ministry of Justice pages on Maidstone