The Symmetrix system is Dell EMC's enterprise storage array. It was the flagship product of EMC in the 2000s. Symmetrix arrays, EMC's flagship product at that time, began shipping in 1990 as a storage array connected to an IBM mainframe via the block multiplexer channel. Newer generations of Symmetrix brought additional host connection protocols which include ESCON, SCSI, Fibre Channel-based storage area networks, FICON and iSCSI; the Symmetrix product was popular within the airline industry and with companies that were willing to deviate from the safety of IBM's 3390 disk subsystem and take a risk with the unproven Symmetrix array. This product is the main reason for the rapid growth of EMC in the 1990s, both in size and value, from a company valued hundreds of millions of dollars to a multi-billion company. Moshe Yanai managed the Symmetrix development from the product's inception in 1987 until shortly before leaving EMC in 2001, his Symmetrix development team grew from several people to thousands.
The Direct Matrix Architecture product line with models DMX800, DMX1000 and DMX2000 were announced in February 2003. The Symmetrix Remote Data Facility is a family of software products that facilitates the data replication from one Symmetrix storage array to another through a storage area network or Internet Protocol network. SRDF logically pairs a device or a group of devices from each array and replicates data from one to the other synchronously or asynchronously. An established pair of devices can be split, so that separate hosts can access the same data independently, be resynchronised. In synchronous mode, the primary array waits until the secondary array has acknowledged each write before the next write is accepted, ensuring that the replicated copy of the data is always as current as the primary. However, the latency due to propagation increases with distance. Asynchronous SRDF transfers changes made to the secondary array in units called delta sets, which are transferred at defined intervals.
Although the remote copy of the data will never be as current as the primary copy, this method can replicate data over considerable distances and with reduced bandwidth requirements and minimal impact on host performance. Other forms of SRDF integrate with clustered environments and to manage multiple SRDF pairs where replication of multiple devices must be consistent. TimeFinder, TimeFinder/Clone — Local Replication Symmetrix Optimizer -- Dynamical swap disks based on workload Symmetrix command line interface SymmWin, Enginuity -- Symmetrix GUI console AnatMain — Symmetrix Pseudo-GUI console Symmetrix remote console FAST -- Fully automated storage tiering FTS -- Federated tiered storage ECC --EMC Control Center EMC Symmetrix VMAX systems are storage platforms intended for open systems and mainframe computing. Symmetrix VMAX systems run the Enginuity operating environment; the system scales from a single Symmetrix VMAX Engine system with one storage bay to a large eight-engine system with a maximum of ten storage bays.
The VMAX system bay can hold 1-8 engines. These engines house the hardware for all the data processing capabilities; each engine contains 2 director boards, memory chips, front-end and back-end ports for connectivity to hosts and storage bays, respectively. Each director board contains 2 Intel quad core processors for data processing, 16, 32 or 64 GB of physical memory, one System Interface Board that connects the director to the Matrix Interface Board Enclosure, front-end and back-end ports; the VMAX has 1 to 10 storage bays for hard drives. Each storage bay contains 16 Disk Array Enclosures; each DAE contains 15-25 hard drives. VMAX supports Fiber Channel, SAS and Solid State drives. EMC Corporation Storage replication Storage Area Network EMC.com EMC at a Glance. Milestones 1989-1979 EMC at a Glance. Milestones 1990-1999 EMC at a Glance. Milestones 2000-2009 EMC at a Glance. Milestones 2010-2011 EMC Symmetrix VMAX Using EMC SRDF/TimeFinder Symmetrix 3000 and 5000 Enterprise Storage Systems Product Description Guide EMC Symmetrix 8000 Series data sheet EMC Symmetrix DMX Series data sheet EMC Symmetrix DMX-4 specification sheet EMC Symmetrix Optimizer.
White Paper. A Detailed Review IBM.com "Configuring EMC Symmetrix and Symmetrix DMX systems" NetworkWorld "EMC's new Symmetrix array targets virtual data centers" PC-World magazine, "EMC Revenue Grows on Strength of Big Data, VMware" "VMAX 3 specifications"
Dell EMC is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Hopkinton, United States. Dell EMC sells data storage, information security, analytics, cloud computing and other products and services that enable organizations to store, manage and analyze data. Dell EMC's target markets include large companies and small- and medium-sized businesses across various vertical markets; the company's stock was added to the New York Stock Exchange on April 6, 1986, was listed on the S&P 500 index. EMC was acquired by Dell in 2016, it was renamed to Dell EMC. Dell uses the EMC name with some of its products. EMC, founded in 1979 by Richard Egan, Roger Marino & John Curly, introduced its first 64-kilobyte memory boards for the Prime Computer in 1981 and continued with the development of memory boards for other computer types. In the mid-1980s the company expanded beyond memory to other computer data storage types and networked storage platforms. EMC began shipping its flagship product, the Symmetrix, in 1990.
Symmetrix was the main reason for EMC's rapid growth in the 1990s, both in size and value, from a company valued in the hundreds of millions of dollars to a multi-billion dollar company. Michael Ruettgers joined EMC in 1988 and served as CEO from 1992 until January 2001. Under Ruettgers' leadership, EMC revenues grew from $120 million to nearly $9 billion 10 years and the company shifted its focus from memory boards to storage systems. Ruettgers was named one of BusinessWeek's "World's Top 25 Executives"; some of EMC's growth was via acquisitions of small companies. On October 12, 2015, Dell Inc. announced its intent to acquire EMC in a cash-and-stock deal valued at $67 billion, considered the largest-ever acquisition in the technology sector. This would combine Dell's enterprise server, personal computer, mobile businesses with EMC's enterprise storage business. Dell would pay $24.05 per share of EMC, $9.05 per share of tracking stock in VMware. On September 7, 2016, Dell Inc. completed the merger with EMC Corp. which involved the issuance of $45.9 billion in debt and $4.4 billion common stock.
In addition to those of the majority-owned Pivotal company, Dell EMC sells products and services, including products from other Dell Technologies companies, designed to allow IT departments to move to a cloud computing model and to analyze big data. The following table includes the listing and timeline of EMC Corporation's major acquisitions of other companies since 1996. In 2012, EMC sponsored The Human Face of Big Data, a globally crowd-sourced media project focusing on the ability to collect, analyze and visualize vast amounts of data in real time; the Human Face of Big Data, produced by Rick Smolan and Jennifer Erwitt, includes "a number of fascinating stories... represent some of the most innovative applications of data that are shaping our future". Official website
Marc Lowell Andreessen is an American entrepreneur and software engineer. He is the co-author of Mosaic, the first used Web browser, he founded and sold the software company Opsware to Hewlett-Packard. Andreessen is a co-founder of Ning, a company that provides a platform for social networking websites, he sits on the board of directors of Facebook, eBay, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, among others. Andreessen was one of six inductees in the World Wide Web Hall of Fame announced at the First International Conference on the World-Wide Web in 1994.. Andreessen was born in Cedar Falls and raised in New Lisbon, Wisconsin, he is the son of Lowell Andreessen, who worked for a seed company. In December 1993, he received his bachelor's degree in computer science from the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign; as an undergraduate, he interned twice at IBM in Texas. He worked in the AIX graphics software development group, responsible for the MIT X-windows implementation and ports of the 3D language API's: SGI's Graphics Language and PHIGS.
He worked at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois, where he became familiar with Tim Berners-Lee's open standards for the World Wide Web. Andreessen and full-time salaried co-worker Eric Bina worked on creating a user-friendly browser with integrated graphics that would work on a wide range of computers; the resulting code was the Mosaic Web browser. In the Web's first generation, Tim Berners-Lee launched the Uniform Resource Locator, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, HTML standards with prototype Unix-based servers and browsers. A few people noticed. In the second generation, Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina developed NCSA Mosaic at the University of Illinois. Several million suddenly noticed that the Web might be better than sex. After his graduation from UIUC in 1993, Andreessen moved to California to work at Enterprise Integration Technologies. Andreessen met with Jim Clark, the founder of Silicon Graphics, who had exited the firm. Clark believed the Mosaic browser had great commercial possibilities and suggested starting an Internet software company.
Soon, Mosaic Communications Corporation was in business in Mountain View, with Andreessen as co-founder and vice president of technology. The University of Illinois was unhappy with the company's use of the Mosaic name, so Mosaic Communications changed its name to Netscape Communications, its flagship Web browser was the Netscape Navigator. Netscape's IPO in 1995 put Andreessen into the public eye, he was featured on the cover of other publications. Netscape was acquired in 1999 for $4.3 billion by AOL. Andreessen's hiring as its Chief Technology Officer was contingent on the completion of the acquisition; the same year, he was named to the MIT Technology Review TR100 as one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35. After AOL acquired Netscape in late 1998, Andreessen went on to found Opsware with Ben Horowitz, Tim Howes, In Sik Rhee named Loudcloud, a company providing computing and software services to consumer facing internet and e-commerce companies. Loudcloud sold its hosting business to EDS and changed its name to Opsware in 2003, with Andreessen serving as chairman.
Acquired by Hewlett-Packard for $1.6 billion in 2007, it was one of the first companies to offer software as a service and to attempt cloud hosting. Between 2005 and 2009, Andreessen and longtime business partner Ben Horowitz separately invested a total of $4 million in 45 start-ups that included Twitter and Qik; the two became well known as super angel investors. On July 6, 2009, Andreessen and Horowitz announced their Silicon Valley venture-capital firm Andreessen Horowitz; the firm had been scrutinized among several other venture capital firms for lack of diversity in its workforce. The Information's Future List 2015 & 2016 ranked Andreessen Horowitz 55th and 47th based on their ethnic and gender diversity as well as the age of people on their investment teams. According to the data, the firm's senior investment team was 94% male in 2015, scoring 0.0 for gender diversity in 2016 and April 2018. In an interview with New York Magazine, Andreessen stated the diversity discussion was valid, however, he believed the firm, as well as other venture capital firms of Silicon Valley, had been wrongly accused of intentionally discriminating against women and people of color.
When asked about the critique of ethnic and gender diversity in Silicon Valley, Andreessen responded that the issues were the "same thing." Begun with an initial capitalization of $300 million, within three years the firm grew to $2.7 billion under management across three funds. Andreessen Horowitz's portfolio holdings include Facebook, GitHub, Pinterest and Honor, Inc. On September 1, 2009, an investor group that included Andreessen Horowitz acquired a majority stake in Skype for $2.75 billion, considered risky. The deal paid off in May 2011. Additionally and Horowitz made personal investments in headset maker Jawbone in 2006. In 2010, the firm assisted Silicon Valley attorney Ted Wang in creating the first free standardized seed round financing documents, the Series Seed Documents; the firm announced a $49 million investment in Jawbone in March 2011. In February 2011, Andreessen Horowitz's $80 million investment in Twitter made it the first venture firm to hold stock in all four of the highest-valued held social media companies (at
BladeSystem is a line of blade server machines from Hewlett Packard Enterprise, introduced in October 2004. The BladeSystem forms part of the HP Converged Systems, which use a common converged infrastructure architecture for server and networking products. Designed for enterprise installations of 100 to more than 1,000 Virtual machines, the HP ConvergedSystem 700 is configured with BladeSystem servers; when managing a software-defined data center, a System administrator can perform automated lifecycle management for BladeSystems using HP OneView for converged infrastructure management. The BladeSystem allows users to build up to 128 servers in each rack. HP offers 2 types of enclosures in its BladeSystem lineup. HP c7000 enclosure was announced in June 2006. In 2007 there was a minor update including larger Onboard Administrator display; the next update was in 2009 and brought RoHS compatibility, increased backplane speed and 1Gbit/s Onboard Administrator connectivity. Fourth version – c7000 Platinum was announced in February 2013.
It features thermal discovery services and redesigned backplane. The new backplane increased aggregate bandwidth 40% from 5 to 7 Tbit/s to allow use newest high-speed interconnect modules; the new Platinum Plus rating power supplies were announced with higher efficiency than previous Gold Plus rating power supplies. All versions of the enclosure occupy 10 rack units and can accommodate up to 16 half-height blade servers, it includes space for 6 power supplies, 10 cooling fans, 8 single-wide or 4 double-wide interconnect modules HP c3000 enclosure was announced in August 2007. Updated version of the enclosure called c3000 Platinum was announced in February 2013 All versions of the enclosure occupy 6 rack units or can be used as a standalone unit It can accommodate up to 8 half-height blade servers, it includes space for 6 power supplies, 6 cooling fans, 4 single-wide or 2 single-wide and one double-wide interconnect modules HP offers general-purpose Proliant server blades as well as Integrity and specialized Proliant aimed at workstation virtualization.
Servers can use single-wide/double-wide/quad-wide form factors. Apart from built-in Ethernet network adapters, optional mezzanine cards can be installed to further increase connectivity options. In current generation half-height Proliant blade servers with up to 2 CPU and full-height 4 CPU servers are available. Several networking options are available for the HP Bladesystem: HP's proprietary Virtual Connect modules Cisco switches and fabric extenders Gigabit networks switches HP Procurve switches HP Comware based switches Passthrough modules Mellanox Infiniband Brocade SAN-switches Cisco SAN-switches Storage options include: Internal server HDDs Internal USB, SD or microSD slot Connecting to external SAN via FC, SAS or iSCSI mezzanine card Storage blade Tape blade HP BladeSystem c-Class architecture technology brief, 4th edition
In computing, HPE Storage, a portfolio of HPE storage products, includes online storage, near-online storage, storage networking, archiving, de-duplication, storage software. HP has developed many industry-first storage technologies to simplify network storage. HP is a proponent of Converged storage, a storage architecture that combines storage and compute into a single entity. HPE 3PAR StoreServ Storage Array HPE XP7 Disk Array HPE Nimble Storage HPE MSA Storage HPE StoreEasy Storage HP Storage ESL G3 Tape Libraries HP Storage MSL Tape Libraries HP StorageWorks 1/8 G2 Tape Autoloader HP Storage 12000 Virtual Library System EVA Gateway HP Storage 9000 Virtual Library System HP StoreOnce D2D Backup System HP StoreOnce B6000 Backup System Many models have been rebadged from Brocade Communications Systems, Emulex, QLogic. HP StoreOnce Deduplication HP Storage Essentials HP StorageWorks Storage Mirroring HP XP HPE 3PAR OpenView Storage Area Manager HP StorageWorks Scalable File Share HPE Data Storage HPE Nimble Arrays HPE 3PAR Arrays HPE XP Arrays HPE StoreOnce Data Protection HPE StoreEver Tape Storage HPE Cloud Volumes Multicloud Elastic Block Storage HPE MSA Arrays HPE SimpliVity HP Official Storage blogs HP StorageWorks SAN Design Reference Guide Where is the EVA going
Fremont is a city in Alameda County, United States. It was incorporated on January 23, 1956, from the annexing of Centerville, Irvington, Mission San José, Warm Springs; the city is named after John C. Frémont, an American explorer and former US Senator from California, Governor from Arizona, Major General in the Union Army, the first Republican presidential candidate, in 1856. Located in the southeast San Francisco Bay Area and straddling both the East Bay and South Bay regions, Fremont has a rapidly-growing population of around 230,000, it is one of the largest cities by land area and the fourth most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area, behind San Jose, San Francisco, Oakland. It directly borders and is the closest East Bay city to Silicon Valley as formally defined, is thus associated with it; the city has an extensive and expanding base of both tech industry and workers. The area consisting of Fremont and the cities of Newark and Union City is known collectively as the Tri-City Area.
The recorded history of the Fremont area began on June 6, 1795, when Mission San José was founded by the Spaniard Father Fermin de Lasuen. The Mission was established at the site of the Ohlone village of Oroysom. On their second day in the area, the Mission party killed a grizzly bear in Niles Canyon; the first English-speaking visitor to Fremont was the renowned trapper and explorer Jedediah Smith in 1827. The Mission prospered reaching a population of 1,887 inhabitants in 1831; the influence of the missionaries declined after 1834, when the Mexican government enacted secularization. José de Jesus Vallejo, brother of Mariano Vallejo, was the grantee of the Rancho Arroyo de la Alameda Mexican land grant, his family was influential in the Fremont area in the late colonial era, owned and built a flour mill at the mouth of Niles Canyon. In 1846 the town's namesake John C. Frémont led a military expedition to map a trail through Mission Pass for reaching the Pacific coast and to take possession of California from Mexico for the United States.
The Fremont area grew at the time of the California Gold Rush. A town called Mission San José grew up around the old mission, with its own post office from 1850. Agriculture dominated the economy with nursery plants and olives as leading crops. In 1868 the 6.8-magnitude Hayward earthquake on the Hayward Fault collapsed buildings throughout the Fremont area, ruining Mission San José and its outbuildings. Until the 1906 San Francisco earthquake caused its destruction, the Fremont area's Palmdale Winery was the largest in California; the ruins of the Palmdale Winery are still visible near the Five Corners in Irvington. From 1912 to 1915 the Niles section of the Fremont area was the earliest home of California's motion picture industry. Charlie Chaplin filmed several movies in the Fremont area, most notably The Tramp. Fremont was incorporated under the leadership of Wally Pond in 1956, when five towns in the area, Centerville, Mission San José, Warm Springs came together to form a city. Glenmoor Gardens, the largest subdivision in Fremont, was under construction in the area, by developers Ralph E. Cotter, Jr. James R. Meyer, civil engineer Fred T. Duvall, contractors James L. Reeder, Robert H. Reeder.
When the Glenmoor Gardens Homeowners Association was incorporated, in March 1953, there were no more than 75 houses in the subdivision. It was the first such organization in the Fremont area; the five-member board of directors was set up to oversee a full range of services, from police and fire protection to street maintenance. Fremont became more industrialized between 1953 and 1962. A boom in high-tech employment in the 1980s to the late 1990s in the Warm Springs District, caused rapid development in the city and linked the city with the Silicon Valley; the Apple factory where the first Mac computer was manufactured was located in Fremont. Other semiconductor and telecommunications firms soon opened in the city, including Cirrus Logic, Asyst Technologies, Mattson Technology, Lam Research, Premisys Communications, Nextlink California. 750 high tech companies had offices, headquarters or production facilities in Fremont by 1999. These firms included fifteen of the top one hundred fastest-growing public companies in the San Francisco Bay Area and eighteen of the top fifty companies in the East Bay.
The high-tech growth in Fremont is a major industry for the city. The General Motors automotive assembly plant in South Fremont was the town's largest employer, Fremont was known for its drag strip. In the 1980s, the plant became a joint venture automotive assembly plant of Toyota and General Motors, was renamed NUMMI. Toyota and NUMMI shut down its operations in early 2010. Part of the plant was acquired in June 2010 by Tesla Motors as its primary production plant, known as the Tesla Factory. Solyndra, a solar panel manufacturer, was promoted in 2010 by President Barack Obama as a model for government investment in green technology after his administration approved a $535-million Department of Energy loan guarantee and the company built a $733 million state-of-the-art robotic facility, but in 2011 the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and laid-off 1,000 workers. Data storage company Seagate Technology, incorporated in the Republic of Ireland with executive offices in Cupertino, acquired the former Solyndra building.
The first Fremont post office o
International Business Machines Corporation is an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, with operations in over 170 countries. The company began in 1911, founded in Endicott, New York, as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company and was renamed "International Business Machines" in 1924. IBM produces and sells computer hardware and software, provides hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. IBM is a major research organization, holding the record for most U. S. patents generated by a business for 26 consecutive years. Inventions by IBM include the automated teller machine, the floppy disk, the hard disk drive, the magnetic stripe card, the relational database, the SQL programming language, the UPC barcode, dynamic random-access memory; the IBM mainframe, exemplified by the System/360, was the dominant computing platform during the 1960s and 1970s. IBM has continually shifted business operations by focusing on higher-value, more profitable markets.
This includes spinning off printer manufacturer Lexmark in 1991 and the sale of personal computer and x86-based server businesses to Lenovo, acquiring companies such as PwC Consulting, SPSS, The Weather Company, Red Hat. In 2014, IBM announced that it would go "fabless", continuing to design semiconductors, but offloading manufacturing to GlobalFoundries. Nicknamed Big Blue, IBM is one of 30 companies included in the Dow Jones Industrial Average and one of the world's largest employers, with over 380,000 employees, known as "IBMers". At least 70% of IBMers are based outside the United States, the country with the largest number of IBMers is India. IBM employees have been awarded five Nobel Prizes, six Turing Awards, ten National Medals of Technology and five National Medals of Science. In the 1880s, technologies emerged that would form the core of International Business Machines. Julius E. Pitrap patented the computing scale in 1885. On June 16, 1911, their four companies were amalgamated in New York State by Charles Ranlett Flint forming a fifth company, the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company based in Endicott, New York.
The five companies had offices and plants in Endicott and Binghamton, New York. C.. They manufactured machinery for sale and lease, ranging from commercial scales and industrial time recorders and cheese slicers, to tabulators and punched cards. Thomas J. Watson, Sr. fired from the National Cash Register Company by John Henry Patterson, called on Flint and, in 1914, was offered a position at CTR. Watson joined CTR as General Manager 11 months was made President when court cases relating to his time at NCR were resolved. Having learned Patterson's pioneering business practices, Watson proceeded to put the stamp of NCR onto CTR's companies, he implemented sales conventions, "generous sales incentives, a focus on customer service, an insistence on well-groomed, dark-suited salesmen and had an evangelical fervor for instilling company pride and loyalty in every worker". His favorite slogan, "THINK", became a mantra for each company's employees. During Watson's first four years, revenues reached $9 million and the company's operations expanded to Europe, South America and Australia.
Watson never liked the clumsy hyphenated name "Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company" and on February 14, 1924 chose to replace it with the more expansive title "International Business Machines". By 1933 most of the subsidiaries had been merged into one company, IBM. In 1937, IBM's tabulating equipment enabled organizations to process unprecedented amounts of data, its clients including the U. S. Government, during its first effort to maintain the employment records for 26 million people pursuant to the Social Security Act, the tracking of persecuted groups by Hitler's Third Reich through the German subsidiary Dehomag. In 1949, Thomas Watson, Sr. created IBM World Trade Corporation, a subsidiary of IBM focused on foreign operations. In 1952, he stepped down after 40 years at the company helm, his son Thomas Watson, Jr. was named president. In 1956, the company demonstrated the first practical example of artificial intelligence when Arthur L. Samuel of IBM's Poughkeepsie, New York, laboratory programmed an IBM 704 not to play checkers but "learn" from its own experience.
In 1957, the FORTRAN scientific programming language was developed. In 1961, IBM developed the SABRE reservation system for American Airlines and introduced the successful Selectric typewriter. In 1963, IBM employees and computers helped. A year it moved its corporate headquarters from New York City to Armonk, New York; the latter half of the 1960s saw IBM continue its support of space exploration, participating in the 1965 Gemini flights, 1966 Saturn flights and 1969 lunar mission. On April 7, 1964, IBM announced the first computer system family, the IBM System/360, it spanned the complete range of commercial and scientific applications from large to small, allowing companies for the first time to upgrade to models with greater computing capability without having to rewrite their applications. It was followed by the IBM System/370 in 1970. Together the