Gobardanga is a city and a municipality in Barasat Sadar subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Founded on 20 April 1870, It is one of the oldest municipalities of west Bengal; the word Gobardanga derives from Sanskrit. It consists of go-bar-danga. Go means "world/earth", bar means "greatest" and danga refers to "place" which means, the greatest place on earth. Gobardanga is situated on the banks of the river Jamuna. Gobardanga railway station is 58 km from Sealdah railway station on the Sealdah–Bangaon branch line of Eastern Railway. From Sealdah it is next to Maslandapur railway station and before Thakurnagar railway station. Road distance between Bongaon and Gobardanga is 25 km. Buses, Auto-rickshaw, Electric rickshaw are the most used mode of transport; as per the 2011 Census of India, Gobardanga had a total population of 45,377, of which 23,025 were males and 22,352 were females. Population below 6 years was 3,481; the total number of literates in Gobardanga was 38,461.
As of 2001 India census, Gobardanga had a population of 41,618. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Gobardanga has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, female literacy is 75%. In Gobardanga, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age. Gobardanga has a college named Gobardanga Hindu College, affiliated with West Bengal State University. Angel Day School Subhash Vidyamandir FP School Sri Ramakrishna Vidyabhawan Gobardanga Collegiate High School Gobardanga Girls High School Netaji Vidyapith Gobardanga Khantura High School Khantura Girls' High School Gobardanga Sri Chaitanya Vidyalaya Khantura Pritilata Shikha Niketan for Boys Khantura Pritilata Shikha Niketan for Girls DPB Deshbandhu Prathamik Vidyalaya Nibedita Sishu Tirtha Sishubhuban Renaisance Vidyapith Oxebow English School Sudhir Memorial Institute CBSE AFFILIATED SCHOOL North 24 Parganas district has been identified as one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.
Map of Habra I CD Block on Page 289 of District Census Handbook. It shows the location of Gobardanga
India known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia; the Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Gupta empires. In the medieval era, Zoroastrianism and Islam arrived, Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture.
Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, in the mid-19th under British Crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947. In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the second largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.
A pluralistic and multi-ethnic society, it is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindush, equivalent to the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the historical local appellation for the Indus River; the ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as "The people of the Indus". The geographical term Bharat, recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations, it is a modernisation of the historical name Bharatavarsha, which traditionally referred to the Indian subcontinent and gained increasing currency from the mid-19th century as a native name for India. Hindustan is a Middle Persian name for India, it was introduced into India by the Mughals and used since then. Its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety; the name may refer to either the northern part of India or the entire country.
The earliest known human remains in South Asia date to about 30,000 years ago. Nearly contemporaneous human rock art sites have been found in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, including at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh. After 6500 BCE, evidence for domestication of food crops and animals, construction of permanent structures, storage of agricultural surplus, appeared in Mehrgarh and other sites in what is now Balochistan; these developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, the first urban culture in South Asia, which flourished during 2500–1900 BCE in what is now Pakistan and western India. Centred around cities such as Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Kalibangan, relying on varied forms of subsistence, the civilization engaged robustly in crafts production and wide-ranging trade. During the period 2000–500 BCE, many regions of the subcontinent transitioned from the Chalcolithic cultures to the Iron Age ones; the Vedas, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism, were composed during this period, historians have analysed these to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.
Most historians consider this period to have encompassed several waves of Indo-Aryan migration into the subcontinent from the north-west. The caste system, which created a hierarchy of priests and free peasants, but which excluded indigenous peoples by labeling their occupations impure, arose during this period. On the Deccan Plateau, archaeological evidence from this period suggests the existence of a chiefdom stage of political organisation. In South India, a progression to sedentary life is indicated by the large number of megalithic monuments dating from this period, as well as by nearby traces of agriculture, irrigation tanks, craft traditions. In the late Vedic period, around the 6th century BCE, the small states and chiefdoms of the Ganges Plain and the north-western regions had consolidated into 16 major oligarchies and monarchies that were known as the mahajanapadas; the emerging urbanisation gave rise to non-Vedic religious movements, two of which became independent religions. Jainism came into prominence during the life of Mahavira.
Buddhism, based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, attracted followers from all social classes excepting the middle
The Lok Sabha is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha. Members of the Lok Sabha are elected by adult universal suffrage and a first-past-the-post system to represent their respective constituencies, they hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers; the house meets in the Lok Sabha Chambers of the Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi. The maximum strength of the House allotted by the Constitution of India is 552; the house has 545 seats, made up by the election of up to 543 elected members and at a maximum, 2 nominated members of the Anglo-Indian Community by the President of India. A total of 131 seats are reserved for representatives of Scheduled Tribes; the quorum for the House is 10% of the total membership. The Lok Sabha, unless sooner dissolved, continues to operate for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting. However, while a proclamation of emergency is in operation, this period may be extended by Parliament by law.
An exercise to redraw Lok Sabha constituencies' boundaries is carried out by the Boundary Delimitation Commission of India every decade based on the Indian census, last of, conducted in 2011. This exercise earlier included redistribution of seats among states based on demographic changes but that provision of the mandate of the commission was suspended in 1976 following a constitutional amendment to incentivise the family planning programme, being implemented; the 16th Lok Sabha is the latest to date. The schedule for the 2019 Lok Sabha Election has been announced by the Election Commission of India. Broken into seven phases the General Elections will be held from 11th April 2019 till 19th May 2019; the Lok Sabha has its own television channel, Lok Sabha TV, headquartered within the premises of Parliament. A major portion of the Indian subcontinent was under British rule from 1858 to 1947. During this period, the office of the Secretary of State for India was the authority through whom British Parliament exercised its rule in the Indian sub-continent, the office of Viceroy of India was created, along with an Executive Council in India, consisting of high officials of the British government.
The Indian Councils Act 1861 provided for a Legislative Council consisting of the members of the Executive Council and non-official members. The Indian Councils Act 1892 established legislatures in each of the provinces of British India and increased the powers of the Legislative Council. Although these Acts increased the representation of Indians in the government, their power still remained limited, the electorate small; the Indian Councils Act 1909 and the Government of India Act 1919 further expanded the participation of Indians in the administration. The Government of India Act 1935 introduced provincial autonomy and proposed a federal structure in India; the Indian Independence Act 1947, passed by the British parliament on 18 July 1947, divided British India into two new independent countries and Pakistan, which were to be dominions under the Crown until they had each enacted a new constitution. The Constituent Assembly was divided into two for the separate nations, with each new Assembly having sovereign powers transferred to it for the respective dominion.
The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950, proclaiming India to be a sovereign, democratic republic. This contained the founding principles of the law of the land which would govern India in its new form, which now included all the princely states which had not acceded to Pakistan. According to Article 79 of the Constitution of India, the Parliament of India consists of the President of India and the two Houses of Parliament known as the Council of States and the House of the People; the Lok Sabha was duly constituted for the first time on 17 April 1952 after the first General Elections held from 25 October 1951 to 21 February 1952. Article 84 of Indian Constitution sets qualifications for being a member of Lok Sabha, which are as follows: He / She should be a citizen of India, must subscribe before the Election Commission of India an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule of Indian Constitution.
He / She should not be less than 25 years of age. He / She possesses such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament, he / She should not be proclaimed criminal i.e. they should not be a convict, a confirmed debtor or otherwise disqualified by law. However, a member can be disqualified of being a member of Parliament: If he / she holds office of profit. A seat in the Lok Sabha will become vacant in the following circumstances: When the holder of the seat, by writing to the speaker, resigns; when the holder of the seat is absent from 60 consecutive days of proceedings of the House, without prior permission of the Speaker. When the holder of the seat is subject to any dis
Sealdah railway station
Sealdah railway station is one of the major railway termini serving Kolkata and Howrah, India. The others being Howrah, Shalimar and Santragachi. Sealdah is one of the busiest railway stations in India with a daily passenger footfall of over 1.8 million. It acts as an important suburban rail terminal. After completion, Kolkata Metro Line 2 will pass through Sealdah. Sealdah railway station was started in 1869. Before 1978, there was a tram terminus at Sealdah station. Trams departed from here towards Rajabazar, Howrah Station, Calcutta High Court, Dalhousie Square, Park Circus and Dharmatala; the first horse tram service of Kolkata was started from Sealdah to Armenian Ghat, following the route 13, 14 & 16 between Lebutala & Dalhousie Square. The Sealdah–Lebutala & Dalhousie Square–Armenian Ghat stretch is now closed; that terminus was demolished in 1978 with the Sealdah–Lebutala tram track stretched through Boubazar Street for construction of the Sealdah flyover. Now tram services between Rajabazar–Esplanade, Park Circus–Burrabazar and other services pass through Sealdah.
A car parking exists in place of the old tram terminus. There are three station terminals at Sealdah: Sealdah Main and Sealdah South; the North section consists of Sealdah Sealdah Main buildings. It has 13 platforms numbering 1 to 4 & 4A, Sealdah main consists of platform 5 to 9A, 9B & 9C; the South section consists with 7 platforms. The north and south sections have separate set of emerging tracks; the north and south section is connected by two links, one is Dumdum–Majherhat link, other is Bidhannagar–Park Circus link. These two links were constructed to travel between the two sections avoiding Sealdah. For the financial department, there are Sr.. DFM's and ADFM's to look over. Sealdah North acts as the suburban train terminal for 2 divisions: the main division and the Bangaon division; the main division of Sealdah north operates trains plying between Kolkata and Hasnabad, Gede, Shantipur, Berhampore, Dankuni, Bardhaman, Barrackpore, Kalyani Simanta and others. A narrow-gauge line earlier used to connect Shantipur and Krishnanagar but now it has been replaced with broad gauge.
This line continues to Nabadwip Ghat. These narrow-gauge lines are served by DMU trains. There is a plan to extend the suburban train service from Krishnanagar to Palashi, served by electric loco-hauled trains. Dankuni line connects Eastern Railway's Howrah line at Dankuni. Bandel line connects Eastern Railway's Howrah line at Bandel; the Bangaon division handles trains for Kolkata Airport, Bangaon and others. Bangaon and Ranaghat are connected. Sealdah Main is the mail/express terminal for long distance trains to northern, north-western, north-eastern & eastern India, through Dankuni line and Bandel line. Krishnanagar line is serving long distance intrastate trains; the South section, consisting of Sealdah South terminal, acts as the terminal for local trains plying between Kolkata and Budge Budge, Diamond Harbour and Namkhana. There is an EMU carshed at Sealdah. Other EMU carsheds are at Sonarpur. A diesel shunter loco shed is situated at adjacent Beliaghata. A rail coach factory is set to come up at Halishahar-Kanchrapara region.
In northern part of Kolkata Greater. Before partition in 1947 of India, Gede line and Bangaon line were continued to present day Bangladesh. Kolkata railway station Kolkata Suburban Railway Kolkata Metro Trams in Kolkata List of Kolkata Suburban Railway stations Sealdah railway station at the India Rail Info Eastern Railways website
Ukrah or Nagarukhra is a village with its own Police Station in Kalyani subdivision of Nadia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located around 50 kilometres from the capital of West Bengal. Ukrah is located at 22.944°N 88.660°E / 22.944. It has an average elevation of 12 metres.. Nagarukhra is bounded by the Jamuna River on the North; this suburban is 65 km far from district headquarter, Krishnagar and 50 km. far from the state capital, Kolkata. As of 2011 India census, Ukrah had a population of 13,548, comprising 6,974 males and 6,574 females. Ukrah has an average literacy rate of 83.91%, with 1,309 of the town's population between 0–6 years of age. As of 2001 India census, Ukrah had a population of 11,900, comprising 5,758 females. According to the 2011 census, 93.38% of the population is Hindu, 5.07% Muslim, 1.49% Christian and 0.06% is others. The remainder of the population is uncatalogued. Nagarukhra Police Station is a newly established Juridical administrative Police Department in Nagarukhra.
This Police Station has jurisdiction over its neighbouring areas. The New Police Station located on the bank of Jamuna River. Ukrah is one of the areas. Ukrah has three Higher Secondary Schools. Nagarukhra High School is the oldest Higher Secondary school of this area. Nagarukhra Kshetra-Mohan Girls' High School is the Girls' Higher secondary school as well. Dighalgram Netaji Vidyapith is a higher secondary school at Dighalgram, Nagarukhra-II; these schools are undertaken by West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education. Except that there are many kindergarten schools are available in this region. Ukrah has an Elementary English Medium School, named as Michael Madhusudan English Medium Primary and Elementary School; this School is a Second State Govornment Affiliated English Medium Elementary School in Nadia District. Kanchrapara-Nagarukhra-Bongaon Intercity Military Road passing through Ukrah or Nagarukhra; this road is connected with National Highway 112 to the east, with National Highway 12 and Kalyani Expressway to the west directly.
This road is a shortest roadway to access the Petrapole-Bangladesh Border for Border Security Force and Indian Army. This road connects many different villages and towns; this road is intersect with other three major roads in Nagarukhra, Ashoknagar-Kalyangarh Road intersection at near Town Kali Bari. Nagarukhra has various bus route services to connect with different places. 22. Nagarukhra - Kanchrapara via Duttapara, Haringhata, Barajaguli, BCKV, Kampa Army Camp, KPA Station. 22. Nagarukhra - Kalyani via Fatehpur, Barajaguli, BSF Camp,7 No. AIIMS-Kalyani, Anandapur. 19B. Gaighata - Ranaghat via Jaleswar, Nagarukhra, Birohi, Simurali, Ranaghat. 95. Bongaon - Ashoknagar via Gopalnagar, Nahata, Nimtala, Nagarukhra, Habra. MN3. Nahata - Barasat via Nimtala, Nagarukhra, Habra, Ashoknagar-Kalyangarh, Bira, Duttapukur. Nagarukhra - Kolkata. Thakurnagar - Nabadwip Ghat. Thakurnagar - Kalna Ghat. E-25 Esplanade - Habra via Kolkata, Barasat, Haringhata, Jhikra. E-48 Habra - Kanchrapara via Jhikra, Haringhata, Mohanpur, Kampa, KPA BSF Camp, Kalyani Express way.
Public Bus Terminus: Nagarukhra Public Bus Terminus is situated on North bank of Jamuna River, beside the Nagarukhra Police Station's Gate no.1. The bus depot was built up in 2016. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport is the nearest airport, it is an international airport located in Kolkata, West Bengal, serving the Kolkata metropolitan area. The airport is located 45 kilometres from Nagarukhra. Nagarukhra travel guide from Wikivoyage
Krishnanagar is a city and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the headquarters of the Nadia district. Krishnanagar is situated on the southern banks of the Jalangi river, she is claimed to be named after Krishna Chandra Ray. Another claim is; the city was called ‘Reui’. The Rajbari built here during the reign of zaminder Krishna Chandra Ray is a prominent place of tourist attraction though the remnants of the past glory have been eroded and only a dilapidated structure of the exquisite places with carving on its inner walls exists today. Krishnanagar is located at 23.4°N 88.5°E / 23.4. It has an average elevation of 14 metres. Krishnanagar is beside the Jalangi River; the Tropic of Cancer passes through outskirts of Krishnanagar, Latitude of Tropic of Cancer: 23° 26′ 5″ N. Krishnanagar municipality was established in the year 1864 and is one of the oldest; this place got its name after Raja Krishnachandra Roy. Earlier it was called Reuigram. Krishnanagar is an important centre for literature.
It counts literary figures such as Ray gunakar Bharat Chandra, Ramprasad Sen, Dwijendralal Ray and Narayan Sanyal among many others. There is a strong tradition of stage acting and Indian revolutionary movements; the second place of interest in Krishnanagar is the famous area called Ghurni, the neighbourhood of the clay artists. Raja Krishnachandra invited a few of the families of these clay artists in this region. Open studios and shops of the artists comprise an important attraction for tourists, it is said that it was Raja Krishnachandra who had settled a few families of talented clay artists in the area. Jagaddhatri Puja is celebrated with great grandeur in Krishnanagar, when lightings from the town of Chandannagar are brought. In summer, i.e. from April to June, the weather remains hot and temperatures range from a maximum of 35 °C to a minimum of 26 °C. Monsoon season prevails during beginning-June to mid-September. Retrieving monsoon from mid-October till mid-NovemberThe weather is quite pleasant, the summers and winters are moderate.
The level of moisture increases during summers. Dwijendralal Roy poet and lyricist, was born on 19 July 1863 at Krishnanagar in Nadia district, where his father, kartikeya chandra roy, was the dewan, his mother, Prasannamayee Devi, was a descendant of Adwaita Prabhu. Dwijendralal graduated in arts from Hughli College in 1883 and obtained his MA degree in English from Presidency College a year later. In 1905 Dwijendralal established Purnima Milon, in Kolkata, he became the editor of the monthly bharatvarsa in 1913. Dwijendralal started writing poems while still in his teens. While still a student he wrote Aryagatha. During his stay in England he wrote The Lyrics of Ind in 1886. Among his other books are collections of poems and songs: Aryagatha, Hasir Gan, Mandra and Triveni, his sketches and satires include Ekghare, Samaj Bibhrat O Kalki Avatar, Tryahasparsha and Punarjanma. He wrote plays, many of which are included in university syllabi. Among his mythical plays are Pasani and Visma, his social plays include Banganari.
He wrote a number of historical plays: Tarabai, Rana Pratapsingh, Mebar Patan, Nurjahan and Chandragupta. Most of his plays were staged in Kolkata and elsewhere, he is specially remembered for his historical plays. He was a well-known composer of modern songs, he died on17 May 1913 in Kolkata. Ramtanu Lahiri was a renowned teacher and a social reformer. Peary Chand Mitra wrote about him, “There are few persons in whom the milk of kindness flows so abundantly, he was never wanting in appreciation of what was right, in his sympathy with the advanced principles.” Sivanath Sastri’sRamtanu Lahiri O Tatkalin Bangasamj, published in 1903, was not only his biography but an overview of Bengali society of the era, “a remarkable social document on the period of the Bengal Renaissance.” It is still read and used as reference material for the period. Bijoylal Chattopadhyaya was born in 1898. Bijoylal Chattopadhyay, started setting the local community on the path of social reforms. Since the name has been changed to Harijan Palli.
In independent India's first election in 1951Bijoylal Chattopadhyay of Congress won the Krishnagar seat. Jagadananda Roy Jagadananda Roy was born in a landed aristocratic family of Nadia, he taught in a local missionary school for some time. His flair for writing on scientific matters in a simple and lucid style brought him into contact with Rabindranath, the editor of Sadhana. Rabindranath found these writings attractive and when he found that Jagadananda was in dire straits, he offered him a job on his estate. Knowing that this work was not appropriate for someone like Jagadananda, he asked him to teach his children; when the Brahmacharyasrama was founded, he brought Jagadananda over to Santiniketan as a teacher. He was the first Sarvadhyaksha of the school. A dedicated teacher, he taught continuously till his retirement in 1932, after which he continued to take Mathematics classes voluntarily, he wrote a number of books on popular science, his mission being to propagate scientific truth in simple Bengali in the manner of Ramendrasundar Trivedi.
Habra railway station
Habra railway station is a station of Eastern Railway. It is 45 km away from Sealdah railway station and 23 km from Barasat on the Sealdah-Bangaon branch line of Eastern Railway, it is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. Habra, Gobordanga,Thakurnagar and Bangaon local connects this city to Sealdah Station and other stations of the Sealdah-Bangaon branch line. Habra Station Road is directly connected to NH 35, it is a major railway station between Barasat railway stations. The station code is HB, it serves Habra town. The station consists of three platforms; the platform is much well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including sanitation. Habra is located on Sealdah–Hasnabad–Bangaon–Ranaghat line of Kolkata Suburban Railway. Link between Dum Dum to Khulna now in Bangladesh, via Bangaon was constructed by Bengal Central Railway Company in 1882–84; the Sealah-Dum Dum-Barasat-Ashok Nagar-Bangaon sector was electrified in 1963–64