The Stockholm Underground is a rapid transit system in Stockholm, Sweden. The first line opened in 1950, today the system has 100 stations in use, of which 47 are underground and 53 above ground. There are three coloured main lines on the tube maps; these do however form seven actual routes. Routes number 17, 18 and 19, 13 and 14 and 10 and 11 all go through Stockholm City Centre in a centralized metro system. All seven actual lines use The T-Centralen hub station. Apart from this central station for the metro, there exists just one other junction, the Fridhemsplan station, although both the green and red lines are mutually accessible at the Slussen and Gamla Stan stations; the underground is like the London Underground and the Paris Métro, but unlike the U-Bahn and S-Bahn in Berlin, in that it is equipped with ticket gates. Single tickets must be bought in advance, or at ticket machines that are available in all underground stations and on several tram- bus- or boat stops. Passengers can buy tickets at the ticket booth, just by the gates to the underground.
In 2017, the underground carried 353 million passengers, which corresponds to 1,2 million in a normal weekday. The 105.7-kilometre-long underground system is owned by the Stockholm County Council through the company Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. The operation is contracted to MTR Nordic since 2 November 2009; the Stockholm underground system has been called'the world's longest art gallery', with more than 90 of the network's 100 stations decorated with sculptures, rock formations, paintings, installations and reliefs by over 150 different artists. The decision to build an underground was made in 1941; the following years, in some cases earlier, some routes were built with near underground standard but operated with trams. These included Slussen -- Blåsut and Telefonplan -- Hägerstensåsen; the first part of the metro was opened on 1 October 1950, from Slussen to Hökarängen, having been converted from tram to metro operation. In 1951 a second line from Slussen to Stureby was opened. In 1952, a second system, from Hötorget to the western suburbs was opened.
In 1957, the two parts were connected via the Central station and the Old Town, forming the Green Line. During the period 1950-1960 the Green Line was extended piece by piece; the Red Line was opened in 1964, from T-Centralen over Liljeholmen ending in Fruängen and Örnsberg, both in the Southwest. It was extended piece by piece until 1978, when it reached Mörby centrum via a bridge over Stocksundet sea strait; the third and final system, the Blue Line, was opened in 1975, with two lines running northwest from the city center. As the construction requirements have become more strict over the years, newer segments have more tunnels than older, the Blue Line is all in tunnel; the latest addition to the whole network, Skarpnäck station, was opened in 1994. There are 100 stations in use in the Stockholm metro. One station, was built but never taken into use. One station has been demolished; the Bagarmossen old surface station was demolished and replaced with a new underground station, this being prior to the metro extension to the Skarpnäck metro station.
The Stockholm metro is well known for its decoration of the stations. Several of the stations are left with the bedrock exposed and unfinished, or as part of the decorations. At Rissne, an informative wall fresco about the history of Earth's civilizations runs along both sides of the platform; the following details relate to the present network. The designations "blue line", etc. have only been used since the late 1970s, only since the 1990s. They originated from the fact that the "blue line" tended to operate newer train stock painted blue, while the "green line" had older stock in the original green livery. There was never any red painted stock, but red was chosen to differentiate this line from the other two networks on route maps; the Green line has 3 routes and 49 stations: 37 above ground stations. The track is 41,256 metres long, it opened 1 October 1950. It is used by 451,000 passengers per workday or 146 million per year; the Red line has 2 routes and 36 stations: 15 above ground stations.
The track is 41,238 metres long. It opened 5 April 1964, it is used by 394,000 passengers per workday or 128 million per year. The Blue line has 20 stations: 19 subterranean and one elevated station; the track is 25,516 metres long. It opened 31 August 1975, it is used by 171,000 passengers per 55 million per year. Trains are operated with extended all night service on Fridays and Saturdays. All lines have trains every 10 minutes during daytime, reduced to every 15 minutes in early mornings and late evenings, every 30 minutes during nights. Additional trains in peak hours gives a train every 5–6 minutes on most stations, with 2–3 minutes between trains on the central parts of the network; the metro contains four interchanges and lacks any kind
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th
Älvsjö is a district of the city of Stockholm Municipality in Sweden, located in the borough Älvsjö in Söderort. It has the biggest rentable facility in northern Europe called Stockholm International Fairs, the hotel Rica Talk Hotel, which both are located east of Älvsjö commuter train station. In 2017, the total population of the district was 1,530 inhabitants; the name was written Elffuesio in 1461. The origin of the first element is unclear – it is derived from an Old Swedish male name *Ælve, but that interpretation is uncertain; the last element sjö'lake' refers to Brännkyrkasjön, a former lake east of Älvsjö
Söderort is the southern suburban part of the Stockholm Municipality, Sweden. It is part of the city of Stockholm. Söderort is located in the northern part of the Södertörn peninsula/island; the boroughs of Söderort are: Enskede-Årsta-Vantör, Farsta, Hägersten-Liljeholmen, Skärholmen, Skarpnäck and Älvsjö. The main part of Söderort was annexed by the City of Stockholm in 1913. Since 2007, Söderort is organized into six stadsdelsområden: Enskede-Årsta-Vantör, Farsta, Hägersten-Liljeholmen, Skarpnäck, Skärholmen, Älvsjö. Before 2007, it was organized into eight stadsdelsområden: Enskede-Årsta, Farsta, Hägersten, Skarpnäck, Skärholmen, Vantör and Älvsjö. 1/ km²2/ Population per hectare Stockholm City Centre Västerort Södertörn Media related to Söderort at Wikimedia Commons Söderort travel guide from Wikivoyage
Örby is a residential area in Söderort, Stockholm Municipality, Sweden. It has an area of 4,720 inhabitants. Örby got its name from the Örby Manor. Örby was instituted as a so-called "municipalsamhälle" within Brännkyrka in 1904. The area was amalgamated with the City of Stockholm in 1913 and the municipalsamhälle was dissolved. In the present administration of the city, it is part of the Enskede-Årsta-Vantör stadsdelsnämndsområde. Örby was served by trams between 1930 and 1951, but has now bus connections with the Stockholm Metro at the stations in Bandhagen, Svedmyra and Högdalen as well as the Stockholm commuter rail station at Älvsjö. The first school in Örby was called the "red school" because of its wall colour, it was built in 1904. This was replaced by Örby skola in 1915, designed by architect Georg A. Nilsson, it looks like the schools in Gamla Enskede and Långbro and is sometimes mistaken for a church due to its size and shape. The sports club Örby IS was founded in 1912 and is still active, with association football and ice hockey
Huddinge Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in Huddinge, a part of Stockholm urban area; the municipality is, with its 110,000 inhabitants, the second most populated in Stockholm County. The municipality covers the entire central part of the Södertörn peninsula. More than half of the land area consists of agriculture, hills, or lakes, it contains 13 nature reserves. Huddinge borders the following municipalities: Stockholm Municipality, Ekerö Municipality, Botkyrka Municipality, Haninge Municipality and Tyresö Municipality. Björksättra Peninsula Nature Reserve Drevviken Nature Reserve Flemingsbergsskogen Nature Reserve Gladö Kvarnsjön Nature Reserve Gladöskogen Nature Reserve Gömmaren Nature Reserve, including the Fullersta kvarn Natura 2000 area. Gömsta Äng Nature Reserve Korpberget Nature Reserve Lissmadalen Nature Reserve Lännaskogen Nature Reserve, including Lissma-Kvarnsjö and Lännaskogen Natura 2000 areas. Orlången Nature Reserve Paradiset Nature Reserve, including Granby and Hanveden Natura 2000 areas.
Trångsundsskogen Nature Reserve Vårbyfjärden Albysjön Gömmaren Långsjön Trehörningen Mörtsjön Orlången Kvarnsjön-Gladö Kärrsjön Holmträsket Rudträsket Ådran Trehörningen-Paradiset Långsjön-Paradiset Ormputten Öran Lissmasjön Trylen Kvarnsjön-Lissma Ågestasjön Magelungen Drevviken Huddinge has a total population of 110,000, or 4.5% of the population of Stockholm County. The average age is 36.7 years. This means that Huddinge has a younger population than both Stockholm County and the whole country; the population density of the municipality is increasing significantly. Since the 1960s, the population has doubled in size and is among the 14 largest municipalities in Sweden; the population of Huddinge passed the one of Gävle in 2008, the ones of Eskilstuna and Sundsvall as well in 2009. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 43 699, or 39.73% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 24 319, or 28.13% of the population.
On 31 December 2017 there were 110 003 residents in Huddinge, of which 32 190 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden. Stockholm urban area 86,802 inh. Vidja 633 inh. Rural areas 2,465 inh, it is believed that the history of Huddinge goes back at least 1,000 years, to before the Viking Age. When hostile ships approached the community, the inhabitants of Huddinge would climb to high locations and light beacons. Beacons were located around the entirety of Lake Mälaren. Huddinge's coat of arms has its origins in this tradition; the name Huddinge is believed to come from the Uddung's - the first inhabitants in this area, which during the Iron Age lived on the shores of Lake Mälaren nearby Vårby. Huddinge is served by the Stockholm public transport system.
There are two stations on the Stockholm Metro and five on the Stockholm commuter rail system as well as large bus network. Some main line trains call at Flemingsberg. Huddinge municipality is sub-divided into six districts: Flemingsberg Segeltorp Sjödalen-Fullersta Skogås Stuvsta-Snättringe Trångsund Vårby, including MasmoThere are four territorial parishes of the Church of Sweden within the municipality: Huddinge, Trångsund, Flemingsberg and St. Mikael. Election to Swedish municipals are held every 4th year on the 3rd Sunday in September. Election 2014 to the 61 seat council resulted in that the centre-right Alliance of 4 parties plus two local parties stayed in power without own majority; the Red-Green 3 parties are in opposition and the far right Sweden Democrats holds the balance of power but wots with the Alliance. The municipality contains six public libraries, Södertörn University College and one of the campuses for Karolinska Institutet. Kungens Kurva is one of Sweden's largest shopping areas.
It hosts, among other things, the largest IKEA store in the world, the largest cinema in the country, a large shopping centre. In total, it has 15 million visitors per year; the most known sports club in Huddinge is the ice hockey club Huddinge IK, which has fostered a long line of well-known Swedish ice hockey players, such as Michael Nylander, Mattias Norström and Kent Johansson, used to be a regular runner up in the Swedish second division and the qualifications for the Elitserien. Peter Forsberg happened to make his debut as a senior player with his original club Modo Hockey, facing Huddinge away. After years of debate a vote is planned was 2008 regarding a split of Huddinge into two different municipalities named in published documents as Huddinge and Huddinge östra; the intention with a split is to make the eastern part of Huddinge its own municipality after years of protests from inhabitants. Due to large protests it was decided in 2007 to hold a vote regarding the split; however it was proposed.
This has caused a major political split of opinions as the political opposition wants to see
Rågsved is a district of Stockholm, Sweden which belonged to Bandhagen. It remained uninhabited until the mid-1950s, contains a number of small crofts including Bjursätra, Snösätra, Lännäsbacken and Fagergren. In 1953 a development plan was set up for the area, buildings and a subway line was built in 1955 - 1957; the first areas built were Bjursätrahöjden. The neighbouring community of Hagsätra was formed in 1959. In the early years, Rågsved was inhabited by expatriate workers from the inner city from Södermalm, was considered state of the art in the late 1950s. For a long time it was populated by paid, affluent tenants. Rågsved is older than that. While Rågsved was built, an industrialization type of style dominated the construction, this is visible at the houses located to the north of the subway. There, modernism made its mark, with slab blocks; the district center contains a horseshoe-shaped multi-building which holds different kinds of services, was designed by architect Kell Åström. In the mid-1980s Rågsveds buildings were expanded with Snösätraområdet, where red brick houses with enclosed courtyards were built, much like in the farms of Skarpnäck.
RÅGSVED website in Swedish