Haiyang

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Haiyang
海阳市
County-level city
Haiyang is located in Shandong
Haiyang
Haiyang
Location in Shandong
Coordinates: Coordinates: 36°46′45″N 121°10′05″E / 36.77917°N 121.16806°E / 36.77917; 121.16806
Country China
Province Shandong
Prefecture-level city Yantai
Area[1]
 • Total 1,886 km2 (728 sq mi)
Population (2017)[2]
 • Total 658,000
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://www.haiyang.gov.cn/ (in Chinese)

Haiyang (simplified Chinese: 海阳; traditional Chinese: 海陽; pinyin: Hǎiyáng), a coastal city in the peninsula province of Shandong in eastern China, is strategically located[citation needed] in the center of the prime tourist trio of Qingdao, Yantai, and Weihai.

Haiyang's claim to fame[citation needed] comes from its extensive sea beaches, national forest parks, wetland reserves, as well as its beautiful beach[citation needed] and yachting opportunities. On December 2, 2006 the Olympic Council of Asia in Doha announced the selection of Haiyang as the host city for 2012 Asian Beach Games. Haiyang is the site of the new Haiyang Nuclear Power Plant.[3] Haiyang is the hometown of writer Sun Junqing (孙俊卿),[4] who's 1962 work written about the hope for a better year of farming in 1963 after the Great Chinese Famine is part of the Putonghua Proficiency Test.[5]

Geography[edit]

Haiyang, on the coastline of the western Pacific Ocean, is a county-tier city under the 3-tier administrative system of China. Haiyang has an estimated population of 690,000 and spans over 1,886 square kilometers along the biggest Chinese peninsula, facing South Korea and Japan across the Yellow Sea.[citation needed]

Administrative Divisions[edit]

As of 2012, Haiyang administers 4 subdistricts and 10 towns:[6]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin
Dongcun 东村街道 Xīnshì Jiēdào
Fangyuan 方圆街道 Fāngyuán Jiēdào
Fengcheng 凤城街道 Fèngchéng Jiēdào
Longshan 龙山街道 Lóngshān Jiēdào
Lidian 里店镇 Lǐdiàn Zhèn
Xiaoji 小纪镇
行村镇
Xin'an 辛安镇 Xīn'ān Zhèn
Liugezhuang 留格庄镇 Liúgézhuāng Zhèn
Panshi 盘石镇 Pánshí Zhèn
Zhuwu 朱吴镇 Zhūwú Zhèn
Facheng 发城镇
Guocheng 郭城镇 Guōchéng Zhèn

Leisure resorts[edit]

The city, known for its newly discovered primitive beauty[citation needed], is a prime destination for beach sports[citation needed] with its 230 kilometer coastline, and climatically and typographically is quite similar to Scotland. In the past decade, this city has quickly become one of top summer resorts and vacation paradises in China, and in northeast Asia at large.[citation needed]

Historical affiliation[edit]

Haiyang was first settled with Laiyi people, one of peripheral Chinese ethnic minorities, some 2,300 years ago, and was annexed into China proper over centuries of dynasty rule and wars. Haiyang was consecutively under administration of Qi Kingdom in Warring Period, Jiaodong Province in Qin Dynasty, Laizhou Prefecture in Tang, Song and Yuan Dynasties and Dengzhou Prefecture in Ming Dynasty.[citation needed]

Dasongwei Fortress[edit]

In 1389, Dasongwei Fortress, one of the nine coastal Fortresses of the time to guard against Japanese invasion and pirate attacks, was set up to govern both administratively and militarily the today's area of Haiyang, which land was ever called Dansylvania in the 19th century. In 1734, Dasongwei Fortress is officially renamed as Haiyang, which name lasts to date covering the south coast of Shandong Peninsula with an area of more than 3,000 kilometers. In 1947, the newly founded communist government cut off the eastern land of Haiyang to create another county of Rushan, since then Haiyang's 1,886 kilometer area forms a shape of flying phoenix towards west Pacific Ocean.[citation needed]

European settlement[edit]

From the late 19th century until World War I, Haiyang was a strategic town on the route between the two European settlements of Tsingtao and Weihaiwei, respectively taken by Germany in 1898 and Britain in 1898 on lease basis, and commercial and trade activities were active until 1947 when communist troops took over.[citation needed]

Haiyang Port[edit]

Haiyang Port is one of the pivotal ports along south coastline of Shandong Peninsula with sea route connecting Korea, Japan and south Chinese ports. In May 1860, French navy tried to land for taking the fortress and failed. In August 1947, the government troops retreated from the port for Tsingtao after defeat by the communists. In April 1963, the Taiwan-based Chinese nationalist troops tried to land for taking back the city and all were defeated and captured by the paramilitaries. Haiyang Port is today one of the trade ports for the peninsula province with active export-oriented manufactures, and administratively under Qingdao Customs and Port authorities.[citation needed]

Asian Beach Games[edit]

Haiyang with host the 2012 Asian Beach Games, the first ever to be held in China, which was announced by the Olympic Council of Asia in Doha on December 2, 2006.[citation needed]

Vacation facilities[edit]

Haiyang is nicknamed West Pacific Paradise partially due to its literal meaning of the city name, which means Ocean and Sun. With Laoshan mountain range in the northwest and Kunyu maintain range in the northeast, Haiyang boasts the nationwide best facilities of beach sporting and leisure resorts, including but not limited to Tiger Beach Golf Courses, Yachting Clubs, sailing events, Sand Carving Parks, Beach Volleyball Club, Beach Basketball Club, Music Festival, Japanese Village, seaview gardens and terrains, Phoenix Wetland Reserve, National Forest Park and Coast Film Park. Rocky Islands some 80 kilometers off the shore are another vacation resort of the city.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "中国•海阳概况 (translation: Introduction to Haiyang, China)" (in Chinese). Haiyang government website. May 7, 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. "海阳市{...}总面积1886平方公里{...}" (translation: Haiyang city{...} has a total area of 1886 square kilometers{...}) 
  2. ^ "中国•海阳概况 (translation: Introduction to Haiyang, China)" (in Chinese). Haiyang government website. May 7, 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. "海阳市{...}户籍人口65.8万{...}" (translation: Haiyang city{...} has a population of 658,000{...}) 
  3. ^ NucNet. Ground Broken At Site Of China’s Haiyang Nuclear Power Plant Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine.. July 30, 2008.
  4. ^ "海阳市筹建峻青文学艺术馆 今年10月有望开馆 (translation: Haiyang city preparing to build Junqing Literature & Art Museum, to be opened to the public this October)" (in Chinese). Fenghuang Shandong. Retrieved 8 December 2017. "峻青,原名孙俊卿,1922年出生于烟台海阳市郭城镇西楼子村,当代著名作家、画家。" (translation: Junqing, originally named Sun Junqing, was born in Xilouzi Village, Guocheng Town, Haiyang city, Yantai in 1922, and is a well-known modern author and painter) 
  5. ^ 普通话水平测试实施纲要.2003.商务印书馆出版.pp.342-3.
  6. ^ "历史行政区划 (translation: Historical Administrative Divisions)" (in Chinese). Haiyang government website. July 13, 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2017. "到2012年,全市辖14个镇、街道,分别是东村街道、方圆街道、凤城街道、龙山街道、里店镇、小纪镇、行村镇、辛安镇、留格庄镇、盘石镇、朱吴镇、发城镇、徐家店镇、郭城镇。" (translation: As of 2012, the city in all administers 14 towns and subdistricts, namely Dongcun Subdistrict, Fangyuan Subdistrict, Fengcheng Subdistrict, Longshan Subdistrict, Lidian Town, Xiaoji Town, Xingcun(?) Town, Xin'an Town, Liugezhuang Town, Panshi Town, Zhuwu Town, Facheng Town, Xujiadian Town [and] Guocheng Town. 

External links[edit]