Odawara Station is a railway station in Odawara, Japan. It is a gateway station to the Hakone area; this station is served by following lines. East Japan Railway Company Tokaido Line Shōnan-Shinjuku Line Central Japan Railway Company Tokaido Shinkansen Odakyu Electric Railway Odawara Line Hakone Tozan Railway Hakone Tozan Line Izu-Hakone Railway Daiyuzan Line The JR companies have staffed Midori no Madoguchi ticket offices and seat reservation counters. East side Bus stop No.3 "H" line for Hakone Machi Ko via Hakone Yumoto Station, Kowakidani Station, Kowaki-en, Moto Hakone Ko, Hakone Checkpoint Bus stop No.4 "T" line for Togendai via Hakone Yumoto Station, Sengoku Bus stop No.5 "Z" line for Hakone Checkpoint via Hakone Yumoto Station, Kowakidani Station, Kowaki-en, Moto Hakone "J" line for Hakone-en via Hakone Yumoto Station, Kowakidani Station, Kowaki-en, Ōwakudani, Kojiri What is now the JR East station opened on 21 October 1920. The Odakyu Electric Railway station opened on 1 April 1927.
On 9 April 2002 at 20:43, a person was hit and killed by a non-stop up train at the station after climbing down from the platform onto the shinkansen track. On 8 July 2007 at 20:46, a person was hit and killed by a non-stop train at the station after climbing down from the platform onto the shinkansen track. On 30 December 2008 at 15:54, a woman was hit and killed by a down non-stop train at the station after climbing down from the platform onto the shinkansen track. On 10 April 2009 at 21:20, a man was hit and killed by a down non-stop train at the station after climbing down from the platform onto the shinkansen track. Odawara-juku List of railway stations in Japan Odawara Station information Odawara Station Train Tracks Odawara Station information Odawara Station information Odawara Station Map Hakone Tozan Train information Bus stop guide Railway & Bus information
Hydrangea is a genus of 70–75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia and the Americas. By far the greatest species diversity is in eastern Asia, notably China and Korea. Most are shrubs 1 to 3 meters tall, but some are small trees, others lianas reaching up to 30 m by climbing up trees, they can be either deciduous or evergreen, though the cultivated temperate species are all deciduous. Having been introduced to the Azores, H. macrophylla is now common on Faial, known as the "blue island" due to the vast number of hydrangeas present on the island. ‘Hydrangea’ is derived from Greek and means ‘water vessel’, in reference to the shape of its seed capsules. The earlier name, Hortensia, is a Latinised version of the French given name Hortense, referring to the wife of Jean-André Lepaute. Hydrangea flowers are produced from early spring to late autumn; the flowerheads contain two types of flowers: small non-showy flowers in the center or interior of the flowerhead, large, showy flowers with large colorful sepals.
These showy flowers are extended in a ring, or to the exterior of the small flowers. Plants in wild populations have few to none of the showy flowers, while cultivated hydrangeas have been bred and selected to have more of the larger type flowers. There are two flower arrangements in hydrangeas with corymb style inflorescences, which includes the grown "bigleaf hydrangea"—Hydrangea macrophylla. Mophead flowers are large round flowerheads resembling pom-poms or, as the name implies, the head of a mop. In contrast, lacecap flowers bear round, flat flowerheads with a center core of subdued, small flowers surrounded by outer rings of larger flowers having showy sepals or tepals; the flowers of some rhododendrons and viburnums can appear, at first glance, similar to those of some hydrangeas. In most species the flowers are white, but in some species, can be blue, pink, light purple, or dark purple. In these species the color is affected by the presence of aluminium ions which are available or tied up depending upon the soil pH.
For H. macrophylla and H. serrata cultivars, the flower color can be determined by the relative acidity of the soil: an acidic soil, will have available aluminum ions and produce flowers that are blue to purple, whereas an alkaline soil will tie up aluminum ions and result in pink or red flowers. This is caused by a color change of the flower pigments in the presence of aluminium ions which can be taken up into hyperaccumulating plants. Lowering the pH of potting soils or mixes does not change the flower color to blue, because these soils have no aluminum ions; the ability to blue or pink a hydrangea is influenced by the cultivar. Some plants are selected for their ability to be blued, while others are bred and selected to be red, pink or white; the flower color of most other Hydrangea species is not affected by aluminum and cannot be changed or shifted. Hydrangeas have a nickname called'Change Rose'. Four fossil seeds of †Hydrangea polonica have been extracted from borehole samples of the Middle Miocene fresh water deposits in Nowy Sacz Basin, West Carpathians, Poland.
Hydrangeas are popular ornamental plants, grown for their large flowerheads, with Hydrangea macrophylla being by far the most grown with over 600 named cultivars, many selected to have only large sterile flowers in the flowerheads. Hydrangea macrophylla known as Bigleaf Hydrangea, can be broken up into two main categories; some are best pruned on an annual basis. If not pruned the bush will become very'leggy', growing upwards until the weight of the stems is greater than their strength, at which point the stems will sag down to the ground and break. Other species only flower on'old wood', thus new wood resulting from pruning will not produce flowers until the following season. Hydrangea root and rhizome are indicated for treatment of conditions of the urinary tract in the PDR for Herbal Medicine and may have diuretic properties. Hydrangeas are moderately toxic if eaten, with all parts of the plant containing cyanogenic glycosides. Hydrangea paniculata is sometimes smoked as an intoxicant, despite the danger of illness and/or death due to the cyanide.
The flowers on a hydrangea shrub can change from blue to pink or from pink to blue from one season to the next depending on the acidity level of the soil. Adding organic materials such as coffee grounds, citrus peel or eggshells will increase acidity and turn hydrangea flowers blue, as described in an article on Gardenista. A popular pink hydrangea called Vanilla Strawberry has been named "Top Plant" by the American Nursery and Landscape Association; the hybrid "Runaway Bride Snow White", bred by Ushio Sakazaki from Japan, was named Plant of the Year at the 2018 RHS Chelsea Flower Show. In Japan, ama-cha,甘茶 meaning sweet tea, is another herbal tea made from Hydrangea serrata, whose leaves contain a substance that develops a sweet taste. For the fullest taste, fresh leaves are crumpled and dried, yielding dark brown tea leaves. Ama-cha is used for kan-butsu-e on April 8 every year—the day thought to be Buddha's birthday in Japan. During the ceremony, Ama-cha is served to people in attendance. A legend has it that on the day Buddha was born, nine dragons poured Amrita over him.
In Korean tea
The Odakyu Group is a group of companies centered around the Odakyu Electric Railway company, based in Shinjuku, Japan. The group originated as a rail transport operator, but now has diverse operations such as in real estate, retail, B2B, fiber optic networking, personal storage, travel sales, urban, long distance as well as tour bus service, it comprises 101 companies as of July 14, 2017. It owns several recreational facilities, including a golf course, hot springs resort, sailing resort, all of which are situated to bring more passengers onto the core business, the railway network. All these are separate companies and retain their own branding and logos, albeit with coordination among group companies and cross ownership, though many do, other member companies may not bear the name Odakyu at all; the railway network of the group includes the three lines of the Odakyu Electric Railway, the Enoshima Electric Railway, the Hakone Tozan Railway companies. It operates the Hakone Ropeway. Odakyu, like many railway companies in Japan operates an extensive set of feeder buses all throughout the line that complement city bus services, as well as limited long distance bus services.
They include 16 brands, major ones are Kanachu Bus, Odakyu Bus, Tachikawa Bus, Enoden Bus, Odakyu Hakone Highway Bus, Hakone Tozan Bus, Tokai Bus. serving Tokyo, Hakone/Mount Fuji and Izu Peninsula areas. Other group operations include taxi and Hakone tourist boats; the Odakyu Group member companies runs a large variety of retail. Large department stores by Shinjuku and Fujisawa stations, called Odakyu Hyakkaten, it runs a chain of supermarkets called Odakyu OX across west Tokyo and Kanagawa Prefecture, as well as a chain of convenience stores and kiosk outlets found in various Odakyu line stations, of which maintain the OX brand logos. The group member companies consist of other areas such as affiliated florists and auto dealerships. Odakyu Group includes hotels, travel agencies, outlet malls, golf courses, restaurants, common among large railway companies in Japan, residential apartment blocks. Odakyu runs a number of large hotels, including Odakyu Southern Tower in Yoyogi, as well as others in Shinjuku and Izu Peninsula.
Odakyu Engineering provides engineering services to other partners. Along with Odakyu Electric Railway, Kanagawa Central Transport Kanachu Bus is listed on Section 1 of the Tokyo Stock Exchange. OER is listed on Section 1 of Tokyo Stock Exchange, is a company on Fortune magazine's Global 500 list
The Rhaetian Railway, abbreviated RhB, is a Swiss transport company that owns the largest network of all private railway operators in Switzerland. The RhB operates all the railway lines of the Swiss canton of Graubünden/Grisons, except for the line from Sargans to the cantonal capital, which are operated by the Swiss Federal Railways, the line from Disentis/Mustér to the Oberalp Pass, further on to Andermatt, operated by Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn. Inaugurated in 1888 and expanded from 1896 onwards in various sections, the RhB network is located entirely within Graubünden, with one station across the Italian border at Tirano; the Rhaetian Railway serves a number such as St Moritz and Davos. One of the RhB lines, the Bernina Railway, crosses the Bernina Pass at 2,253 metres above sea level and runs down to Tirano, Lombardy in Italy. In 2008, the RhB section from the Albula/Bernina area was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites; the Albula-Bernina line is the first rail line in the world to be photographed and put on Google Street View.
The establishment of the Rhaetian Railway traces back to Dutchman Willem Jan Holsboer, who proposed a railway line from Landquart to Davos in 1888. Holsboer founded the Lanquart-Davos AG to begin construction of a standard-gauge line, but the mountainous terrain lacked sufficient space. On 29 June 1888, a ground-breaking ceremony took place for a narrow-gauge railway instead. In 1895, Holsboer changed his company's name to the Rhaetian Railway to reflect his plans for network expansion. In 1897, a referendum was held for the Rhaetian Railway to bid on operations of the Graubünden/Grisons State Railways. During the years 1907 to 1910, the Rhaetian Railway, in collaboration with the federal and cantonal governments, undertook a large-scale expansion of its network. In 1896, the Chur-Thusis line opened. All RhB lines are 1,000 mm metre gauge wide and electrified: 61 km is electrified at 1000 V DC. 321 km is electrified at 11 kV 16.7 Hz. The network contains 383 bridges; the maximum gradient is 7% on the Bernina railway, 6% on the Chur–Arosa line and 4.5% on Landquart–Davos line.
Current passenger services as operated by the RhB: In 2002 the annual traffic carried by the RhB was 300 million passenger-kilometres and 54 million tonne-kilometres of freight. 80% of the passenger income comes from tourist traffic, although 40% of passengers are local commuters. Landquart railway station in Graubünden is the starting point of the Rhaetian Railway as part of the Landquart-Davos line, operationally as the company's main workshop, topologically as the 0 kilometre point of the company's core network; the Landquart-Davos line is the oldest in the Rhaetian Railway network. After leaving Landquart, the line to Davos crosses the river Landquart, generally follows the river upstream as far as Klosters, crossing the river several times along the way. Just beyond Klosters, there are two tunnels. One of these is for the Vereina line; the other, the Klosters loop tunnel, takes the Davos line at a 45 degree angle towards the west. The line to Davos loops back towards the east, inside the Cavadürli loop tunnel, continues through dense larch and other coniferous forests to the Davos Laret.
The highest point on the line is Davos Wolfgang. The line leads back down and along Lake Davos to Davos Dorf, the terminus at Davos Platz; the connecting line from Davos Platz to the Albula Railway at Filisur passes through wild gorges, is technically interesting, not only due to its famous Wiesen Viaduct. The Davos–Filisur line is 19 km long, runs through 14 tunnels extending a total of 4,200 m in length, crosses 28 bridges, it was electrified in 1919. Starting in the Rhine valley, the Landquart-Thusis line runs more or less parallel with the Swiss Federal Railways' Sargans-Landquart-Chur standard gauge line as far as Chur; the line to Thusis simply follows the course of the Rhine to Bonaduz. From there, it follows the Posterior Rhine from Rhäzüns to Thusis; this line begins in Thusis. It continues toward Tiefencastel following the Albula and crosses the Landwasser Viaduct before arriving at Filisur. Shortly after Filisur the line passes its first spiral tunnel continues to Bergün/Bravuogn. Between Bergün/Bravuogn and Preda, at the end of the valley, the line has to achieve a difference in height of about 400 metres inside a horizontal distance of 5 kilometres, without using rack-and-pinion, but with many spirals.
The line enters the Albula Tunnel at 1,815 metres under the Albula Pass. It emerges in the Val Bever; the line continues toward Samedan and arrives at St. Moritz. In 2009 it was announced that an examination of the Albula Tunnel conducted in 2006 had found major degradation of the tunnel, with over 60% of the lining in need of replacement. Furthermore, the bores are small by modern standards, cabling and drainage all need replacement; as a result, it was announc
Hakone Tozan Line
The Hakone Tozan Line is a mountain railway in Japan operated by the Hakone Tozan Railway. This company belongs to the Odakyu Group, owns the Hakone Tozan Cable Car; the section of the line from Odawara Station to Hakone-Yumoto Station started operations in 1919, with current terminus Gōra reached in 1930. Since 2006, only Odakyū Odawara Line trains run on the section from Odawara Station to Hakone-Yumoto Station. From Gora, visitors can continue up the mountain on the Hakone Tozan Cable Car, as it was converted from dual-gauge to just narrow-gauge; the railway is capable of climbing one meter vertically for every 12.5 meters of horizontal distance, a maximum gradient of 8%. The line traverses Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, so the line was designed to limit the impact on scenery. Due to the difficult conditions, the line has three switchbacks used to ascend steep sections. Length: 15.0 km Gauge: Odawara - Iriuda: 1,067 mm Iriuda - Hakone-Yumoto: 1,067 mm /1,435 mm Hakone-Yumoto - Gōra: 1,435 mm Stations: 11 Track: single Power: Odawara - Hakone-Yumoto: 1,500 V DC overhead supply Hakone-Yumoto - Gōra: 750 V DC overhead supply Block system: Automatic Trains: "S" = All stop, "|" = All pass.
Transfers: At Odawara Station: Odakyū Odawara Line Tōkaidō Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line Tōkaidō Shinkansen Izu-Hakone Railway Daiyūzan Line At Gōra Station: Hakone Tozan Railway - Hakone Tozan Cable Car Hakone-Yumoto Station is the terminus for all Hakone Tozan Line trains. On the Odawara - Hakone-Yumoto section, Limited Express "Romancecar" and Local trains run through to and from the Odakyu Odawara Line. Odakyu LE, Super Hakone and Homeway services run from/to Shinjuku Station. Odakyu LE Metro Hakone runs between Hakone-Yumoto and Kita-Senju Station, on Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line at weekends only. Local trains runs between Odawara and Hakone-Yumoto from/to Shin-Matsuda Station using 4-car Odakyu EMUs. Section between Hakone-Yumoto and Gōra is operated by local trains only, using Hakone Tozan 2/3-car EMUs. Trains stop at three signal stops. There are three switchbacks: Deyama, Ōhiradai, Kami-Ōhiradai. Journey time between Odawara - Hakone-Yumoto is 15 minutes, Hakone-Yumoto - Gōra is 40 minutes, Shinjuku - Hakone-Yumoto is an hour and 25–35 minutes by limited express.
There are three signal stops on the Hakone Tozan Line in addition to the regular passenger stations. All of them have a siding track and two of them have switchbacks. Signal stop with a switchback. 234 m AMSL. 35°13′57″N 139°05′14″E Signal stop with a switchback near Ōhiradai station which has a switchback. 359 m AMSL. 35°14′08″N 139°04′32″E Signal stop without a switchback. 410 m AMSL. 35°14′18″N 139°04′09″E MoHa 1 MoHa 2 1000 series 2000 series 3000 series 3100 series two-car EMU MoNi 1 All trains are based at Iriuda Depot. MoHa 3 Yu 1 Odakyu 7000 series LSE Odakyu 10000 series HiSE Odakyu 20000 series RSE Odakyu 30000 series EXE Odakyu 50000 series VSE Odakyu 60000 series MSE Odakyu 1000 series Odakyu 5000 series Odakyu 8000 series October 1, 1888: Odawara Horse-drawn Railway opens from Kōzu Station via Odawara Station, to Hakone-Yumoto Station. October 31, 1896: Operating company name is changed to Odawara Electric Railway. March 21, 1900: Line is electrified. June 1, 1919: Line opens between Hakone-Yumoto and Gōra as an electrified funicular railway.
December 16, 1920: Tram line closes between Kōzu - Odawara, connected with the JGR Tōkaidō Main Line at Odawara. August 16, 1928: Hakone Tozan Railway is founded. October 1, 1935: Mainline railway is extended from Hakone-Yumoto to Odawara. Tram line remains between Odawara - Hakone-Itabashi, is renamed the "Odawara Town Line". December 20, 1940: Tram section is renamed "Odawara City Line". June 1, 1948: Hakone Tozan Railway becomes part of the Odakyu Group. August 1, 1950: Odakyu Electric Railway begins operating Limited Express and Express trains from Shinjuku to Hakone-Yumoto; the line voltage is changed to 1,500 V DC for the dual gauge section between Odawara and Hakone-Yumoto. June 1, 1956: Odawara City Line is abandoned. July 14, 1993: Hakone-Yumoto - Gōra section is uprated from 600 to 750 V DC. Operations start using 3-car EMUs. March 18, 2006: Hakone Tozan Railway discontinues operation using its own units between Odawara and Hakone-Yumoto. Dual-gauge section reduced to Iriuda - Hakone-Yumoto.
March 15, 2008: New Odakyu "Romancecar" through service starts from Kita-Senju Station. This route appears in Microsoft Train Simulator complete with scenarios simulating prototypical operation. Hakone Tozan Railway Official Site Hakone Navi
Hakone Tozan Cable Car
The Hakone Tozan Cable Car the Cable Line, is a funicular railway in the town of Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by Hakone Tozan Railway; this company belongs to the Odakyū Group, who own Hakone Tozan mountain railway line. The funicular links the upper terminus of the railway line, with Sōunzan 214 metres above. At Sōunzan, connection is made with the Hakone Ropeway. Opened in 1922, the line was rebuilt in 1995; the line has the following technical parameters: Length: 1,200 metres Height: 214 metres Maximum Steepness: 20% Gauge 983mm Cars: 2 Capacity: 250 passengers per car Configuration: Single track with passing loop Journey time: 9 minutes Traction: Electricity List of funicular railways Official website by Hakone Tozan Railway Official website by Odakyū
Gōra Station is a terminal railway station on the Hakone Tozan Line as well as the Hakone Tozan Cable Car, is located in Hakone, Japan. It is 15.0 km from the Hakone Tozan Line's southern terminus at Odawara Station. At an altitude of 533 metres, it is the highest railway station in Kanagawa Prefecture. Gōra Station is served by the Hakone Tozan Line and by the Hakone Tozan Cable Car. Gōra Station has two side platforms, which are staggered, so that they do not directly oppose each other. Gōra Station was opened on June 1919 as a station on the Hakone Tozan Line; the Hakone Tozan Cable Car began operations from December 1, 1921, but operations were suspended from February 11, 1944 through July 1, 1950. The present station building was opened on April 16, 1977. Hakone Tozan Bus Bus stop 1 for Hakone Open-Air Museum, Kowaki-en, Ten-yu Bus stop 2 for Gora Park, Hakone Art Museum, Pola Museum of Art, The Little Prince and Saint-Exupéry Museum, Senkyoro-mae, Hakone Venetian Glass Museum and Hakone Botanical Garden of Wetlands Bus stop 3 for Miyagino, Hakone Venetian Glass Museum, Otome Toge, Gotemba Premium Outlets, JR Gotemba Station Hakone Tozan Railway official website Hakone Tozan Bus official website Gora Station Map