Bodmin and Wenford Railway
The Bodmin & Wenford Railway is a heritage railway, based at Bodmin in Cornwall, England. It has an interchange with the national rail network at Bodmin Parkway railway station, the southern terminus of the line; the Great Western Railway opened its branch line from Bodmin Road to Bodmin General 27 May 1887, on 3 September 1888 a junction line was opened to connect with the Bodmin and Wadebridge Railway which had opened its line from Bodmin North to Wadebridge in 1834. The line closed on 3 October 1983 following the demise of freight traffic from Wenford. In 1984 the Bodmin Railway Preservation Society was formed, they held their first open day at Bodmin General two years later. 1987 saw. A Light Railway Order was granted in 1989, the following year passenger services recommenced between Bodmin General and Bodmin Road, although by now that station had been renamed "Bodmin Parkway". A new intermediate station known as Colesloggett Halt was brought into use. In 1996 the former junction line was reopened, with another new station provided as Boscarne Junction.
The stations served are all near Bodmin. They are: Bodmin Parkway Colesloggett Halt Boscarne Junction Bodmin General The route from Bodmin General to Bodmin Parkway is 3 1⁄2 miles and Bodmin General to Boscarne Junction is 3 miles. On leaving Bodmin Parkway, the route first crosses the River Fowey by a five-arch viaduct, climbs up towards Bodmin Moor; the one intermediate halt is at Colesloggett Halt, built by the BWR in 1993 to serve a farm park, provides access to a network of footpaths through the Cardinham Woods, belonging to the Forestry Commission. The trip takes 25 minutes each way. Upon reaching Bodmin General station, the headquarters of the railway, trains reverse to take the line to Boscarne Junction; this lies on the former London and South Western Railway route to Wadebridge and Padstow, which now forms the Camel Trail alongside the River Camel. The railway aspires to extend alongside this foot/cyclepath towards Wadebridge in the future; the railway is controlled by lower quadrant semaphore signals.
Access to the Network Rail mainline at Bodmin is controlled by a lever frame, under the supervision of NR's Lostwithiel signal box. For a Full list of Locomotives and Wagons 4247 – a GWR 4200 Class 2-8-0T heavy freight locomotive built in 1916 that used to haul trains of china clay from St Blazey to Fowey, its boiler certificate expires in 2021 but is operational in British Railways unlined black livery. 4612 – built in 1942. One of the familiar GWR 5700 Class 0-6-0PT pannier tank locomotives that operated out of St Blazey engine shed for use on the china clay branch lines, its boiler certificate expires in 2023 but is operational in Great Western Railway green livery. 5552 – a GWR 4575 Class 2-6-2T familiar from operating passenger trains on most of the Cornish branch lines. Built in 1928. Undergoing overhaul at Bodmin General and painted in British Railways lined green livery. 6435 – a GWR 6400 Class 0-6-0PT, another pannier tank, this class was fitted with equipment for working auto trains between Plymouth and Saltash.
6435 emerged from Swindon railway works for the first time in April 1937 and spent many years in Wales. It was condemned on 12 October 1964 and entered preservation with the Dart Valley Railway on 17 October 1965, its boiler certificate expires in 2022 but is operational and in British Railways lined green livery. 30587 – an LSWR 0298 Class "Beattie Well Tank" 2-4-0WT, built in 1874 one of three of these ancient locomotives that were used for many years on the mineral branch from Boscarne Junction to Wenfordbridge. Its boiler certificate expires in 2023. 30120 – built in 1899 one of the LSWR Class T9 "Greyhound" 4-4-0s that pulled express trains from Exeter to Wadebridge and Padstow. It is on long-term loan from the National Collection and was overhauled during 2010 to allow it to re-enter service, its boiler certificate expires in 2020 but is operational in British Railways lined black livery. D3452 – a British Rail Class 10 0-6-0 diesel-electric shunting locomotive. After withdrawal by British Rail in July 1968, it was sold to English China Clays plc for further service.
It spent much of its subsequent time at Fowey shunting china clay trains. It was put to work at Bodmin, it is operational and in British Railways black livery. 08444 – a British Rail Class 08 0-6-0DE shunting locomotive. This was the first diesel to arrive on the Bodmin and Wenford Railway, delivered in March 1987 from Cardiff Canton TMD, it was number D3559 but became 08444, the number it carries at Bodmin. Operational BR Green 33110 – a British Rail Class 33 Type 3 Bo-Bo; this Southern Region locomotive arrived at Bodmin in December 1993. It is operational and in British Rail grey livery. 37142 – a British Rail Class 37 type 3 Co-Co BR blue. Built in 1963. During preparation on Saturday morning of the 2009 autumn diesel gala, 37142 was found to have contaminated oil. Early examination showed a sudden water leakage from at least two liners, it is operational and in British Railways blue livery. 47306 – BR Co–Co Class 47 named "The Sapper". It is operational and in Railfreight Distribution grey livery.
50042 – BR Co–Co Class 50 named after the warship "Triumph" BR blue. Built in 1968, it was taken out of service from Laira TMD at Plymo
Anglesey is an island off the north coast of Wales with an area of 276 square miles. Anglesey is by the seventh largest in the British Isles. Anglesey is the largest island in the Irish Sea by area, the second most populous island; the ferry port of Holyhead handles more than 2 million passengers each year. The Menai Suspension Bridge, designed by Thomas Telford in 1826, the Britannia Bridge span the Menai Strait to connect Anglesey with the mainland. Anglesey, one of the historic counties of Wales, was administered as part of Gwynedd, but along with Holy Island and other smaller islands, it is now governed by the Isle of Anglesey County Council. Much of this article covers the whole of this administrative area; the majority of Anglesey's inhabitants are Welsh speakers and Ynys Môn, the Welsh name for the island, is used for the UK Parliament and National Assembly constituencies. The population at the 2011 census was 69,751; the island falls within the LL postcode area, covering LL58 to LL78. The name of the island may be derived from the Old Norse.
No record of such an Ǫngli survives, but the place name was used in the Viking raiders as early as the 10th century and was adopted by the Normans during their invasions of Gwynedd. The traditional folk etymology reading the name as the "Island of the Angles" may account for its Norman use but has no merit, although the Angles' name itself is a cognate reference to the shape of the Angeln peninsula. All of these derive from the proposed Proto-Indo-European root *ank-. Through the 18th and 19th centuries and into the 20th, it was spelt Anglesea in documents. Ynys Môn, the island's Welsh name, was first recorded as Latin Mona by various Roman sources, it was known to the Saxons as Monez. The Brittonic original was in the past taken to have meant "Island of the Cow"; this view is untenable, according to modern scientific philology, the etymology remains a mystery. Poetic names for Anglesey include the Old Welsh Ynys Dywyll for its former groves and Ynys y Cedairn for its royal courts. There are numerous megalithic monuments and menhirs on Anglesey, testifying to the presence of humans in prehistory.
Plas Newydd is near one of 28 cromlechs. The Welsh Triads claim. Anglesey has long been associated with the druids. In AD 60 the Roman general Gaius Suetonius Paulinus, determined to break the power of the druids, attacked the island using his amphibious Batavian contingent as a surprise vanguard assault and destroying the shrine and the nemeta. News of Boudica's revolt reached him just after his victory, causing him to withdraw his army before consolidating his conquest; the island was brought into the Roman Empire by Gnaeus Julius Agricola, the Roman governor of Britain, in AD 78. During the Roman occupation, the area was notable for the mining of copper; the foundations of Caer Gybi, a fort in Holyhead, are Roman, the present road from Holyhead to Llanfairpwllgwyngyll was a Roman road. The island was grouped by Ptolemy with Ireland rather than with Britain. British Iron Age and Roman sites have been excavated and coins and ornaments discovered by the 19th century antiquarian William Owen Stanley.
After the Roman departure from Britain in the early 5th century, pirates from Ireland colonised Anglesey and the nearby Llŷn Peninsula. In response to this, Cunedda ap Edern, a Gododdin warlord from Scotland, came to the area and began to drive the Irish out; this was continued by grandson Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion. As an island, Anglesey was in a good defensive position, so Aberffraw became the site of the court, or Llys, of the Kingdom of Gwynedd. Apart from a devastating Danish raid in 853 it remained the capital until the 13th century, when improvements to the English navy made the location indefensible. Anglesey was briefly the most southerly possession of the Norwegian Empire. After the Irish, the island was invaded by Vikings — some of these raids were noted in famous sagas — and by Saxons, Normans, before falling to Edward I of England in the 13th century. Anglesey is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales. In medieval times, before the conquest of Wales in 1283, Môn had periods of temporary independence, as it was bequeathed to the heirs of kings as a sub-kingdom of Gwynedd.
The last times this occurred were a few years after 1171, following the death of Owain Gwynedd, when the island was inherited by Rhodri ab Owain Gwynedd, between 1246 and c. 1255, when it was granted to Owain Goch as his share of the kingdom. Following the conquest of Wales by Edward I, Anglesey was created a county under the terms of the Statute of Rhuddlan of 1284. Prior to this it had been divided into the cantrefi of Aberffraw and Cemaes. During the First World War, the Presbyterian minister and celebrity preacher John Williams toured the island as part of an effort to recruit young men to volunteer for a “just war”. German POWs were kept on the island. By the end of the war, some 1,000 of the island's men had died while on active service. In 1936 the NSPCC opened its first branch on Anglesey. During the Second World War, Anglesey received Italian POWs; the isla
Llanbadrig is a village and community in the Welsh county of Anglesey. The parish includes the township of Clygyrog and the port of Cemaes, was in the cwmwd of Talybolion; the area has extensive quarries of marble. At the 2001 census it had a population of 1,392, reducing to 1,357 at the 2011 census; the Welsh name Llanbadrig means "Church of Saint Patrick" and there is indeed a Church of St. Patrick on the coast near Cemaes, it is said to have been founded in 440CE by St Patrick himself. Local legend states that Patrick was shipwrecked on the small nearby island of Ynys Badrig, which can be seen from the stile in the churchyard wall; the nearby cove is known as Porth Padrig. Following the Isle of Anglesey Order 2012 the Llanbadrig ward was amalgamated into a new multi-councillor ward, Twrcelyn. Portions of the 2006 movie Half Light starring Demi Moore were filmed in Llanbadrig, although the movie is ostensibly set in Scotland; the headland was the location for a'Peace Camp: coastal installation celebrating love poetry and landscape'.
This was part of the Cultural Olympiad running alongside the 2012 London Olympic Games, was one of eight such locations around Britain. For four nights in July, glowing dome tents and recitals of love poetry filled the headland. Anglesey has a Llyn Padrig and Rhosbadrig located inland from Aberffraw. Atlas Mon shows. Media related to Llanbadrig at Wikimedia Commons A Vision of Britain Through Time British Listed Buildings Genuki Geograph Office for National Statistics
Ealing is a district of west London, located 7.9 miles west of Charing Cross. It is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Ealing, identified as a major metropolitan centre in the London Plan. Ealing is in the historic county of Middlesex; until the urban expansion of London in the late 19th century and early 20th centuries, it was a rural village within Ealing parish. Improvement in communications with London, culminating with the opening of the railway station in 1838, shifted the local economy to market garden supply and to suburban development. By 1902, Ealing became known as the "Queen of the Suburbs" due to its greenery and as it was halfway between city and country; as part of the growth of London in the 20th century, Ealing expanded and increased in population, becoming a municipal borough in 1901 and has formed part of Greater London since 1965. It now forms a significant retail centre with a developed night time economy. Ealing has the characteristics of both leafy suburban and inner-city developments, some areas like Pitshanger retain a village "feel".
Ealing's town centre is colloquial with Ealing Broadway, the name of both a rail interchange and a shopping centre. Most of Ealing, including the commercial district, South Ealing, Ealing Common, Montpelier and most of Hanger Hill fall under the W5 postcode. Areas to the north-west of the town centre such as Argyle Road and West Ealing fall under W13 instead. A small section north-east of the town centre, near Hanger Hill, falls under the NW10 postcode area; the population of Ealing, comprising the Ealing Broadway, Ealing Common, Cleveland and Hanger Hill wards, was 71,492 in the 2011 census. The adjacent area of Hanwell is associated with Ealing despite having a separate postcode; the Saxon name for Ealing was recorded c.700 as'Gillingas', meaning'place of the people associated with Gilla', from the personal name Gilla and the Old English suffix'-ingas', meaning'people of'. Over the centuries, the name has changed, has been known as'Illing', 1130. Archaeological evidence shows that parts of Ealing have been occupied for more than 7,000 years Iron Age pots have been discovered in the vicinity on Horsenden Hill.
A settlement is recorded here in the 12th century amid a great forest that carpeted the area to the west of London. The earliest surviving English census is that for Ealing in 1599; this list was a tally of all 85 households in Ealing village giving the names of the inhabitants, together with their ages and occupations. It survives in manuscript form at The National Archives, was transcribed and printed by K J Allison for the Ealing Historical Society in 1961. Settlements were scattered throughout the parish. Many of them were along what is now called St. Mary's Road, near to the church in the centre of the parish. There were houses at Little Ealing, Ealing Dean, Haven Green, Drayton Green and Castlebar Hill; the Church of St. Mary's, the parish church, dates back to the early 12th century; the parish of Ealing was divided into manors, such as those of Pitshanger. These were farmed. There were animals such as cows and chickens. Great Ealing School was founded in 1698 by the Church of St Mary's; this subsequently became the "finest private school in England" and had many famous pupils in the 19th century such as William S. Gilbert and Cardinal Newman.
As the area became built-up, it declined and closed in 1908. The first known maps of Ealing were made in the 18th century. With the exception of driving animals into London on foot, the transport of heavy goods tended be restricted to those times when the non-metalled roads were passable due to dry weather. However, with the passing of the Toll Road Act, this highway was gravelled and so the old Oxford Road became an busy and important thoroughfare running from east to west through the centre of the parish; this road was renamed as Uxbridge Road. The well-to-do of London smells. In 1800 the architect John Soane bought Payton Place and renamed it Pitzhanger Manor, not to live but just for somewhere green and pleasant, where he could entertain his friends and guests. Soon after the Duke of Kent bought a house at Castlebar. Soon, more affluent Londoners followed but with the intention of taking up a permanent residence, conveniently close to London; the only British prime minister to be assassinated, Spencer Perceval, made his home at Elm House.
Up until that point, Ealing was made up of open countryside and fields where, as in previous centuries, the main occupation was farming. As London grew in size, more food and materials went in and more. Since dray horses can only haul loads a few miles per day, frequent overnight stops were needed. To satisfy this demand a large number of inns were situated along the Uxbridge Road, where horses could be changed and travellers refresh themselves, prompting its favour by highwaymen. Stops in Ealing included The Bell, The Green Man and The Old Hats. At one point in history there were two pubs called the Old Hat either side of one of the many toll gates on the Uxbridge Road in West Ealing. Following the removal of the toll gate the more Westernmost pub was renamed The Halfway House; as London developed, the area became predominantly market gardens which required a greater propo
Millbrook is a civil parish and village in southeast Cornwall, United Kingdom. The village is situated on the Rame Peninsula four miles south of Saltash; the population of Millbrook was 2,033 in the 2001 census,increasing to 2,214 at the 2011 census. Millbrook is at the head of a tidal creek, now dammed, since 1977, as a flood prevention measure; the resulting pool and wetlands are a popular birdwatching site. The seal of the borough of Millbrook was a mill with waterwheel in a stream of water amid trees and hounds, with the legend "Sigillum de Millbrookia", it is the home of Millbrook AFC. The club, based at Jenkins Park, is a massive part of the community and has been successful in recent times, they are well known throughout Devon and Cornwall and, as they were formed in 1888, are one of the three oldest clubs in the county. The modern parish church is dedicated to All Saints; the parish was created from part of Maker parish in 1869. The village has a Methodist chapel; the Flower Boat Ritual takes place on.
During mid-morning, a procession of dancers and singers parade through Millbrook and the neighbouring villages of Kingsand and Cawsand, stopping at chosen houses and inns on the way. They carry with them a boat decorated with all the available spring flowers. In the evening, the boat is launched with a firework accompaniment; the ritual has been carried out in Millbrook since the 14th century, is thought to be pagan in origin. The local football club was founded in 1888 and compete in the South West Peninsula League, which sits at Steps 6 and 7 of the National League System; the club are now managed by Ryan Swiggs. The club have been successful since the 1980s and have competed in the FA Vase, it is a massive part of the local community. Millbrook along with the rest of the Rame Peninsula is a good spot for fishing, with many fishing lakes being located near by and in the village. In 2008 sailor and adventurer Pete Goss MBE built his 37-foot Cornish lugger Spirit of Mystery with the help of local craftsmen in a shed at Innsworke Mill Boat Yard in Millbrook.
The boat is a replica of Mystery, which made a voyage to Australia and back in 1854-55. Media related to Millbrook, Cornwall at Wikimedia Commons
James Ronald Gordon Copeland, known professionally as James Cosmo, is a Scottish actor known for his appearances in films including Highlander, Trainspotting, The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, Ben-Hur and Wonder Woman, as well as television series such as Game of Thrones and Sons of Anarchy. On 3 January 2017 Cosmo entered the nineteenth series of Celebrity Big Brother, on Day 19 of the series he won a pass to the final on 3 February 2017 and finished in fourth place. James Cosmo was born in Dumbarton Cottage Hospital, Scotland, UK and attended Hartfield Primary School in Dumbarton, he is the son of actor James Helen. Through his father played cricket on Hampstead Heath with Sean Connery while his father was in the pub with Peter O’Toole, he has a sister named Laura. When he was 11 moved back to Glasgow and he work for a time at Arnott Young shipbreakers in Dalmuir. At the start of his career adopted Cosmo as stagename surname, the middle name of his mother, Helen.
Cosmo is best known for his film roles as Angus MacLeod in Highlander, Campbell in Braveheart and as Father Christmas in the adaptation of The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. Over the years he has had roles in other films such as Trainspotting, The Last Legion and 2081, he appeared in Troy with future Game of Thrones cast members Sean Julian Glover. He appeared in UFO as SHADO operative Lieutenant Anderson, in Take the High Road as Alex Geddes from 1982 until 1983 and in 1984 played Jock McLeish in the Minder episode Senior Citizen Caine, he appeared as Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Drysdale in the seventh series of Soldier Soldier. He portrayed Jeor Mormont, Lord Commander of the Night's Watch, in the acclaimed HBO series Game of Thrones, he was involved in the filming of the thriller Breakdown in which he appeared alongside Craig Fairbrass, Bruce Payne, Emmett Scanlan, Olivia Grant and Tamer Hassan. James Cosmo on IMDb
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate