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A halide is a binary phase, of which one part is a halogen atom and the other part is an element or radical, less electronegative than the halogen, to make a, e.g. fluoride, chloride, or theoretically tennesside compound. The alkali metals combine directly with halogens under appropriate conditions forming halides of the general formula, MX. Many salts are halides. All Group 1 metals form halides. A halide ion is a halogen atom bearing a negative charge; the halide anions are fluoride, bromide and astatide. Such ions are present in all ionic halide salts. Halide minerals contain halides. All these halides are colourless, high melting crystalline solids having high negative enthalpies of formation. Halide compounds such as KCl, KBr and KI can be tested with silver nitrate solution, AgNO3; the halogen will react with Ag+ and form a precipitate, with varying colour depending on the halogen: AgF: no precipitate AgCl: white AgBr: creamy AgI: green For organic compounds containing halides, the Beilstein test is used.

Metal halides are used in high-intensity discharge lamps called metal halide lamps, such as those used in modern street lights. These are more energy-efficient than mercury-vapor lamps, have much better colour rendition than orange high-pressure sodium lamps. Metal halide lamps are commonly used in greenhouses or in rainy climates to supplement natural sunlight. Silver halides are used in photographic papers; when the film is developed, the silver halides which have been exposed to light are reduced to metallic silver, forming an image. Halides are used in solder paste as a Cl or Br equivalent. Synthetic organic chemistry incorporates halogens into organohalide compounds. Examples of halide compounds are: Sodium chloride Potassium chloride Potassium iodide Lithium chloride Copper chloride Silver chloride Calcium chloride Chlorine fluoride Organohalides Bromomethane Iodoform Hydrogen chloride Salinity Organohalide Hydrogen halide Silver halide

Zumanity (Cirque du Soleil)

Zumanity is a resident cabaret-style show by Cirque du Soleil at the New York-New York Hotel & Casino on the Las Vegas Strip. The production was unveiled on September 20, 2003, it is the first "adult-themed" Cirque du Soleil show, billed as "the sensual side of Cirque du Soleil" or "another side of Cirque du Soleil". Created by René Richard Cyr and Dominic Champagne, Zumanity is a departure from the standard Cirque format. Intended to be for mature adult audiences only, this show is centered on erotic song, dance and comedy; the inspiration to create Zumanity came from multiple sources. Cirque du Soleil founder Guy Laliberté had been offered the chance to create two new shows in Las Vegas, wanted something new and original rather than multiple similar shows that would cannibalize off of each other's sales and audiences. Another reason was that the New York-New York Hotel and Casino wanted to make their entertainment appear more "trendy"; the hotel liked the concept of a more adult Cirque du Soleil performance.

Laliberté admits that the biggest reason to produce this show was the chance to create something with riskier subject matter. He was interested in the idea of creating a show that explored human sexuality, something, at complete odds with the other, more family-oriented Cirque du Soleil shows. "Our previous shows have all been family-oriented and politically correct, great," Laliberté said, "but we're human beings, we won't hide it. We're a bunch of happy campers. We like to live new experiences. Zumanity deals with some of those experiences." On January 20, 2015, a refresh of the show was introduced to the public in which 30% of the show was changed from its original concept. Certain acts, including hoops, dance on pompoms and aerial silks were retired. New acts included aerial chains, Aerial Dream, Perfect Jam. Aerial silks was changed into a solo act and the Rose Boy evolved into Magnum the same routine but the dancer became a secret agent. Yanis Marshall choreographed new dance segments throughout the show, there are multiple acts in which men dance in high heels.

The show features new and updated music, comedic acts and artists. Listed below are the characters in the show with known names. Further artists are listed in the Acts section. Additional hosts listed in the Vocalists section. Mistress of Sensuality: hostess Spirits of the Wind: dancers Dick and Izzy/The Sexperts: clowns Afrique: dancer Magnum: dancer Biker: aerial chains Fauna: character Athon and Arno Extravaganza: acrobatic dancers Molinier: character Botero Sisters: actors/clowns Casanova: actor/clown Miss Salsa: dancer Mec Branché: character/performer Mademoiselle Loup: aerial straps Dominatrix: dancer Ballerine: body2body 2.0 Romantique: dancer Scottish Fantasy: hand2hand Tissu Star: aerial dream Blue Blade: dancer La Catin: dancer The acts in Zumanity are a mélange of dance and acrobatic prowess. Included below are brief summaries of the acts Animation Pre-show comedy in which Dick teases the audience with sex toys, Izzy hits on other men, Casanova hits on women and the Botero Sisters feed the audience strawberries Warnings A song about what not to do during the show Welcome The audience is greeted and questioned/teased by Zumanity's hostess, Edie Wind The Spirits of the Wind dance passionately in falling rose petals Original performer: Marcela de la Vega Luna African Dance/Afrique An African queen offers a more fast-paced and tribal dance Original performer: Wassa Coulibaly Water Bowl Two women experience their love for one another for the first time while performing contortion in a large bowl of water Original performers: Gyulnara Karaeva and Bolormaa Zorigtkhuyag Chains The Biker swings through the air on a chain, quite holding onto the chain only by his feet Magnum A 007-esque special agent strip teases and dances erotically for the audience Original name: Castroses The Rose Boy Original performer: Alex Castro Scotch Baggies A comedic act in which Izzy shows the audience how to make fake breast implants using sandwich baggies filled with scotch, gets a man from the audience to help her put them on Hoops An erotic school girl performs a dance and contortion act with hula hoops Hand to Hand An intimate and acrobatic hand-balancing duet Original performers: Nicolas Alain Michel Besnard and Joanie Leroux-Côté Body2

Labour-sponsored venture capital corporation

A labour-sponsored venture capital corporation, known alternately as labour-sponsored investment fund or retail venture capital, is a fund managed by investment professionals that invests in small to mid-sized Canadian companies. The Canadian federal government and some provincial governments offer tax credits to LSVCC investors to promote the growth of such companies; the idea behind LSVCCs was first proposed in the Canadian province of Quebec in 1982. The province was in the midst of a recession and the lack of capital in small and mid-sized companies had caused numerous bankruptcies. In response, the Quebec Federation of Labour proposed a Solidarity Fund at a provincial economic summit conference in 1982 to help the province create a locally controlled healthy and sustainable economy; the intention was to attract venture capital to smaller Quebec firms. This new type of fund began to spread across the rest of Canada during the 1980s, but it wasn't until the late 1990s that LSVCCs became noteworthy outside Quebec, thanks in equal part to generous tax breaks from federal and provincial governments and attractive returns to investors.

So far in the 2000s, returns have been less impressive, due in part to the bursting of the technology bubble. Returns for LSVCCs have been stagnant. Speculation about the reasons for low returns point to risky ventures, inexperienced fund managers, lack of requirement to generate positive returns to be competitive, government intervention. Labour-sponsored venture capital corporations, as the name suggests, must be "sponsored" by a labour union; this sponsor is able to appoint members to the fund's board of directors. LSVCC funds invest in small and medium-sized private companies who require funding to sustain and increase growth; the emergence of the LSVCC industry stems from the idea that the growth of these firms will stimulate the Canadian economy and create jobs. The money investors put into these firms is a form of venture capital; these firms are just starting out and aren't listed on a stock exchange such as the Toronto Stock Exchange. LSVCCs offer an asset class, not accessible through conventional investment vehicles.

These companies have potential for substantial growth and high returns down the line if they succeed and are chosen for that growth potential. In an LSVCC, as in any mutual fund, investors' money is distributed among a number of businesses. However, because the companies invested in by LSVCCs may be new and are small, many don't have much of a track record and can be risky investments by themselves. Ideally, an LSVCC can reduce that risk by diversifying their portfolio of assets; these small to mid-sized companies are interested in receiving financing from LSVCC fund companies because they are in a high growth cycle and are looking to further support the expansion of their business. These companies are too small or too young to secure conventional bank financing; the LSVCC fund companies are able to provide sought-after strategic guidance and operational support. To encourage Canadian retail investors to invest in LSVCCs, the federal government and some provincial governments offer tax credits.

The Canadian Federal budget tabled on March 22, 2016 restored the federal LSVCC credit to 15% for purchases of provincially registered LSVCCs for the 2016 and taxation years. Prior to 2015, the federal government had offered investors in LSVCCs a 15% tax credit on a maximum investment amount of $5,000 per year – worth up to $750; that credit was reduced to 10% for 2015, 5% for 2016, was to be eliminated for 2017 and years. According to the Department of Finance, the federal LSVCC program has not had the same positive impact as the provincial programs, so the federal LSVCC credit for federally registered LSVCCs will remain at 5% for 2016 and will be eliminated for 2017 and years; some provinces offer a tax credit 15%, in addition to the federal credits. An additional 5% tax credit was available to Ontario investors who purchased certain research-oriented LSVCC – a kind of specialty LSVCC dealing in research-oriented small companies; the Ontario government has phased out the labour-sponsored funds tax credit.

As of January 1, 2012, the credit is no longer available from the Ontario government. When an investor buys an LSVCC in their RRSP, they obtain the LSVCC tax credits as well as the usual tax deduction they receive each time they contribute to their RRSP. Gains made in the value of LSVCCs occur in one of three ways: Selling the investment in a company to a larger company by way of mergers and acquisitions. Exiting from an investment in a company via an initial public offering. Capital appreciation in held investments in a company. LSVCC fund companies tend to use their investment in a company to buy an equity stake, they will negotiate to have members of their portfolio management team hold positions on the board of directors of companies they invest in. This allows them to have some say in future decisions that that company makes in regards to company strategy and execution. LSVCC funds have holding periods because of the time it takes for these small companies to meet the criteria necessary for one of the above-mentioned options.

Though the holding period is an extended period of time, the LSVCC fund company doesn't wish to retain any investment indefinitely. The primary objective of LSVCC fund managers is to obtain a superior rate of return through an eventual and timely disposition of each investment. Holding period To retain the tax credit an investor has to hold on to the shares for a set time period eight ye

Girvan Academy

Girvan Academy is a secondary school in Girvan, Scotland run by South Ayrshire Council. The Senior Management team at Girvan Academy consists of Elaine Harrigan, Alex Scott, Elaine McEwan and Dr Joanne Frew appointed in June 2018 following the retiral of Ellen Aitken. Girvan Academy has long been a well established educational institution which can trace its origins back to the early part of the 1800s when there were two schools serving the Girvan community - the Burgh School and the Parish School, known as the Parochial or Grammar School at different times in its history. At some point around 1812, the two schools merged to form Girvan Higher Grade School which became Girvan High School and to its present name of Girvan Academy; the present building was completed in 1988. Official website Girvan Academy on Scottish Schools Online Girvan Academy on South Ayrshire Council

Save Me (Gotye song)

"Save Me" is a song written and recorded by a Flemish-Australian singer and songwriter Gotye. The song was released in Australia by Eleven Music on 13 August 2012 as the fifth single from his third studio album, Making Mirrors, a year after the release of his signature song "Somebody That I Used to Know". Like most of the tracks from Gotye's album, he wrote and recorded the song in a barn on his parent's block of land in the Mornington Peninsula near his hometown, Melbourne in Victoria; the song is lyrically based on Gotye's depression, the aid that his girlfriend, Tash Parker, which some other tracks use as subject matter. A music video to accompany the release of "Save Me" was first released onto YouTube on 8 August 2012 at a total length of three minutes and fifty-four seconds; the video was animated by Peter Lowey. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics YouTube

More Signal More Noise

More Signal More Noise is the ninth studio album by the British band Asian Dub Foundation and was released in 2015. The album is an updated and re-recorded version of the previous album “The Signal and Noise” released only in Japan in 2013; the following personnel are credited to this album: Steve Chandra Savale a.k.a. Chandrasonic - Guitar, programming, producer Aniruddha Das a.k.a. Dr Das - Bass, programming Aktar Ahmed - Lead Vocals Ghetto Priest - Lead vocals Nathan "Flutebox" Lee - Flute, Flute beatboxing Rocky Singh - DrumsPlus Naga MC - Rap on "Zig Zag Nation" Chandra Walker - Additional drums on "The Signal and the Noise". Prithpal Rajput - Dhol on "The Signal and the Noise". Daljinder Singh Virdee - Alghoza on "The Signal and the Noise". Maniman - Background vocals on "Zig Zag Nation". Qaushig Mukherjee and Neel Adhikari - Vocals on "Fall of the House of Cards". Tanaji Dasgupta, Damini Roy, Kamalika Banarjee - Adicional vocals on "Fall of the House of Cards". Suomo - Khol on "Fall of the House of Cards".

Official Band Website Official Facebook Page