Halirrhothius

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Halirrhothius (/ˌhælɪˈrθiəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἁλιρρόθιος means "sea-foam"[1]) was the Athenian son of Poseidon and Euryte[2] or Bathycleia[3] in Greek mythology. He was also called the son of Perieres and husband of Alcyone who borne him two sons, Serus and Alazygus.[4] Another son of Halirrhotius, Samos of Mantinea was the victor of the four-horse chariot during the first Olympic games established by Heracles.[5]

Mythology[edit]

When Halirrhothius raped Alcippe, Ares's daughter by Aglaulus, Ares killed him. Ares was then tried for this in a court made up of his fellow gods; the trial was held on a hill adjacent to the Acropolis of Athens, known as the Areopagus. Ares was acquitted.[2] According to the Parian Chronicle this event took place in 1532/1 BC during the reign of Cranaus.[6]

In another version of the myth, Halirrhothius was sent by his father to cut down the olive that had grown out of the spear of Athena; as he raised his axe, it fell out of his hand and mortally wounded him. The olive was called "fatal" from that circumstance.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology by Robin Hard (2004). Based on H.J. Rose’s Handbook of Greek Mythology. 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001: Taylor & Francis Group. p. 365. ISBN 0-203-44633-X.
  2. ^ a b Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.14.2
  3. ^ Scholia on Pindar. Olympian Ode 10.83c
  4. ^ Scholia on Pindar, Olympian Ode 10.83 as cited in Hesiod. Catalogue of Women, fr.64
  5. ^ Pindar. Olympian Odes, 10.70
  6. ^ The Parian Marble, Fragment 3 (March 7, 2001). "Interleaved Greek and English text (translation by Gillian Newing)". Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  7. ^ Scholia on Aristophanes, Clouds, 1005