Foxe Peninsula is a peninsula found at the southern end of Baffin Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. It juts out from the southerly end of the island in a southwestly direction, dividing Foxe Basin and Hudson Strait, its western extremity is Cape Queen. Inuksuk Point at the western coast contains more than 100 inuksuit; the peninsula is 80 km to 161 km wide. The peninsula is named for the English explorer Luke Foxe; the first exploration of the Foxe Peninsula by Europeans was carried on by Luke Foxe in 1631. Although the exact route of his ship, remains uncertain, it is believed that he surveyed the coast of the Foxe Peninsula during September 1631 as far as the Cape Dorchester. During his journey Luke Foxe named several features on the coast of the Foxe Peninsula, notably Cape Dorset, King Charles Cape, Cape Queen, Cape Dorchester. However, the exact position of the named places cannot be ascertained due to discrepancies between Foxeʼs MS journal and his written narrative published later.
Although many of the names invented by Luke Foxe in 1631 are used today, it is certain that the places which hold the names do not match the positions as described by Foxe. Further exploration of the peninsula by Europeans was sporadic over the next three centuries. Several portions of the coast of the Foxe Peninsula were explored by Donald Baxter MacMillan, who wintered in Schooner Harbour in 1921-1922, George P. Putnam, who mapped the north coast of the peninsula in 1927. Interior of the peninsula was explored by J. Dewey Soper between 1928 and 1929. During his 1928-1929 exploration Soper was residing in Cape Dorset, from which he made several journeys across the peninsula. Mapping of the Foxe Peninsula was completed between 1956 and 1957 through geodetic survey utilising SHORAN electronic length measurement. Christy, Miller; the Voyages of Captain Luke Foxe of Hull, Captain Thomas James of Bristol in Search of a North-West Passage, in 1631-32. Volume I. Hakluyt Society, 1894. Hakluyt Society, First Series, Number 88.
Christy, Miller. The Voyages of Captain Luke Foxe of Hull, Captain Thomas James of Bristol in Search of a North-West Passage, in 1631-32. Volume II. Hakluyt Society, 1894. Hakluyt Society, First Series, Number 89. Christy, Miller; the Voyages of Captain Luke Foxe of Hull, Captain Thomas James of Bristol in Search of a North-West Passage, in 1631-32. Volume I. Routledge, 2016. New print-on-demand hardback edition from the first edition published by Hakluyt Society in 1894. Hakluyt Society, First Series, Number 88. ISBN 978-1-4094-1355-4. Christy, Miller; the Voyages of Captain Luke Foxe of Hull, Captain Thomas James of Bristol in Search of a North-West Passage, in 1631-32. Volume II. Routledge, 2016. New print-on-demand hardback edition from the first edition published by Hakluyt Society in 1894. Hakluyt Society, First Series, Number 89. ISBN 978-1-4094-1356-1. Day, Alan. Historical Dictionary of the Discovery and Exploration of the Northwest Passage. Scarecrow Press, 2006. ISBN 0-8108-5486-4. Martin, Constance – Soper, J. Dewey.
Search for the Blue Goose: J. Dewey Soper – the Arctic Adventures of a Canadian Naturalist. Bayeux Arts, 1995. ISBN 1-896209-14-9. Mills, William James. Exploring Polar Frontiers: A Historical Encyclopedia. Volume 1. A-L. ABC-CLIO, 2003. ISBN 1-57607-422-6. Nuttall, Mark. Encyclopedia of the Arctic. Routledge, 2005. Edition published in Francis e-Library. ISBN 0-203-99785-9. Stewart, R. A. Mapping the Foxe Peninsula from Aerial Electronic Control. Photogrammetric Engineering, vol. 26, no. 1, March 1960, pp. 119–122
Murchison Promontory is a peninsula in northern Canada, the northernmost point on mainland Canada and on the mainland of North America. The distance to the North Pole is 1,087 nautical miles, or 64 km closer than the distance from Point Barrow, Alaska to the Pole. Murchison Promontory is situated in Nunavut on the northern part of the Boothia Peninsula in the northern Canadian Arctic; the northernmost point on the promontory is Zenith Point with coordinates 72°00′00″N 94°38′59″W. The cape is located on the south side of the 48 by 3 km, Bellot Strait which separates it from Somerset Island and about 250 km north of the hamlet of Taloyoak. Murchison Promontory is part of the Kitikmeot Region; the area was first explored in April 1852 by Canadian Captain William Kennedy and French explorer Joseph René Bellot while searching for traces of John Franklin's lost Arctic expedition. The strait was named after Bellot. Irish born Francis Leopold McClintock wintered in the area with his ship Fox in the winter of 1858 - 1859 in his search for the Franklin expedition.
In 1937 Scot E. J. "Scotty" Gall passed the promontory on his ship "Aklavik" on the first crossing of the Bellot Strait travelling from the western shore to the eastern for the Hudson's Bay Company. About Murchison Promontory Map of Murchison Promontory Image of Murchison Promontory
The Kivalliq Region is an administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. It consists of the portion of the mainland to the west of Hudson Bay together with Southampton Island and Coats Island; the regional seat is Rankin Inlet. The population was 10,413 in an increase of 16.3 % from the 2011 Census. Before 1999, Kivalliq Region existed under different boundaries as Keewatin Region, Northwest Territories. Although the Kivalliq name became official in 1999, Statistics Canada has continued to refer to the area as Keewatin Region, Nunavut in publications such as the Census. Most references to the area as "Keewatin" have been phased out by Nunavut-based bodies, as that name was rooted in a region of northwestern Ontario derived from a Cree dialect, only saw application onto Inuit-inhabited lands because of the boundaries of the now-defunct District of Keewatin; the Kivalliq Region is experiencing the world's highest rate of post-glacial rebound. The remainder of the region is referred to as Unorganized by Statistics Canada.
Canada 2016 Census Population: 10,413 Population change: +6.3% Private dwellings: 3,007 Area: 444,621.71 km2 Density: 0.02/km2 National rank in terms of population: 279th out of 283 Territorial rank in terms of population: 2nd out of 3 Kivalliq Region information at Explore Nunavut kivalliq.com - photos, links from Rankin Inlet Nunavut
Cumberland Peninsula is a peninsula in the southeastern part of Baffin Island in Nunavut, Canada. It is located between 64°56' and 67°57' north latitude, 61°56' to 68° west longitude; the Arctic Circle crosses the peninsula, with the Labrador Sea to the southeast, the Davis Strait to the east, which lies between the peninsula and Greenland. The Cumberland Sound lies to the southwest, separating the Cumberland Peninsula from the Hall Peninsula, part of Baffin Island; the Cumberland Peninsula is part of the Arctic Tundra biome—the world's coldest and driest biome—as is the rest of Baffin Island. The terrain is mountainous, Mt. Odin, near the Arctic Circle, rises 7,044 ft; the peninsula is home to Pangnirtung, which lies on the southwest coast, the Auyuittuq National Park. Aerial photos of Cumberland Peninsula by Doc Searls
The Qikiqtaaluk Region, Qikiqtani Region or Baffin Region is the easternmost administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. Qikiqtaaluk is the traditional Inuktitut name for Baffin Island. Although the Qikiqtaaluk Region is the most used name in official contexts, several notable public organizations, including Statistics Canada prefer the older term Baffin Region. With a population of 18,988 and an area of 989,879.35 km2 it is the largest and most populated of the three regions. The region consists of Baffin Island, the Belcher Islands, Akimiski Island, Mansel Island, Prince Charles Island, Bylot Island, Devon Island, Cornwallis Island, Bathurst Island, Amund Ringnes Island, Ellef Ringnes Island, Axel Heiberg Island, Ellesmere Island, the Melville Peninsula, the eastern part of Melville Island, the northern parts of Prince of Wales Island, Somerset Island, plus smaller islands in between; the regional seat, territorial capital, is Iqaluit. The Qikiqtaaluk Region spans the northernmost and southernmost areas of Nunavut.
Before 1999, the Qikiqtaaluk Region existed under different boundaries as the Baffin Region, District of Keewatin, Northwest Territories. Canada claims Hans Island as part of Qikiqtaaluk, while Denmark considers it to be part of the Greenlandic municipality of Avannaata. All of Qikiqtaaluk's thirteen communities are located on tidal water and just under half of its residents live in Nunavut's capital and only city, Iqaluit; the majority of the rest live in twelve hamlets—Arctic Bay, Cape Dorset, Clyde River, Grise Fiord, Hall Beach, Kimmirut, Pond Inlet, Qikiqtarjuaq and Sanikiluaq. Alert and Eureka are part of the Unorganized areas in Qikiqtaaluk. There was a mining town at Nanisivik. However, it and the Nanisivik Mine closed in 2002, with Nanisivik Airport closing in 2010 and all flights transferred to Arctic Bay Airport. Like the majority of Canada's Inuit communities, the regions traditional country food includes seal, Arctic char, polar bear and caribou-which are abundant. Iqaluit has the Astro Hill Complex, the Nunatta Sunakkutaangit Museum and the Legislative Building of Nunavut and the Unikkaarvik Visitors Centre.
According to anthropologists and historians, the Inuit are the descendants of the Thule people who displaced the Dorset culture. By 1300 the Inuit had trade routes with more southern cultures. About 1910 Europeans markets increased their interest in white fox pelts; the distribution and mobility of Inuit changed as the expanded their traditional hunting and fishing routes to participate in the white fox fur trade. Traditional food staples—such as seal and caribou—were not always found in the same regions as white fox; the Hudson's Bay Company—which was chartered in 1670—had been opening fur trading posts throughout Inuit and First Nations territory. By 1910, the HBC was restructured into a lands sales department and fur trade; the HBC dominated the fur trade under minimal supervision from the Canadian government, some Anglican and Catholic missionaries who lived near remote northern hamlets. By 1922 most of imported goods acquired by Inuit were from the HBC. Between 1950 and 1975 thirteen northern communities were relocated.
In the 1950s and 1960s the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and others in authority undertook "the widespread killing of sled dogs". The Qikigtani Truth Commission—which was commissioned and paid for by an Aboriginal organization, the Qikiqtani Inuit Association and took place from 2007 to 2010—brought together historians and Inuit to revisit the history of the Qikigtaaluk Region. Canada 2016 Census Population: 18,988 Population change: +12.1% Private dwellings: 6,556 Area: 989,879.35 km2 Density: 0.02/km2 National rank in terms of population: 245th out of 293 Territorial rank in terms of population: 1st out of 3 Akudnirmiut Inuit Netsilik Inuit Ellesmere Island Volcanics Strathcona Fiord Qikiqtaaluk Region information at Explore Nunavut
The Borden Peninsula is a peninsula on northern Baffin Island, in Nunavut, Canada. It lies south of Lancaster Sound. Northeastern Borden Peninsula is home to Sirmilik National Park. Borden Peninsula extends north for 225 km, it is 64 km - 169 km wide. The northern area, including the Hartz Mountains, are composed of flat, dissected rock rising to over 914 m above sea level; the Magda Plateau is to the south where river valleys occupy the land, dividing scarps and flat-topped hills. Admiralty Inlet forms a western border, while Navy Board Inlet forms a border to the east, separating the peninsula from Bylot Island. Navy Board Inlet's coastal cliffs rise to 457 m; the Inuit community of Arctic Bay is on the western coast. The peninsula has seen mining activity for decades for diamonds. Borden Peninsula at the Atlas of Canada "Aerial photo". Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2009-03-14. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown
Bache Peninsula is a geological formation in Canada, on Ellesmere Island in Nunavut. The peninsula is considered a cape, meaning that it is a headland that affects the ocean currents, it is known for being the site of the world's northernmost permanent settlement from 1926 to 1933, a Royal Canadian Mounted Police post. The peninsula is adjacent to water on three sides: Peary Bay to the north, named after American explorer Robert Peary, Bartlett Bay to the east, Buchanan Bay to the south. A narrow land bridge connects the peninsula to the rest of Ellesmere Island to the west; the peninsula is thought to have been inhabited 4,200 years ago by hunting bands originating in northeast Asia and Alaska. Stone tools and artistic carvings have been found. Researchers have found Thule hunting artifacts at strategic locations for hunting sea mammals