Kungsbacka is a locality and the seat of Kungsbacka Municipality in Halland County, with 19,057 inhabitants in 2010. It is one of the most affluent parts of Sweden, in part due to its simultaneous proximity to the countryside and the large city of Gothenburg; the first records referring to Kungsbacka as a town date from the 15th century, when it was part of Denmark. By the time it was recognised as part of Sweden, the river running through the town, on which some transportation of goods took place, was completely overgrown and despite pleas to restore its function, this did not occur; some trade still took place from the coast, but the town's significance as a place of naval commerce lessened over the centuries. Today, it is the home of over 2,000 enterprises, the river is still running through it. A devastating fire in 1846 destroyed the town centre, sparing only a little red wooden cabin, still standing today. In late 2006 and early 2014 other fires affected the town centre, construction works are ongoing to restore the loss of wooden buildings.
The town remained small until the 1960s. The municipal reform of 1971 made it the seat of the much larger Kungsbacka Municipality; the town began to grow as a part of Metropolitan Gothenburg. It is the southern terminus of the Gothenburg commuter rail system, situated 28 km from central Gothenburg; the following cities are twinned with Kungsbacka: Saarijärvi, Central Finland, Finland Neiva, Colombia Bengt Andersson, football player Torsten Billman 1909-1989. Artist, woodcut engraver and mural painter Lasse Brandeby, comic actor Christian Folin, ice hockey player for the Philadelphia Flyers Lars Gathenhielm, 1689-1718. Pirate Calle Johansson, ice hockey player Fredrik Jacobson, golfer Hasse Jeppson 1925-2013. Football player. Sweden squad - 1950 FIFA World Cup, Third Place Omar Rudberg, Singer in FO&O Ulrik Munther, Singer Fridolina Rolfö, football player Alexander Jeremejeff, professional footballer for Malmö FF The following sports clubs are located in Kungsbacka: Kungsbacka IF Tölö IF HK Aranäs Kungsbacka BroncosRugby league Club Kungsbacka Municipality - Official site
Varberg is a locality and the seat of Varberg Municipality, Halland County, Sweden with 27,602 inhabitants in 2010. Varberg and all of Halland are well known for their "typical west coast" sandy beaches. In Varberg the coast changes from wide sandy beaches to rocky terrain that continues north into the Bohuslän archipelago and as far as the North Cape. Varberg is a charming and popular summer resort and many people from inland cities such as Borås are either moving to Varberg or holidaying there. Varberg is located in a terrain of plains, it is without trees and green areas, in its place are bald rocks and sand. The Swedish authoritative author and bishop Esaias Tegnér described it in 1826 as the least appealing place in Sweden, used in the marketing of Varberg; the sandy beaches are however popular in the summer. Another main factor in Varberg is its natural surroundings; the landscape further inland has rolling hills with lakes and forests in contrast to the flatter coastal areas. Varberg has an oceanic climate that although moderate by Swedish standards, still retains quite large seasonal variation.
Summers are in general cooler than both in Halmstad and Gothenburg, with highs being moderated by the marine airflow. Although this moderation occurs, some summer days can be warm, some winter nights see severe frosts; the highest recorded temperature since 1901 is 33.6°C on July 31, 2018 and the lowest is -25.5°C in January 1942. A fortress called Varberg was erected in the 1280s as part of a chain of military establishments along the coast, in what was Danish territory. In the middle of the 14th century, the old settlement "Getakärr" 1 kilometre north of the fortress took its new name from the fortress; the town was moved 5 km northwards around the year 1400. It was rebuilt near the fortress. In 1645 Halland passed from Denmark to Sweden by the Treaty of Brömsebro for a period of 30 years, it had at that time about 600 inhabitants. The transfer was made permanent by the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658; the town was moved again to the location were the city centre is today. The city was devastated by a huge fire in 1863 and was subsequently rebuilt with stone or brick houses.
In 1890 the population figure had passed 4,000 and with industrialization it reached 8,500 in 1930. The local government reform of 1971 made Varberg the seat of the much larger Varberg Municipality, with a current population of close to 56,000 inhabitants. Although several houses were torn down in the 1970s, most of the city center still remains intact. Varberg's fortress is its most notable historical building because of its size as it has no architectural uniformity, it was first built with new parts being built in successions. Near Varberg there is the VLF transmitter Grimeton, an interesting radio-technical facility and classified by UNESCO to be a World Cultural Heritage site, it can be visited during the summer. Bexell Cottage is located in the area; the following sports clubs are located in Varberg: Varbergs BoIS FC Varbergs GIF FK Lilla Träslövs FF Varberg Vipers Varberg is a member city of Eurotowns network Sophie Gustafson, golfer Kamchatka, hard rock band Sven Nylander, 400m hurdler Mathilda Ranch, early Varberg photographer Stefan Selaković, footballer Margareta Svensson, performer, television personality Dafina Zeqiri, singer Niclas Eliasson, footballer Some material from sv:Varberg Cyber City article Varberg from Nordisk familjebok Varberg Municipality - Official site Halland County Museum at Varberg - Official site
Onsala is a locality situated in Kungsbacka Municipality, Halland County, with 11,951 inhabitants in 2010. It is a 14 km long peninsula on the west coast of Sweden, facing Kattegat, 40 kilometres south of Gothenburg, it dates back to the age of the vikings and was an area devoted to the god Odin, the name being a corruption of the old norse Odin's Sala. In English "The Halls of Odin" The population is around 12-14,000 with a densely inhabited east coast consisting of single-family homes; the biggest village is Gottskär, in older days a fishing village, which today has a few restaurants and a leisure boat harbour. Lars Gathenhielm was born in the old parish of Onsala, he was a Swedish privateer commissioned by the king to raid Danish ships. His wife, took over his business as a privateer as a widow, they are interred in a basement crypt beneath the smaller tower of the church. Their white sarcophagi have carved "jolly rogers" at the foot end. Onsala is home to the Onsala Space Observatory, the Swedish national radio observatory.
The following sports clubs are located in Onsala: Onsala BK
Halland is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden, on the western coast of Sweden. It borders Västergötland, Småland and the sea of Kattegat; until 1645 and the Second Treaty of Brömsebro, it was part of the Kingdom of Denmark. The provinces of Sweden serve no administrative function. Instead, that function is served by the Counties of Sweden. However, the province of Halland is coextensive with the administrative Halland County, though parts of the province belong to Västra Götaland County and Skåne County, while the county includes parts of Småland and Västergötland; as of December 31, 2016, Halland had a population of 327,093. Of these, 310,536 lived in Halland County. During the Danish era until 1658, the province had no coat of no seal. In Sweden, every province had been represented by heraldic arms since 1560; when Charles X Gustav of Sweden died in 1660 a coat of arms had to be created for the newly acquired province. Each province was to be represented by its arms at the royal funeral.
There are several theories about the choice of a lion. Bengt Algotsson, duke of Halland and Finland in the 14th century, used a lion in his personal arms. Blazon: Azure, a Lion rampant Argent langued and dente Gules; the same coat of arms was granted for the administrative Halland County, which has the same boundaries. The rivers of Lagan, Ätran and Viskan flow through the province and reach the sea in Kattegat. Halland is well known as an agricultural district. Most of the region is made up of a relief unit known as the Sub-Mesozoic hilly peneplain. Around Morup and Tvååker hilltops are remnants of the Sub-Cambrian peneplain, an ancient erosion surface that covers much of eastern Sweden. Loose flint nodules of Cretaceous age have been found around Halland; the flints are remnants of a former cover of sedimentary rock, eroded. At present the sedimentary cover continues to exist in Scania and offshore; the Bronze Age was a period of relative prosperity in Halland. This is shown in the number of the numerous archaeological remains.
Over 1,100 tumuli and grave mounds have been found. The end of the Bronze Age witnessed an over-consumption of resources. Large areas were deforested; this might have been a result of a high demand for charcoal in smelting gold or bronze among the local elites. The worsening climate at the beginning of the Iron Age meant that the local elites no longer could obtain bronze to the same extent as before; as a result, the social structures collapsed. The early Iron Age social structures seem to have been egalitarian, but from around 200 AD there was a trend in which villages formed larger communities and small kingdoms; this is to have been a distant influence from the growing Roman Empire. During the 5th and 6th century large free-standing farms were created. An example of such a farm can be found in Slöinge, it was not just the social structure. New villages were formed; the new centers that were formed became the kernel from which new areas were settled during medieval times. According to information from a trader travelling from Skiringssal, close to the Oslofjord to Hedeby in the 870s it can be concluded that Halland was a Danish area at that time.
It would stay so for most of recorded history. Iron extraction is known to have taken place in Tvååker/Sibbarp during the Iron Age; as part of the Scanian lands Halland came under the Scanian Law and participated in the Scanian Thing, one of three Things electing the Danish king. Local assemblies took place in Getinge. Halland was the scene of considerable military action from the 13th century and on as Sweden, Denmark and to some degree Norway fought for supremacy in Scandinavia; the many wars made the province poor. Not only were material damages caused by military action, but the social impact of the fighting was devastating; the county was the site of combat and plunder three times during the 13th Century: in 1256 Haakon IV of Norway invaded, followed by Magnus III of Sweden in 1277 and Eric VI of Denmark in 1294. The county came to be split in two parts for the next century, with the river Ätran forming a boundary; the lords of the two parts succeeded each other in a high tempo. As the Kalmar Union was formed, Halland came for a brief period of time to be centrally located.
According to the union treaty, the king was to be elected in Halmstad. During the rebellion of Engelbrekt in 1434 the fortress in Falkenberg was burnt down and two years Lagaholm was captured by the Swedes; the Swedo-Danish struggles in the early 16th century came to affect the province as well, as in 1519 when the border regions were sacked by the Swedes as a vengeance for similar Danish action in Västergötland. The Danish civil war called the Count's Feud in 1534–36, the Northern Seven Years' War between Denmark and Sweden in 1563–1570 and the Kalmar War between Denmark and Sweden in 1611–1613 all affected Halland. One of the major battles of the Northern Seven Years' War, the battle of Axtorna, took place in Halland. Halland was temporarily transferred to Sweden in 1645 under the terms of the Second Treaty of Brömsebro; the conquest was made permanent by the ceding of the province in the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658. The last battle in Halland took place in Fyllebro on 17 August 1676, during the Scanian War.
The more peaceful conditions that followed meant that the province could
Kronoberg County is a county or län in southern Sweden. It borders the counties of Skåne, Halland, Jönköping and Blekinge, its capital is the city of Växjö. For history and culture, see SmålandGeographically, Kronoberg County is situated in the southern part of the province of Småland, it received its present borders in 1687 when Jönköping County was separated from the former Jönköping and Kronoberg County. The seat of residence for the Governor or landshövding is Växjö; the Governor is the head of länsstyrelsen. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor; the current Governor is Kristina Alsér. The County Council of Kronoberg or Landstinget Kronoberg. Alvesta Lessebo Ljungby Markaryd Tingsryd Uppvidinge Växjö ÄlmhultNote that all the municipalities have names after their seats except Uppvidinge, where the seat is located in the small town Åseda; the five most populous localities of Kronoberg County in 2010: Kronoberg was formally granted its arms in 1944. However, use of the arms was an established practice.
It is a variation of the arms of Småland. Blazon: "Or, a lion rampant Gules langued and armed Azure holding in front paws a Crossbow of the second bowed and stringed Sable with a bolt Argent, standing on a tripple Mount Vert." Kronoberg County Administrative Board Kronoberg County Council Kronoberg Regional Association of Local Authorities The Natural Fishing Fishing in South Eastern Sweden -- tourism page
Government of Sweden
The Government of the Kingdom of Sweden is the national cabinet and the supreme executive authority of Sweden. The short-form name Regeringen is used both in the Fundamental Laws of the Realm and in the vernacular, while the long-form is only used in international treaties; the Government operates as a collegial body with collective responsibility and consists of the Prime Minister—appointed and dismissed by the Speaker of the Riksdag —and other cabinet ministers and dismissed at the sole discretion of the Prime Minister. The Government is responsible for its actions to the Riksdag. Following the adoption of the 1974 Instrument of Government on 1 January 1975—the Government in its present constitutional form was constituted—and in consequence thereof the Swedish Monarch is no longer vested any nominal executive powers at all with respect to the governance of the Realm, but continues to serve as a ceremonial head of state. Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1; the Instrument of Government —one of the Fundamental Laws of the Realm—sets out the main responsibilities and duties of the Government and how it relates to other organs of the State.
Instrument of Government, Chapter 12, Article 1. Most state administrative authorities, as opposed to local authorities, sorts under the Government, including the Armed Forces, Coast Guard, Customs Service and the Swedish police. While the Judiciary technically sort under the Government in the fiscal sense, Chapter 11 of the Instrument of Government provides safeguards to ensure its independence. In a unique feature of the Swedish constitutional system, individual cabinet ministers do not bear any individual ministerial responsibility for the performance of the agencies within their portfolio; the Government of Sweden is the high contracting party when entering treaties with foreign sovereign states and international organisations, as per 10:1 of the Instrument of Government. In most other parliamentary systems this formal function is vested in the head of state but exercised by ministers in such name. Chapter 6, Article 7 prescribes that laws and ordinances are promulgated by the Government, are subsequently published in the Swedish Code of Statutes.
Following a general election, Speaker of the Riksdag begins to hold talks with the leaders of the parties with representation in the Riksdag, the Speaker nominates a candidate for Prime Minister. The nomination is put to a vote in the chamber. Unless an absolute majority of the members votes "no", the nomination is confirmed, otherwise it is rejected; the Speaker must find a new nominee. This means. After being elected the Prime Minister appoints the cabinet ministers and announces them to the Riksdag; the new Government takes office at a special council held at the Royal Palace before the Monarch, at which the Speaker of the Riksdag formally announces to the Monarch that the Riksdag has elected a new Prime Minister and that the Prime Minister has chosen his cabinet ministers. The Riksdag can cast a vote of no confidence against any single cabinet minister, thus forcing a resignation. To succeed a vote of no confidence must be supported by an absolute majority or it has failed. If a vote of no confidence is cast against the Prime Minister this means the entire government is rejected.
A losing government has one week to call for a general election or else the procedure of nominating a new Prime Minister starts anew. Each appointment of a new Prime Minister is considered to result in a new cabinet, irrespective if the Prime Minister is reappointed or not. However, there is no automatic resignation following a defeat in a general election, so an election does not always result in a new cabinet. Known as the Royal Chancery, the name was changed to the Government Offices on 1 January 1975 with the current Instrument of Government entering into effect; the Instrument of Government mentions in Chapter 7, Article 1 that there is a staff organization supporting the Government known as the Government Offices. The present organizational charter for the Government Offices is found in the ordinance named Förordning med instruktion för Regeringskansliet. Since the issuance of that ordinance in 1996, all the ministries are technically entities within the Government Offices, rather than as separate organisations though they operate as such.
Below follows a short summary of the current structure. Only current ministries and offices are listed below: Government Offices Prime Minister's Office Ministry of Justice Ministry for Foreign Affairs Ministry of Defence Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
Falkenberg is a locality and the seat of Falkenberg Municipality, Halland County, with 20,035 inhabitants in 2010. It is located at the mouth of river Ätran; the name consists of the Swedish words for mountain. Falkenberg is a popular tourist destination in the summers, the main beach of the town is Skrea strand. In the early part of the 13th century the Danish king built a fort on the east shore of the river Ätran, which would give the town its name. Halland was at that time part of Denmark, it is known. However, in Hallandia antiqua et hodierna, that specified a location where the falconry should have taken place, which should have given name to the town, has been shown to be incorrect; the area north of Ätran was from time to time Swedish. It was on this side. At around 1300 a church was built. From the 14th century until the Northern Seven Years' War a second town, Ny-Falkenberg was located close to the town; the fort was destroyed by Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson's troops in 1434. The town gained market rights at the latest in 1558.
Along with the rest of the Halland, Falkenberg was to be temporarily Swedish in accordance with the Treaty of Brömsebro. The Treaty of Roskilde thirteen years made the province permanently Swedish. For a long period it struggled to keep its privileges with regard to trade and jurisdiction from the Danish time. Like the rest of the county, it only started to industrialise in the late 19th century. In the 20th century it has gained a reputation as a seaside resort. Falkenberg is located along a traditional trade route along the Swedish west coast, about 45 km northwest of Halmstad, 105 km south of Gothenburg; these transport needs are catered by European route E6, which runs as a dual carriageway just outside the town, the West Coast Railway Line. County road 150 and County road 154 connect to Svenljunga. Falkenberg railway operated from the 1890s to the 1950s; the town has seven bus routes. The town hosts several teams at national level; the football team, Falkenbergs FF, has since the late 1980s established itself in the second division.
The table tennis team, Falkenbergs BTK, has won ten national championships, as well as one European championship. In the early 2000s, Falkenbergs VBK developed to become one of the best volleyball teams in the country and accordingly won the national championship 2007. BK Falkarna has played ten seasons in the top bowling league. Other sports clubs located in Falkenberg include: Skrea IF Arvidstorps IK Vinbergs IF Stafsinge IF Rinia IF IF BöljanSport venues in the town include Falkenbergs IP, hosting Falkenbergs FF, Falkenberg Sports Centre, hosting Falkenbergs VBK and Klitterbadet, a bath house. Falkenberg Church Falkenberg Town Hall Falkenberg Old Town Hall Falkhallen Saint Lawrence church Ablaze My Sorrow, death metal band Annika Andersson, comedian Bo Andersson, Chief Operating Officer in biggest Russian car manufacturer AvtoVAZ Rutger Backe, footballer Stellan Bengtsson, table tennis player Nina Björk, journalist, feminist By Night, death metal/extreme metal band Ulf "Tickan" Carlsson, table tennis player Walter Dickson, author Leif Gustafsson, motorcycle racer Jojje Jönsson, actor Peter Karlsson, table tennis player Sonic Syndicate, melodic death metal/melodic metalcore band Erik "Spänst" Svensson, athlete Frida Svensson, rower Vains of Jenna, Lizzy DeVine, JP White, rock band Carl-Johan Vallgren, author Jan Widströmer, artist Pär Zetterberg, football player Hans Svensson Gniezno, Poland Falkenberg Farewell Hedén, Stig J. ed..
Falkenberg - staden som hembygd. ISBN 91-630-3848-X. Eric Hägge. Kommunalt sekel - Falkenbergs stadsfullmäktige 1866-1965. Lidköping: Landströms trycksaker AB. Falkenberg Municipality