Bighorn National Forest
Bighorn National Forest is located in northern Wyoming, United States and consists of over 1.1 million acres. Around 99% of the land is above 1,500 metres, the forest is named after the Bighorn River, which is partially fed by streams found in the forest. Streams in the range are fed primarily by snowmelt and snowmelt mixed with driving rainfall, within the forest is the Cloud Peak Wilderness area in which no motorized or mechanical equipment is allowed. The only access into the 189,000 acre wilderness is on foot or horseback, there are 1,500 miles of trails in the forest, along with 32 improved campgrounds and three scenic vehicular byways. U. S. Highway 14, known as the Bighorn Scenic Byway, the forest is primarily lodgepole pine, along with several species of spruce and aspen. While grizzly bears have not inhabited the forest since the early 20th century, other large mammals include cougars, mule deer and moose. Coyotes are present in this forest, numerous lakes are found within the forest and most are naturally stocked with trout and at least 100 other fish species.
Meadowlark Lake is a recreation area created by the construction of a dam built by Company 841 of the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1936. Water quality sampling from the shows the highest acid rain deposition of any mountain chain in the Rockies. The forest headquarters is located in Sheridan, there are local ranger district offices in Buffalo and Sheridan. In the shadow of the Bighorns, A history of early Sheridan, Wyoming, Sheridan County Historical Society,2010. ISBN 978-0-9792871-7-6 Bighorn National Forest - U. S. Forest Service
Cloud Peak Wilderness
The Cloud Peak Wilderness is located in north central Wyoming in the United States. Entirely within Bighorn National Forest, the wilderness was established in 1984 in an effort to preserve the wildest section of the Bighorn Mountains. The wilderness has the highest peaks in the Bighorn Mountains including Cloud Peak and Black Tooth Mountain, as well as Cloud Peak Glacier, the Cloud Peak Wilderness is 189,039 acres. Wilderness Areas do not allow motorized or mechanized vehicles, including bicycles, although camping and fishing are allowed with proper permit, no roads or buildings are constructed and there is no logging or mining, in compliance with the 1964 Wilderness Act. Wilderness areas within National Forests and Bureau of Land Management areas allow hunting in season, USGS Cloud Peak Topo Map Quad. Wilderness Legislation, The Wilderness Act of 1964
Wyoming /waɪˈoʊmɪŋ/ is a state in the mountain region of the western United States. The state is the tenth largest by area, the least populous, Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, and on the west by Idaho. Cheyenne is the capital and the most populous city in Wyoming, the state population was estimated at 586,107 in 2015, which is less than the population of 31 of the largest U. S. cities. The Crow, Arapaho and Shoshone were some of the inhabitants of the region. Southwestern Wyoming was included in the Spanish Empire and Mexican territory until it was ceded to the United States in 1848 at the end of the Mexican–American War. The region acquired the name Wyoming when a bill was introduced to Congress in 1865 to provide a government for the territory of Wyoming. The territory was named after the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania, with the name ultimately being derived from the Munsee word xwé, wamənk, the mineral extraction industry—especially coal, natural gas, and trona—along with the travel and tourism sector are the main drivers behind Wyomings economy.
Agriculture has historically been an important component of the economy with the main commodities being livestock, sugar beets, grain. The climate is generally semi-arid and continental, being drier and windier in comparison to the rest of the United States, except for the 1964 election, Wyoming has been a politically conservative state since the 1950s, with the Republican party winning every presidential election. Wyoming is one of three states to have borders along only straight latitudinal and longitudinal lines, rather than being defined by natural landmarks. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, and on the west by Idaho. It is the tenth largest state in the United States in total area, from the north border to the south border it is 276 miles, and from the east to the west border is 365 miles at its south end and 342 miles at the north end. The Great Plains meet the Rocky Mountains in Wyoming, the state is a great plateau broken by many mountain ranges.
Surface elevations range from the summit of Gannett Peak in the Wind River Mountain Range, at 13,804 feet, to the Belle Fourche River valley in the states northeast corner, at 3,125 feet. In the northwest are the Absaroka, Owl Creek, Gros Ventre, Wind River, in the north central are the Big Horn Mountains, in the northeast, the Black Hills, and in the southern region the Laramie and Sierra Madre ranges. The Snowy Range in the central part of the state is an extension of the Colorado Rockies in both geology and appearance. The Wind River Range in the west central part of the state is remote and includes more than 40 mountain peaks in excess of 13,000 ft tall in addition to Gannett Peak, the highest peak in the state. The Big Horn Mountains in the central portion are somewhat isolated from the bulk of the Rocky Mountains
The Gallatin Range is a mountain range of the Rocky Mountains, located in the U. S. states of Montana and Wyoming. It includes more than 10 mountains over 10,000 feet, the highest peak in the range is Electric Peak at 10,969 feet. The Gallatin Range was named after Albert Gallatin, the longest-serving US Secretary of the Treasury, the range extends 75 miles north to south and averages 20 miles in width. The southernmost peaks of the range are in the section of Yellowstone National Park. The Yellowstone River flows north on the flank of the range. The Madison Range parallels the Gallatins to the west, the northern end of the range is near Livingston and Bozeman Pass separates the Gallatins from the Bridger Mountains to the north. The range is an part of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and has grizzly bears, wolves. Within the Gallatin Range, the Gallatin Petrified Forest is one of the largest petrified forests of the Eocene Epoch, the petrified wood that comprise it consist of the mineralized fossils of a mixture of transported logs and in place wooden tree trunks rooted.
The in place tree trunks are rooted in moderately developed fossil soils, the petrified logs and trunks found in the Gallatin Range were buried by volcanic lahars. The lahar deposits sometimes have been reworked and redeposited by small streams and these sediments accumulated approximately 50 million year ago. The U. S. Forest Service has a 2 mile long trail which details the petrified trees. In regard to these forests and other fossils, collecting of fossils in Yellowstone National Park is illegal. In addition, visitors should stay on marked and maintained trails and mountain ranges of Yellowstone National Park List of mountain ranges in Montana List of mountain ranges in Wyoming
The Absaroka Range (/əbˈsɔərkə/ or local /əbˈsɔərki/ is a sub-range of the Rocky Mountains in the United States. The range borders the Beartooth Mountains to the north and the Wind River Range to the south, the northern edge of the range rests along I-90 and Livingston, Montana. The highest peak in the range is Francs Peak, located in Wyoming at 13,153 ft, there are 46 other peaks over 12,000 ft. The range is drained by the Yellowstone River and various tributaries and it is only open during the summer. U. S Route 14/16/20 follows the Shoshone River from Cody through the range to the gate of the park. The range is named after the Absaroka Indians, the name is derived from the Hidatsa name for the Crow people, it means children of the large-beaked bird. John Colter, who may have been the first white person to visit the area, early explorers included Gustavus Cheyney Doane and Nathaniel P. Langford, who climbed the summit of Colter Peak in 1870. USS Absaroka was named after this mountain range, the section of the range in Wyoming consists of volcanic breccia, whereas there is a transition to granite and gneiss bedrock further north of the state line.
Igneous rocks of the Absaroka Volcanic Province cover an area of approximately 23,000 km2 in southwestern Montana and these extrusive rocks were erupted during the Eocene Epoch of the Paleogene Period. Radiometric dating has shown that eruptive activity lasted from about 53 to 43.7 million years ago, the eroded remnants of many large stratovolcanoes are found in the area. The dissection of these long extinct volcanoes by erosion allows geologists to see structures that are impossible to see in active volcanoes. Many terms now used in volcanology originated in nineteenth century field studies of these ancient volcanoes. Mountains and mountain ranges of Yellowstone National Park List of mountain ranges in Montana List of mountain ranges in Wyoming
Clagett Butte el.8,041 feet is a mountain peak butte in the Gallatin Range in Yellowstone National Park. Clagett Butte is an isolated summit 1.9 miles west of Mammoth Hot Springs between Clematis Creek and Snow Pass, the Snow Pass trail passes approximately.33 miles south of the butte. Prior to 1926, the butte had several different names, in 1885, park guide G. L. Henderson called it Temple Mountain. That was the local name for many years. In 1887, members of the Arnold Hague geological survey called it Sentinel Butte and in 1897, Signal Butte and mountain ranges of Yellowstone National Park
Mount Haynes el.8,218 feet is a prominent peak adjacent to the Madison River in Yellowstone National Park. The peak was named by Yellowstone superintendent Horace Albright to honor Frank Jay Haynes, prior to being named Mount Haynes, the peak was unofficially called Mount Burley for D. E. Burley of the Union Pacific Railroad. Today there is an interpretive overlook along the Madison River just opposite the peak and mountain ranges of Yellowstone National Park
Bear Lodge Mountains
The Bear Lodge Mountains are a small mountain range in Crook County, Wyoming. These mountains are protected in the Black Hills National Forest as part of its Bearlodge District, Devils Tower National Monument was the first U. S. National Monument and draws about 400,000 visitors per year to the area. The Bear Lodge Mountains are one of three mountain ranges that comprise the Black Hills region and national forest, including the Black Hills itself, Wyoming is the closest major city and lies south of the Bear Lodge Mountains. Wyoming Highway 24 passes through the part of the range. The place names Bear Lodge, Sun Dance, and Rock Gatherer come from the history of Lakota people in this area, Devils Tower was declared a United States National Monument in 1906. From 1907 to 1908, the area was the Bear Lodge National Forest, the Sundance National Forest through 1915, the Bear Lodge Mountains were formed as a byproduct of the geological processes that created the Black Hills, and offer hikes throughout bottomlands and buttes.
Unlike the Black Hills, this range is small and only a few igneous rocks are exposed, just outside the range, lie the very large igneous intrusions of Devils Tower, Inyan Kara Mountain, and Sundance Mountain. Bounded on the north by the Belle Fourche River, the mountains have several Belle Fourche River tributaries including Redwater, Miller, Lytle, Lame Jones, there were coal mines in these river valleys. While ponderosa pine and mixed-grass prairie grow on the highland of this range, its ravines offer habitat to species such as rose, skunkbush sumac. At the foot of the mountains grow bur oak, groves of aspen frequently separate meadows with fine soil from ponderosa pine forests growing in coarse soil. Vegetation in the Bear Lodge Mountains is similar to that of the Black Hills, the mountains growing season is long, and forest growth in this range and the Black Hills is high. This productivity has led to levels of logging
Barronette Peak el.10,354 feet is a mountain peak in the northeast section of Yellowstone National Park in the Absaroka Range. The peak is named for Collins Jack Baronette and it was named by the Hayden Geological Survey of 1878. When named, the name was misspelled Barronette and it retains the official misspelled name today, Jack Baronette was an early Yellowstone guide and entrepreneur. He built and operated the first bridge across the Yellowstone River near the confluence of the Lamar River in 1871 to service miners traveling to Cooke City, in 1870, as a resident of Helena, Montana he participated in the search for and rescue of Truman C. Everts, lost during the Washburn–Langford–Doane Expedition of 1870, in 1884, he was considered for the superintendency of Yellowstone. Mountains and mountain ranges of Yellowstone National Park
Eagle Peak (Wyoming)
Eagle Peak is a mountain in the Absaroka Range in the U. S. state of Wyoming and at 11,372 feet is the highest point in Yellowstone National Park. It is located about 6 miles east of the southeast arm of Yellowstone Lake, according to Lee Whittlesey, Eagle Peak was named in 1885 by geologist Arnold Hague for its resemblance to a spread eagle. Another source states that it was named in 1878 by Jack Newell, up until the 1930s, most park officials and geologists believed that Electric Peak near Gardiner, Montana was the parks highest peak, not Eagle Peak. It is ranked as the 218th highest peak in Wyoming and the 2252nd highest peak in the United States, during the historic Yellowstone fires of 1988, the south slopes of Eagle Peak were affected by the Mink Fire. Eagle Peak is part of the Absaroka Range and is formed of Eocene age volcaniclastic rocks, in the last ice age, the area was covered by an ice cap over 1,600 feet thick. Glacial deposits remain in some locations on the mountain, located in the Absaroka Range, on the park boundary with Shoshone National Forest in northwestern Wyoming, the mountain rises about 6 mi east of the southeast arm of Yellowstone Lake.
The mountain is one of the highest points in the Washakie Wilderness area of Shoshone National Forest. Several creeks flow through the mountain and the area and they become a vehicle for cold melt water. The Gardner River flows to the east of the summit, some of the runoff is fed by the melting of the two major snowfields found in the shadows of the north face of the mountain. The range to the east drains into the Yellowstone River via the Bighorn River, Eagle Peak is one of the most prominent features of the Eagle Peak Quadrangle, a USGS division used for surveying purposes. Other nearby peaks are Mount Humphreys, Table Mountain, Mount Schurz, Pinnacle Mountain, Turret Mountain, the mountain is fairly inaccessible, being a 15-mile hike from any of the park roads. From outside the park, the peak can be ascended by hiking up the Fish Hawk Creek valley, which is around 25 kilometres one-way. It is climbed from inside the park, by sailing to the southeasternmost tip of Yellowstone Lake, hiking down the Yellowstone River valley, flora includes sedges and rushes, and tufted hairgrass in alpine meadows.
Mountains and mountain ranges of Yellowstone National Park Kelsey, Michael R. Climbers and Hikers Guide to the Worlds Mountains, Margaret Mary, Douglas B. Yellowstone and the Biology of Time, Photographs Across a Century, surficial geologic history of the Canyon Village quadrangle, Yellowstone National Park, for use with map I-652. U. S. Dept. of the Interior, Geological Survey, the Atlantic Gold District and the North Laramie Mountains, Fremont and Albany Counties, Wyoming. Helena, MT, Montana Historical Society Press
Mount Doane el.10,551 feet is a mountain peak in the Absaroka Range in Yellowstone National Park. The peak is named for Lieutenant Gustavus Cheyney Doane, a U. S. Army cavalry officer who escorted the Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition into Yellowstone in 1870, during that expedition and Nathaniel P. Langford ascended several peaks east of Yellowstone Lake. Henry D. Washburn, the leader of the expedition named a peak for Doane, Doane participated in the 1st Hayden expedition in 1871. Doanes account of his and Langfords ascent into the Absaroka Range and mountain ranges of Yellowstone National Park