Garman was hired to work on the Kevin and Bean show through Jimmy Kimmel who had received a recommendation to hire him through former roommate Adam Carolla. It was on KROQ that his voice was heard over the radio by a Family Guy casting director, who requested him to come in and read for a part the show. He hosts the Hollywood Babble-On podcast with Kevin Smith on SModcast. com, who cast Ralph in his movies Red State, Yoga Hosers, and the upcoming MallBrats. Garman was born in Philadelphia and graduated from La Salle University with a bachelor of degree in communication arts. In 2014 it was announced Kevin Smith and Garman are working on a Batman 66 crossover featuring Batman, lead vocalist of Würst Thumb, an ABBA cover band. Garman has been married to Kari Watson since April 2005, Watson gave birth to the couples premature twins and Olivia, on March 26,2010. Lincoln acquired an illness shortly after birth and died, Olivia remained in the neonatal intensive care unit for two months, before coming home.
Garmans mother died on November 13,2012, from a heart attack. Garman previously dated adult film actress Ginger Lynn, Ralph Garman at the Internet Movie Database SModcast Hollywood Babble-On Podcast Site
Animated cartoons are still created for commercial and personal purposes to this day. The first animated projection was created in France, by Charles-Émile Reynaud, Reynaud created the Praxinoscope in 1877 and the Théâtre Optique in December 1888. On 28 October 1892, he projected the first animation in public, Pauvre Pierrot and this film is notable as the first known instance of film perforations being used. His films were not photographed, but drawn directly onto the transparent strip, in 1900, more than 500,000 people had attended these screenings. The first animated projection was Humorous Phases of Funny Faces by newspaper cartoonist J. Stuart Blackton, in the movie, a cartoonists line drawings of two faces were animated on a blackboard. The two faces smiled and winked, and the man blew smoke in the ladys face, also. The first animated projection in the sense was Fantasmagorie by the French director Émile Cohl in 1908. This was followed by two films, Le Cauchemar du fantoche and Un Drame chez les fantoches, all completed in 1908.
One of the very first successful animated cartoons was Gertie the Dinosaur by Winsor McCay and it is considered the first example of true character animation. At first, animated cartoons were black-and-white and silent, felix the Cat and Oswald the Lucky Rabbit are notable examples. From the 1920s to 1960s, theatrical cartoons were produced in huge numbers, MGM, and UPA were the largest studios producing these 5- to 10-minute shorts. Other studios included Walter Lantz, DePatie-Freleng, Charles Mintz Studios, Famous Studios, the first cartoon to use a soundtrack was in 1926 with Max Fleischers My Old Kentucky Home. However the Fleischers used a De Forest sound system and the sound was not completely synchronized with the film, walt Disneys 1928 cartoon Steamboat Willie starring Mickey Mouse was the first to use a click track during the recording session, which produced better synchronism. Mickey Mousing became a term for any action that was perfectly synchronized with music. The music used is original most of the time, but musical quotation is often employed, animated characters usually performed the action in loops, i. e. drawings were repeated over and over.
Although other producers had made films earlier using 2-strip color, Disney produced the first cartoon in 3-strip Technicolor and Trees, technicians at the Fleischer studio invented rotoscoping, in which animators trace live action in order to make animation look more realistic. However, rotoscoping made the animation look stiff and the technique was used more for studying human and animal movement. Today, traditional animation uses traditional methods, but is aided by computers in certain areas and this gives the animator new tools not available that could not be achieved using old techniques
Trick-or-treating is a Halloween custom for children in many countries. Children in costumes travel from house to house asking for such as candy with the phrase Trick or treat. The trick is a threat to perform mischief on the homeowners or their property if no treat is given to them and it typically happens during the evening of October 31. Some homeowners signal that they are willing to hand out treats, others might simply leave treats on their porch. In North America, trick-or-treating has been a Halloween tradition since the late 1920s, in Britain and Ireland the tradition of going house-to-house collecting food at Halloween goes back at least as far as the 16th century, as had the tradition of people wearing costumes at Halloween. The Scottish Halloween custom of guising – children disguised in costume going from house to house for food or money – is first recorded in North America in 1911. While going house-to-house in costume has remained popular among Scots and Irish, the activity is prevalent in the United States, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, Puerto Rico, and northwestern and central Mexico.
In the latter, this practice is called calaverita, and instead of trick or treat, where a calaverita is a small skull made of sugar or chocolate. Since the Middle Ages there has been a tradition of mumming on a certain holiday and it involved going door-to-door in costume, performing short scenes or parts of plays in exchange for food or drink. The custom of trick-or-treating when it is Halloween may come from the belief that supernatural beings, or the souls of the dead, roamed the earth at this time and needed to be appeased. It may otherwise have originated in a Celtic festival, held on 31 October–1 November and it was Samhain in Ireland and the Isle of Man, and Calan Gaeaf in Wales and Brittany. The festival is believed to have pre-Christian roots, in the 9th century, the Catholic Church made 1 November All Saints Day. Among Celtic-speaking peoples, it was seen as a time, when the spirits or fairies. Similar beliefs and customs were found in parts of Europe. It is suggested that trick-or-treating evolved from a tradition whereby people impersonated the spirits, or the souls of the dead, peddle suggests they personify the old spirits of the winter, who demanded reward in exchange for good fortune.
Impersonating these spirits or souls was believed to protect oneself from them, at least as far back as the 15th century, among Catholics, there had been a custom of sharing soul cakes at Allhallowtide. People would visit houses and take soul cakes, either as representatives of the dead, or in return for praying for their souls. Later, people went from parish to parish at Halloween, begging soul-cakes by singing under the windows some such verse as this, souls, for a soul-cake, Pray you good mistress and they typically asked for mercy on all Christian souls for a soul cake
Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies that constitute the family Culicidae. Females of most species are ectoparasites, whose tube-like mouthparts pierce the skin to consume blood. The word mosquito is Spanish for little fly, thousands of species feed on the blood of various kinds of hosts, mainly vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles and even some kinds of fish. Some mosquitoes attack invertebrates, mainly other arthropods, though the loss of blood is seldom of any importance to the victim, the saliva of the mosquito often causes an irritating rash that is a serious nuisance. Much more serious though, are the roles of species of mosquitoes as vectors of diseases. The oldest known mosquito with a similar to modern species was found in 79-million-year-old Canadian amber from the Cretaceous. An older sister species with more primitive features was found in Burmese amber that is 90 to 100 million years old, two mosquito fossils have been found that show very little morphological change in modern mosquitoes against their counterpart from 46 million years ago.
These fossils are the oldest ever found to have blood preserved within their abdomens, the Old and New World Anopheles species are believed to have subsequently diverged about 95 million years ago. The mosquito Anopheles gambiae is currently undergoing speciation into the M and S molecular forms, some pesticides that work on the M form no longer work on the S form. Over 3,500 species of the Culicidae have already been described and they are generally divided into two subfamilies which in turn comprise some 43 genera. These figures are subject to change, as more species are discovered. The two main subfamilies are the Anophelinae and Culicinae, with their genera as shown in the subsection below, the distinction is of great practical importance because the two subfamilies tend to differ in their significance as vectors of different classes of diseases. Roughly speaking, arboviral diseases such as fever and dengue fever tend to be transmitted by Culicine species. Some transmit various species of malaria, but it is not clear that they ever transmit any form of human malaria.
Some species do however transmit various forms of filariasis, much as many Simuliidae do, Anopheline mosquitoes, again not necessarily in the genus Anopheles, sometimes bear pathogenic arboviruses, but it is not yet clear that they ever transmit them as effective vectors. However, all the most important vectors of malaria are Anopheline. Anophelinae Culicinae Mosquitoes are members of a family of nematocerid flies, mosquitoes resemble crane flies and chironomid flies. In particular, the females of species of mosquitoes are blood-eating pests and dangerous vectors of diseases
Mitsubishi A6M Zero
The Mitsubishi A6M Zero is a long-range fighter aircraft, manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945. The A6M was designated as the Mitsubishi Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighter, the A6M was usually referred to by its pilots as the Reisen,0 being the last digit of the Imperial year 2600 when it entered service with the Imperial Navy. The official Allied reporting name was Zeke, although the use of the name Zero was adopted by the Allies as well. When it was introduced early in World War II, the Zero was considered the most capable carrier-based fighter in the world, combining excellent maneuverability, the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service frequently used the type as a land-based fighter. During the final year of the War in the Pacific, the Zero was adapted for use in kamikaze operations, during the course of the war, Japan produced more Zeros than any other model of combat aircraft. The Mitsubishi A5M fighter was just entering service in early 1937, on October 5,1937, they issued Planning Requirements for the Prototype 12-shi Carrier-based Fighter, sending it to Nakajima and Mitsubishi.
Both firms started preliminary design work while they awaited more definitive requirements to be handed over in a few months. Based on the experiences of the A5M in China, the Imperial Japanese Navy sent out updated requirements in October calling for a speed of 600 km/h and a climb to 3,000 m in 3.5 min. With drop tanks, they wanted an endurance of two hours at normal power, or six to eight hours at cruising speed. Armament was to consist of two 20 mm cannons, two 7.7 mm machine guns and two 30 kg or 60 kg bombs, a complete radio set was to be mounted in all aircraft, along with a radio direction finder for long-range navigation. The maneuverability was to be at least equal to that of the A5M, all this was to be achieved with available engines, a significant design limitation. Nakajimas team considered the new requirements unachievable and pulled out of the competition in January, mitsubishis chief designer, Jiro Horikoshi, thought that the requirements could be met, but only if the aircraft could be made as light as possible.
Every possible weight-saving measure was incorporated into the design, most of the aircraft was built of a new top-secret aluminium alloy developed by Sumitomo Metal Industries in 1936. Called Extra Super Duralumin, it was lighter and more ductile than other alloys used at the time, but was prone to corrosive attack and this detrimental effect was countered with an anti-corrosion coating applied after fabrication. No armor was provided for the pilot, engine or other points of the aircraft, and self-sealing fuel tanks. However, that tradeoff in weight and construction made it prone to catching fire. It had a fairly high-lift, low-speed wing with a low wing loading. This, combined with its weight, resulted in a very low stalling speed of well below 60 kn
Christine Flores, better known as Christina Milian, is an American singer and actress. At the age of 19, Milian signed a contract with Def Jam. In 2004, Milian released her studio album Its About Time, which provided her first major U. S. hit, Dip It Low. Whatever U Want was released as the second single. Both singles charted within the Top 10 of the UK chart, in 2006, Milian released her third studio album So Amazin. The album produced one single, Say I, which peaked in the Top 30 of the US Billboard chart, a month after the release of So Amazin, Milians representative confirmed that she had left Island Records due to creative differences. Milian signed with Interscope Records in 2009, a single, ballad Us Against the World, was released in October 2008. In 2012, Milian signed to Young Money Entertainment, which will release her studio album. Although Milian is best known for her career, she originally wanted to be an actress. Her first lead role was in the 2003 film Love Dont Cost a Thing, and she subsequently had roles in Be Cool.
Milian has since been cast in the 2010 ABC Family Original Movie Christmas Cupid, alongside Ashley Benson, on September 4,2009, Milian and R&B singer-songwriter The-Dream eloped in Las Vegas, and she gave birth to their daughter, Violet, on February 26,2010. Milian and The-Dream announced their separation on July 12,2010, Milian was born in Jersey City, New Jersey, and is Cuban American. She was born to parents Don Flores and Carmen Milian, and raised in Waldorf, Flores changed her name and adopted her mothers maiden name in the hopes of landing a wider range of acting roles. The oldest of three sisters, including Danielle and Elizabeth, she moved with her family to Waldorf, soon after her birth. Milian was four years old when she showed an interest in business. As a child, Milian was very imaginative and very creative and they inspired her to have fun, and she convinced her parents that she did not want to be inside the TV, although it took some time to convince them. By the time she was nine years old, Milian had begun auditioning with talent agencies, shot commercials for Wendys and Honeycomb.
Milians mother noticed her daughters potential and left her husband and moved to Los Angeles with her three daughters when Milian was 13 years old and her father had to stay in Maryland and divorced her mother soon after the move
Godzilla is a fictional giant monster originating from a series of tokusatsu films of the same name from Japan. It first appeared in Ishirō Hondas 1954 film Godzilla, the character is commonly alluded by the epithet King of the Monsters, a phrase first used in Godzilla, King of the Monsters. The Americanized version of Hondas original 1954 film, with the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Lucky Dragon 5 incident still fresh in the Japanese consciousness, Godzilla was conceived as a metaphor for nuclear weapons. In the various stories it has appeared in, Godzilla has been featured alongside many supporting characters, Godzilla is shown to have allies, such as Mothra and Anguirus, and offspring, such as Minilla and Godzilla Junior. One popular story is that Gojira was actually the nickname of a corpulent stagehand at Toho Studio, kimi Honda, the widow of the director, dismissed this in a 1998 BBC documentary devoted to Godzilla, The backstage boys at Toho loved to joke around with tall stories.
Godzillas name was written in ateji as Gojira, where the kanji are used for phonetic value, the Japanese pronunciation of the name is, the Anglicized form is /ɡɒdˈzɪlə/, with the first syllable pronounced like the word god, and the rest rhyming with gorilla. In the Hepburn romanization system, Godzillas name is rendered as Gojira, within the context of the Japanese films, Godzillas exact origins vary, but it is generally depicted as an enormous, prehistoric sea monster awakened and empowered by nuclear radiation. Although the specific details of Godzillas appearance have varied slightly over the years, to emphasise the monsters relationship with the atomic bomb, its skin texture was inspired by the keloid scars seen on survivors in Hiroshima. The basic design has a reptilian visage, a robust build, an upright posture, in the original film, the fins were added for purely aesthetic purposes, in order to further differentiate Godzilla from any other living or extinct creature. Godzillas signature weapon is its atomic breath, a nuclear blast that it generates inside of its body, toho’s special effects department has used various techniques to render the breath, from physical gas-powered flames to hand-drawn or computer-generated fire.
Godzilla is shown to possess immense strength and muscularity. Haruo Nakajima, the actor who played Godzilla in the films, was a black belt in Judo. Godzilla can breathe underwater, and is described in the film by the character Dr. Yamane as a transitional form between a marine and a terrestrial reptile. Godzillas allegiance and motivations have changed from film to film to suit the needs of the story, although Godzilla does not like humans, it will fight alongside humanity against common threats. However, it makes no effort to protect human life or property. It is not motivated to attack by predatory instinct, it doesnt eat people, and instead sustains itself on radiation and an omnivorous diet. When inquired if Godzilla was good or bad, producer Shogo Tomiyama likened it to a Shinto God of Destruction which lacks moral agency and cannot be held to human standards of good and he totally destroys everything and there is a rebirth. Something new and fresh can begin, the creature in the 1998 Godzilla film was depicted laying eggs through parthenogenesis
Welcome Back, Carter
Welcome Back, Carter is the third episode of the ninth season of the animated comedy series Family Guy. It originally aired on Fox in the United States on October 10,2010, the episode follows Peter after he discovers his father-in-law, Carter Pewterschmidt, having an affair with another woman. Deciding to blackmail him, Peter begins taking advantage of his father-in-laws enormous wealth, before accidentally spilling the beans to Carters wife, Peter becomes Carters wingman, and helps him in rediscovering his bachelorhood, as he begins navigating through the dating scene. The episode was written by Wellesley Wild and directed by Cyndi Tang-Loveland and it received mixed reviews from critics for its storyline and many cultural references. According to Nielsen ratings, it was viewed in 7.02 million homes in its original airing, the episode featured guest performances by Max Burkholder, Christine Lakin and Rachael MacFarlane, along with several recurring guest voice actors for the series. Welcome Back, Carter was released on DVD along with three episodes from the season on December 13,2011.
Becoming bored, Peter decides to call his father-in-law to dinner, questioning his father-in-laws judgment, he eventually promises to keep the affair a secret from Barbara. The next day, at the Drunken Clam, Peter begins discussing the affair with Quagmire and Joe, noticing Peter and Carter spending time together and Lois soon witness the two taking a high-definition television out of the house. Peter accidentally spills the beans to Barbara about the affair, Carter announces that he and Barbara are getting a divorce, causing Peter to suggest he meet other people. Taking him to the club, Peter introduces Carter to the dating scene, where he soon meets Paula. Going on to demand an African American patron fetch him a drink, Carter is accused of being a racist by Paula, continuing to desire Barbara, Carter decides to take a bouquet of roses to his former wife. While there, he discovers that Barbara has begun dating the man she had an affair with during the war, announcing he has something important to say to Barbara, Carter confesses his love for her, and apologizes.
Barbara allows Carter to earn her trust by letting him back in. The episode was written by series regular Wellesley Wild and directed by series regular Cyndi Tang-Loveland shortly after the conclusion of the production season. Composer Ron Jones, who has worked on the series since its inception, returned to compose the music for Welcome Back, Carter. Welcome Back, along with the two episodes from Family Guys ninth season, was released on a three-disc DVD set in the United States on December 13,2011. In addition to the regular cast, child actor Max Burkholder, actress Christine Lakin, recurring guest voice actress Alexandra Breckenridge, actor Ralph Garman, and writers Patrick Meighan, Danny Smith, Alec Sulkin and John Viener made minor appearances. Actor Patrick Warburton appeared in the episode as well, in the opening scene of the episode, Peter notices a painting of a ship in his mother-in-laws living room, and questions whether or not he can change the channel
World War II
World War II, known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier. It involved the vast majority of the worlds countries—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing alliances, the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust and the bombing of industrial and population centres. These made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history, from late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. In December 1941, Japan attacked the United States and European colonies in the Pacific Ocean, and quickly conquered much of the Western Pacific.
The Axis advance halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway, near Hawaii, in 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained all of its territorial losses and invaded Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in South Central China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy, thus ended the war in Asia, cementing the total victory of the Allies. World War II altered the political alignment and social structure of the world, the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The victorious great powers—the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 46 years. Meanwhile, the influence of European great powers waned, while the decolonisation of Asia, most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic recovery.
Political integration, especially in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities, the start of the war in Europe is generally held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland and France declared war on Germany two days later. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or even the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred simultaneously and this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935. The British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the forces of Mongolia and the Soviet Union from May to September 1939, the exact date of the wars end is not universally agreed upon.
It was generally accepted at the time that the war ended with the armistice of 14 August 1945, rather than the formal surrender of Japan
Stewart Gilligan Stewie Griffin is a main character from the American animated television series Family Guy. Obsessed with violence and matricide, Stewie is the youngest child of Peter and Lois Griffin, over the duration of the series, he has come to have a very close friendship with the familys anthropomorphic dog, Brian. Stewie is considered to be the breakout character. Wizard magazine rated him the 95th greatest villain of all time, Stewie is a one-year-old prodigy who has a very sophisticated psyche and is able to speak fluently in an upper class English accent. Highly literate and able to pop culture references that long predate his birth, Stewie is entranced by Raffi. Stewie has a dislike for Matthew McConaughey. MacFarlane has stated that Stewie is meant to represent the general helplessness of an infant through the eyes of an adult, Stewies mastery of physics and mechanical engineering are at a level of science fiction. Stewie employs these to cope with the stresses of infant life and to murder his mother, with mixed success at best depending on the objective.
As made clear in the episode, Stewies matricidal tendencies are a result of Lois constantly thwarting his schemes. In other, recent episodes, Stewie engages in violent or criminal acts, including robbery, aggravated assault, loan sharking, forgery. Stewie eventually realizes his dreams of matricide and world domination in the sixth season two-part episode Stewie Kills Lois and Lois Kills Stewie, the events are reverted in a deus ex machina ending, where most of the story turns out to be a computer simulation. Because of the rather disastrous ending for himself in the simulation, being shot and killed by Peter, he decides to put aside his plans of matricide, Stewie shows a complete disdain for most people, but does show affection and even rare instances of kindness to his family. While Stewie generally regards Chris as a stooge, he has encouraged him, in a few episodes, such as Stewie Loves Lois, its shown that Stewie can love his mother. In that episode, after Lois recovers and repairs a lost Rupert and serves Stewie a meal he likes, he rethinks Lois and accepts her as a loving mother.
When he becomes too dependent on her, she takes no notice of him. In the more recent seasons, Stewie has an amount of freedom from his parents. In The Hand That Rocks the Wheelchair, Stewie inadvertently clones an evil twin of himself trying to increase his evil nature. By the end of the episode, it is suggested that the original Stewie may have been killed by Brian
Peter Griffin is the main protagonist and title character of the American animated sitcom Family Guy. He is voiced by cartoonist Seth MacFarlane and first appeared on television, along with the rest of the family, Peter was created and designed by MacFarlane himself. After the pilot was given the light, The Griffin family appeared on the episode Death Has a Shadow. Peter is married to Lois Griffin and is the father of Meg, Chris and he has a dog named Brian, with whom he is best friends. He has worked at a toy factory, and at Quahogs Brewery, despite the suburban blue-collar routine of his life, he has had a number of remarkable experiences. Peters voice was inspired by the security guards that MacFarlane heard at his school and his appearance was a redesign of the protagonist Larry from MacFarlanes previous animated short films The Life of Larry and Larry & Steve. and the Family Guy spin-off The Cleveland Show. Peter Griffin is a middle class Irish American, who is a bespectacled, overweight blue collar worker with a prominent Rhode Island and his wife Lois have three children, Meg and Stewie.
He is the son of Thelma Griffin and Mickey McFinnigan. Peter and his live in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. More Powerful than Superman, Spider-Man, and The Incredible Hulk Put Together and he now works in the shipping department of the Pawtucket Patriot brewery. Peter is shown in various jobs for single episodes and cutaway gags, in one episode Peter played for the New England Patriots until his behavior resulted in him being kicked off the team. In a running gag, storylines are randomly interrupted by extremely long and these battles parody the action film genre, with explosions, high-speed chases, and immense devastation to the town of Quahog. MacFarlane initially conceived Family Guy in 1995 while studying animation at the Rhode Island School of Design, during college, he created his thesis film entitled The Life of Larry, which was submitted by his professor at RISD to Hanna-Barbera. MacFarlane was hired by the company, executives at Fox saw the Larry shorts and contracted MacFarlane to create a series, entitled Family Guy, based on the characters.
Fox proposed MacFarlane complete a 15-minute short, and gave him a budget of $50,000, several aspects of Family Guy were inspired by the Larry shorts. While working on the series, the characters of Larry and his dog Steve slowly evolved into Peter and Brian. MacFarlane stated that the difference between The Life of Larry and Family Guy was that Life of Larry was shown primarily in my dorm room, the voice of Peter is provided by MacFarlane, who provides the voice for Brian and Quagmire. MacFarlane provides the voices for various other recurring and one-time only characters, most prominently those of news anchor Tom Tucker, Carter Pewterschmidt, and Dr. Hartman
Optimus Prime is a fictional character from the Transformers franchise. As the current Matrix of Leadership bearer, Optimus Prime is the de facto leader of the Autobots, the Autobots are constantly waging civil war against a rival faction of transforming robots called Decepticons. According to Bob Budiansky, co-writer of the Transformers series, Dennis ONeil was responsible for his name, in the Transformers, Covenant of Primus, it was established that Optimus Prime was the last born of the original Thirteen Transformers. It was his unique spark and his inspiring reassurance that All are One that allowed the Primes to rally and this brings a Great War to their planet of Cybertron. Optimuss origins and personality can vary depending on which universe hes seen in and this origin is the most consistent between the various incarnations. Further differences are listed in the sections below. The first generation Optimus Prime transforms into a Kenworth K100 cab over truck, within his chest is a mystic talisman, known as the Autobot Matrix of Leadership or the Creation Matrix, carried by all Autobot leaders.
When Optimus transforms, his cab disconnects to become a sentient robot, the combat deck supports a mobile battle-station and command headquarters armed with assorted artillery and beam weapons that fire automatically. The combat deck can serve as an antenna for battlefield communications between the autobots. The combat deck included Roller, a mobile scout buggy meant to scout behind enemy lines, when Roller is deployed, Optimus can see and hear what Roller sees and hears. Injury to one component is felt by each of the others, if the combat deck or Roller were to be destroyed, Prime could survive. However, despite the degree of autonomy they possess, the combat deck. In the animated series, Optimus is able to fire short-range optic blasts, project holographic maps, in the animated series, Optimus was given the ability to retract his right hand unit and replace it with a glowing axe. Across the assorted continuities of the original Transformers universe, there have various interpretations of Optimus Prime.
One of Primes most notable characteristics over all continuities his unswaying commitment to leadership by example, the animated seriess version of Optimus Prime is depicted as a straightforward and upbeat battlefield general. Additionally, the animated version of Optimus dislikes rap music, putting him at odds with music-loving characters like Blaster. In the Marvel Comics series, in addition to characteristics, Prime is secretly plagued by self-doubt. Originally, Optimus Prime was created as the Autobots leader, though it is if he was created or his origins