Guiche is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. The anime/manga Rose of Versailles references Guiche as a dukedom when the "Duke de Guiche" plays a role in the story where the Duchess of Polignac engages both of her daughters to be married to him against their will. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file GIXUNE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Ciboure is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. It lies across the river Nivelle from the harbour of Saint-Jean-de-Luz. Ciboure is, like its neighbour, a pretty town with many buildings of the traditional Basque style of Lapurdi; the 16th-century church of St Vincent has an octagonal tower, Basque galleries and a Baroque altarpiece. Adjacent to Ciboure is the Fort of Socoa, a 15th-century fortress built by Louis XIII. Ciboure was the birthplace of: Maurice Ravel Martin de Hoyarçabal Anne Marie Palli Philippe Bergeroo Michel de SallaberryCiboure was the residential place of: American Time magazine journalists and authors Charles Wertenbaker and Lael Tucker Wertenbaker, their son Christian and daughter Timberlake Wertenbaker, who grew up in the Basque Country and were educated in France. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file Mes Vacances à Ciboure - Socoa ZIBURU in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish
Arcangues is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France in what was the Basque province of Labourd. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arrangoiztar in basque. Arcangues belongs to the urban area of Bayonne and is located some 10 km south by south-west of Bayonne, 8 km south-east of Biarritz, 6 km north-west of Ustaritz; the A63 autoroute passes through the northern tip of the commune with the nearest exit being Exit 4 to the west of the commune but the farther Exit 5 to the east connects directly to the D3 road which passes south through the commune and the village to Saint-Pée-sur-Nivelle. There is the D755 which branches off the D3 in the north of the commune and continues south through the west of the commune to join the D255 on the commune's south-western border; the D933 road from Anglet to Ustaritz passes through the eastern tip of the commune with a roundabout linking to country roads in the commune. Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed by numerous streams including the Uhabia, a small coastal river, its tributary the Alotz stream whose tributary the Amestpoya passes through the village and whose many other tributaries cover the whole commune.
In the east the Barbarako Erreka flows north to join a tributary of the Nive. The basque name of the commune is Arrangoitze. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposed a joining of the basque words ar-gain, meaning "high rock", -goiz meaning "an open position facing east" which results in the compound meaning "high rocks facing east"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy p. 31 Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Goyheneche: Basque Country Arcangues: Arcangues, Under the direction of Hubert Lamant-DuhartOrigins: Bayonne: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Chapter: Titles of the Chapter of Bayonne Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne The lordship of ArcanguesThe lordship of Arcangues has been mentioned since the 12th century. Sanche d'Arcangues and Aner de Archangos were cited as witnesses or guarantors of real estate transactions between 1150 and 1170.
PlagueThe beginning of the 16th century in Labourd was marked by the appearance of the plague. The Gascon registers track its expansion. On 8 February 1517 the plague was reported in Arcangues; the King's ProsecutorsThe office of King's Prosecutor belonged to the Arcangues family from the 17th century. Laurent and patron of Arcangues and Elissagaray was prosecutor of the Bailiwick of Labourd from 1614 to 1643, his son Jean d'Arcangues received the office of King's Prosecutor by letters patent of Louis XIII of 4 July 1643. Pierre d'Arcangues continued in the office from 1670 to 1692. Squire Gaspard d'Arcangues and patron of Arcangues and Curutcheta was the last family member to hold the office from 15 April 1714 to 1749; the Marquis of IrandaSquire Michel d'Arcangues and patron of Arcangues and Curutcheta, baptised at Bayonne on 17 October 1719, captain of the provincial militia of Labourd, married to Rose d'Aragorri, by which the title of Spanish Marquis of Iranda passed to their son Nicolas François Xavier d'Arcangues.
Rights to this title was authorized in France for life in April 1781 by letters patent of Louis XVI. Michel Louis d'Arcangues was the fourth Spanish Marquis of Iranda, Mayor of Arcangues for forty years and General Counsel for Basses-Pyrénées, his eldest son, Alexis d'Arcangues, succeeded him. He was mayor of Villefranque Arcangues and General Counsel for Basses-Pyrénées. Miguel Marie, the 6th Spanish Marquis of Iranda, succeeded him. Pierre d'Arcangues, born 12 April 1886 in Paris and died on 22 May 1973 in Arcangues, the 7th Marquis, was a poet and novelist and the father of Guy d'Arcangues, the 8th Marquis of Iranda, Viscount of Ascubea, writer, who wrote in particular Les Tambours de Septembre; the home to the Marquis d'Arcangues, the Chateau of Arcangues, was used as the Duke of Wellington's headquarters during the December 1813 Battle of the Nive in the Peninsular War. During the German occupation of France in World War II, the Nazis used the chateau as headquarters for its local troops.
The French Thoroughbred racehorse Arcangues, given the village's name, won the 1993 Breeders' Cup Classic at Santa Anita Park in Arcadia, California. List of Successive Mayors Mayors from 1929 Arcangues is part of seven inter-communal structures: the Community of communes Errobi; the commune is part of the Basque Bayonne - San Sebastian Eurocity. In 2009 the commune had 3,116 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The town is part of
Ainhoa is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ainhoars; the commune of Ainhoa is in the traditional Basque province of Labourd. Ainhoa is some 20 km due south of Bayonne and is directly on the Spanish border which forms the southern border of the commune; the commune is mountainous and forested in the south-east portion but with farmland in the northwest of the commune. There is one border crossing to Spain on the southern border at the village of Dantxana. Ainhoa and Sare, together with the two Spanish communes of Zugarramurdi and Urdazubi, form a cross-border territory, called Xareta. Straddling the border with Spain, it is a passage for the Way of St. James from Bayonne to Pamplona; the commune's border with Spain is in the Dancharia area and accesses the area of Dantxarinea d'Urdazubi. The commune is connected to Espelette in the north-east by Highway D20 which passes through the village and continues south to the Spanish border.
Highway D305 branches continues west to join Highway D4 before Cherchebruit. A network of small country roads covers all parts of the commune. Located in the watershed of the Adour, the Nivelle river runs along the southern border and forms the border between France and Spain. Numerous streams arise in the commune and flow down to the Nivelle including the Opalazioko erreka, the Lapitxuri and its tributaries, the Larreko erreka, the Erdiko erreka, the Farendeiko erreka, the Haitzagerriko erreka, the Barretako erreka. Paul Raymond mentions the Haïçaguerry, a tributary of the Nivelle, which descended to Gorospila on the Spanish border, which crossed the territory of Ainhoue; the commune name in basque is the same - Ainhoa. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval suggested that the name could come from the Basque aino which means "goat"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table.
Map: The Map of the Government-General of Guyenne and Gascony and the neighbouring region Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Lhande: Pierre Lhande, Basque-French DictionaryOrigins: Saint-Claire: Titles of the Abbey of Sainte-Claire of Bayonne Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne The ancient redoubt of Urrizti reflects the ancient past of the area. Paul Raymond noted on page 4 of his 1863 dictionary that the parish of Ainhoa was in the gift of the Abbot of Urdax; the Curacy of Ainhoa was created by the Priory of the Premonstratensian of Urdazubi in the 13th century. On 27 April 1238 the new king Theobald I of Navarre purchased the toll rights instituted by Viscount Juan Pérez de Baztan, Ainhoa being at the borders between the Duchy of Aquitaine since 1151, run by the Angevin Kings of England and the Navarrese kingdom; such tolls were charged to pilgrims and traders traveling to Santiago de Compostela on the Way of St. James in Galicia, Spain.
Military clashes between the "English run" Basques of Aquitaine and the Navarrese in 1249 led the Seigneur of Ainhoa, in 1250, to recognize the suzerainty of King Henry III of England. By 1265 Gonzalvo Juanis, Seigneur of Ainhoa known as Gonzalvo Ibáñez or Gonzalvo Yáñes, did not recognize either the English or the Navarrese; however he opened the way to conquest based on old historical claims. Garda Arnaut de Espelette, with loyalty to the "English run" Basques of the Duchy of Aquitaine, sent a letter, dated 29 July 1289 praying the Ainhoa people to adequately connive with him; the outcome of such frontier business was to set up an "undivided" land as had been done previously with the nearby Aldudes close to the Baztan valley. Documents from Estella dated September 1369, some 80 years proved that the people from Ainhoa paid taxes to both the King of Navarre and the "English" Seneschal of the Landes territory in return for their fiscal and personal privileges; when "English run" Bayonne surrendered to the French in 1451 it is not known if these "undivided status" villages on the English-Navarrese frontier were taken by the French as well.
In the Spanish Invasion of 1636 in the Labourd territories many villages, including Ainhoa, were razed. Because of the 1659 "Treaty of the Pyrénées" whereby the Spanish-born Queen regent of France Anne of Austria with the help of Cardinal Mazarin, the First Minister of France, set up an advantageous peace and obtained Maria Theresa of Spain as a wife for her son Louis XIV of France. Ainhoa was repopulated again. Disputes between the new settlers and the old residents concerning the use of communal lands for cattle grazing and fodder and the access by newcomers to town hall positions, church grants, etc. had to be settled by the autonomous Parliament of Bordeaux in the sense of paying for access to village privileges. Ainhoa was destroyed during the Thirty Years War and rebuilt; the only remains from before the destruction are the Machitorénéa House. In 1724, following the revolts in Saint-Jean-le-Vieux Mouguerre and Saint-Pierre-d'Irube, the people of Ainhoa revolted against the salt tax and against other new taxes.
This was a prelude to the uprisings in all of Labourd in 1726 against the said taxes. Bayonne and Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port followed in 1748; the Law of 4 March 1790 determined a new administrative landscape of France by creating departments and districts. This resulted in the creation of the department of Basses-Pyrénées and reuniting the Béarn, the
Lahonce is a village in the traditional Basque province of Labourd, now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE LEHUNTZE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Louhossoa is a small village in the traditional Basque province of Labourd, now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE LUHUSO in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Bardos is a commune in the former Basque province of Labourd in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bardoztars. Bardos is located some 15 km east of Bayonne just south of Guiche; the north-eastern tip of the commune is the departmental border between Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Landes. Access to the commune is by the D936 road from Briscous in the west which passes through the heart of the commune and the town and continues east to Bidache; the D253 goes north from the town to Guiche. The D318 goes south from the town to join the D123 west of Orègue; the D10 goes south to La Bastide-Clairence. The A64 autoroute passes through the north of the commune with the nearest exit being Exit 4 which exits to the D936 just 1 km to the west of the commune; the commune is farmland with scattered forested areas on the slopes. The town is served by the interurban network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques by route 811 to Bayonne and Tardets-Sorholus.
There is a dense network of streams across the whole commune. The north-eastern tip of the commune has the Bidouze as the departmental border; the Ruisseau d'Ermou flows through the commune and joins the Bidouze at the north-eastern tip of the commune. The Ruisseau du Termi forms much of the northern border as it flows north-west to join the Adour north of the commune. Numerous other streams rise in the flow north to the Adour; the Lihoury river forms part of the south-eastern border of the commune as it flows north, fed by the Laharanne, joins the Bidouze east of Bidache. The Ruisseau d'Appât flows south to join the Lihoury; the Arbéroue forms much of the southern border of the commune. The Aran forms most of the western border of the commune as it flows north turns west to join the Adour. Numerous streams flow in the heart of the commune including the Ruisseau d'Artigue, the Ithurriague, the Bardolle; the area of the commune is 4,253 hectares with a maximum altitude of 186 m on the Miremont hill, the location of an old 14th century mansion as well as a water tower built on a panoramic viewpoint overlooking the Adour valley.
The climate of Bardos, some twenty kilometres from the Basque coast, is similar to that of Biarritz with heavy rainfall: the oceanic climate due to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The average winter temperature is around 20 °C in summer; the lowest temperature recorded was -12.7 °C on 16 January 1985 and the highest 40.6 °C on 4 August 2003. Rain on the Basque coast is persistent except during winter storms, it takes the form of intense thunderstorms of short duration. On the Napoleonic Cadastral Map of 1818 the commune was divided into four sections: Section A, Lassarrade Section B, Legarre Section C, Lerine Section D, IbarToday, although the division into districts is not precise, there are seven districts: Arbinoritz le Bourg Ibarre Lambert Lassarrade Miremont les Tisserands In 2011 the total number of dwellings in the commune was 716, down from 611 in 2006. Of these dwellings, 87% were primary residences, 6.6% were second homes, 6.3% were occasional homes or vacant units. 69.4 % of these dwellings were detached 29.6 % were apartments.
The proportion of principle residences owned by their occupants was 74%. The percentage of empty rental public housing was 1.3%. The commune name in Basque is Bardoze and its name in Occitan, gascon dialect is Bardòs; the name consists of the root bard- or bart- which designates the low terrain and clay soils along the river edges plus the Basque-Aquitaine suffix -os. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposes the meaning "place of abundant clay soil"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy p. 21 Lhande: Basque-French DictionaryOrigins: Bayonne: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne Bardos: Titles of Bardos Navarre: Titles of the Kingdom of NavarreBardos appears as Bardos on the 1750 Cassini Map and the same on the 1790 version.
Bardos has a Paleolithic site. The parish of Bardos has been mentioned since 1072 and the barony of Bardos was created in 1320; the commune was incorporated into the Duchy of Gramont in 1643. The parish of Bardos was admitted to the Biltzar of Labourd in 1763 and became a commune in 1790, it was the capital of a canton including the communes of Bardos and Guiche and depended on the district of Ustaritz. The relationship of Bardos with Labourd had some unusual features. During the Ancien Régime the three parishes did not dependent judicially on the judicial institutions of Labourd but on the Seneschal of Came. Although they had ceased to participate in the work of the Labourd Biltzar, they are allowed back into meetings in 1763 to contribute to the work of the Biltzar. According to Anne Zink these events had little meaning: before this assignment, the three parishes were fiscally labourdine and it was the customs of the province of Labourd that governed their civil law. From 1770 to 1771 the overall trustee of the Biltzar was Pierre Damestoy from Bardos, notary of the house of Etxebeheiti.
List of Successive Mayors Mayors from 1919 Bardos falls within the area of the Tribunal d'instance of Bayonne, the Tribunal de grande instance of Bayonne