Edward R. Talley
Edward R. Talley was a United States Army Soldier who received the Medal of Honor for his actions near Ponchaux, France during World War I. Depending on the reference, Edward R. Talley was born on either September 6 or 8, 1890 in Russellville, Tennessee, he joined the United States Army from Russellville and after completing recruit training was sent to France where he distinguished himself in action near Ponchaux, France. He was a Sergeant, in Company L, 117th Infantry, 30th Division when he was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions on October 7, 1918. Talley is buried at Bent Creek Cemetery in Whitesburg, Tennessee. Rank and organization: Sergeant, U. S. Army, Company L, 117th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: Near Ponchaux, October 7, 1918. Entered service at: Russellville, Tenn. Born: September 8, 1890, Tenn. G. O. No.: 50, W. D. 1919. Citation: Undeterred by seeing several comrades killed in attempting to put a hostile machine gun nest out of action, Sgt. Talley attacked the position single-handed.
Armed only with a rifle, he rushed the nest in the face of intense enemy fire, killed or wounded at least 6 of the crew, silenced the gun. When the enemy attempted to bring forward another gun and ammunition he drove them back by effective fire from his rifle. List of Medal of Honor recipients List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War I "Edward R. Talley". United States Army Center of Military History. 2007-07-18. Retrieved 2007-09-08. "Edward R. Talley". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2007-09-08. There is inconsistency in the date of Birth for Edward Talley between the Find a Grave website and the Medal of Honor citation; the citation lists his birth date as September 8, 1890 and the Find a Grave website lists September 6, 1890
Knoxville is a city in the U. S. state of Tennessee, the county seat of Knox County. The city had an estimated population of 186,239 in 2016 and a population of 178,874 as of the 2010 census, making it the state's third largest city after Nashville and Memphis. Knoxville is the principal city of the Knoxville Metropolitan Statistical Area, which, in 2016, was 868,546, up 0.9 percent, or 7,377 people, from to 2015. The KMSA is, in turn, the central component of the Knoxville-Sevierville-La Follette Combined Statistical Area, which, in 2013, had a population of 1,096,961. First settled in 1786, Knoxville was the first capital of Tennessee; the city struggled with geographic isolation throughout the early 19th century. The arrival of the railroad in 1855 led to an economic boom. During the Civil War, the city was bitterly divided over the secession issue, was occupied alternately by both Confederate and Union armies. Following the war, Knoxville grew as a major wholesaling and manufacturing center.
The city's economy stagnated after the 1920's as the manufacturing sector collapsed, the downtown area declined and city leaders became entrenched in partisan political fights. Hosting the 1982 World's Fair helped reinvigorate the city, revitalization initiatives by city leaders and private developers have had major successes in spurring growth in the city the downtown area. Knoxville is the home of the flagship campus of the University of Tennessee, whose sports teams, called the "Volunteers" or "Vols", are popular in the surrounding area. Knoxville is home to the headquarters of the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Tennessee Supreme Court's courthouse for East Tennessee and the corporate headquarters of several national and regional companies; as one of the largest cities in the Appalachian region, Knoxville has positioned itself in recent years as a repository of Appalachian culture and is one of the gateways to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The first people to form substantial settlements in what is now Knoxville arrived during the Woodland period.
One of the oldest artificial structures in Knoxville is a burial mound constructed during the early Mississippian culture period. The earthwork mound is now surrounded by the University of Tennessee campus. Other prehistoric sites include an Early Woodland habitation area at the confluence of the Tennessee River and Knob Creek, Dallas Phase Mississippian villages at Post Oak Island, at Bussell Island. By the 18th century, the Cherokee had become the dominant tribe in the East Tennessee region, although they were at war with the Creek and Shawnee; the Cherokee people called the Knoxville area kuwanda'talun'yi, which means "Mulberry Place." Most Cherokee habitation in the area was concentrated in the Overhill settlements along the Little Tennessee River, southwest of Knoxville. The first white traders and explorers were recorded as arriving in the Tennessee Valley in the late 17th century, though there is significant evidence that Hernando de Soto visited Bussell Island in 1540; the first major recorded Euro-American presence in the Knoxville area was the Timberlake Expedition, which passed through the confluence of the Holston and French Broad into the Tennessee River in December 1761.
Henry Timberlake, en route to the Over hill settlements along the Little Tennessee River, recalled being pleasantly surprised by the deep waters of the Tennessee after having struggled down the shallow Holston for several weeks. The end of the French and Indian War and confusion brought about by the American Revolution led to a drastic increase in Euro-American settlement west of the Appalachians. By the 1780's, white settlers were established in the Holston and French Broad valleys; the U. S. Congress ordered all illegal settlers out with little success; as settlers continued to trickle into Cherokee lands, tensions between the settlers and the Cherokee rose steadily. In 1786, James White, a Revolutionary War officer, his friend James Connor built White's Fort near the mouth of First Creek, on land White had purchased three years earlier. In 1790, White's son-in-law, Charles McClung—who had arrived from Pennsylvania the previous year—surveyed White's holdings between First Creek and Second Creek for the establishment of a town.
McClung drew up 64 0.5-acre lots. The waterfront was set aside for a town common. Two lots were set aside for a graveyard. Four lots were set aside for a school; that school was chartered as Blount College and it served as the starting point for the University of Tennessee, which uses Blount College's founding date of 1794, as its own. In 1790, President George Washington appointed North Carolina surveyor William Blount governor of the newly created Territory South of the River Ohio. One of Blount's first tasks was to meet with the Cherokee and establish territorial boundaries and resolve the issue of illegal settlers; this he accomplished immediately with the Treaty of Holston, negotiated and signed at White's Fort in 1791. Blount wanted to place the territorial capital at the confluence of the Clinch River and Tennessee River, but when the Cherokee refused to cede this land, Blount chose White's Fort, which McClung had surveyed the previous year. Blount named the new capital Knoxville after Revolutionary War general and Secretary of War Henry Knox, who at the time was Blount's immediate superior.
Problems arose from the Holston Treaty. Blount believed that he had "purchased" mu
Calvin John Ward
Calvin John Ward, was a soldier in the United States Army National Guard, awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during World War I. Calvin John Ward was born on October 30, 1899 in Greene County and lived in Morristown, Tennessee. Ward entered active duty with the United States Army's 117th Regiment from the Tennessee National Guard during World War I. On October 8, 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Ward's company was stopped near Estrées, France by a German machine gun position. Ward and Sergeant James Ernest Karnes, deciding they had "had all they could take" of this situation, fixed bayonets and captured the position; this freed their company to advance against German lines in the last major offensive of the war. Both men received the Medal of Honor for extraordinary heroism in this action. Calvin Ward is buried in Glenwood Cemetery Sullivan, Tennessee. Military records from the United States, United Kingdom, France and Portugal attribute the following medals to Calvin John Ward: Medal of Honor, British Distinguished Conduct Medal 31JAN1919, French Croix de Guerre w/ Palm 13APR1919, French Medaille Militaire 5MAY1919, Montenegran Medaille de Bravoure w/ Palm 25JUN1919, Portuguese Cruz de Gurra 3rd Class 6DEC1921, Italian Croce di Guerra 9DEC1921, Belgian Decoration, Russian Decoration Rank and organization: Private, U.
S. Army, Company D, 117th Infantry, 30th Division. Place and date: At Estrees, France. Entered service at: Morristown, Tennessee. Born: October 30, 1898. General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 16. Citation: During an advance, Pvt. Ward's company was held up by a machinegun, enfilading the line. Accompanied by a noncommissioned officer, he advanced against this post and succeeded in reducing the nest by killing three and capturing seven of the enemy and their guns. Ward's military decorations and awards include: List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War I "Regimental History & Lineage - 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment". Archived from the original on 2009-10-25. Retrieved September 24, 2010. "Greene County Doughboys: Calvin John Ward, Medal of Honor recipient". Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved September 24, 2010. "East Tennessee Medal of Honor winners". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 24, 2010. "Calvin John Ward". Hall of Valor.
Military Times. Retrieved September 6, 2010. "Calvin John Ward". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. September 11, 2003. Retrieved Sep 6, 2010
U.S. Route 25E
U. S. Route 25E is the eastern branch of U. S. Route 25 from Newport, where US 25 splits into US 25E and US 25W, to North Corbin, where the two highways rejoin; the road, continues as US 25E for 2 miles until it joins Interstate 75 in North Corbin. All of US 25E in Tennessee is now a National Scenic Byway. A portion of US 25E in Tennessee is designated as Appalachian Development Corridor S; the corridor follows US 25E between I-81 in White State Route 63 in Harrogate. US 25E has been included in the U. S. Highway System since the system's inception in 1926. US 25E is concurrent with unsigned Tennessee State Route 32 for its entire length in Tennessee. Northbound US 25 and westbound US 70 leave Newport concurrent with one another. At an intersection west of town, US 25 splits into two highways: US 25E, which heads north from this point, US 25W, which continues west along US 70. US 25E crosses over Douglas Lake south of Baneberry. Between White Pine and Witt, the highway has an interchange with Interstate 81.
North of the Interstate, the road widens out to four lanes, receives the Appalachian Development designation "Corridor S". US 25E intersects US 11E east of Morristown, it crosses Cherokee Lake. Near Bean Station, US 25E joins US 11W; the two roads split 3 miles west of Bean Station, US 25E continues northwest to Tazewell. Northwest of Tazewell, the road bridges the Powell River, passes through Harrogate. In the town of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, US 25E serves as the western terminus of US 58. US 25E used that highway en route to the Cumberland Gap prior to 1996, however, it now uses a new highway leading to the Cumberland Gap Tunnel, freeing up a portion of road that US 58 now uses. US 25E passes through the tunnel, emerging on the other side in Kentucky. US 25E remains a multilane divided highway for its entire extent in Kentucky. Upon departing the tunnel, the road heads west to the town of Middlesboro, where it intersects KY 74. US 25E turns north at Middlesboro toward the county seat of Bell County.
In Pineville, the route is the western terminus of US 119. US 25E departs Pineville and heads northwest, indirectly serving Tinsley via KY 92, crossing into Knox County, bypassing Flat Lick to the west; the route makes an S-shaped curve, dipping south turning back northwest as it approaches Barbourville. After serving the east side of Barbourville, the highway passes near Heidrick and runs through Baileys Switch. Between Baileys Switch and Gray, US 25E turns more east–west. After running through Gray, the route serves as the northern terminus of KY 3041; the road reunites with US 25W north of Corbin, the unsuffixed US 25 continues to points north. However, the US 25E designation continues west to Interstate 75, where it ends at Exit 29. Before the Cumberland Gap Tunnel was opened in 1996, US 25E passed through the Cumberland Gap in Virginia. Prior to the U. S. highway system's arrival, Virginia's State Highway 10 began at the Cumberland Gap and proceeded to Bristol. A short spur south to Tennessee was soon added, becoming State Route 107 in the 1923 renumbering and State Route 100 in the 1928 renumbering.
Early U. S. Highway planning assigned the number U. S. Route 411 to SR 10 through Cumberland Gap to Kentucky, no number to SR 107. By the final 1926 plan, US 411 was truncated to Cumberland Gap, US 25E ran from Tennessee to Kentucky along SR 10 and SR 107; the State Route numbers were dropped in the 1933 renumbering. The Cumberland Gap Tunnel opened in 1996 bypassing Cumberland Gap and Virginia. U. S. Route 58 was moved to a new alignment, meeting US 25E in Tennessee, US 25E was decommissioned through Virginia; as it lay within the boundaries of the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park, the National Park Service now controls the former road, decided to return it to its pre-pavement state. The pavement was torn up, old US 25E is now a dirt path; the northern section of US 25E from the Kentucky State line to Tazewell, along with the junctioning Tennessee SR-33 between Tazewell and Knoxville, were the inspiration for the song "The Ballad of Thunder Road", in which a moonshiner runs illegal whiskey from Kentucky to Tennessee along this route.
U. S. Roads portal Kentucky portal Tennessee portal US 25 at KentuckyRoads.com Kentucky Transportation Cabinet Tennessee Department of Transportation
Interstate 81 in Tennessee
Interstate 81 is an 855-mile long expressway stretching from Dandridge, Tennessee northward to the Thousand Islands Bridge at the Canada–US border near Fishers Landing, New York. In Tennessee, I-81 travels 75.66 miles from its southern terminus at I-40 in Dandridge to the Virginia state line in Bristol. Interstate 81 begins in Tennessee at Interstate 40 in Dandridge. I-81 parallels the Appalachian Mountains for most of Virginia. At mile marker 8, I-81 meets U. S. Route 25E south of Morristown. I-81 doesn't go through either Kingsport. S. Route 23 which go to Johnson City. At mile marker 75, I-81 enters Virginia. Construction on I-81 in Tennessee began in the 1960s; the contracts for most sections of the route were awarded in 1969 and 1970. By December 1974, the entirety of the route was open to traffic, most was completed; the final section in Tennessee was completed in August 1975. 2007 Rand McNally Atlas Media related to Interstate 81 in Tennessee at Wikimedia Commons
Hamblen County Courthouse
The Hamblen County Courthouse, at 511 W. 2nd North St. in Morristown, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. It is the county courthouse for Tennessee, it was designed by architect A. C. Bruce and was built during 1873-74, it has been expanded and modified over the years, includes Second Empire and Italianate stylings
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may