The mansion holds a restoration of the interior rooms and an interactive exhibit on the newly constructed ground floor for visitors. The Hamilton Heights subsection of Harlem derived its name from Hamiltons 32 acre estate there, alexander Hamilton was born and raised in the West Indies and came to New York in 1772 at age 17 to study at Kings College. Hamilton commissioned architect John McComb Jr. to design a home on Hamiltons 32 acres estate in upper Manhattan. The two-story frame Federal style house was completed in 1802, just two years before Hamiltons death resulting from his duel with Aaron Burr on July 11,1804, the house was named The Grange after Hamiltons grandfathers estate in Scotland. The Grange was the only ever owned by Hamilton and it remained in his family for 30 years after his death. The Grange might have also been Hamilton’s rivalrous answer to Jeffersons Monticello, by 1889, much of the congregation of St. Lukes Episcopal Church in Greenwich Village had moved uptown. The Grange was in foreclosure and had been condemned for destruction in order to allow for the implementation of the Manhattan street grid, then just reaching that area of Harlem. The church acquired the house and moved it a half-block east, the original porches and other features were removed for the move. The staircase was removed and retrofitted to accommodate a makeshift entrance on the side of the house faced the street. St.1910 flush on the side it was tightly enclosed. The American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society bought the Grange and turned it into a museum in 1924. Furniture and decorative objects associated with the Hamilton family were displayed, the Grange was designated a National Historic Landmark in December 1960. The private National Park Foundation purchased the house and property and transferred it to the National Park Service and it was at the time determined that the claustrophobic Convent Avenue setting was inappropriate and that the country house should be viewed as freestanding building. However, the house was not relocated earlier because of overwhelming opposition to options offered that required moving it out of the neighborhood. The Grange was administratively listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15,1966, the park location was judged a more appropriate setting for display that would permit restoration of features lost in the 1889 move. The new location would also keep the house in the neighborhood, work in St. Nicholas Park for tree removal and foundation construction began in February 2008. The actual move of the Grange began with elevation of the building in one piece over the loggia of St. Lukes Church and onto Convent Avenue. The house completed its 500-foot journey on June 7,2008 by being rolled one block south on Convent Avenue, the six-hour event was a popular neighborhood attraction covered extensively in the press
Image: Hamilton Grange late 2010 morn jeh
Drawing of the original Grange before 1889.
The previous (second) location of the home located on Convent Avenue.