Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg and he qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1881 at the University of Vienna. Upon completing his habilitation in 1885, he was appointed a docent in neuropathology, Freud lived and worked in Vienna, having set up his clinical practice there in 1886. In 1938 Freud left Austria to escape the Nazis and he died in exile in the United Kingdom in 1939. In creating psychoanalysis, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, Freuds redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory. His analysis of dreams as wish-fulfillments provided him with models for the analysis of symptom formation. On this basis Freud elaborated his theory of the unconscious and went on to develop a model of psychic structure comprising id, in his work Freud developed a wide-ranging interpretation and critique of religion and culture.
Though in overall decline as a diagnostic and clinical practice, psychoanalysis remains influential within psychology and psychotherapy, Freuds work has suffused contemporary Western thought and popular culture. In the words of W. H. Audens 1940 poetic tribute, by the time of Freuds death, Freud was born to Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the first of eight children. Both of his parents were from Galicia, in modern-day Ukraine and his father, Jakob Freud, a wool merchant, had two sons and Philipp, by his first marriage. Jakobs family were Hasidic Jews, and although Jakob himself had moved away from the tradition and he and Freuds mother, Amalia Nathansohn, who was 20 years younger and his third wife, were married by Rabbi Isaac Noah Mannheimer on 29 July 1855. They were struggling financially and living in a room, in a locksmiths house at Schlossergasse 117 when their son Sigmund was born. He was born with a caul, which his mother saw as an omen for the boys future.
In 1859, the Freud family left Freiberg, Freuds half brothers emigrated to Manchester, parting him from the inseparable playmate of his early childhood, Emanuels son, John. Jakob Freud took his wife and two children firstly to Leipzig and in 1860 to Vienna where four sisters and a brother were born, Marie, Paula, in 1865, the nine-year-old Freud entered the Leopoldstädter Kommunal-Realgymnasium, a prominent high school. He proved an outstanding pupil and graduated from the Matura in 1873 with honors and he loved literature and was proficient in German, Italian, English, Hebrew and Greek. Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17, in 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Clauss zoological research station in Trieste, dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs. He graduated with an MD in 1881, in 1882, Freud began his medical career at the Vienna General Hospital
W. W. Norton & Company
W. W. Norton & Company is an American publishing company based in New York City. It has been owned wholly by its employees since the early 1960s, the company is known for its Norton Anthologies and its texts in the Norton Critical Editions series, the latter of which are frequently assigned in university literature courses. The roots of the date back to 1923, when William Warder Norton founded the firm with his wife Mary Norton. Storer D. Lunt took over in 1945 after Nortons death, and was succeeded by George Brockway, Donald S. Lamm, and now W. Drake McFeely. W. W. Norton & Company is a publisher in the United States, which publishes fiction, poetry, college textbooks, art books. Norton Anthologies Norton Critical Editions Oxford Worlds Classics Verso Books Radical Thinkers Official website Making the Cut - Chronicle of Higher Education
Antigone (Sophocles play)
Antigone is a tragedy by Sophocles written in or before 441 BC. It is the third of the three Theban plays but was the first written, the play expands on the Theban legend that predated it and picks up where Aeschylus Seven Against Thebes ends. In the beginning of the play, two brothers leading opposite sides in Thebes civil war died fighting each other for the throne, the new ruler of Thebes, has decided that Eteocles will be honored and Polyneices will be in public shame. The rebel brothers body will not be sanctified by holy rites, and will lie unburied on the battlefield, prey for animals like worms and vultures. Antigone and Ismene are the sisters of the dead Polyneices and Eteocles, in the opening of the play, Antigone brings Ismene outside the palace gates late at night for a secret meeting, Antigone wants to bury Polyneices body, in defiance of Creons edict. Ismene refuses to help her, not believing that it will actually be possible to bury their brother, who is under guard, Creon enters, along with the Chorus of Theban Elders.
He seeks their support in the days to come, and in particular wants them to back his edict regarding the disposal of Polyneices body, the Leader of the Chorus pledges his support out of deference to Creon. A Sentry enters, fearfully reporting that the body has been given funeral rites, furious, orders the Sentry to find the culprit or face death himself. The Sentry leaves and the Chorus sings about honouring the gods, the Sentry explains that the watchmen uncovered Polyneices body, and caught Antigone as she did the funeral rituals. Creon questions her after sending the Sentry away, and she does not deny what she has done and she argues unflinchingly with Creon about the morality of the edict and the morality of her actions. Creon becomes furious, thinking Ismene must have known of Antigones plan, seeing her upset, Ismene tries to confess falsely to the crime, wishing to die alongside her sister, but Antigone will not have it. Creon orders that the two women be temporarily imprisoned, Creons son, enters to pledge allegiance to his father, even though he is engaged to Antigone.
When Creon threatens to execute Antigone in front of his son, Haemon leaves, Creon decides to spare Ismene and to bury Antigone alive in a cave. By not killing her directly, he hopes to pay the minimal respects to the gods and she is brought out of the house, and this time, she is sorrowful instead of defiant. She expresses her regrets at not having married and dying for following the laws of the gods and she is taken away to her living tomb, with the Leader of the Chorus expressing great sorrow for what is going to happen to her. Tiresias warns Creon that Polyneices should now be buried because the gods are displeased. Creon accuses Tiresias of being corrupt, Tiresias responds that because of Creons mistakes, he will lose a son of own loins for the crimes of leaving Polyneices unburied and putting Antigone into the earth. All of Greece will despise Creon, and the offerings of Thebes will not be accepted by the gods
Seven Against Thebes
Seven Against Thebes is the third play in an Oedipus-themed trilogy produced by Aeschylus in 467 BC. The trilogy is sometimes referred to as the Oedipodea and it concerns the battle between an Argive army led by Polynices and the army of Thebes led by Eteocles and his supporters. The trilogy won the first prize at the City Dionysia, the trilogys first two plays and Oedipus, as well as the satyr play Sphinx, are no longer extant. When Oedipus, King of Thebes, realized he had married his own mother and had two sons and two daughters with her, he blinded himself and cursed his sons to divide their inheritance by the sword. The two sons and Polynices, in order to avoid bloodshed, agreed to rule Thebes in alternate years, after the first year, Eteocles refused to step down, leading Polynices to raise an army of Argives to take Thebes by force. This is where Aeschylus tragedy starts, dialogues show aspects of Eteocles character. There is a description of each of the seven captains that lead the Argive army against the seven gates of the city of Thebes as well as the devices on their respective shields.
Eteocles, in turn, announces which Theban commanders he will send against each Argive attacker, the commander of the troops before the seventh gate is revealed to be Polynices, the brother of the king. Then Eteocles remembers and refers to the curse of their father Oedipus, Eteocles resolves to meet and fight his brother in person before the seventh gate and exits. Following a choral ode, a messenger enters, announcing that the attackers have been repelled and their bodies are brought on stage, and the chorus mourns them. Due to the popularity of Sophocles play Antigone, the ending of Seven against Thebes was rewritten about fifty years after Aeschylus death, others appear as stock figures to fill out the list, Burkert remarks. The city is saved when the brothers simultaneously run each other through, the mythic theme passed into Etruscan culture, a fifth-century bronze mirrorback is inscribed with Fulnice and Evtucle running at one another with drawn swords. The Seven Against Thebes were Adrastus Amphiaraus Capaneus Hippomedon Parthenopeus Polynices Tydeus Allies, some sources, state that Eteoclus and Mecisteus were in fact two of the seven, and that Tydeus and Polynices were allies.
This is because both Tydeus and Polynices were foreigners, Polynices was the cause of the entire conflict, and Tydeus performed acts of valour far surpassing Eteoclus and Mecisteus. Either way, all nine men were present in the battle, from the nineteenth century onwards, however, it has not generally been regarded as among the tragedians major works. Translators Anthony Hecht and Helen S. Bacon wrote that the play has been accused of being static, ritualistic, guilty of an interpolated and debased text, and in a word, boring. Lille Stesichorus, a fragment of the Theban myth by the lyric poet Stesichorus A. S. Way,1906 – verse E. D. A. Morshead,1908 – verse. The Orientalizing Revolution, Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age Seven against Thebes pp 106–14, Burkert draws parallels between Greek and Ancient Near Eastern materials
Oedipus is a fabula crepidata of c.1061 lines of verse that was written by Lucius Annaeus Seneca at some time during the 1st century AD. It is a retelling of the story of Oedipus, which is known through the play Oedipus Rex by the Athenian playwright. Oedipus is the king of Thebes, husband of Jocasta, and he is the main protagonist of the play. She is used in the play to describe Tiresias sacrifice to him, an Old Man is a messenger from Corinth who comes to tell Oedipus that Polybus is dead, and reveals part of Oedipus history to him. Phorbas is an old shepherd who had given Oedipus to the Old Man when he was a child and who reveals Oedipus real parentage to him. Messenger is the man who relates what has happened to Oedipus in the beginning of Act 5 The chorus are singers that help the audience understand what emotion they should feel after a scene. The play opens with a fearful Oedipus lamenting a vicious plague which is affecting Thebes, people are dying in such huge numbers that there are not enough of the living to ensure that each of the victims is cremated.
He mentions a prophecy that he had received from Apollo before he came to Thebes that he would kill his father and he had thus fled the kingdom of his father Polybus. However, Oedipus is so disturbed by what is occurring in Thebes that he considers returning to his home city. Jocasta makes him more resolute though, and he stays, Creon returns from the Oracle at Delphi with the instruction that Thebes needs to avenge the death of the former king Laius for the plague to end. Oedipus utters a curse on the yet unrevealed killer, by wishing for him the crimes that I have fled from. The prophet Tiresias appears and is asked by Oedipus to make clear the meaning of the oracle and he proceeds to carry out a sacrifice, which contains a number of horrific signs. As Tiresias does not have the name he proposed to summon Laius’ spirit back from Erebus to name his slayer, Creon returns from seeing Tiresias after he has spoken to Laius ghost, but is unwilling to reveal to Oedipus the killer’s name. Oedipus threatens him, and Creon relents and he says Laius accuses the king of having blood on his hands, and who has defiled his father’s marriage-bed.
He goes on to say that Laius promises the plague will cease if the king is expelled from Thebes, Creon advises Oedipus to abdicate, but Oedipus believes that he has invented this story, along with Tiresias, in order to seize his throne. Despite Creon’s protestations of innocence, Oedipus has him arrested, Oedipus is troubled by the faint memory of a man whom he had killed on the road whilst coming to Thebes for behaving arrogantly before him. An elderly messenger comes from Corinth to tell Oedipus that his father King Polybus has died and for him to come and he does not want to return as he still fears the prophecy that he will marry his mother. The messenger tells him that Corinth’s queen is not his mother, Oedipus learns, after threatening the shepherd that gave him away, that he is in fact Jocasta’s son
Ismene is the name of the daughter and half-sister of Oedipus and granddaughter of Jocasta, and sister of Antigone and Polynices. She appears in plays of Sophocles, at the end of Oedipus Rex, in Oedipus at Colonus. She appears at the end of Aeschylus Seven Against Thebes, when Oedipus stepped down as King of Thebes, he gave the kingdom to Eteocles and Polynices, who both agreed to alternate the throne every year. However, after the first year, Eteocles refused to step down, both brothers died in the battle. King Creon, who ascended to the throne of Thebes, decreed that Polynices was not to be buried, Antigone defied the order and was caught. While Antigone resolves to honor her brother at all costs, Ismene laments that while she too loves her brother, her disposition does not allow her to defy the state and become an outlaw. Once Antigone was caught, in spite of her betrothal to his son Haemon, Creon decreed that she was to be buried alive, Ismene declared she had aided Antigone and wanted the same fate, though she did not participate in the crime.
Antigone refused to let her be martyred for a cause she did not stand up for and she even seems to forget her sister exists, calling herself the last unhappy daughter of a line of kings. Thus, it is apparent that Ismene serves as a foil for Antigone, she is the “compliant citizen” to her sister’s “conscientious objector. ”While she is loyal and willing to die at her sister’s side, she not make the same bold. Like Haemon, she is a reasonable, sympathetic person whose fate is tied to the far more fanatical Antigone, however, in Aeschylus play, Seven Against Thebes and Antigone sing a funeral dirge together for both of their brothers. The 7th century BC poet Mimnermus accounts that Ismene was murdered by Tydeus and this is mentioned in no other extant Classical writing, but the scene is represented on a 6th-century Corinthian black-figure amphora now housed in the Louvre
Wikisource is an online digital library of free content textual sources on a wiki, operated by the Wikimedia Foundation. Wikisource is the name of the project as a whole and the name for each instance of that project, the projects aims are to host all forms of free text, in many languages, and translations. Originally conceived as an archive to store useful or important historical texts, the project officially began in November 24,2003 under the name Project Sourceberg. The name Wikisource was adopted that year and it received its own domain name seven months later, the project has come under criticism for lack of reliability but it is cited by organisations such as the National Archives and Records Administration. The project holds works that are either in the domain or freely licensed, professionally published works or historical source documents, not vanity products. Verification was initially made offline, or by trusting the reliability of digital libraries. Now works are supported by online scans via the ProofreadPage extension, some individual Wikisources, each representing a specific language, now only allow works backed up with scans.
While the bulk of its collection are texts, Wikisource as a whole hosts other media, some Wikisources allow user-generated annotations, subject to the specific policies of the Wikisource in question. Wikisources early history included several changes of name and location, the original concept for Wikisource was as storage for useful or important historical texts. These texts were intended to support Wikipedia articles, by providing evidence and original source texts. The collection was focused on important historical and cultural material. The project was originally called Project Sourceberg during its planning stages, in 2001, there was a dispute on Wikipedia regarding the addition of primary source material, leading to edit wars over their inclusion or deletion. Project Sourceberg was suggested as a solution to this, perhaps Project Sourceberg can mainly work as an interface for easily linking from Wikipedia to a Project Gutenberg file, and as an interface for people to easily submit new work to PG.
Wed want to complement Project Gutenberg--how and Jimmy Wales adding like Larry, Im interested that we think it over to see what we can add to Project Gutenberg. It seems unlikely that primary sources should in general be editable by anyone -- I mean, Shakespeare is Shakespeare, unlike our commentary on his work, the project began its activity at ps. wikipedia. org. The contributors understood the PS subdomain to mean either primary sources or Project Sourceberg, this resulted in Project Sourceberg occupying the subdomain of the Pashto Wikipedia. A vote on the name changed it to Wikisource on December 6,2003. Despite the change in name, the project did not move to its permanent URL until July 23,2004, since Wikisource was initially called Project Sourceberg, its first logo was a picture of an iceberg
Alfred Ernest Jones, FRCP, MRCS was a British neurologist and psychoanalyst. A lifelong friend and colleague of Sigmund Freud from their first meeting in 1908, Jones was the first English-speaking practitioner of psychoanalysis and became its leading exponent in the English-speaking world. Ernest Jones was born in Gowerton, Wales, a village on the outskirts of Swansea. His father was a colliery engineer who went on to establish himself as a successful business man, becoming accountant. His mother, Mary Ann, was from a Welsh-speaking Carmarthenshire family which had relocated to Swansea, Jones was educated at Swansea Grammar School, Llandovery College, and Cardiff University in Wales. Jones studied at University College London and meanwhile he obtained the Conjoint diplomas LRCP, a year later, in 1901, he obtained an M. B. degree with honours in medicine and obstetrics. Within five years he received an MD degree and a Membership of the Royal College of Physicians in 1903 and he was particularly pleased to receive the Universitys gold medal in obstetrics from his distinguished fellow-Welshman, Sir John Williams.
After obtaining his degrees, Jones specialised in neurology and took a number of posts in London hospitals. It was through his association with the surgeon Wilfred Trotter that Jones first heard of Freuds work, having worked together as surgeons at University College Hospital, he and Trotter became close friends, with Trotter taking the role of mentor and confidant to his younger colleague. They had in common a wide-ranging interest in philosophy and literature, as well as a growing interest in Continental psychiatric literature, by 1905 they were sharing accommodation above Harley Street consulting rooms with Joness sister, installed as housekeeper. Trotter and Elizabeth Jones married, appalled by the treatment of the mentally ill in institutions, Jones began experimenting with hypnotic techniques in his clinical work. Jones first encountered Freuds writings directly in 1905, in a German psychiatric journal in which Freud published the famous Dora case-history, Joness early attempts to combine his interest in Freuds ideas with his clinical work with children resulted in adverse effects on his career.
In 1906 he was arrested and charged with two counts of indecent assault on two adolescent girls whom he had interviewed in his capacity as an inspector of schools for mentally defective children. At the court hearing Jones maintained his innocence, claiming the girls were fantasising about any inappropriate actions by him, the magistrate concluded that no jury would believe the testimony of such children and Jones was acquitted. In 1908, employed as a pathologist at a London hospital, Jones duly obliged but, before conducting the interview, he omitted to inform the girl’s consultant or arrange for a chaperone. Subsequently, he faced complaints from the parents over the nature of the interview. Joness first serious relationship was with Loe Kann, a wealthy Dutch émigré referred to him in 1906 after she had become addicted to morphine during treatment for a kidney condition. It ended with Kann in analysis with Freud and Jones, at Freuds behest, a tentative romance with Freuds daughter, did not survive the disapproval of her father
Oedipus Rex, known by its Greek title, Oedipus Tyrannus, or Oedipus the King, is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles that was first performed around 429 BC. Originally, to the ancient Greeks, the title was simply Oedipus and it is thought to have been renamed Oedipus Tyrannus to distinguish it from Oedipus at Colonus. In antiquity, the term referred to a ruler. Of his three Theban plays that have survived, and that deal with the story of Oedipus, Oedipus Rex was the second to be written. However, in terms of the chronology of events that the plays describe, it comes first, followed by Oedipus at Colonus and Antigone. Prior to the start of Oedipus Rex, Oedipus has become the king of Thebes while unwittingly fulfilling a prophecy that he would kill his father and marry his mother, Jocasta. The action of Sophocles play concerns Oedipus search for the murderer of Laius in order to end a plague ravaging Thebes, unaware that the killer he is looking for is none other than himself. At the end of the play, after the truth comes to light, Jocasta hangs herself while Oedipus, horrified at his patricide and incest.
Oedipus Rex is regarded by scholars as the masterpiece of ancient Greek tragedy. In his Poetics, Aristotle refers several times to the play in order to exemplify aspects of the genre, many parts or elements of the myth of Oedipus take place before the opening scene of the play. They may be described or referred to in the text, in his youth, Laius was a guest of King Pelops of Elis, and became the tutor of Chrysippus, youngest of the kings sons, in chariot racing. He violated the laws of hospitality by abducting and raping Chrysippus. This murder cast a doom over Laius, his son Oedipus, most scholars are in agreement that the seduction or rape of Chrysippus was a late addition to the Theban myth. A son is born to King Laius and Queen Jocasta of Thebes, after Laius learns from an oracle that he is doomed/To perish by the hand of his own son, he tightly binds the feet of the infant together with a pin and orders Jocasta to kill the infant. Hesitant to do so, she orders a servant to commit the act for her, the servant takes the baby to a mountain top to die from exposure.
A shepherd rescues the infant and names him Oedipus, the shepherd carries the baby with him to Corinth, where Oedipus is taken in and raised in the court of the childless King Polybus of Corinth as if he were his own. As a young man in Corinth, Oedipus hears a rumour that he is not the son of Polybus. He asks the Delphic Oracle who his parents really are, the Oracle seems to ignore this question, telling him instead that he is destined to Mate with own mother, and shed/With own hands the blood of own sire
Oedipus at Colonus
Oedipus at Colonus is one of the three Theban plays of the Athenian tragedian Sophocles. It was written shortly before Sophocles death in 406 BC and produced by his grandson at the Festival of Dionysus in 401 BC. In the timeline of the plays, the events of Oedipus at Colonus occur after Oedipus Rex and before Antigone, the play describes the end of Oedipus tragic life. Led by Antigone, Oedipus enters the village of Colonus and sits down on a stone and they are approached by a villager, who demands that they leave, because that ground is sacred to the Furies, or Erinyes. The chorus of old men from the village enters, and persuades Oedipus to leave the holy ground and they question him about his identity, and are horrified to learn that he is the son of Laius. Although they promised not to harm Oedipus, they wish to expel him from their city, Oedipus answers by explaining that he is not morally responsible for his crimes, since he killed his father in self-defence. Furthermore, he asks to see their king, saying, I come as someone sacred, someone filled with piety and power, the chorus is amazed, and decides to reserve their judgment of Oedipus until Theseus, king of Athens, arrives.
Ismene arrives on horseback, rejoicing to see her father and sister and she brings the news that Eteocles has seized the throne of Thebes from his elder brother, while Polynices is gathering support from the Argives to attack the city. Both sons have heard from an oracle that the outcome of the conflict will depend on where their father is buried, hearing this, Oedipus curses both of his sons for not treating him well, contrasting them with his devoted daughters. He pledges allegiance with neither of his sons, but with the people of Colonus, who thus far have treated him well. Because Oedipus trespassed on the ground of the Eumenides, the villagers tell him that he must perform certain rites to appease them. Ismene volunteers to go perform them for him and departs, while Antigone remains with Oedipus, the chorus questions Oedipus once more, desiring to know the details of his incest and patricide. After he relates his story to them, Theseus enters. He sympathizes with Oedipus, and offers him unconditional aid, causing Oedipus to praise Theseus and offer him the gift of his burial site, Theseus protests, saying that the two cities are friendly, and Oedipus responds with what is perhaps the most famous speech in the play.
Oh Theseus, dear friend, only the gods can never age, all else in the world almighty Time obliterates, crushes all to nothing. Theseus makes Oedipus a citizen of Athens, and leaves the chorus to him as he departs. The chorus sings about the glory and beauty of Athens, who is the representative of Thebes, comes to Oedipus and feigns pity for him and his children, telling him that he should return to Thebes. Oedipus is disgusted by Creons duplicity and recounts all of the harms Creon has inflicted on him, Creon becomes angry and reveals that he has already captured Ismene, he instructs his guards to forcibly seize Antigone
Oedipus was a mythical Greek king of Thebes. A tragic hero in Greek mythology, Oedipus accidentally fulfilled a prophecy that he would end up killing his father and marrying his mother, thereby bringing disaster to his city and family. The story of Oedipus is the subject of Sophocles tragedy Oedipus Rex, these plays make up Sophocles three Theban plays. Oedipus represents two enduring themes of Greek myth and drama, the nature of humanity and an individuals role in the course of destiny in a harsh universe. In the most well-known version of the myth, Oedipus was born to King Laius, Laius wished to thwart a prophecy, so he left Oedipus to die on a mountainside. However, the baby was found by shepherds and raised by King Polybus, on his way he met an older man and quarrelled, and Oedipus killed the stranger. Continuing on to Thebes, he found that the king of the city had recently killed. Oedipus answered the monsters riddle correctly, defeating it and winning the throne of the dead king - and the hand in marriage of the kings widow, and his mother Jocasta.
Years later, to end a plague on Thebes, Oedipus searched to find who had killed Laius, upon realizing that she had married both her own son, and her husbands murderer, hanged herself. Oedipus seized two pins from her dress and blinded himself with them, the legend of Oedipus has been retold in many versions, and was used by Sigmund Freud to name and give mythic precedent to the Oedipus complex. Variations on the legend of Oedipus are mentioned in fragments by several ancient Greek poets including Homer, Pindar and Euripides. However, the most popular version of the legend comes from the set of Theban plays by Sophocles, Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus, Oedipus was the son of Laius and Jocasta and queen of Thebes. Having been childless for some time, Laius consulted the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi, the Oracle prophesied that any son born to Laius would kill him. However, rather than leave the child to die of exposure, as Laius intended, the servant passed the baby on to a shepherd from Corinth and who gave the child to another shepherd.
The infant Oedipus eventually came to the house of Polybus, king of Corinth and his queen, little Oedipus/Oidipous was named after the swelling from the injuries to his feet and ankles. The word oedema or edema is from this same Greek word for swelling, οἴδημα, after many years, Oedipus was told by a drunk that he was a bastard, meaning at that time that he was not of the same blood to them. Oedipus confronted his parents with the news, but they denied this, Oedipus went to the same oracle in Delphi that his birth parents had consulted. The oracle informed him he was destined to murder his father, in an attempt to avoid such a fate, he decided to not return home to Corinth, but to travel to Thebes, as it was near Delphi