Clarence-Rockland is a city in Eastern Ontario, Canada, in the United Counties of Prescott and Russell on the Ottawa River. Clarence-Rockland is located to the east of Ottawa and is considered part of Canada's National Capital Region in the census; the city was formed on January 1, 1998, through the amalgamation of the Town of Rockland with Clarence Township. The city includes the communities of Bourget, Clarence, Clarence Creek, Hammond and Saint-Pascal-Baylon; the city administrative offices are located in Rockland, the largest community in the city. The city is bilingual, it is 69 per cent francophone and is the largest majority-francophone city in North America outside of Quebec or the Caribbean achieving a greater population than Edmundston, New Brunswick. In January, 2005, the city introduced a bylaw which required all new businesses to put up signs in both English and French. Although the bylaw was criticized as infringing on individual constitutional rights, it was passed by the council.
Clarence-Rockland Transpo provides a public transportation service to residents of the city. List of townships in Ontario List of francophone communities in Ontario Media related to Clarence-Rockland at Wikimedia Commons City of Clarence-Rockland Cité de Clarence-Rockland
Stoke Hammond is a village and a civil parish within Aylesbury Vale district in north Buckinghamshire, about two and a half miles south of Fenny Stratford. The village was first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Stoche: a common place name in England denoting an Anglo-Saxon church or place of worship; the suffix Hammond was added in manorial records though it refers to the family who owned the estate at the time of the Domesday survey. Hamon Brito, son of Mainfelin Brito, was the owner of the manor of Stoke in the 12th century; the manor passed into the ownership of the Duke of Norfolk. The Disney family related to the illustrator Walt Disney, was at one time an influential family in the parish; the parish church is dedicated to St Luke. There is a Methodist Chapel, built in 1927; the A4146 used to pass through the village until the bypass opened on 14 September 2007. The village is close to the West Coast Railway line; the nearest stations are Leighton Buzzard. The Grand Union Canal passes close by the village.
It is one of the 51 Thankful Villages which lost no men in the First World War, as first identified by the writer Arthur Mee in the 1930s. David F. Kessler, the former managing director of The Jewish Chronicle, resided in Stoke Hammond. Media related to Stoke Hammond at Wikimedia Commons
Hammond is a city in Lake County, United States. It is part of the Chicago metropolitan area. First settled in the mid-19th century, it is one of the oldest cities of northern Lake County; as of the 2010 United States census, it is the largest in population: the 2010 population was 80,830, replacing Gary as the most populous city in Lake County. From north to south, Hammond runs from Lake Michigan down to the Little Calumet River; the city is traversed by numerous railroads and expressways, including the South Shore Line, Borman Expressway, Indiana Toll Road. Notable local landmarks include the parkland around Wolf Lake and the Horseshoe Hammond riverboat casino. Part of the Rust Belt, Hammond has been industrial from its inception, but is home to a Purdue University campus and numerous historic districts that showcase the residential and commercial architecture of the early 20th century. Hammond is located at 41°36′40″N 87°29′35″W; the city's elevation above sea level ranges from 577 feet to 610 feet.
The city sits within the boundaries of the former Lake Chicago, much of its land area consists of former dune and swale terrain, subsequently leveled. Most of the city is on sandy soil with a layer of black topsoil that varies from non-existent to several feet thick. Much of the exposed sand was removed for purposes such as industrial use to make glass. According to the 2010 census, Hammond has a total area of 24.886 square miles, of which 22.78 square miles is land and 2.106 square miles is water. Grand Calumet River Lake George Lake Michigan Little Calumet River Oxbow Lake Wolf Lake IllinoisBurnham Calumet City Chicago LansingIndianaEast Chicago Gary Griffith Highland Munster Whiting As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 80,830 people, 29,949 households, 19,222 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,548.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 32,945 housing units at an average density of 1,446.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 59.4% White, 22.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 13.3% from other races, 3.3% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.1% of the population. There were 29,949 households of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were married couples living together, 19.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.8% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.36. The median age in the city was 33.3 years. 27.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 83,048 people, 32,026 households and 20,880 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,630.0 per square mile. There were 34,139 housing units at an average density of 1,492.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 72.35% White, 14.57% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.32% from other races, 2.81% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.04% of the population. There were 32,026 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.8% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.23. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $35,528, the median income for a family was $42,221. Males had a median income of $35,778 versus $25,180 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,254. About 12.0% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.
Central Hammond Hessville North Hammond Robertsdale South Hammond Woodmar Most of Hammond's streets are laid out in a grid pattern similar to Chicago's streets. While Madison Street in Chicago acts as the reference point for north-south street numbering the first "1" is removed; the state line is used as the reference point for east-west street numbering. Other cities and towns in Northwest Indiana that use the Hammond numbering system are Whiting and Highland. Dyer uses the Hammond numbering system but the first number removed from the north-south streets is a "2," as by that point the Illinois numbers across the state line start with the number 2. I-9
Hammond Circus Train Wreck
The Hammond Circus Train Wreck occurred on June 22, 1918, during the last months of World War I and was one of the worst train wrecks in US history. Eighty-six people were reported to have died and another 127 were injured when a locomotive engineer fell asleep and ran his train into the rear of another near Hammond, Indiana; the circus train held 400 roustabouts of the Hagenbeck-Wallace circus. The Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus used old wooden cars; the circus train had two train segments, the segment, loaded with animals was dispatched prior, had left the train with all the performers and workers on the tracks. The cars were being moved to a spot near Gary, Indiana, so a mechanical problem could be addressed, some of the cars had been left on the main line track. In the early morning hours of June 22, 1918, Michigan Central engineer Alonzo Sargent was at the throttle of an MC troop train pulled by MC/NYC class K80r 4-6-2 "Pacific" number 8485 with 20 empty Pullman cars, he was aware that his train was following a slower circus train.
Sargent, an experienced man at the throttle, had slept little in the preceding 24 hours. The effects of a lack of sleep, several heavy meals, some kidney pills, the gentle rolling of his locomotive are thought to have caused him to fall asleep at the controls. At 4 a.m. he missed at least two automatic signals and warnings posted by a brakeman of the 26-car circus train, which had made an emergency stop to check a hot box on one of the flatcars. The second train plowed into the caboose and four rear wooden sleeping cars of the circus train at a rail crossing known as Ivanhoe Interlocking at an estimated speed of 35 miles per hour. Upon impact, the circus trains lamps ignited the wooden cars and spread. Two men were stationed at the Ivanhoe Signal Tower, about 100 feet from the accident, phoned multiple people in an attempt to raise help for the victims; the first on the scene was the Mayor of Gary, who brought the fire chief, phoned all the medical personnel he could. Triage for the victims was performed at the Michigan Central Railroad station in Hammond and they were sent to St. Margaret's Hospital.
Most of the 86 who were killed in the train wreck perished in the first 35 seconds after the collision. The wreckage caught on fire; the fire was so intense that many of the victims were thought to be some of the African-American porters on the train, until investigations identified it as being severe burns. Among the dead were Arthur Dierckx and Max Nietzborn of the Great Dierckx Brothers, a strongman act, Jennie Ward Todd of The Flying Wards. There were 127 injuries. Five days 53 of those killed were buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, at the intersection of Cermak Road and Des Plaines Avenue in Forest Park, Illinois, in a section set aside as Showmen's Rest, purchased by the Showmen's League of America only a few months earlier; the section is surrounded by statues of elephants in a symbolic mourning posture. Only five of those buried were formally identified, so the graves of most of the casualties are marked "Unknown Male" or "Unknown Female." One grave is marked "Smiley", one "Baldy", another "4 Horse Driver".
The more recent graves at the location are those who traveled with the circus and wanted to be buried there after they died. The wreck is described in great detail in the report of the joint Interstate Commerce Commission and Indiana Public Service Commission following an investigation. Sargent, under arrest, refused to testify at any of the hearings on advice of his counsel. In his report of the accident to the officials of the railroad company, he made the following statement: I was called shortly after 8 p.m. June 21, for deadhead equipment west, engine 8485, for 10.15 p.m. and left Kalamazoo, Michigan at 10.35 p.m. Had been up since 5 a.m. June 21, dead heading from my home in Jackson on Train No. 41, had had little or no sleep during the day. Had had a couple of heavy meals before going out, realizing that I would not get anything more to eat until some time the next morning. Leaving Kalamazoo, followed freight train to Michigan City yard and stopped at signal near Center Street. Got proceed signal from some one on ground, pulled up to Michigan City, stopped at standpipe and took water.
While following this freight train, we stopped first between Dowagiac and Pokagon on account signal at danger. Stopped again at Pokagon and Niles for same reason, this freight train being ahead. Leaving Michigan City, had clear track to East Gary and there caught block of train ahead, reduced speed, but did not have to stop, as block cleared before I reached it. Reduced speed going through Gary to comply with rules, saw no more signals at caution or danger until approaching curve east of Ivanhoe, where I found second signal east of wreck at caution. Was going about 25 miles per hour at this point, but did not reduce speed, as I expected that the next signal would clear before I got to it, or that I would see it, if at danger, in time to stop; the wind was blowing hard into cab on my side and I closed the window, which made the inside of cab more comfortable. Before reaching the next signal I missed it. Not realizing what had happened to me until within 75 to 90 feet, I awoke and saw the tail or marker lights showing red on a train directly ahead of me.
Not realizing that the rear end of this train was so close. I started to make a service application, but before completing it placed brake-valve handle into emergency position. We struck instantly after making the brake application
Electoral district of Hammond
Hammond is a single-member electoral district for the South Australian House of Assembly. It is named after the first indigenous woman to stand for the Federal Parliament. Hammond is a rural electorate east and south-east of Adelaide, covering 18,091 km2 in the east and upper south-east of the state, takes in the towns of Callington, Coomandook, Langhorne Creek, Nildottie, Pinnaroo and Tailem Bend. Hammond was created in the 1994 redistribution as a replacement for the electoral district of Ridley, was first contested at the 1997 election; as it covers a conservative rural area, it was won by maverick Liberal member Peter Lewis, the former member for Ridley. Lewis and unsuccessfully tried to have the electorate renamed in 1998 on the basis that Ruby Hammond had few ties to the electorate, proposing the revival of the name Murray-Mallee, or if a ceremonial name was required, Unaipon, in honour of indigenous writer and inventor David Unaipon. Lewis was expelled from the Liberal Party in 2000, recontested the electorate as an independent at the 2002 election, depriving the Liberals of what would have been a safe seat.
Lewis backed Labor to form government and was named as Speaker of the South Australian House of Assembly in return for his support. He attempted unsuccessfully to shift to the Legislative Council when it became clear that he had little-to-no chance of retaining the electorate at the 2006 election. ECSA profile for Hammond: 2018 ABC profile for Hammond: 2018 Poll Bludger profile for Hammond: 2018
The Hammond organ is an electric organ, invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert and first manufactured in 1935. Various models have been produced, most of which use sliding drawbars to specify a variety of sounds; until 1975, Hammond organs generated sound by creating an electric current from rotating a metal tonewheel near an electromagnetic pickup, strengthening the signal with an amplifier so it can drive a speaker cabinet. Around two million Hammond organs have been manufactured; the organ is used with, associated with, the Leslie speaker. The organ was marketed and sold by the Hammond Organ Company to churches as a lower-cost alternative to the wind-driven pipe organ, or instead of a piano, it became popular with professional jazz musicians in organ trios, small groups centered on the Hammond organ. Organ trios were hired by jazz club owners, who found that organ trios were a much cheaper alternative to hiring a big band. Jimmy Smith's use of the Hammond B-3, with its additional harmonic percussion feature, inspired a generation of organ players, its use became more widespread in the 1960s and 1970s in rhythm and blues and reggae, as well as being an important instrument in progressive rock.
The Hammond Organ Company struggled financially during the 1970s, as they abandoned tonewheel organs and switched to manufacturing instruments using integrated circuits. These instruments were not as popular with musicians as the tonewheels had been, the company went out of business in 1985; the Hammond name was purchased by the Suzuki Musical Instrument Corporation, which proceeded to manufacture digital simulations of the most popular tonewheel organs. This culminated in the production of the "New B-3" in 2002, which provided an accurate recreation of the original B-3 organ using modern digital technology. Hammond-Suzuki continues to manufacture a variety of organs for both professional players and churches. Other companies, such as Korg and Clavia, have achieved success in providing more lightweight and portable emulations of the original tonewheel organs; the sound of a tonewheel Hammond can be emulated using modern software such as Native Instruments B4. A number of distinctive Hammond organ features are not found on other keyboards like the piano or synthesizer.
Some are similar to a pipe organ. Most Hammond organs have two 61-note keyboards called manuals; as with pipe organ keyboards, the two manuals are arrayed on two levels close to each other. Each is laid out in a similar manner to a piano keyboard, except that pressing a key on a Hammond results in the sound continuously playing until it is released, whereas with a piano, the note's volume decays. No difference in volume occurs regardless of how or the key is pressed, so overall volume is controlled by a pedal; the keys on each manual have a lightweight action, which allows players to perform rapid passages more than on a piano. In contrast to piano and pipe organ keys, Hammond keys have a flat-front profile referred to as "waterfall" style. Early Hammond console models had sharp edges, but starting with the B-2, these were rounded, as they were cheaper to manufacture; the M series of spinets had waterfall keys, but spinet models had "diving board" style keys which resembled those found on a church organ.
Modern Hammond-Suzuki models use waterfall keys. Hammond console organs come with a wooden pedalboard played for bass notes. Most console Hammond pedalboards have 25 notes, with the bottom note a low C and the top note a middle C two octaves higher. Hammond used a 25-note pedalboard because he found that on traditional 32-note pedalboards used in church pipe organs, the top seven notes were used; the Hammond Concert models E, RT, RT-2, RT-3 and D-100 had 32-note American Guild of Organists pedalboards going up to the G above middle C as the top note. The RT-2, RT-3 and D-100 contained a separate solo pedal system that had its own volume control and various other features. Spinet models have 12- or 13-note miniature pedalboards; the sound on a tonewheel Hammond organ is varied through the manipulation of drawbars. A drawbar is a metal slider that controls the volume of a particular sound component, in a similar way to a fader on an audio mixing board; as a drawbar is incrementally pulled out, it increases the volume of its sound.
When pushed all the way in, the volume is decreased to zero. The labeling of the drawbar derives from the stop system in pipe organs, in which the physical length of the pipe corresponds to the pitch produced. Most Hammonds contain nine drawbars per manual; the drawbar marked "8′" generates the fundamental of the note being played, the drawbar marked "16′" is an octave below, the drawbars marked "4′", "2′" and "1′" are one and three octaves above, respectively. The other drawbars generate various other subharmonics of the note. While each individual drawbar generates a pure sound similar to a flute or electronic oscillator, more complex sounds can be created by mixing the drawbars in varying amounts; some drawbar settings have associated with certain musicians. A popular setting is 888000000, has been identified as the "classic" Jimmy Smith sound. In addition to drawbars, many Hammond tonewheel organ models include presets, which make predefined drawbar combinations available at the press of a button.
Console organs have one octave of reverse colored keys to the
Hammond Castle is located on the Atlantic coast in the Magnolia area of Gloucester, Massachusetts. The castle, constructed between 1926 and 1929, was the home and laboratory of John Hays Hammond, Jr, he was an inventor, a pioneer in the study of remote control and held over four hundred patents. The building is composed of modern and 15th-, 16th-, 18th-century architectural elements and sits on a rocky cliff overlooking Gloucester Harbor. At present, the castle operates as the Hammond Castle Museum, displaying Hammond's collection of Roman and Renaissance artifacts as well as exhibits about his life and inventions; the Great Hall contains a huge pipe organ, used for concerts and recordings by many famous organists including Richard Ellsasser and Virgil Fox. As of 2015, the organ is no longer functional. Tours are self-guided, visitors may explore eight living areas, an inner courtyard, two towers and the Great Hall; the castle's lawn overlooking the harbor serves as a location outside of museum hours for weddings and various other private functions.
For the past 25 years, the castle has run a special Halloween-themed haunted house tour every October. Volunteers for the production include high school students from Cape Ann; the Halloween fundraiser attracts thousands of visitors per year. National Register of Historic Places listings in Gloucester, Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts American Castles, by Julian Cavalier, published 1973, pages 15–287. John Hays Hammond, Jr. and His Castle Museum The Infography of John Hays Hammond, Jr. Hammond Castle Museum official site The History of Hammond Castle