Newport, Isle of Wight
Newport is a civil parish and the county town of the Isle of Wight, an island off the south coast of England. The civil parish had a population of 23,957 at the time of the 2001 census, which rose to 25,496 at the 2011 census; the town lies to the north of the centre of the Island. It has a quay at the head of the navigable section of the River Medina, which flows northward to Cowes and the Solent. Mousterian remains, featuring tools made by Neanderthals at least 40,000 years ago, were found at Great Pan Farm in the 1970s. There are signs of Roman settlement in the area, known as Medina, including two known Roman villas, one of which, Newport Roman Villa, has been excavated and is open to the public. Information about the area resumes after the Norman Conquest; the first charter was granted in the late 12th century. In 1377 an invading French force burnt down much of the town while attempting to take Carisbrooke Castle under the command of Sir Hugh Tyrill. A group of Frenchmen were captured and killed buried in a tumulus nicknamed Noddies Hill, a "noddy" being medieval slang for a body.
This was corrupted to Nodehill, the present-day name for a part of central Newport – a name confusing to many as the area is flat. In 1648 Charles I and a group of Parliamentary Commissioners concluded the Treaty of Newport, an attempt at reaching a compromise in the Civil War, undermined by Charles's negotiations with the French and Scots to intervene on his behalf; the Treaty was repudiated by Oliver Cromwell upon returning from defeating the Scots at the Battle of Preston. This led to Charles's execution; the town had been incorporated as a borough in 1608. The town's position as an area of trade accessible to the sea meant it took over from nearby Carisbrooke as the main central settlement absorbing the latter as a suburb; the borough ceased to exist in 1974 when it was incorporated into the larger Borough of Medina, itself superseded in 1995 by a single unitary authority covering the whole of the Isle of Wight. The Drill hall in Newport opened as the headquarters of the Isle of Wight Rifle Volunteers in 1860.
Newport since the 1960s has acquired new shopping facilities, a pedestrianised central square, through road traffic redirected off many of the narrow streets. Newport Quay has been redeveloped with art galleries such as the Quay Arts Centre and new flats converted from old warehouses; the Queen Victoria Memorial was designed by local architect Percy Stone. Geographically located in the centre of the Island at 50.701°N, 1.2883°W, Newport is the principal town in the Isle of Wight, to which there are transport connections from all the island's major towns. It is the island's main shopping location for public services; the main A3020 and A3054 roads converge as Medina Way between the busy roundabouts at Coppins Bridge and St Mary's Hospital. Newport railway station was the hub of the Island's rail network until the mid-20th century, but it closed in 1966 and the site is now occupied by the A3020 Medina Way dual carriageway; the nearest city to the town is Portsmouth, about 13 miles north-east on Portsea Island, adjoining the mainland.
More locally, the island's largest town, is to the north-east. The River Medina runs through Newport. North of its confluence with the Lukely Brook at the town's quay it becomes a navigable tidal estuary. Distance from surrounding settlements Cowes – 4.5 miles, 7 km East Cowes – 5 miles, 8 km Ryde – 7 miles, 11 km Shanklin – 9 miles, 15 km Sandown – 10 miles, 16 km Ventnor – 11 miles, 18 km Yarmouth, Isle of Wight – 10 miles, 16 km The town's suburb of Parkhurst is home to two prisons: the notorious Parkhurst Prison and Albany. Parkhurst and Albany were once among the few top-security prisons in the United Kingdom. Camp Hill was another prison in the area, but closed in 2013. Seaclose Park in Newport, on the east bank of the River Medina, has since 2002 been the location for the revived Isle of Wight Music Festival, held once a year. Newport is home to the Postal Museum the largest private collection of vintage postal equipment and post boxes in the world. Newport bus station is the town's central bus terminus and acts as the hub of the Southern Vectis network, with routes from across the Island terminating there.
St George's Park is the home of Newport Football Club, the most successful of the Island's football teams playing in the Wessex League. The stadium has a capacity of 3,000; the town is represented by Newport Cricket Club, which plays at Victoria recreational ground. Newport CC have two teams which compete in Harwoods Renault Divisions 1 and 2; the Isle of Wight County Cricket Ground is located on the outskirts of the town. The town of Newport and adjoining village of Carisbrooke together have seven primary schools, three secondary schools, a sixth-form campus, a further education college and two special schools; the primary schools located close to the town centre are Newport C of E Primary and Nine Acres Community Primary. Barton Primary is located on Pan estate, whilst Summerfields Primary is nearby on the Staplers estate, both to the east of the town. Hunnyhill Primary is situated on Forest Road to the north of the town, there are two primary schools in Carisbrooke: Carisbrooke C of E Primary on Wellington Road and St Thomas of Canterbury Catholic Primary in the High Street in the village centre.
The three secondary schools are Medina College and Christ the King College. Carisbrooke College is located on a large site on the outskirts of Carisbrooke village, whilst Christ the King is just down the road occupying two former middle school sites on
Chale is a village and civil parish on the Isle of Wight of England, in the United Kingdom. It is located three kilometres from Niton in the south of the Island in the area known as the Back of the Wight; the village of Chale lies at the foot of St. Catherine's Down. Chale is recorded in the Domesday book as "Cela", which derives from the Old English word "ceole", meaning "throat"; this is thought to chine at Blackgang. The name was recorded as "Chele" or "Chielle", but it has been "Chale" since the 12th century. There were 3 manors in Chale at the time of the Domesday Book: Chale and Walpen; the Parish Church of St Andrew was founded by Hugh Gendon in Chale in 1114. However, the present church dates from the 14th century, it has 6 bells in its tower. One might have been made about 1360, it has some fine stained glass windows. The Chale Abbey farm has a window; the name Abbey refers to the style of the building, not its religious use. Chale Abbey Farm and Walpen Manor are two of the oldest buildings on the Isle of Wight.
The south coast of the Isle of Wight has seen many shipwrecks because it has some famous rocky outcroppings. Lord William de Godeton removed some casks of wine from a French shipwreck in 1312. However, this wine was the property of the Church, which forced Godeton to build a tower and an octagonal oratory at the top of the cliffs above Chale on St. Catherine's Down. A fire was maintained in the oratory to prevent further shipwrecks. A monk remained resident in the oratory; the Clarendon sank in Chale Bay in 1836. The public was outraged, demanded that a new lighthouse be built. Government officials who were in England and not familiar with local geography decreed that the new lighthouse should be on top of St. Catherine's Down. However, it is common for fogs to roll in and obscure the top of St. Catherine's Down, there were more wrecks after the new lighthouse was built. A second lighthouse, still in use, was built at the foot of the cliffs. Chale is close to Blackgang Chine amusement park, opened in 1843 and was Britain's first theme park.
Chale had a school by 1784. The current school building dates from 1883, although it has been augmented by a newer hall, kitchens and a computer complex, it sits near Wight Mouse Inn at the southern end of the parish. The school was the smallest on the Island, one of the smallest in the United Kingdom with only 20 pupils on roll; this led to the threat of the school's closure, it did close just before the summer vacation of 2010. The Wight Mouse Inn and Clarendon Hotel is named after a shipwreck in 1835; some of the timbers from the wreck are part of the building. It was a popular destination of the upper classes in an earlier era. Public transport is provided by Southern Vectis bus route 6, which runs between Ventnor; the summer-only Island Coaster service stops in Chale. Chale is part of the electoral ward called Chale and Whitwell. At the 2011 Census the population of this ward was 2,721. St. Andrew's Church, Chale Blackgang Chine Chale Green History of Chale website
Ryde is an English seaside town and civil parish on the north-east coast of the Isle of Wight, with a population of 32,072 at the 2011 Census. It grew in size as a seaside resort after the villages of Upper Ryde and Lower Ryde were merged in the 19th century; the influence of this era is visible in the town's central and seafront architecture. As a resort Ryde is noted for its expansive sands revealed at low tide, making the listed pier necessary on the wide beach for a regular passenger ferry service; the pier is the fourth longest in the United Kingdom, as well as the oldest. In 1782 numerous bodies of men and children from HMS Royal George, which sank at Spithead, were washed ashore at Ryde. Many were buried on land, now occupied by the Esplanade. A memorial to them was erected in June 2004; the hovercraft to Southsea is operated by Hovertravel near the Esplanade close to Ryde Esplanade railway station and the bus station. A catamaran service run by Wightlink operates from Ryde Pier to Portsmouth Harbour which connects with both Island Line trains and mainland trains to London Waterloo.
The Island Line Trains service runs from Ryde Pier Head via Ryde Esplanade to Shanklin, a distance of 8 1⁄2 miles. Ryde St John's Road railway station lies further south in the town. A major bus interchange is situated between Ryde Pier and the Hover Terminal on the Esplanade with frequent services to many island towns and villages. Ryde is the second busiest place in smaller only than Newport; the most frequent service is route 9 to Newport. Other main routes include services 2, 3, 4, 8 and local route 37. An open top bus tour called "The Downs Tour" is run in the summer; the town's large and long esplanade area has always been an attraction for tourists those day-tripping from the mainland, as the amenities are all available by walking from the pier. A swimming pool, bowls club, bowling alley, boating lake are among the attractions, there are various children's playgrounds, amusement arcades and cafés. Ryde has few large public open spaces beyond the esplanade, but areas for public recreation include Appley Park, Puckpool Park, Vernon Square, Simeon Street Recreation Ground, St John's Park, St Thomas' churchyard, Salter Road recreation ground, Oakfield Football Club.
At one time Ryde had two separate piers. Ryde has its own inshore rescue service which has to deal with people becoming stranded on sandbanks as the incoming tide cuts them off from the shore; the pier is a feature of the 67-mile Isle of Wight Coastal Path, marked with blue signs with a white seagull. Ryde has a small marina located to the east of Ryde Pier, it is tidal and dries out at low water hence it is more suitable for smaller sailing and motor cruisers. It has provision for up to 200 boats, either on floating pontoons or leaning against the harbour wall, it has a full-time harbourmaster who posts useful snippets of information on the noticeboard outside the harbour office including weather information, tide times, cruise liner movements and events that occurred on this day in history. The twin church spires visible from the sea belong to All Saints' and Holy Trinity churches. All Saints' Church is located in Queens Road on a road junction known as Five Ways, it was designed by George Gilbert Scott and completed in 1872.
The spire is 177 feet tall. Holy Trinity Church is in Dover Street, it was designed by Thomas Hellyer and completed in 1845. Holy Trinity Church closed in January 2014 and the building became the Aspire Ryde community centre; the town's Roman Catholic church, St. Mary's, is located in High Street, it was built in 1846 at a cost of £18,000. This was provided by Countess of Clare; the church was designed by Joseph Hansom inventor of the hansom cab. Other churches include All Angels, Swanmore. There are Baptist, United Reformed and Elim churches in the town. Ryde Castle, situated on the Esplanade, was built c. 1840 as a private house in crenellated style and is now a hotel. It was left damaged after a fire in 2012, reopened after major restoration in 2013. Beldornie Tower on Augusta Road was at one point a property of the Earl of Yarborough; the house dates back to early 17th century. The house was rebuilt c. 1840 in Gothic-Jacobean style with the addition of a west wing in 1880. Ryde School With Upper Chine is opposite All Saints' Church.
The chief building, Westmont, is Grade II Listed. Sited on the Esplanade are a pavilion; the Ice rink is no longer open to the public, leading to the Isle of Wight's ice-hockey team, the "Wightlink Raiders" disbanding. The pavilion houses nightclub; the town's local football team was for many years Ryde Sports F. C. now replaced by Ryde Saints F. C. & Ryde F. C. SUNDAY. Speedway is staged just south of the town at Smallbrook Stadium; the Isle of Wight Islanders started as members of the Conference League before moving up to the Premier League. Ryde has five carnivals in a typical year: the Mardi Gras in June; the Carnival at Ryde is the oldest in England. Ryde Carnival remains the island's largest carnival, with local crowds and mainland visitors totalling in excess of 50,000 spectators. Raymond Allen – TV screenwriter, attended Ryde Secondary Modern School. William Booth – the founder of the Salvation Army spent the first part of his honeymoon in Ryde. Sam Browne – the soldier after whom the belt was named, lived
The ancient'Kynges Towne' of Brading is the main town of the civil parish of the same name. The ecclesiastical parish of Brading used to cover about a tenth of the Isle of Wight; the civil parish now includes the town itself and Adgestone, Morton and other outlying areas between Ryde, St Helens, Bembridge and Arreton. Alverstone was transferred to the Newchurch parish some thirty years ago. From early times, Brading ranked as an important Island port; the ancient name of Brerdynge, from which'Brading' is derived meant the people living by the ridge of the Downs, dates from at least 683. The Roman Villa south of the town, Roman relics discovered locally, indicate that this was an important seaport 2,000 years ago. Signs of prehistoric activity have been found on Brading Down. History records that St Wilfrid came to the island during the 680s, landed at Brading, preached there to the islanders, began the conversion of the Island. Bede states that King Caedwalla of Wessex killed the pagan population "with merciless slaughter" and replaced them with his own Christian followers, dedicating a quarter of the Isle of Wight to Wilfrid and the Church.
Wilfrid would thus have been preaching to the converted because everyone else was dead. This legend was illustrated by a tableau at the Waxworks. Brading was first granted a charter in 1280, unusually for the time directly from King Edward I, rather than the Lord of the Isle; this led to it being known as the'King's Town'. The charter granted to Brading by Edward VI in 1548 refers to the previous charter granted by Edward I; this charter allowed the town to hold two annual fairs. Nowadays the fair is held over the first weekend in July; because of its status as a town, Brading has an elected town council. In medieval times the town was governed by the Steward, Bailiffs and 13 Jurats, returned two MPs to the Westminster Parliament. Now the town is a part of the Isle of Wight parliamentary constituency; until the 16th century the port was active. Ships lay alongside at the quay behind the Bugle Inn in the High Street. Ships came into Brading Haven for shelter and for provisions water, of a high quality.
The north-eastern part of the haven was closed off by an embankment completed in 1594, much of, still present. Ships would tie up at the far end of Quay Lane on the other side of the embankment. Throughout the Middle Ages various attempts were made to drain off the rest of the harbour. Sir Hugh Myddleton, who had constructed the New River from Enfield to central London for James I, undertook this work. After others had tried and failed, this reclamation was accomplished in 1881 by the building of a substantial embankment right across the harbour, with the building of the railway to Bembridge. So Brading now shares with Romney the distinction of being a seaport without any sea. Losing access to the sea caused Brading to decline in importance and prevented the sort of growth enjoyed by Cowes and Newport. A historic Old Town Hall stands near to the church; the New Town Hall dates from 1903. There is no record of the earliest Town Hall, but an entry in The Court Leet Book 1729 refers to the assessment of one shilling rate, a subscription towards building a new Town Hall, Market House and Prison.
In 1730 an extra 3d was added to the rate for the Town Hall. This new building remained until 1876 when it was restored to its present state, contained the Free Town Library. Before the building of the first school in 1823, the children were taught in the Town Hall, it was used for Mother's Meetings; the Town Trust now owns the building. Brading was the testing place for weights & measures for all of East Wight and these standards are still kept in the upper building together with the Town Charter. Set in the ground outside the new Town Hall, there is an iron bullring, once used to secure a bull whilst it was being baited by dogs. According to the diaries of Sir John Oglander, the Governor of the Isle of Wight would donate 5 guineas for the purchase of the bull to be baited; the Mayor attended this ceremony in full regalia and a dog, known as the Mayor's Dog, would be decked with coloured ribbons and set on the bull after the proclamation had been made. A large wooden carving of a bull decorates the Bullring.
This is by local artist Paul Sivell. Another of his works is an 10-foot wooden statue of the goddess Diana positioned in the woods above Brading at Kelly's Copse entitled "For Camilla"; this commemorates a recent murder of a Danish exchange student by a sex attacker from Gosport. Many local people stuffed toys as tribute; the town possesses a gun. It is a brass piece, made in 1549 by the Owine Brothers and Robert, so that the town might be defended from French invasion; the gun was never used in action, but was taken to the top of Brading Down in 1832 so that it could be fired to celebrate the passing of the Reform Bill. It exploded and split, putting a stop to celebrations for the day. In the 1950s, it was stolen from the "Gunne House" behind St. Mary's Church and was found in a sale room in Kent, it was returned, not to the town, but to the Oglanders at Nunwell House, where it remains beneath Fanny Oglander's bedroom window. The Town Trust has asked for it back, but Fanny Oglander has said that security arrangements should be improved and the matter remains unresolved.
Brading is part of the electoral wa
Ventnor is a seaside resort and civil parish established in the Victorian era on the south-east coast of the Isle of Wight, eleven miles from Newport. It is situated south of St Boniface Down, built on steep slopes leading down to the sea; the higher part is referred to as Upper Ventnor. Ventnor is sometimes taken to include the nearby and older settlements of St Lawrence and Bonchurch, which are covered by its town council; the population of the parish in 2016 was about 5,800. Ventnor became fashionable as both a health and holiday resort in the late 19th century, described as the'English Mediterranean' and'Mayfair by the Sea'. Medical advances during the early twentieth century reduced its role as a health resort and, like other British seaside resorts, its summer holiday trade suffered the changing nature of travel during the latter part of that century, its sheltered location beneath the hilly chalk downland produces a microclimate with more sunny days and fewer frosts than the rest of the island.
This allows many species of subtropical plant to flourish. Ventnor retains a Victorian character, has an active arts scene, is regaining popularity as a place to visit. While Bonchurch and St Lawrence both have churches dating back to the Norman era, the area in-between that became Ventnor was unremarkable until the 19th century. In Anglo-Saxon times it was known as Holeweia, which by the 12th century had become Holeweye, or hollow way. By 1617 its name appears as Ventnor named after the family name le Vyntener. There are indications of Bronze Age settlement, with burial mounds on the nearby downs, excavations have evidenced small scale settlement in the area during both the Iron Age and the early Roman period; these include middens and palaeoenvironmental deposits at Binnel Bay, Woody Bay, St Catherine's Point and Rocken End. The Isle of Wight was the last part of England to be converted to Christianity, Saint Boniface is believed to have preached locally in the 8th century. During the 13th century, the area was covered by the manors of Holloway and Steephill, both belonging to the Lisle family.
A 1992 archaeological survey found evidence of a medieval settlement at Flowers Brook, referred to in a 1327 subsidy roll as Villata de steple. This area was subsequently incorporated into two farms, with some cottages on the site demolished in 1834. Ventnor watermill, on a site just north of the current cascade, is first mentioned in 1327, was destroyed by fire in 1848, rebuilt by 1853, demolished in 1875. In the early nineteenth century, in addition to the mill, Ventnor consisted of a few fishermen's huts by the cove, a couple of inns, a farm. In 1804, it was described by John Britton as a "hamlet...formed by a range of neat cottages chiefly inhabited by fishermen, open to the sea in front, backed by woods and the high downs". The area was divided between the parishes of Newchurch. In 1820 both of the manors were sold to other building speculators; the spur for expansion was the publication in 1830 of the second edition of physician James Clark's book: The influence of climate on disease. This identified the microclimate of Ventnor and the Undercliff as ideal for people with chest complaints, at a time when consumption was a common cause of death.
Thereafter Ventnor developed rapidly into a town, with numerous hotels and boarding houses targeting sick visitors during the winter, a wider range of shops than would be expected for a town of its size. In 1844 Parliament passed an Act "for better paving, lighting and otherwise improving part of the parish of Newchurch, called Ventnor, for establishing a market therein". However, not everyone was enamoured with the fast-growing town: in 1845, after recounting the positive reviews of others, writer John Gwilliam complained of the "intolerable" summer heat and the chalk dust about the town, concluding that to live there would "be one of the greatest punishments that could be inflicted upon me in the Isle of Wight". In 1853 the first newspaper on the island, the Ventnor Mercury, was launched. In 1869 Dr Arthur Hill Hassall opened the Royal National Hospital for Diseases of the Chest in St Lawrence, many local buildings date from the 1860s, by when the current commercial centre of the town was substantially developed.
The nineteenth century saw development aimed at wealthier holidaymakers from Britain and Europe, as British seaside resorts became popular. The first pier from 1860 was washed away. Breakwaters were built in 1863, by the following year, a steamer service to Littlehampton connected with trains to London. In 1866 the Isle of Wight Railway reached Ventnor, in 1870 the iron Royal Victoria Pier was constructed. Subsequent storm damage delayed the full establishment of steamer services until 1888 when they were carrying 10,000 passengers from Bournemouth, Southsea and Shanklin; the railway ran a non-stop train from Ryde to Ventnor, named'The Invalid Express' for the consumptive patients. Ventnor became known as ` Mayfair by the sea' for the number of wealthy Londoners. In 1887, Bartholomew's Gazetteer described Ventnor as "one of the most popular of English health resorts", with the parish
Totland is a village, civil parish and electoral ward on the Isle of Wight. Besides the village of Totland, the civil parish comprises the western tip of the Isle of Wight, includes The Needles, Tennyson Down and the hamlet of Middleton; the village of Totland lies on the Western peninsula where the Western Yar cuts through along with Alum Bay and Freshwater. It lies on the coast at Colwell Bay, the closest part of the island to the British mainland, it is linked to other parts of the Island by Southern Vectis buses on route 7, route 12 serving Freshwater and Newport including intermediate villages. In the summer, open-top bus "The Needles Tour" serves the village. Christ Church, Totland is the Church of England parish. During Christmas 2012, a large landslip overran a section of the sea wall between Totland Bay and adjacent Colwell Bay blocking the walkway which ran along the top of the wall; the local council sealed off the affected section from the public. After a successful local campaign the council accepted a compromise solution and a new path over the landslip was opened to the public on 12th Sep 2015.
Christ Church, Totland Totland Bay List of current places of worship on the Isle of Wight
East Cowes is a town and civil parish to the north of the Isle of Wight, on the east bank of the River Medina next to its neighbour on the west bank, Cowes. The two towns are connected by the Cowes Floating Bridge, a chain ferry operated by the Isle of Wight Council. East Cowes is the site of Norris Castle, Osborne House, the former summer residence of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert; the Prince had a major influence on the architecture of the area, for example on the building of St Mildred's Church in nearby Whippingham, which features distinctive turrets imitating those found on a German castle. The name Estcowe comes from one of two sandbanks each side of the River Medina estuary, so called after a supposed likeness to cows; the name was subsequently transferred to fortifications built during the reign of Henry VIII on the east bank to dispel a French invasion, referred to as cowforts or cowes, which subsequently gave the name to the town. The naming of Cowes was done in a similar fashion.
They replaced the earlier name of Shamblord. The settlement of Shamblord at East Cowes was first recorded in 1303, it grew as East Shamblord, became a much more significant settlement than the Western Shamblord. As the Isle of Wight was the target of frequent French invasions, with some notable incursions, the fort built at East Cowes was destroyed and should not be confused with the "East Cowes Castle" built subsequently by John Nash. During the reign of Queen Victoria, who made her summer home at Osborne by acquiring and rebuilding Osborne House, East Cowes was the subject of planned estate of grand houses and parks; the scheme, not finding the finances it needed, was folded, but a few residences built in the early stages still survive to this day such as the former Albert Grove residences of Kent House and Powys House on York Avenue. In East Cowes Norris Castle was designed in the Norman style by James Wyatt in the late eighteenth century; the building today remains a private home. In 1798, the architect John Nash, began building his home, East Cowes Castle, where he entertained the Prince Consort and other prominent guests.
East Cowes Castle was notable for its Gothic towers and turrets, elaborate castellation. Nash died in 1835 and is buried in the tower of St James' Church which he designed. East Cowes Castle was damaged by bombing in World War II It was demolished during the 1960s, although the ice house remains and is visible in Sylvan Avenue. Cowes and East Cowes became a single urban district in 1933. During World War II, both Cowes and East Cowes became the targets of frequent bombing due to its industry and proximity to Southampton and the Royal Navy's home at Portsmouth; the shipyard of J. Samuel White was badly damaged by air attack in early May 1942 but, when rebuilt, innovative ship construction methods had been introduced; the first warship completed by the renewed yard was HMS Cavalier. During the air raid, the local defences had been fortuitously augmented by the Polish destroyer Blyskawica, which put up such a determined defence that, in 2002, the crew's courage was honoured by a local commemoration lasting several days to mark the 60th anniversary of the event.
In 2004, over to the west, an area of Cowes was named Francki Place in honour of the ship's commander. To celebrate the Silver Jubilee of the Queen's coronation in 1977, the main hangar doors of what was the British Hovercraft Corporation were painted with the world's largest image of the Union Flag, which can still be seen today. In January 2015, the car carrier MV Hoegh Osaka bound for Bremerhaven, ran aground on Bramble Bank after developing a heavy list five miles north of the entrance to the River Medina, it has since been re-floated and returned to service. East Cowes is linked to the mainland by Red Funnel’s vehicle ferry service; the Cowes Floating Bridge links East Cowes with Cowes throughout the day. It is a chain ferry, is one of the few remaining not to be replaced by a physical bridge. Southern Vectis operate bus route 4 linking the town with Ryde and bus routes route 5 and 25 linking the town with Newport including intermediate villages; the Isle of Wight Coastal Path runs through East Cowes.
Local industry in both Cowes and East Cowes has always centred on the building and design of marine craft and materials associated with boatmaking, including the early flying boats, sailmaking. East Cowes was once home to the aircraft manufacturer Saunders Roe, who built the large, flying boat The Saunders-Roe Princess, as well as the Black Knight rocket and the Black Arrow satellite carrier rocket, they developed and tested the first hovercraft, the SR. N1; the former Saunders-Roe factory at Venture Quays now produces wind turbines, which can be seen laid on the quay for shipping out. Due to local objections no wind turbines have been allowed to be erected on the Isle of Wight. East Cowes has a Non-League football club East Cowes Victoria Athletic A. F. C. which plays at Beatrice Avenue. They are home to the islands most supported small sided team FC Bayern Bru who play in the islands Leisure Leagues 6-a-side league at Beatrice Avenue, they won the league title in their inaugural season in the winter of 2013.
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert Seb Clover – in 2003, Clover set the world record as the youngest cross-Atlantic solo yachtsman, lived in East Cowes Sir Christopher Cockerell, inventor of the hovercraft, lived at White Cottage. Sir George Shedden Roscow George Shedden - Colonial Bishop of Nassau John Nash – architect John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort - World War II Field Marshal and commander of the British Expeditionary Force Lord Mountbatten of Burma, l