Milledgeville micropolitan area, Georgia
The Milledgeville Micropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of two counties in Georgia, anchored by the city of Milledgeville. As of the 2000 census, the μSA had a population of 54,776. Baldwin Hancock Mayfield Culverton Hardwick Milledgeville Sparta As of the census of 2000, there were 54,776 people, 17,995 households, 12,154 families residing within the μSA; the racial makeup of the μSA was 48.15% White, 49.71% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population. The median income for a household in the μSA was $28,581, the median income for a family was $34,984. Males had a median income of $28,645 versus $21,023 for females; the per capita income for the μSA was $13,594. Georgia census statistical areas
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
American Civil War
The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U. S. history. As a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States; the loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery. Among the 34 U. S. states in February 1861, secessionist partisans in seven Southern slave states declared state secessions from the country and unveiled their defiant formation of a Confederate States of America in rebellion against the U. S. Constitutional government; the Confederacy grew to control over half the territory in eleven states, it claimed the additional states of Kentucky and Missouri by assertions from exiled native secessionists without territory or population.
These were given full representation in the Confederate Congress throughout the Civil War. The two remaining slave holding states of Delaware and Maryland were invited to join the Confederacy, but nothing substantial developed; the Confederate States was never diplomatically recognized by the government of the United States or by that of any foreign country. The states that remained loyal to the U. S. were known as the Union. The Union and the Confederacy raised volunteer and conscription armies that fought in the South over the course of four years. Intense combat left 620,000 to 750,000 people dead, more than the number of U. S. military deaths in all other wars combined. The war ended when General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Battle of Appomattox Court House. Confederate generals throughout the southern states followed suit. Much of the South's infrastructure was destroyed the transportation systems; the Confederacy collapsed, slavery was abolished, four million black slaves were freed.
During the Reconstruction Era that followed the war, national unity was restored, the national government expanded its power, civil rights were granted to freed black slaves through amendments to the Constitution and federal legislation. In the 1860 presidential election, led by Abraham Lincoln, supported banning slavery in all the U. S. territories. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to abolish slavery; the three pro-Union candidates together received an overwhelming 82% majority of the votes cast nationally: Republican Lincoln's votes centered in the north, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas' votes were distributed nationally and Constitutional Unionist John Bell's votes centered in Tennessee and Virginia; the Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a plurality of the popular votes and a majority of the electoral votes nationally. He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency.
However, before his inauguration, seven slave states with cotton-based economies declared secession and formed the Confederacy. The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, with an average of 49 percent. Of those states whose legislatures resolved for secession, the first seven voted with split majorities for unionist candidates Douglas and Bell, or with sizable minorities for those unionists. Of these, only Texas held a referendum on secession. Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession. Outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal. Lincoln's March 4, 1861, inaugural address declared that his administration would not initiate a civil war. Speaking directly to the "Southern States", he attempted to calm their fears of any threats to slavery, reaffirming, "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists.
I believe I have no lawful right to do so, I have no inclination to do so." After Confederate forces seized numerous federal forts within territory claimed by the Confederacy, efforts at compromise failed and both sides prepared for war. The Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on "King Cotton" that they would intervene, but none did, none recognized the new Confederate States of America. Hostilities began on April 1861, when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter. While in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theater, the battle was inconclusive during 1861–1862. In September 1862, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which made ending slavery a war goal. To the west, by summer 1862 the Union destroyed the Confederate river navy much of its western armies, seized New Orleans; the successful 1863 Union siege of Vicksburg split the Confederacy in two at the Mississippi River. In 1863, Robert E. Lee's Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg.
Western successes led to Ulysses S. Grant's command of all Union armies in 1864. Inflicting an ever-tightening naval blockade of Confederate ports, the Union marshaled the resources and manpower to attack the Confederacy from all directions, leading to the fall of Atlanta to William T. Sherman and his march to th
Glascock County, Georgia
Glascock County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,082, making it the fourth-least populous county in Georgia; the county seat is Gibson. The county was created on December 19, 1857; the county is named after Thomas Glascock, a soldier in the War of 1812, general in the First Seminole War and U. S. representative. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 144 square miles, of which 144 square miles is land and 0.7 square miles is water. It is the fourth-smallest county in Georgia by area; the vast majority of Glascock County is located in the Upper Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin, with just the northeastern corner of the county, northeast of State Route 80, located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. State Route 80 State Route 102 State Route 123 State Route 171 Warren County - north Jefferson County - southeast Hancock County - northwest Washington County - southwest As of the census of 2000, there were 2,556 people, 1,004 households, 715 families residing in the county.
The population density was 18 people per square mile. There were 1,192 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.61% White, 8.29% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.12% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 0.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,004 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.50 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,743, the median income for a family was $36,629. Males had a median income of $32,896 versus $22,500 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,185. About 9.40% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 38.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,082 people, 1,162 households, 804 families residing in the county; the population density was 21.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,519 housing units at an average density of 10.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 89.8% white, 8.2% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 41.7% were American, 6.4% were English, 6.1% were Irish, 5.4% were German.
Of the 1,162 households, 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families, 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age was 39.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $37,149 and the median income for a family was $46,283. Males had a median income of $37,957 versus $26,953 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,844. About 13.0% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over. Edge Hill Gibson Mitchell Bastonville Agricola Central Savannah River Area National Register of Historic Places listings in Glascock County, Georgia The News and Farmer and Wadley Herald/ Jefferson Reporter, the county's weekly newspaper and the oldest weekly newspaper in Georgia Glascock County historical marker
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Baldwin County, Georgia
Baldwin County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,337; the county seat is Milledgeville, developed along the Oconee River. Baldwin County is part of GA Micropolitan Statistical Area. For centuries the land was occupied by the Creek Nation, for thousands of years before them, varying cultures of indigenous peoples. Part of the land ceded by the Creek Nation in the Treaty of Fort Wilkinson in 1802 was used to create Baldwin County on May 11, 1803, by the Georgia General Assembly, the state's legislative body; the land west of the Oconee River was organized as Wilkinson counties. The Treaty of Washington with the Creek in 1805 extended the state's western boundary to the Ocmulgee River. A legislative act on June 26, 1806, added some of this additional land to both counties; the state legislature subsequently passed an act on December 10, 1807 that created four new counties from Baldwin County's 1806 borders. It expanded Baldwin to the east with land from Washington counties.
The new counties were Morgan, Jones and present-day Jasper. The county is named for Abraham Baldwin, a signer of the United States Constitution, U. S. congressman representing Georgia, the founder of the University of Georgia. White settlers moved into the area and developed large cotton plantations, made possible by the labor of slaves. Since the invention of the cotton gin, short-staple cotton could be profitably processed, it was well-suited to the uplands of Georgia. What became known as the Black Belt of Georgia, an arc of fertile soil, was one of the destinations for slaves being sold from the Upper South, as well as from the Low Country; the county seat of Milledgeville is the former state capital of Georgia. Other than Washington, DC, it is the only planned capital city in the United States; because of its central location within the state and its abundant supply of water from the Oconee River, Milledgeville grew into a bustling frontier town. On November 2, 1807, the state legislature held its first session in the newly completed statehouse in Milledgeville.
Georgia's first state penitentiary was built within the historic city limits of Milledgeville in 1817. This site is now used as the main campus of State University. In 1837 the General Assembly provided for the establishment of the state's first mental asylum, today known as Central State Hospital; when the state of Georgia seceded from the Union in January 1861 during a legislative session held in Milledgeville, Baldwin County became a target for Union forces. When Union general William T. Sherman's made his devastating March to the Sea through Georgia, his troops occupied the capital city in November 1864. Sherman and his Union armies burned the state penitentiary, vandalized the city, held a mock session of the legislature in the statehouse to repeal the state's ordinance of secession. In 1868, after the Civil War, Georgia's capital was moved from Milledgeville to its present location in Atlanta. Today Milledgeville is home to two institutions of higher education: Georgia College and State University and Georgia Military College.
Founded in 1889 as the Georgia Normal and Industrial College for Women, Georgia College and State University has since grown to become the state's premier public liberal arts university. Georgia Military College, founded in 1879, now occupies the Old Capitol Building. In addition to the Old Capitol and Governor's Mansion, visitors to Baldwin County can explore Andalusia, the family farm of writer Flannery O'Connor. Carl Vinson, who served for fifty years in the U. S. Congress, was born in Baldwin County. Oliver Hardy and film director, began his career in the Milledgeville Opera House. Flannery O'Connor and short-story writer, lived in Milledgeville, she is buried in her family plot in the city's historic Memory Hill Cemetery. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 267 square miles, of which 258 square miles is land and 9.6 square miles is water. The majority of Baldwin County, south of Lake Sinclair, is located in the Lower Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.
The northern portion of the county is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. Putnam County, Georgia - north Hancock County, Georgia - northeast Washington County, Georgia - east Wilkinson County, Georgia - south Jones County, Georgia - west As of the census of 2010, there were 46,337 people, 14,758 households, 9,843 families residing in the county; the population density was 173 people per square mile. There were 17,173 housing units at an average density of 66 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 54.17% White, 43.38% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 1.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 14,758 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.90% were married couples living together, 18.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.30% were non-families.
25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.70% under the age of 18, 14.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and
Putnam County, Georgia
Putnam County is a county located in the Piedmont region of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,218; the county seat is Eatonton. Since the early 21st century, the county has had a housing boom, it has proximity to Lake Oconee, a recreation site, as well as to major employment centers such as Atlanta and Macon. Putnam County is named in honor of Israel Putnam, a hero of the French and Indian War and a general in the American Revolutionary War, it was settled by European Americans after the war. The County was created on December 1807 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly. Following the invention of the cotton gin, which could profitably process short-staple cotton, the county was developed for cotton cultivation of that type, it thrived in the upland areas, where plantations were developed and worked by the field labor of thousands of African-American slaves. In the first half of the 20th century, thousands of blacks left the state during the Great Migration from 1920 to 1960.
The county population dropped by more than half during this period following mechanization of agriculture and as rural workers moved into cities. Since the late 20th century, population has increased; the white population of the county has grown since the turn of the 21st century: in 2010 African Americans comprised 26 percent of the county population, a drop from nearly 42% in 2000. In the 21st century, dairy farming is more important to Putnam County than cotton, it annually holds the nationally known Dairy Festival. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 361 square miles, of which 345 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water; the entirety of Putnam County is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. Morgan County Greene County Hancock County Baldwin County Jones County Jasper County Oconee National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 18,812 people, 7,402 households, 5,477 families residing in the county; the population density was 55 people per square mile.
There were 10,319 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 51.45% White, 41.90% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. 2.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,402 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 12.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.00% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.90. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 28.00% from 45 to 64, 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.00 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,956, the median income for a family was $43,262. Males had a median income of $30,900 versus $21,823 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,161. About 10.50% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,218 people, 8,601 households, 6,075 families residing in the county; the population density was 61.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 12,804 housing units at an average density of 37.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 67.9% white, 26.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 4.1% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.2% were American, 26.0% African, 10.7% were Irish, 9.9% were English, 5.9% were German.
Of the 8,601 households, 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 43.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $41,529 and the median income for a family was $49,814. Males had a median income of $31,915 versus $30,857 for females; the per capita income for the county was $25,576. About 9.3% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over. Eatonton Crooked Creek Harmony Willard The Putnam County Charter School System serves the community. National Register of Historic Places listings in Putnam County, Georgia Tama-Re Rock Eagle Effigy Mound Rock Hawk Effigy Mound 2017 Georgia prison escape LostWorlds.org | Rock Eagle